The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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50
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11answers
24k views

Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
34
votes
7answers
57k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

What language did Jesus speak?

As a young believer I was quickly turned on to the idea of learning some things about the "original languages" of the Bible. After all, how could you understand John 21:15-17 without understanding ...
17
votes
2answers
470 views

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The modern Jewish interpretation of the so-called suffering servant song of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is that it is a prophecy referring to the nation of Israel, not the Messiah. As such, it is sometimes ...
17
votes
4answers
45k views

What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jesus often encountered "Pharisees" and "Sadducees". For example, 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him ...
16
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5answers
5k views

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge?

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge? Christianity and Judaism share the Old Testament (The Hebrew Bible), so it should be safe to assume they are the same people at least during the Old ...
16
votes
4answers
3k views

Why does God have a chosen people? [closed]

Christians as well as Jews believe that God made the Israelites as his "Chosen People." Why does God need a Chosen People at all?
15
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4answers
3k views

Why do most Christians not follow the Talmud?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

Were the Jews expecting God Incarnate?

Christians believe Jesus is Emmanuel, God with us. (Isaiah 7:14) Furthermore Christians believe that the only Son of God is Our Lord Jesus Christ. (Apostles Creed) And since Christ = Messiah and ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
8
votes
4answers
34k views

What are the differences between cherubim and seraphim? [closed]

I was reading a post regarding the appearance of angels: What does the Bible say about the appearance of angels? And I am curious as to the general differences between cherubim and seraphim. Do they ...
8
votes
1answer
180 views

Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately?

Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately and based on which scripture?
8
votes
1answer
527 views

Modern Book of Jasher - Genuine?

I've been reading the book of Jasher (supposedly the one quoted in the book of Samuel) and its quite amazing. But I ask - what is the proof or lack of proof on it's authenticity? There are however a ...
8
votes
8answers
2k views

Do Christians believe that Jews must still follow the Mosaic law?

Deuteronomy 13:1-4 states: All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or ...
8
votes
2answers
470 views

What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Some Jews seemed to think that lepersy was a punishment for sin, rather than a sin itself. This is most probably going to sound like a stupid question either because there is a specific verse or ...
8
votes
2answers
180 views

Is this melody part of the French church mass?

In this article, in the section entitled The “Great” Aleinu History, the author writes that a particular melody used in Jewish High Holiday prayers was added to the French Church Mass in the late 12th ...
7
votes
4answers
426 views

What are the theological reasons some Protestants are Zionists?

Zionism, founded by Theodor Herzl, is a movement for reestablishing a political nation for the Jewish people. Thus, what are the theological reasons why some Protestants are Zionists, especially in ...
7
votes
4answers
565 views

What is the basis for the belief that Christianity and Islam worship different gods?

Another question entitled "Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God?" requested the basis for the belief that Christians and Muslims do worship the same god. In this question, I am requesting ...
7
votes
1answer
195 views

What is Messianic Judaism?

What are the main differences between Messianic Judaism and Christianity? How does the idea of the Trinity differ? Hopefully this can be answered by someone who considers themselves to be Messianic ...
7
votes
1answer
110 views

Was each “Book” of the Old Testament on a separate scroll prior to the second century A.D.?

In this passage of Luke, it seems like the Book of Isaiah was on its own individual scroll. Do we have historical evidence or references that show whether this was always the case, or if some Books of ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
7
votes
1answer
670 views

How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
6
votes
3answers
9k views

Was Jesus a carpenter or a rabbi?

One person told me that since disciples called Jesus rabbi and since he taught in synagogues he couldn't have been a carpenter as only rabbis were allowed to teach in synagogues. Has this matter ever ...
6
votes
3answers
701 views

Does Jewish tradition predate Christian tradition in any meaningful way? [closed]

Many people assume that because Judaism is the super ancient religion and Christianity relatively modern, although ancient by any standards, that if someone wants to dig up some meaningful bit of ...
6
votes
3answers
930 views

Persecution of Jewish people by Christians in Middle Ages?

I want to apologize ahead if my questions sound disrespectful to anybody. This isn't my intent. I grew up in East Asia which has very few Christians, but I have been very interested in the history of ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

What does the Bible say about a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding?

I believe this came about as a Jewish tradition. Why is this done and what does it symbolize? Is a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding a biblical tradition? What is the father's ...
6
votes
0answers
5k views

Do Jewish people go to heaven? [closed]

I believe some prophets of God, such as Moses and Elijah, are in heaven, yet they lived and died before Christ came. How is this possible? What does this mean for the other Jewish people?
5
votes
7answers
5k views

Is the Old Testament a Jewish book? [closed]

Is the Old Testament a Jewish religous book and should it be discarded by Christians today? If not what does it add to Christians today?
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Is Abraham in heaven? [duplicate]

If Jesus brought everlasting life and Abraham died before the coming of Jesus (and in fact before Judaism), would we therefore expect to see Abraham in heaven? What passages in the bible direct us to ...
5
votes
2answers
420 views

In light of grace, How does a Christian consider the devotedness of Muslims and Jews?

This question is somewhat triggered by this question. I felt a plethora of emotions when I thought about the right way to approach answering it, and I felt it would be better to express these ...
5
votes
2answers
723 views

A woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law. Whose law?

As an argument for the validity of the Gospels, I have heard it mentioned by multiple pastors that a woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law, so the fact that women first ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Did Jesus wear tefillin?

Tefillin1 are boxes containing Torah verses, worn by Jews on the head and the upper arm, in accordance with instructions in Exodus 13:9, 13:16, and Deuteronomy 6:8, 11:18. There is a great deal of ...
5
votes
3answers
138 views

According to Catholicism, does God create new angels?

In Judaism there are many Rabbis that preach that we (humans) can create an angel, and some say God creates angels out of a river of fire in heaven, and they worship him. Does the Catholic Church ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Is there Christian scripture or literature absolving the old Jewish laws of usury?

Most people are aware that Jewish law forbade earning interest from the lending of money to another. As Christianity gained momentum in the early first and second century, many of the Mosaic laws were ...
5
votes
2answers
474 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
4
votes
6answers
3k views

How did Jesus reconcile his teachings with Judaism?

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was a Jew. Yet Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. It seems to me that Jesus' contemporaries must have been forced to decide if his teachings were either: ...
4
votes
1answer
276 views

What is Christian about Christian Kabbalah?

There is a form of Jewish mysticism called “Kabbalah”. There is also a Christian form of this, called “Cabalah” or “Christian Kabbalah”. What is specifically Christian about Christian Kabbalah? How ...
4
votes
2answers
135 views

How do Christian theologians view and/or use Jewish commentators? [closed]

I've been wondering about the status of Jewish commentators on the Hebrew Bible (e.g. Rashi, Ibn Ezra, etc.) and other post-Biblical Jewish authors (e.g. Josephus) in Christianity. Are there prominent ...
4
votes
0answers
26 views

How did Stephen know that Abraham bought a tomb in Shechem? [duplicate]

My question is somewhat related to the post, Was the cave of Abraham in Shechem or Hebron? However, in that post, the question revolved around whether the Patriarchs were buried in Hebron or Shechem. ...
3
votes
3answers
908 views

Why Don't Christians Accept the Oral Torah? [closed]

Why do Christians accept the Jewish belief that the Hebrew Bible is the Word of God, but not accept the Oral Torah which the Jewish people believe also represents the Word of God? "According to ...
3
votes
2answers
649 views

Is the Roman Catholic understanding of forgiveness different from the Protestant understanding?

Recently I read Simon Wiesenthal's book, The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness, and I was challenged to flesh out my understanding of forgiveness. There were aspects which I ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the difference between the Ebionites and Nazarenes?

The Ebionites and Nazarenes were Jewish–Christian sects during the Second Temple era. We know that the Ebionites believed Yeshu was born of a natural generation between Joseph and Mary; while some ...
2
votes
4answers
323 views

Does the concept of Gentile exist in Christianity?

Judaism and Bani Israel have concept of Gentile to represent the pagans and Idolaters with a corpus of rules dealing with them, So does Christianity inherit this concept? If yes where ? and Are Jews ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Where did the term “Jew” come from? [closed]

At what point did the Israelites start being called Jews and more importantly, why? Answers can cite biblical and extra-biblical sources.
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Could a Christian remain in the sect of the Pharisees?

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

What is the name of God in the Bible, Quran and Talmud? [closed]

I listened to the Muslim prayer. They pray to god of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, and Jesus. I was wondering if this is the same god as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Also, is this related ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

What would the Jews of Jesus' time have known about heaven?

Looking at the cross references for John 12:34, 34 So the crowd answered him, “We have heard from the Law that the Christ remains forever. How can you say that the Son of Man must be lifted up? ...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

Is there tradition in Judaism about seeing God through nine mirrors? [closed]

I have a vague recollection of hearing that in Jewish tradition, it was not possible to view God directly because of his holiness/ majesty/ awe. The only way to survive seeing his face was if it were ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Is the doctrine of the Trinity the primary difference between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism? [closed]

Judaism got its root in 1st millennium BC; Islam originated in 7th century AD; Christianity took birth in the 1st century AD. Did doctrinal differences regarding the Trinity necessitate the creation ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Is it true that there is an inscription that says that Yahweh had a wife?

In this video, around 1:08:40, Amihai Mazar, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, says: The name "Yahweh", as the name of an Israelite God, [...] appears for the first time in the inscriptions ...