History is crucial for understanding a lot of the Bible, such as the history of Israel, or the Roman Empire. But please use the church-history tag instead for questions about the history of the church since the NT was completed.

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What happened to the apostle John after the Biblical account of his life ends?

There is a legend that says that John traveled to Ephesus where he took care of Virgin Mary and that he lived there until the end of his life. Is this legend true? Are there any historical accounts ...
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1answer
89 views

What indication is there that the famous census under Quirinius is the first-ever done in the region?

Besides Luke's Gospel (which is grammatical difficult and may not mean "first" chronologically, but rather "most prominent/important"), is there any evidence that the famous census conducted by ...
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1answer
129 views

When was the last time, if ever, the secular world acknowledged a demonic possession?

The gospels seem to be peppered with demonic possessions that are nonchalantly noted by the author. Is there evidence that the ruling secular powers of the day acknowledged these as demonic ...
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1answer
469 views

Is there any evidence that Paul was a descendant of Jonathan?

Paul being a descendant of Jonathan would have some appeal from a devotional perspective since Jesus' more direct saving of Paul could be viewed as fulfilling the covenant of friendship between David ...
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1answer
141 views

Does Christianity allow allegorical readings of creation and the deluge? [closed]

Please forgive me, I'm not Christian but I have wondered: Why do Christians seem to try to prove Noah's flood or a young earth? Considering the overwhelming evidence for human and geologic history ...
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0answers
49 views

Is it possible the Biblical and scientific timelines for the age of the earth could link up? [duplicate]

In many versions of the Bible I have read, in footnotes/endnotes they say the Hebrew term for "day" could also mean "period of time." So if you took "period of time" to mean oh say, a billion years, ...
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0answers
1k views

Was Satan an Angel [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Where in the Bible does it say that Lucifer is an angel? Of what nature is Satan? Most people refer to the following scripture as support for the fact that Satan was ...
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1answer
70k views

How did the world get populated according to Bible?

Adam and Eve had only three sons (Cain, Abel, and Seth), but no daughters: how did the world get populated?
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3answers
370 views

Are the gospels comparable(equal) to contemporary works of historians?

Are the gospels (and especially claims on the identity of Jesus in the Gospels) comparable(equal) to contemporary works of contemporary historians like Tacitus and Josephus, in terms of objectivity( ...
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3answers
198 views

Before St. Thomas Aquinas, who laid the foundation for the existence of God?

During His preaching ministry, Jesus described the nature of God. But before doing so, did He have to lay a foundation and convince people that God exists? Or had oral tradition and the Old Testament ...
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5answers
274 views

What is the case against Gore Vidal's view that St. Paul “invented Christianity”?

I was watching Gore Vidal being interviewed for CSpan's In Depth series and his book Live from Golgotha was being discussed. He claims that St. Paul "invented" Christianity. That Jesus came for the ...
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2answers
523 views

In which denominations are Sunday school classes categorized distinctly by grade/age level?

There was one time, a long time ago, somewhere between mid- to late-1990s, I went to a church with family at night. I thought the adults would worship on the first floor, while the children were taken ...
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1answer
146 views

What exactly is manna?

In the Bible account of Exodus, God gives the Jews a type of bread called "Manna". What exactly is manna? What is in it? Do Jews or Christians still eat it today? If so, do they eat it at certain ...
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4answers
302 views

When was the title of “Mother of God” first ascribed to Mary?

I understand that the phrase "Mother of God" appears in the prayer commonly referred to as the "Hail Mary" prayer. I'm wondering, though, what the origin is of the phrase "Mother of God". Did it ...
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1answer
3k views

How long did David live?

From my general knowledge, I know that David lived 70 years. Can be this be demonstrated with the Bible? In 1 Kings 2:10, 11 we find how long he reigned over Israel: So David slept with his ...
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1answer
309 views

Did the events of Good Friday take place during winter?

Peter went to a camp fire when Jesus was being crucified, but we celebrate Good Friday in the spring/early summer. That Peter required a camp fire makes me doubt that the events happened at the time ...
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2answers
127 views

In Christ's time, who possessed the written word?

2000 years ago, written works were extremely valuable. It's not like every Jewish family had their own "family scroll" that they read to their children every night. It's doubtful even that every Rabbi ...
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2answers
594 views

What is the meaning of the bronze serpent used to save the Israelites? [closed]

In Numbers 21: 8,9, Why is a bronze serpent used to save the Israelites, and what does this mean for Christians today? 8Then the LORD said to Moses, "Make a fiery serpent, and set it on a ...
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1answer
339 views

Is it true the term 'pontifex maximus' was the name of the high priest of the Roman Cult of Emperor Worship, before being adopted by the Pope?

This has always seemed strange to me that the Pope would not want to distance himself with emperor worship as much as possible. If pointifex maximus was a term used by the government of Rome in its ...
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4answers
244 views

Why is there a modern misconception about Christianity and Science? [closed]

Those of us who care to look into history even the slightest can see that both devout Christian laymen and Christian leaders have been make scientific strides for almost two millennia. Some examples ...
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1answer
281 views

When did the insertion of title-page for Old Testament and New Testament started?

All the Bible I have seen have title-pages for both New Testament and Old Testament. There is always a dedicated page just before the Book of Genesis with the title "The Old Testament" which indicates ...
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1answer
277 views

Conversion of Romans and Bible Portrayal of Romans

I have trouble understanding how Romans converted to Christianity. In the Bible, Romans weren't portrayed very nicely. For example, Herod the Great did quite a lot of awful things. Jesus was crucified ...
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2answers
164 views

Did Zachariah ask for a son to God?

This is related to this question. I found this verses from Qur'an. Surah 19:1-7 Kaf- Ha-Ya-'Ain-Sad. (This is) a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His slave Zakariya (Zachariah). When ...
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2answers
2k views

Why was Aaron not allowed into the promised land?

God judged Moses and Aaron separately at another event, why wasn't Aaron allowed into the promised land?
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1answer
143 views

What was the debate at the Reformation concerning “non extra carnem” vs. “extra calvinisticum”?

In the debate concerning the "hypostatic union" and the "kenosis" the Lutheran church stood opposed to the majority position. I can not seem to find a good resource to explain the distinctives of the ...
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1answer
81 views

Is there any extra-Biblical 'evidence' of Herod's murder of babies?

When Herod heard of the news from the kings form east that there was a new king (Jesus) born, he ordered the killing of all boys younger than the age of two. So that would have been a great slaughter. ...
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1answer
2k views

Diocletian's four decrees & Persecution of christians

I am looking for a link or reference to the four decrees from Diocletian in 303 re the Roman Persecution?
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1answer
122 views

Is it true that there is an inscription that says that Yahweh had a wife?

In this video, around 1:08:40, Amihai Mazar, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, says: The name "Yahweh", as the name of an Israelite God, [...] appears for the first time in the inscriptions ...
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1answer
140 views

Does the Catholic Church consider the 40 year trek in the wilderness an allegory?

Much of the story about the Israelites 40 year wandering in the desert wilderness is as hard to believe as the flood in Noah's day and the allegorical creation account in Genesis. Does the Catholic ...
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1answer
74 views

Was there any christian church that kept the Passover before the 1900?

I was taught that after the Council of Nicea no christian church kept the Passover on the 14th of Nisan. Is there any truth to that? Is there a church in the middle ages that kept the Christian ...
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1answer
82 views

What evidence is there that the Herodians were distinct from mainstream Phariseeism?

During the New Testament era were the political and religious interests of the Pharisees closely aligned with the Herodians? Or did the nationalistic elements of Phariseeism make them allies?
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1answer
90 views

Where was Herod's temple built?

The Scripture says that the Second Temple was built on the foundation of Solomon's Temple, but was Herod's Temple built in the same place or was it built next to it? (Do we have any records that say ...
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0answers
378 views

What is the historical significance of Shiloh in the Bible? [closed]

Shiloh is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. I believe it is mentioned in a prophecy in Genesis 49:10. The allotment of land for Israel was decided there. It's mentioned a few times in ...
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1answer
54 views

How were the quarter-millennium anniversaries of the resurrection of Jesus commemorated?

I am wondering how the 2034 Easter celebration will look like from the perspective of various Christian churches. I am mostly interested in the Roman Catholics. Since we can only guess, I would like ...
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4answers
3k views

What was the charge levied on Jesus in the courts?

I read that Jesus was charged with the allegation that he claimed to be the "King of Jews". What is the evidence of this and other charges, if any, on Jesus? I am only interested in the charges ...
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2answers
346 views

How were the authors of the four gospels literate?

I'm curious how the authors of the four gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) actually knew how to write. They were fishermen and simple people, and very few people knew how to write back then. ...
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4answers
414 views

Where the Sadducees “ultra liberal” or “ultra conservative”? [closed]

The Sadducees - accepted only the Torah (thus rejecting the resurrection due to it not being mentioned), they were a part of the priestly caste, the high elite, wealthy, and educated. Would you ...
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4answers
144 views

Did Paul/Saul teach Christianity with Jewish traditions to Gentiles like what we see in Messianic Judaism today?

As the question clearly describes. Did Paul/Saul, during his era, teach Christianity with Jewish traditions to Gentiles like what we see in Messianic Judaism today? Some background for this ...
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1answer
228 views

What is the history of Irish Catholic resentment toward Protestantism?

In the Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Angela's Ashes, the author depicts several instances of Irish Catholic animosity toward Protestants, especially those from America. What is the background of this ...
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1answer
269 views

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus?

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus? I was informed that their names were Dismas and Gestas. When I searched on the Internet, I got similar info. Is it true that ...
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2answers
295 views

When did the massacre of the innocents happen? [duplicate]

When the Magi had gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. Get up, he said, take the child and his mother and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, for Herod is going ...
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1answer
80 views

What biblical or historical reasons have been given for avoiding creeds & catechisms?

I read a book by George Fox, founder of Quakerism, where he spoke of his reluctance to endorse any creed, and part of the reason seemed to be the abuse he received in prison for being a heretic. ...
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3answers
325 views

What evidence is there for the Resurrection of Jesus?

What historical evidence has been used by people who argue for truth of Jesus' Resurrection? It’s important to distinguish between the evidence and the best explanation of that evidence. This ...
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2answers
403 views

If God is unable to change, why did he (after the Flood)? [closed]

If God is All-Knowing (as I've heard) and unable to change, then why did he change his mind after the Flood? And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again ...
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1answer
88 views

Alexander Helios disappearance-Scriptural Nephites?

According to Wikipedia, Alexander Helios is the son of Cleopatra VII. He disappeared fleeing Egypt with his people (roughly 50,000) after being defeated by Octavian in 31 BC. His parents committed ...
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1answer
136 views

Caesar Augustus' census in Luke 2 - is it a-historical? Fabricated story? [closed]

Luke 2 speaks of a census by Caesar Augustus that everyone should go to their town of birth to be counted/enrolled. I recall, from a number curses on "historical Jesus", that there is a claim that ...
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1answer
99 views

Are there example writings of general refutation from Jesus' time?

There is an apologetic argument that goes like this: If the gospels were not factual, then we should expect to find other writings from the same time which refute them. We do not, therefore the ...
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1answer
90 views

What did Jesus do regarding the Jews believing that some diseases were sometimes due to sin?

In relation to these two questions: What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin? What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy? Obviously, Jesus ...
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1answer
104 views

At what age should Christians be confirmed according to St. Thomas Aquinas?

I've read this in Saint Thomas Aquinas' sermons on the Apostles' Creed (emphasis mine): “Confirmation.”—The second Sacrament is Confirmation. Just as they who are physically born need certain ...
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1answer
184 views

Is the register where the first marriage was registered still available?

I read that the Church had little to do with marriage till the 13th century, when it took legal control of marriage. Then, Church registration followed. My questions are: Where was the first ...