Martin Luther, the 16th-century reformer of the Roman Catholic Church

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What level of will-power do humans have according to Luther?

Luther wrote a very forceful book about original sin and predestination called 'On the Bondage of the will'. In it Luther opposes the idea of free-will, defined as a person's power to do good without ...
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What were the reformers' views of biblical inerrancy?

I have never researched but am very curious what views of Biblical Inerrancy did the reformers generally hold, such as Luther and Calvin? I found these description about different kinds of views: ...
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Did Martin Luther believe the Church needed to be reformed before the Great Schism of 1054AD, or after?

I think its safe to say that Martin Luther, being one of the fathers of Protestantism, was primarily at odds with the Roman Church. He posted his 95 theses to confront what he thought to be ...
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Is it true that Martin Luther used some bad language in his own writings?

Is it true that Martin Luther cursed a lot and even used some bad language in his own writings?
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Did Luther believe in gnomish creatures?

Luther in his translation of Isa. 34:14 renders Lilith as Kobold, a gnomish creature from German folklore who inhabits mines and mischievously contaminates silver. Did Luther really believe in this ...
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Does the Lutheran view of pope as AntiChrist stem from doctrine of justification?

I've heard popular retellings of the Lutheran view of pope as Antichrist that range from: a delusion that Pope Leo X was the incarnate figure of prophecy, to a slur (like calling George Washington a ...
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Why doesn't the Catholic Church give indulgences to everybody, regardless of their works?

In learning about indulgences, I started to wonder why a work was necessary for the giving of an indulgence. In looking at the Catechism of the Catholic Church, it appears to me that a work is ...
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Did Luther say he “might well have entrusted the whole affair of this [Eucharist] controversy to [Calvin] from the beginning”?

I've seen this quote in various internet discussions, and until recently, was only able to trace it back as far as the 1990s. However, the earliest English version of the story that I can find is from ...
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Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is ...
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Protestant arguments for perpetual virginity of Mary

It's common knowledge that Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy have the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Protestants generally don't have that belief. Less known is that Zwingli and ...
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What was Martin Luther's perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian church?

Was Luther's belief that the church's foundation was faulty to begin with or that through time they fell into an apostate state and needed to be reformed back?
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Did Martin Luther effectively teach that our justification is like white snow covering over dung?

Over the internet I have come across posts like this that say Luther stated that our sinful state is much like the piles of manure. It is ugly, repulsive and offensive. There is nothing in it ...
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Is it true that Martin Luther was calling for killing Hebrew people?

Is it true that Martin Luther was calling in his books for killing Hebrew people and that the Lutherans of the USA in 1983 officially recanted this part of Luther's writings?
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Did the Christian practice of having a prayer before Bible study evolve during Martin Luther's time?

In Eric W. Gritsch's book, A History of Lutheranism, he reports, He memorized whole portions of the Bible (available in the Latin translation of St. Jerome, c. 348-420) and used various existing ...
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Why did Luther curse those who oppose indulgences?

In the 95 Theses, Luther makes a stand against corruption in the Catholic church of that day. This resulted in events leading to the separation between the Catholic and Protestant churches. It seems ...
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Did Martin Luther accept or reject the existence of Purgatory?

Martin Luther rejected many dogmas and doctrines of the Catholic Church. What was his belief concerning Purgatory? Did he accept it or reject it?
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Why was Martin Luther attempting to change the canon?

While researching an answer to a different question, I found that Martin Luther attempted to remove Hebrews, James, Jude and Revelation from the Bible. What was his purpose in removing these four ...
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Did Luther add a word to Romans 3?

There are many who have pointed out that Luther added the word, "alone" to Romans 3:28 (you can read one such example in this question) so that the Luther Bible reads: for we reckon a man to be ...
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Is Luther really the originator of “We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone”?

The quote "We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone" is commonly attributed to Martin Luther, but is this actually so? If so, in what context did he say or write this? If ...
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Did Luther consider Erasmus an unbeliever, and if so, why?

The introduction to Luther and Erasmus: Free Will and Salvation mentions that Luther called Erasmus an unbeliever: [Luther's] letters and the gossip of his Table Talk are littered with scorn of ...
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What were the major disagreements between Erasmus and Luther during the Protestant Reformation?

Although Erasmus inspired many of Luther's ideas, they disagreed on many subjects, such as whether the Catholic Church should have a moral reform or a reform of beliefs. Did Erasmus disagree with ...
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768 views

What is the source for Martin Luther's quote against the use of pipe organ music?

I've heard it said that Martin Luther condemned the use of pipe organs, saying that they were somehow evil. What is the source for this quote? Or is it falsely attributed to Luther?
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Did Martin Luther know Hebrew or Greek?

I know that Martin Luther knew Latin and German, but did he know other languages? For example, did he know Greek or Hebrew (I mean those Greek and Hebrew that the Bible is written in)?
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What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church?

What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church? Were these beliefs of Luther's and his disagreements with the Catholic Church the origin of the Lutheran Church?
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Did Luther have any disagreements with the teachings of Augustine of Hippo?

Did Luther have any disagreements with the teachings of Augustine of Hippo? The Wikipedia page on Luther doesn't mention any, and from my limited knowledge of Luther's books, I can't recall any ...
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Is the Wesleyan Quadrilateral present in Luther or in any other pre-Wesley theologians, Protestant or Catholic?

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral, also known as the Methodist Quadrilateral, is a method of theological reflection and of arriving at theological conclusions based on scripture, tradition, reason, and ...
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How did Luther view relics, like the 'preserved head of John the Baptist'?

According to wiki  Roman Catholic tradition holds that the head on display in San Silvestro in Capite in Rome is that of John the Baptist, discovered for the second time, as also maintained by ...
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How did Luther and Calvin view Christian perfectionism?

The question is as simple as the title. Some Christians believe we can enter a state without sin. How did Luther and Calvin view that kind of concept?
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What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?

What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin? Can anybody give an overview, please?
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Which was the first Roman Catholic hymnal to include Martin Luther's “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God”?

Recently I learned that modern Roman Catholic hymnals include Martin Luther's well-known hymn, A Mighty Fortress Is Our God. Investigating further on hymnary.org, however, I find that the song is not ...
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Is it true that Luther intentionally mistranslated Romans 3:28? [duplicate]

I recently listened to Dr. Scott Hahn's conversion testimony. One thing that really jumped out at me was that Dr. Hahn stated that Luther purposely inserted the German word "allein" (alone) into ...
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Did Martin Luther ever remove books from the New Testament canon? [duplicate]

Is it true that Luther removed James, Jude, and Revelation from the New Testament? If this is true then what were his reasons for doing so?
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Why did Luther add the word 'alone' to Romans 3:28? [duplicate]

Luther added the German word "allein" (alone) to Romans 3:28 despite the fact that it is not in the Greek texts. Why did Luther add the word 'alone' to Romans 3:28? So halten wir nun dafür, daß ...
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How did Martin Luther's views on Free Will differ from those of Erasmus?

I understand that Martin Luther believed in the redemption of the will to serve God as part of God's redemptive work. Can someone clarify how this differed from Erasmus' viewpoint? I know I could ...
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How did Luther view pilgrimages?

From what I understand there are many people from various denominations who imagine certain places on the earth are 'holier' than other places and that it is good to travel long distances to visit ...
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What did Luther have against Zwingli?

According to 131 Christians Everyone Should Know:* [Martin Luther] mocked fellow reformers, especially Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli, and used vulgar language in doing so. What was Luther's ...
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What is Martin Luther's approach to liturgical services in light of Paul Tillich?

This article has a line that reads: We would call Luther's approach an evangelical-catholic one. It cites Paul Tillich's use of "catholic substance" or "protestant principle". Can someone ...
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Which of Luther's 95 Theses are still potentially valid critiques of Roman Catholicism?

Pope Leo X enumerated 41 positions that he required Luther to recant from in order to be restored to communion with the Latin Church. Presumably, he wasn't all that excited about some of the other ...
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How did Martin Luther see Israel?

Did Luther think Israel and the Church were two different things? Did he believe in the promises made for Israel as a nation? Was he anti-Semitic when he reformed the church? Did he become one later?
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When did Martin Luther begin to see the church as entirely apostate?

Related to Martin Luther: "Therefore it is not a Christian Church either"? and What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church? and Is it true that Luther ...
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Did Martin Luther take exception to the gospels in any way?

I was watching a video* that was about the "heresy" of Protestantism. It briefly discussed Martin Luther and his exceptions with certain books. He removed the so called "apocrypha" and also took ...
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What did Luther consider to be novel in his theology of creation?

In Colin Gunton's The Doctrine of Creation (T&T Clark, 1997), he says: In view of what we have just noted [in the previous section on Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus and William of Ockham] about ...
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Did Martin Luther think John Calvin is a “son of the devil”?

I read from here (a Chinese website) that Martin Luther called John Calvin a son of the Devil. Now I have never seen this quote anywhere. Did Luther say something like this to Calvin? If yes, why?
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Why did Martin Luther change his surname from ‘Luder’ to ‘Luther' very early in his career?

I was surprised to find out ‘Luther’ is not Martin Luther’s original surname but ‘Luder’ is. The Greek word έλεύθερος that was the origin of his Latin name was Eleutherius. You can see ‘uder’ does not ...
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What made Luther a heretic and not a schismatic?

I know the difference between heresy and schism, but I don't know why various Protestant reformation leaders, Martin Luther in particular, wouldn't have been satisfied by merely being a schismatic ...
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856 views

What is the difference between Protestantism vs Protestants?

According to me Protestants are the one who doesn't pray to Mary. I also came across the Protestantism which speaks about the 95 Theses which Martin Luther started against indulgence. I don't see ...
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Why didn't Martin Luther provide for his family to be taken care of after his death?

I recently heard Professor Stephen Nichols of Reformed Theological Seminary state that following Martin Luther's death, his wife, Katie, and his children struggled financially for some time. Did ...
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Did Luther Really Use Bar Tunes for his Hymns?

The title sums it up: I often hear it said during the debates on liturgy and music styles that are appropriate for worship that even Luther used common bar tunes (equivalent to days pop songs) for his ...
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When and how did Martin Luther arrive at the justification by faith?

When and how did Martin Luther arrive at the justification by faith teaching? Was it something that he came up with as a result of his stance against the indulgences and later against the Pope, or did ...
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Is it true that Martin Luther never considered the works of the early Church Fathers?

Is it true that Martin Luther never considered the works of the early Church Fathers while he was developing and defending his teaching? Here is the list of some of those Fathers (from Wikipedia): 1 ...