History is crucial for understanding a lot of the Bible, such as the history of Israel, or the Roman Empire. But please use the church-history tag instead for questions about the history of the church since the NT was completed.

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For what human reason was Christ crucified? [closed]

I know that from God the Father's perspective, Christ had to die for the sins of the elect. However, from a secular perspective, why was Christ crucified? I know that the Jews were unhappy with ...
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1answer
176 views

Were the ancient Israelites of a darker skin tone?

I have seen ancient depictions of the ancient Israelites and there features were different than I expected. Linguistic experts have stated that Hebrew is one of the early Asiatic-African languages. ...
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4answers
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Who was Pharaoh when Moses lived in Egypt?

Do we have a good idea as to which Pharaoh(s) were around during the time of Moses' life? What internal and external evidence exists to back up those claims? Do any Christian traditions attach any ...
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2answers
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How many people saw Jesus raised from the death?

Besides some of the apostles, is the Bible specific about how many people saw the resurrection of Jesus? I mean, those that can testify to having seen Jesus alive after his death. Since we are all ...
3
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1answer
332 views

When did the insertion of title-page for Old Testament and New Testament started?

All the Bible I have seen have title-pages for both New Testament and Old Testament. There is always a dedicated page just before the Book of Genesis with the title "The Old Testament" which indicates ...
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3answers
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Why was Aaron not allowed into the promised land?

God judged Moses and Aaron separately at another event, why wasn't Aaron allowed into the promised land?
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1answer
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Why has Mary Magdalene been portrayed as a prostitute?

A few weeks ago, I had the opportunity to watch ‘Jesus Christ Superstar’. It wasn't all that great and yes I found it a bit offensive, however it did get me thinking. Why does it seem as if Mary ...
7
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3answers
5k views

When did the African-American population become Christian?

As someone who's never been to the USA I might be making a completely wrong assumption, but from all the media, it seems that the majority of the African-American population were traditionally ...
3
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1answer
463 views

Is there any reference to Abraham building a house of worship? Where is Bakkah?

Is there any reference to Abraham building a house for worship in the Bible? Where is the valley of Bakkah located? In Islam they say Bakkah and Mecca are the same word, and the Kabah is built on ...
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2answers
918 views

What is the meaning of the bronze serpent used to save the Israelites? [closed]

In Numbers 21: 8,9, Why is a bronze serpent used to save the Israelites, and what does this mean for Christians today? 8Then the LORD said to Moses, "Make a fiery serpent, and set it on a standard;...
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6answers
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Did early church fathers understand the doctrine of trinity?

Many historians and religious scholars ... attest to the influence of Greek or Platonic philosophy in the development and acceptance of the Trinity doctrine in the fourth century. ... the famous ...
3
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3answers
394 views

Were there any female priests in the temple?

Were there any female priests in the temple in Jerusalem at any time?
2
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1answer
113 views

Is there any extra-Biblical 'evidence' of Herod's murder of babies?

When Herod heard of the news from the kings form east that there was a new king (Jesus) born, he ordered the killing of all boys younger than the age of two. So that would have been a great slaughter. ...
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5answers
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Did Christ's original twelve apostles have families?

We know that Peter was married because Christ healed his mother-in-law. Do we know if he had children? Do we know whether any of the other apostles were married and if they had children?
2
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1answer
164 views

Is it true that there is an inscription that says that Yahweh had a wife?

In this video, around 1:08:40, Amihai Mazar, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, says: The name "Yahweh", as the name of an Israelite God, [...] appears for the first time in the inscriptions ...
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4answers
4k views

What was the charge levied on Jesus in the courts?

I read that Jesus was charged with the allegation that he claimed to be the "King of Jews". What is the evidence of this and other charges, if any, on Jesus? I am only interested in the charges ...
4
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1answer
135 views

Who first divided the Bible's books into chapters?

I've heard that the Bible's division into verses was made later than the division into chapters. So, whose translation firstly came up with this system of chapter divisions that we have today?
2
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1answer
4k views

How long did David live?

From my general knowledge, I know that David lived 70 years. Can be this be demonstrated with the Bible? In 1 Kings 2:10, 11 we find how long he reigned over Israel: So David slept with his ...
8
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1answer
339 views

How many people were killed by the Sanhedrin around the time of Paul?

In the Bible, the Sanhedrin condemned: Jesus James the Just Stephen The death penalty was supposed to be rare, as Mishnah Makkot 1:10 states: A Sanhedrin that puts a man to death once in seven ...
11
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1answer
206 views

Who was the first to reject the historicity of Adam?

Since the nineteenth century the early chapters of Genesis have been very controversial. For some issues, like the age of the earth, it is well established that there have been many different ...
13
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5answers
590 views

On which date was Christ born? [closed]

Most Christians celebrate the birth of Christ (Christmas) on December 25. But was this really the day of Christ's birth? What was the actual date of Christ's birth?
8
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1answer
219 views

What is the history of silent prayer?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but I don't believe there is much in the way of Biblical or early-church precedence for praying silently. It seems like prayers were generally spoken aloud. In modern times, ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Does the Catholic Church consider the 40 year trek in the wilderness an allegory?

Much of the story about the Israelites 40 year wandering in the desert wilderness is as hard to believe as the flood in Noah's day and the allegorical creation account in Genesis. Does the Catholic ...
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1answer
113 views

Alexander Helios disappearance-Scriptural Nephites?

According to Wikipedia, Alexander Helios is the son of Cleopatra VII. He disappeared fleeing Egypt with his people (roughly 50,000) after being defeated by Octavian in 31 BC. His parents committed ...
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1answer
68 views

Are there any accounts of the wise men story outside of scripture?

The wise men were educated and would have documented their experience in detail. Also, they would have shared the Christmas story with everyone they came in contact with on their trip home. Once they ...
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3answers
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Who was “Zacharias son of Barachias” in Matt. 23:35?

In Matt. 23:35, it is written, That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew ...
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6answers
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What is significant about the swaddling clothes with which Jesus was wrapped as a baby?

Luke gives the account of Jesus' birth and mentions that Mary wrapped Him in "swaddling cloths". And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a ...
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4answers
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Why did Luther curse those who oppose indulgences?

In the 95 Theses, Luther makes a stand against corruption in the Catholic church of that day. This resulted in events leading to the separation between the Catholic and Protestant churches. It seems ...
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4answers
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When was Job alive?

The first chapter of Job describes a man who was favored by God (Job). 1 In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. ...
14
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2answers
928 views

What evidence is there that the Chinese script reflects a knowledge of Genesis 1-11?

It has been asserted that the author of the Chinese alphabet could very well been knowledgeable of the accounts in Genesis 1-11--those that occurred prior to the division of peoples and languages at ...
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4answers
10k views

Did Jesus visit India?

Some traditions state that Jesus visited India between the ages of 12 and 33, in order to study and learn. What evidence is there that he did or did not visit India?
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1answer
150 views

How was 'years' defined in the book of Genesis?

Genesis 5 clearly shows the number of years people lived from Adam to Noah. In the modern world, we know that 1 year equals to the number of days the earth revolves around the sun, but this knowledge ...
5
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1answer
94 views

What is the evidence that Thomas Aquinas was assassinated?

Reading the Wikipedia article on Thomas Aquinas, I stumbled on something rather peculiar. Apparently he fell ill and died at the age of 49 on his way to the Second Council of Lyon, where he had been ...
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3answers
1k views

How much did Paul's travels cost?

The Apostle Paul famously made an extensive series of missionary journeys around the eastern Mediterranean (in various company, and stopping off in some places for months or years, also getting ...
7
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1answer
133 views

Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
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2answers
190 views

Did the coins at the time of Jesus have distinct images and inscriptions?

At Matthew 22:18-21(NIV) we read: "... But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, “You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me? Show me the coin used for paying the tax.” They brought him a ...
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1answer
108 views

What did Jesus do regarding the Jews believing that some diseases were sometimes due to sin?

In relation to these two questions: What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin? What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy? Obviously, Jesus didn'...
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5answers
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What crime was committed by the “thieves” crucified with Jesus?

During yesterday's sermon, the pastor mentioned the theory that the thieves crucified next to Jesus likely weren't simple thieves to warrant such a sentence, but were probably "thieves with a cause." ...
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1answer
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What happened to Joseph, Jesus's father?

What happened to Joseph the father of Jesus, because the last time he was mentioned in the story of Jesus was "Jesus's finding in the temple" after that he was never mentioned again until the death of ...
6
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2answers
206 views

How does the trial of Jesus compare to the judicial standards of the epoch and of the modern times?

I wonder whether Jesus was given enough opportunities to defend himself, whether his trial was fair and whether the investigation was thorough. I want to know how it compares with typical criminal, ...
6
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3answers
533 views

How can I understand the rise of the Egyptians as a race in the Old Testament?

The Old Testament states that God created the world and God created man. We see the lineage of Adam and Eve, to Abraham, and so forth while the Hebrew nation is created. Then, seemingly from left ...
7
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1answer
217 views

Who was Darius the Mede?

And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old. [Daniel 5:31] I have read much about the possible identities of Darius the Mede; to me, the most convincing alias is that ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus?

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus? I was informed that their names were Dismas and Gestas. When I searched on the Internet, I got similar info. Is it true that ...
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4answers
177 views

Did Paul/Saul teach Christianity with Jewish traditions to Gentiles like what we see in Messianic Judaism today?

As the question clearly describes. Did Paul/Saul, during his era, teach Christianity with Jewish traditions to Gentiles like what we see in Messianic Judaism today? Some background for this question:...
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1answer
133 views

What are the facts concerning resurrection of Jesus Christ according to general documents like the Bible, contemporary historians etc? [closed]

What are the facts concerning resurrection of Jesus Christ according to general documents like the Bible, contemporary historians etc? I mean by facts, statements that authors wrote that are actual ...
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0answers
25 views

Why did Jesus come when he did? [duplicate]

Jeremiah 23:5–6 (NIV) "The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will raise up for David a a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land. In ...
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3answers
46k views

What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jesus often encountered "Pharisees" and "Sadducees". For example, 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him ...
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2answers
5k views

What evidence is there that the Apostle Paul had been a member of the Sanhedrin?

I remember hearing someone make the claim that Paul had been a member of the Sanhedrin prior to his conversion to Christianity. Is there any evidence for this claim? If so, what is it?
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5answers
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Was Jesus crucified naked?

Wikipedia's article on crucifixion says While a crucifixion was an execution, it was also a humiliation, by making the condemned as vulnerable as possible. Although artists have traditionally ...
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1answer
147 views

Caesar Augustus' census in Luke 2 - is it a-historical? Fabricated story? [closed]

Luke 2 speaks of a census by Caesar Augustus that everyone should go to their town of birth to be counted/enrolled. I recall, from a number curses on "historical Jesus", that there is a claim that ...