The church that follows the teachings of Martin Luther, the founder

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What do Lutherans mean when they talk about the Real Presence in the Eucharist?

The Lutheran Church is one of several denominations that teach the Real Presence, but they don't all understand it the same way. The Lutheran understanding differs significantly from the Orthodox and ...
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345 views

How do churches (specifically WELS) proselytize while barring all forms of fellowship?

So my question is about churches (or more specifically the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Church) which bar all forms of fellowship (to include prayer) unless all points of doctrine are agreed upon. ...
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475 views

In the Lord's Prayer, to what does “daily bread” refer? [closed]

I am taught that in the Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13) all petitions concern matters of our souls upon which we should meditate, except the fourth, "Give us today our daily bread" which petitions for ...
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55 views

Lutheranism: “Pastor” or “Priest”?

I have noticed that some Lutheran churches refer to their ministers as "priests" while others refer to their ministers as "pastors." When did some Lutheran churches cease using "priest" in favor of ...
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32 views

Lutheranism- how do you describe its theology in terms of Arminianism and Calvinism?

Before you think I am entirely unaware of church history, I do realize Luther lived before Calvin and Arminius. Also, it would be inappropriate to ask if its more "Calvinistic" or "Arminian" because ...
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596 views

Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is ...
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1answer
143 views

In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Lutheranism, what are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized?

What are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized in Catholicism, in Eastern Orthodoxy, and in Lutheranism? As far as I understand, baptism in the above-mentioned ...
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506 views

From a Lutheran perspective, does Hebrews 6 mean that some who fall away can never be restored?

Francis Pieper says that Lutheranism teaches both monergistic election and a salvation that can be lost: What Scripture teaches on final perseverance may be summarized in these two statements: ...
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570 views

Did Martin Luther effectively teach that our justification is like white snow covering over dung?

Over the internet I have come across posts like this that say Luther stated that our sinful state is much like the piles of manure. It is ugly, repulsive and offensive. There is nothing in it ...
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Is it true that Martin Luther was calling for killing Hebrew people?

Is it true that Martin Luther was calling in his books for killing Hebrew people and that the Lutherans of the USA in 1983 officially recanted this part of Luther's writings?
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199 views

What is Protestant Scholasticism?

I read a tag line advocating Lutheran Theologian Dr. Jack Kilcrease offering a class on "Protestant Scholasticism", which I had never heard of before. This seems odd to me because of Luther's ...
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129 views

Where can I find the Orthodox response to the Augsburg Confession?

According to Steven Runciman's The Great Church in Captivity (excerpt), the Orthodox Patriarch Jeremias II wrote a letter detailing the differences between the Orthodox doctrines and Lutheran ...
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4answers
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How is Lutheran apostolic succession conferred?

I noticed in a comment that Lutherans have apostolic succession I figured this was a purely Catholic/Anglican/Orthodox thing is there a comparable Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Lutheran world?
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1answer
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What are the primary differences between these Lutheran denominations?

What are the primary differences between the WELS, LCMS, LCMC, NALC, and ELCA Lutheran denominations?
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1answer
5k views

What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church?

What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church? Were these beliefs of Luther's and his disagreements with the Catholic Church the origin of the Lutheran Church?
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84 views

Is the Wesleyan Quadrilateral present in Luther or in any other pre-Wesley theologians, Protestant or Catholic?

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral, also known as the Methodist Quadrilateral, is a method of theological reflection and of arriving at theological conclusions based on scripture, tradition, reason, and ...
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1answer
128 views

How does the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America handle heresies?

As far as I know, I am aware, from a simple Google search, that the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States, considers the twofold rule of God ...
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1answer
134 views

What influence does pietism have on modern-day Lutheranisms?

This topic is an expansion of a question on the English Stack Exchange. What influence does pietism have on modern-day Lutheranisms? Although I am aware that pietism has contributed positively ...
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2answers
174 views

Have Catholic views on Grace and Justification changed?

At the council of Trent, the Catholic Church made several statements which seemingly reject the idea of Sola Gratia - Salvation by Grace alone. Examples include If anyone says that the justice ...
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3answers
655 views

What is the Lutheran doctrine of consubstantiation and how does it differ from transubstantiation and a more general protestant sacramental view?

In transubstantiation, the bread and wine are said to become the literal body and blood of Jesus. Consubstantiation appears to affirm that "this is my body" does apply to the bread and wine, but not ...
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2answers
428 views

How are justification and sanctification related to salvation?

Among Evangelicals there are subtle differences in emphasis on how justification relates to sanctification (e.g., Ordo Salutis vs. Historia Salutis).1 My question is not about those subtle ...
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1answer
93 views

From a Lutheran perspective, how can we attain unity of mind while disagreeing with our brothers and sisters?

In 1 Peter 3:8 Peter writes, "Finally, all of you, have unity of mind" (ESV), which I believe is a clear call for unity of mind within the church. In Romans 14:5 Paul writes that, "Each one should be ...
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Why are Independent Baptist Fundamentalists labelled Protestants?

Something that always bothers me which I witness to Catholics: the well-meaning ones tell me I am a Protestant and say that "we protested the Catholic Church". This isn't true, the Baptist Church was ...
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1answer
127 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
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699 views

What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
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1answer
124 views

When was the idea of all humans worth equal incorporated into Lutheran Christianity?

Why am I here In Swedish Lutheran church today (which I belong to), it seems to be "obvious" that All humans are worth equal. I'm not questioning the statement itself, I am just interested in the ...
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1answer
235 views

What is the Lutheran view on sovereign election?

My understanding is that Lutherans have some doctrine of sovereign election/predestination, yet they also affirm unlimited atonement and that some do go on to shipwreck their faith. What are the ...
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839 views

Confessional Lutheranism: How does Unlimited Atonement work?

I recognize that concerning the mysteries of the faith that Lutherans do not typically like to answer "how does this doctrine work?" type of questions, but I'm hoping for an explanation. Issues, Etc. ...
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How are the Calvinist, Arminian and Lutheran conceptions of Total Depravity different?

I'm quite sure I understand the concept of Total Depravity, but I'm not sure it's viewed exactly the same in different doctrinal frameworks that support it. I've spent a lot of time among Lutherans, ...
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1answer
137 views

What is Martin Luther's approach to liturgical services in light of Paul Tillich?

This article has a line that reads: We would call Luther's approach an evangelical-catholic one. It cites Paul Tillich's use of "catholic substance" or "protestant principle". Can someone ...
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95 views

How do Lutherans who accept apostolic succession trace theirs? [duplicate]

It appears some Lutherans claim apostolic succession. How do they trace their apostolic succession?
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273 views

Why do adherents in laestadianism consider watching television and listening popular music as sin?

Why do adherents in laestadianism consider watching television and listening popular music as sin? Is this true? I don't know, but I got that idea from this Travel Guide. Especially younger ...
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206 views

Why do Protestants hold “prayer services”? [closed]

Why do Protestants hold "prayer services"? Since "prayer service" is an English term, are there equivalents in other languages? When did this service start? How did it get started? How are "prayer ...
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1answer
404 views

How are Lutheran weekday “prayer services” different from “matins” or “vespers”?

From Wikipedia, matins: Lutherans preserve recognizably traditional matins distinct from morning prayer, but "matins" is sometimes used in other Protestant denominations to describe any ...
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103 views

What are Lutheran teachings on salutary effects of communion?

A long time ago, I complained to some LC-MS Lutheran pastors that my own hometown congregation had been full of racists, as evidenced by their comfort in using the "N word" around children. Years ...
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455 views

During Lutheran Confession, can the confessor refuse to absolve the sins of the penitent?

During Lutheran Confession, can the confessor refuse to absolve the sins of the penitent, if he or she thinks that the penitent is not being sincere? What if the penitent is sincere but cannot resist ...
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630 views

Why are many Protestant Churches not practicing Confession?

Recently, I come to know that Lutheran Church practice Confession, though there is some difference in theology on it compared to the Roman Catholic Church. As a man brought up in a place where ...
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1answer
143 views

Do any Lutheran denominations (or parachurch reform groups) successfully represent “repristination theology”?

A Tweet by some fans of Franz Pieper recently said, God has blessed the "repristination theology" of our fathers with success also in this country. #lcms #lutheran Growing up in Lutheranism, ...
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389 views

If justification is an event, when does it happen?

Lutherans, Methodists, and Calvinists believe that justification is an event (as opposed to the Roman Catholic church and the Orthodox church who believe it is a process). If justification is an ...
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1answer
365 views

Lutheranism, Has God ordained all things?

According to the Westminster Confession of Faith God has, in some way, ordained everything that comes to pass. I. God from all eternity did by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, ...
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1answer
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What is the Lutheran doctrine of “Law and Gospel”?

I was reading about Lutheran doctrine regarding the Law and Gospel, however, I'm having a hard time understanding to what the "Law" is referring. I found this quote by Martin Luther: "Hence, ...