History is crucial for understanding a lot of the Bible, such as the history of Israel, or the Roman Empire. But please use the church-history tag instead for questions about the history of the church since the NT was completed.

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2answers
34 views

Tree of Life in the Book of Mormon a common Near Eastern motif?

In 1 Nephi 8, in the Book of Mormon, the prophet Lehi has a dream/vision in which he sees a Tree of Life. This dream is retold to his family. His son, Nephi, was particularly interested and desired to ...
4
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2answers
52 views

What is the origin of throwing dust over head (as a sign of mourning) in the Bible?

In Job 2:12, when Job's friends first see Job at a distance, they "did not recognize him, and they raised their voices, and wept aloud; they tore their robes and threw dust in the air upon their heads....
2
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0answers
30 views

Joseph Smith interested in/familiar with Kabbalah?

We know that historically Joseph Smith taught himself Hebrew (as to how well, I'm not sure), and that he held beliefs similar to Jewish mysticism (degrees of heaven, preexistence, fall of angels, etc.)...
30
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5answers
639 views

In which year was Christ born?

This question is a spin-off from On which date was Christ born? There are differing views on the birth year of Christ, which also affect the dating of the resurrection (as we know Jesus's age on ...
6
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1answer
60 views

Did Justin Martyr and Marcion of Sinope have any contact with one another?

I'm interested to discover if there is any evidence that Justin Martyr and Marcion of Sinope had any direct or indirect contact before Marcion left the Church. I suspect that they may have had ...
0
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2answers
58 views

Why are the wives of Lamech named? [on hold]

Genesis 4:17-24 is the line of Cain. Cain's great grandson, Lamech, has 2 named wives. Why are these women named when none of the other wives/mothers are named?
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0answers
48 views

Why are slaves and slave women mentioned distinctly in the Old Testament?

Deuteronomy 5:14 reads: But the seventh day is a Sabbath unto Yahweh your God; you shall not do any work, or your son, or your daughter, or your slave, or your slave woman, or your ox, or your ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Why did Jason attack Jerusalem?

In 2 Maccabees 5:5, Jason attacks Jerusalem. Why does he do this? There is a false rumor that Antiochus has died, but Antiochus was attacking Egypt. In 2 Maccabees 4, it says he becomes high priest ...
4
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1answer
161 views

Where was Herod's temple built?

The Scripture says that the Second Temple was built on the foundation of Solomon's Temple, but was Herod's Temple built in the same place or was it built next to it? (Do we have any records that say ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Are there example writings of general refutation from Jesus' time?

There is an apologetic argument that goes like this: If the gospels were not factual, then we should expect to find other writings from the same time which refute them. We do not, therefore the ...
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0answers
25 views

Didn't Jesus Christ come to Earth 3.4 million years too late? [duplicate]

Growing up I was raised Roman and Apostolic Catholic. I was taught we were Christians, followers of Jesus Christ and that He was the one and only exclusive path for the salvation of our souls. These ...
6
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4answers
8k views

The “eye of the needle gate” today

There is a great set of answers that covers some of my question regarding the interpretation of this passage over on the Biblical Hermeneutics site, but it didn't answer all of my questions. Today I ...
19
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6answers
23k views

How could Jesus be born during the reign of Herod, and when Quirinius was governor of Syria, if those periods were not contemporary?

In Matthew 2, it makes it clear that Jesus was conceived during the reign of Herod and was a young child when Herod died. After Herod died, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in ...
2
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4answers
385 views

What evidence is there for the Resurrection of Jesus?

What historical evidence has been used by people who argue for truth of Jesus' Resurrection? It’s important to distinguish between the evidence and the best explanation of that evidence. This ...
5
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4answers
9k views

What is the relation between the First Baptist Church and the Baptist Church?

In my neighborhood there has been a Baptist Church for a while. I'm moderately aware of the history of Baptist Church in general. Very recently a temple of The First Baptist Church has been built. I´...
19
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2answers
2k views

What is the origin of the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of the Old Testament law?

This distinction is often called tripartite division of the law. I ran across this series of blog posts, which considers the division of the law into "moral", "civil", and "ceremonial" parts: Is ...
69
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12answers
20k views

When the Bible talks about wine does it mean alcoholic wine?

In discussions I have had in the past over the acceptability of a Christian drinking alcohol I have heard that some 'dry' believers say that the wine in the Bible was not wine as we know it commonly ...
17
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6answers
3k views

Where did Baptists get their name and what do they believe?

Where and when did the Baptists get their name and what do they believe that sets them apart from the rest of Protestant denominations? I realize there are different divisions among Baptists as well, ...
4
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2answers
130 views

What indication is there that the famous census under Quirinius is the first-ever done in the region?

Besides Luke's Gospel (which is grammatical difficult and may not mean "first" chronologically, but rather "most prominent/important"), is there any evidence that the famous census conducted by ...
5
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3answers
110 views

What specifically is in the Pentateuch that later writers could not have known?

I have heard people say that the Five Books of Moses had to be divine and written 3-4 thousand years ago because there is content in it that later writers (a la Documentary Hypothesis) simply could ...
8
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5answers
3k views

What is God's shape or form? [closed]

How do we describe God? Does He have a shape or form? Is He human-like, a light, or something else? Does He have a shape? What does Christianity say about it?
6
votes
3answers
435 views

Was it just Daniel who prayed toward Jerusalem or did all exiles do so?

While studying the book of Daniel I came across: Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he ...
2
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0answers
55 views

How were the prophecies of the prophet Isaiah first published or disseminated? [closed]

I asked this on History StackExchange but I think it may get better answers here. My question: I read the Old Testament but I don't understand how a prophet such as Isaiah would have first put ...
5
votes
1answer
428 views

What is the decree that Pope Gregory IX issued in 1231?

I came across this in an article about the inquisition: In 1231, Pope Gregory IX published a decree which called for life imprisonment with salutary penance for the heretic who had confessed and ...
6
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1answer
671 views

Why did John Wycliffe oppose papal authority in the 14th century?

He's been called the "Eosphoros of the Reformation", but how did he come to believe that the Bible opposes the idea that papal authority is above government authority?
2
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1answer
63 views

Could a Christian remain in the sect of the Pharisees?

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of ...
4
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2answers
425 views

Did the events of Good Friday take place during winter?

Peter went to a camp fire when Jesus was being crucified, but we celebrate Good Friday in the spring/early summer. That Peter required a camp fire makes me doubt that the events happened at the time ...
20
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1answer
580 views

Have the individual commands of the OT Law ever been categorized as “Moral,” “Ceremonial,” and “Civil?”

Are there any historic Christian documents that provide a comprehensive categorization of the commands of the OT Law / mitzvot using the three categories from the WCF? And, if so, then as a secondary ...
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0answers
35 views

How old was Timothy when he became a Christian?

Some people think he was a child or a teenager, others believe he was a young man when he converted to Christianity. Is there a way to support any of these assumptions?
28
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3answers
2k views

What extrabiblical sources support the existence of Jesus in history?

What sources outside of the Bible give supporting evidence to the existence of Jesus and any of the events in His life?
0
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0answers
25 views

Is there non religious historical proof of Jesus existance? [duplicate]

I was told when younger that Jesus was mentioned on "Rome's official history", not as the son of God, but as a person who was starting some religious movement. Is this true? Recently I heard there is ...
16
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5answers
3k views

When did the one-way monologue sermon first become a normal feature of church assemblies?

Of course Jesus preached a lot of monologue sermons, but I have noticed that Jesus did not usually preach sermons like nearly every church does today. He never seems to have, or at least rarely ...
8
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2answers
524 views

What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Some Jews seemed to think that lepersy was a punishment for sin, rather than a sin itself. This is most probably going to sound like a stupid question either because there is a specific verse or ...
7
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2answers
735 views

Was Billy Sunday the first evangelist to equate the “altar call” with salvation?

According to this article from the The Society for Effective Evangelism: Up until Billy Sunday, altar calls were invitations for seekers to come to an after-meeting or inquiry room where ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What is the source of the story about the melted gold in the destroyed temple in 70 AD

In Matthew 24:2, Mark 13:2 and Luke 21:6, Jesus seems to indicate that in the coming temple destruction, "not one stone will be left upon another". And, indeed, this seems to be the case from the ...
7
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2answers
4k views

What is the significance of Palm branches?

I've been pondering this question for a while. With Easter right around the corner, I figured this is the perfect time to ask. See these verses: Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, ...
10
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2answers
5k views

How did the Crusades impact modern Christianity? [closed]

How do the crusades impact modern day Christianity own sense of morality and spirituality? What do these things mean to a person of faith? The Crusades, from Wikipedia The Crusades were a series ...
2
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2answers
384 views

Conversion of the Romans and the Bible's Portrayal of the Romans [closed]

I have trouble understanding how the Romans converted to Christianity. In the Bible, the Romans weren't portrayed very nicely. For example, Herod the Great did quite a lot of awful things. Jesus was ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Does the Bible indicate when the Ark of the Covenant officially disappeared?

As the title asks, does the Bible indicate when, where, or how the ark of the covenant finally disappeared? If not, do we have any likely clues?
3
votes
1answer
88 views

In Canada, is it true that when Mormons first arrived (1887) they weren't allowed to settle within 50km of Lethbridge?

In 1886, a Mormon named Charles Card was directed by the then President on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, to go north and find a suitable settlement site in Canada. In ...
17
votes
1answer
7k views

Where are the tombs of Jesus' original 12 Apostles

I would like a list of the twelve Apostles, correlated with their most probable burial location. I understand that many reliquaries containing parts of their bodies were distributed throughout ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the historical reason the King James Version was created?

Many years ago, I heard someone say that the KJV came about because King James I wanted a version of the Bible that supported him getting a divorce. Nowadays, I can't help but wonder how true this is. ...
11
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4answers
12k views

Why did Daniel consider the allotment of food and wine to be wrong for him to eat?

When Nebuchadnezzar conquered Israel and took Daniel and other Jewish men into his court, he assigned them food and wine from the king's table. The king appointed for them a daily ration from the ...
0
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2answers
220 views

Was Jesus a Hindu saint and belong to the religion of Hinduism? [closed]

I am from India and in various newspapers and in different electronic medias, people are arguing that Jesus was a Hindu person. His religion was Hinduism. He was born in Kerala state of country India ...
33
votes
7answers
58k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Historically what percentage of the Catholic Church's liturgical function was done in Latin?

I have been doing some research and reading about the history of what a church gathering looked like, prior to the Reformation. One thing I have not been able to find detailed information regarding ...
13
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3answers
5k views

Was Jesus recorded on the census?

I've heard before that Jesus was recorded on the census that is mentioned in Luke 2:1, and that his name was the last name recorded. I've also heard that Herod would then use this census when he ...
6
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2answers
184 views

Were the names Matthew, Mark, Luke and John common in the time of Jesus?

Were the names Matthew, Mark, Luke and John common names in the time of Jesus? If not, what were their real names and why were they changed?
7
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1answer
2k views

What does TS Eliot mean by “old dispensation” in The Journey of the Magi?

In T. S. Eliot's poem The Journey of the Magi he's offering a imaginative view into the interior experience of one of the wise men from the East who came to Jesus's birthplace. The last few lines of ...