the religion of Jewish people, based on the Old Testament

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40
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11answers
8k views

Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
16
votes
4answers
1k views

What language did Jesus speak?

As a young believer I was quickly turned on to the idea of learning some things about the "original languages" of the Bible. After all, how could you understand John 21:15-17 without understanding ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge?

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge? Christianity and Judaism share the Old Testament (The Hebrew Bible), so it should be safe to assume they are the same people at least during the Old ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does God have a chosen people?

Christians as well as Jews believe that God made the Israelites as his "Chosen People." Why does God need a Chosen People at all?
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the Talmud compatible with Christianity?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
11
votes
7answers
1k views

Were the Jews expecting God Incarnate?

Christians believe Jesus is Emmanuel, God with us. (Isaiah 7:14) Furthermore Christians believe that the only Son of God is Our Lord Jesus Christ. (Apostles Creed) And since Christ = Messiah and ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Why was the New Testament Written in Greek?

New Testament was written in Greek. But Jesus lived in Israel and was supposed to be the next King of Israel. I think it is probably fair to assume that he and his twelve apostles spoke Hebrew. Then ...
8
votes
1answer
151 views

Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately?

Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately and based on which scripture?
8
votes
2answers
147 views

Is this melody part of the French church mass?

In this article, in the section entitled The “Great” Aleinu History, the author writes that a particular melody used in Jewish High Holiday prayers was added to the French Church Mass in the late 12th ...
7
votes
1answer
144 views

What is Messianic Judaism?

What are the main differences between Messianic Judaism and Christianity? How does the idea of the Trinity differ? Hopefully this can be answered by someone who considers themselves to be Messianic ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What does the Bible say about a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding?

I believe this came about as a Jewish tradition. Why is this done and what does it symbolize? Is a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding a biblical tradition? What is the father's ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Did Jesus wear tefillin?

Tefillin1 are boxes containing Torah verses, worn by Jews on the head and the upper arm, in accordance with instructions in Exodus 13:9, 13:16, and Deuteronomy 6:8, 11:18. There is a great deal of ...
6
votes
3answers
500 views

Persecution of Jewish people by Christians in Middle Ages?

I want to apologize ahead if my questions sound disrespectful to anybody. This isn't my intent. I grew up in East Asia which has very few Christians, but I have been very interested in the history of ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

Modern Book of Jasher - Genuine?

I've been reading the book of Jasher (supposedly the one quoted in the book of Samuel) and its quite amazing. But I ask - what is the proof or lack of proof on it's authenticity? There are however a ...
6
votes
2answers
551 views

Is the Christian Old Testament the Jewish Bible?

Is the Christian old testament comprised of exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (I think labelled Tanakh)? Are there any differences between the Christian old testament and the Jewish ...
6
votes
5answers
615 views

Do Christians believe that Jews must still follow the Mosaic law?

Deuteronomy 13:1-4 states: All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is Abraham in heaven?

If Jesus brought everlasting life and Abraham died before the coming of Jesus (and in fact before Judaism), would we therefore expect to see Abraham in heaven? What passages in the bible direct us to ...
5
votes
3answers
435 views

Does Jewish tradition predate Christian tradition in any meaningful way?

Many people assume that because Judaism is the super ancient religion and Christianity relatively modern, although ancient by any standards, that if someone wants to dig up some meaningful bit of ...
5
votes
2answers
323 views

In light of grace, How does a Christian consider the devotedness of Muslims and Jews?

This question is somewhat triggered by this question. I felt a plethora of emotions when I thought about the right way to approach answering it, and I felt it would be better to express these ...
5
votes
1answer
62 views

Is there Christian scripture or literature absolving the old Jewish laws of usury?

Most people are aware that Jewish law forbade earning interest from the lending of money to another. As Christianity gained momentum in the early first and second century, many of the Mosaic laws were ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Do Jewish people go to heaven?

I believe some prophets of God, such as Moses and Elijah, are in heaven, yet they lived and died before Christ came. How is this possible? What does this mean for the other Jewish people?
5
votes
1answer
275 views

How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
5
votes
1answer
69 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
4
votes
6answers
941 views

How did Jesus reconcile his teachings with Judaism?

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was a Jew. Yet Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. It seems to me that Jesus' contemporaries must have been forced to decide if his teachings were either: ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

A woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law. Whose law?

As an argument for the validity of the Gospels, I have heard it mentioned by multiple pastors that a woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law, so the fact that women first ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

How do Christian theologians view and/or use Jewish commentators? [closed]

I've been wondering about the status of Jewish commentators on the Hebrew Bible (e.g. Rashi, Ibn Ezra, etc.) and other post-Biblical Jewish authors (e.g. Josephus) in Christianity. Are there prominent ...
3
votes
5answers
244 views

Does the concept of Gentile exist in Christianity?

Judaism and Bani Israel have concept of Gentile to represent the pagans and Idolaters with a corpus of rules dealing with them, So does Christianity inherit this concept? If yes where ? and Are Jews ...
3
votes
4answers
211 views

Why Don't Christians Accept the Oral Torah? [closed]

Why do Christians accept the Jewish belief that the Hebrew Bible is the Word of God, but not accept the Oral Torah which the Jewish people believe also represents the Word of God? "According to ...
3
votes
2answers
190 views

Is the Roman Catholic understanding of forgiveness different from the Protestant understanding?

Recently I read Simon Wiesenthal's book, The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness, and I was challenged to flesh out my understanding of forgiveness. There were aspects which I ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

What is Christian about Christian Kabbalah?

There is a form of Jewish mysticism called “Kabbalah”. There is also a Christian form of this, called “Cabalah” or “Christian Kabbalah”. What is specifically Christian about Christian Kabbalah? How ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Where did the term “Jew” come from? [closed]

At what point did the Israelites start being called Jews and more importantly, why? Answers can cite biblical and extra-biblical sources.
2
votes
2answers
66 views

What would the Jews of Jesus' time have known about heaven?

Looking at the cross references for John 12:34, 34 So the crowd answered him, “We have heard from the Law that the Christ remains forever. How can you say that the Son of Man must be lifted up? ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

Is there tradition in Judaism about seeing God through nine mirrors? [closed]

I have a vague recollection of hearing that in Jewish tradition, it was not possible to view God directly because of his holiness/ majesty/ awe. The only way to survive seeing his face was if it were ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What evidence is there that the Herodians were distinct from mainstream Phariseeism?

In the New Testament era were the political and religious interests of the Pharisees closely aligned with the Herodians? Or did the nationalistic elements of Phariseeism make them allies?
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Absolute unity and singularity of God [closed]

What is the idea of the Jews towards "absolute unity and singularity of God"? And I know that in Judaism they do not believe the Jesus was the Christ. However, another question would be in Judaism, ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Does Jesus do for Gentiles what the Torah does for Jews?

In this review of the book Paul was Not a Christian by Pamela Eisenbaum, Jewish magazine author Judith Schulevitz writes: Paul Was Not a Christian is the title of a book published this fall; what ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What were people called who believed in the “Christ” before Jesus was born?

About 2000 years ago Jesus Christ died on a cross. A person who is a believer in Jesus Christ and his teachings is called Christian. My question is what were people called who followed the Messiah ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

Should Jewish Christians not work on Saturday or Sunday? [duplicate]

I am Jewish, and this presents additional issues for me if I am considering Christianity, that non Jewish Christians don't have. For example, as far as I understand the Catholic Church has held that ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Did John 14:6 apply before the birth of Christ? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who saved people before ~33AD? Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. (John 14:6). Did this apply before ...
0
votes
6answers
4k views

Did Jesus himself assert the fact that he belonged to some religion like Judaism?

It is assumed that Jesus was a Jew. I am not asking whether Jesus was a Jew or not (as we all know that Jesus was born in a "Jewish" household), but does Jesus explicitly call himself a Jew? Rather ...
0
votes
4answers
127 views

How do we know we aren't worshipping the same God? [closed]

How does a Catholic know that they are not worshiping the same God as someone who practices Islam or Judaism? Is there anything that concretely points to them being different past personal ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

Did original Christian theology that predated the birth of Jesus teach anything similar to the doctrine of the Trinity? [closed]

Since Christianity stems from Judaism did the Jews believe that their Messiah and their God would be the same person as described in the Trinity?
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Is Nehemiah 8 describing a particular Jewish feast day? [migrated]

From (the Book of) Nehemiah 8:2 So on the first day of the seventh month Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly, which was made up of men and women and all who were able to ...
-1
votes
2answers
376 views

Converting to Judaism or Islam vs Trinitarian or Uniterian

If a Christian "converts" to Judaism or Islam (or any of the Abrahamic religions), is he still considered saved as a Christian? What if he/she converted from Trinitarian to Uniterian? This is a ...
-2
votes
3answers
239 views

What is the biblical basis for Jesus to fulfill the messianic prophesy of redeeming the Jews in his second coming?

It is believed by the Jews that the Messiah would redeem them, unite them and establish Kingdom of God on earth. Some Christians believe that this prophesy would be fulfilled in the second coming of ...
-3
votes
1answer
75 views

Does being Protestant imply you are also a Zionist? [closed]

It seems most Protestants support the State of Israel and/or the Zionist cause. What theologically distinguishes those who do not?
-4
votes
1answer
92 views

Literal and historical interpretation of the Bible [closed]

What is the biblical bases for taking the bible literally when many who practiced the Jewish faith (from whence the Torah came) did not? In Judaism, the Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש‎; plural midrashim) ...
-10
votes
2answers
453 views

Is it true that Christians and Jews were enemies for sacrifice of Jesus by Jews but later united against Muslims at Crusades? [closed]

This is what I heard and usually said in Islam. I want to know if Christians verify this or not.