History is crucial for understanding a lot of the Bible, such as the history of Israel, or the Roman Empire. But please use the church-history tag instead for questions about the history of the church since the NT was completed.

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What is the origin of throwing dust over head (as a sign of mourning) in the Bible?

In Job 2:12, when Job's friends first see Job at a distance, they "did not recognize him, and they raised their voices, and wept aloud; they tore their robes and threw dust in the air upon their heads....
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2answers
55 views

Why are the wives of Lamech named? [on hold]

Genesis 4:17-24 is the line of Cain. Cain's great grandson, Lamech, has 2 named wives. Why are these women named when none of the other wives/mothers are named?
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Why are slaves and slave women mentioned distinctly in the Old Testament?

Deuteronomy 5:14 reads: But the seventh day is a Sabbath unto Yahweh your God; you shall not do any work, or your son, or your daughter, or your slave, or your slave woman, or your ox, or your ...
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1answer
47 views

Why did Jason attack Jerusalem?

In 2 Maccabees 5:5, Jason attacks Jerusalem. Why does he do this? There is a false rumor that Antiochus has died, but Antiochus was attacking Egypt. In 2 Maccabees 4, it says he becomes high priest ...
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25 views

Didn't Jesus Christ come to Earth 3.4 million years too late? [duplicate]

Growing up I was raised Roman and Apostolic Catholic. I was taught we were Christians, followers of Jesus Christ and that He was the one and only exclusive path for the salvation of our souls. These ...
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55 views

How were the prophecies of the prophet Isaiah first published or disseminated? [closed]

I asked this on History StackExchange but I think it may get better answers here. My question: I read the Old Testament but I don't understand how a prophet such as Isaiah would have first put ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Could a Christian remain in the sect of the Pharisees?

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of ...
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35 views

How old was Timothy when he became a Christian?

Some people think he was a child or a teenager, others believe he was a young man when he converted to Christianity. Is there a way to support any of these assumptions?
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0answers
25 views

Is there non religious historical proof of Jesus existance? [duplicate]

I was told when younger that Jesus was mentioned on "Rome's official history", not as the son of God, but as a person who was starting some religious movement. Is this true? Recently I heard there is ...
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2answers
219 views

Was Jesus a Hindu saint and belong to the religion of Hinduism? [closed]

I am from India and in various newspapers and in different electronic medias, people are arguing that Jesus was a Hindu person. His religion was Hinduism. He was born in Kerala state of country India ...
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70 views

Historically what percentage of the Catholic Church's liturgical function was done in Latin?

I have been doing some research and reading about the history of what a church gathering looked like, prior to the Reformation. One thing I have not been able to find detailed information regarding ...
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2answers
180 views

Were the names Matthew, Mark, Luke and John common in the time of Jesus?

Were the names Matthew, Mark, Luke and John common names in the time of Jesus? If not, what were their real names and why were they changed?
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1answer
54 views

Did Justin Martyr and Marcion of Sinope have any contact with one another?

I'm interested to discover if there is any evidence that Justin Martyr and Marcion of Sinope had any direct or indirect contact before Marcion left the Church. I suspect that they may have had ...
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2answers
483 views

What is the earliest use of the phrase “God the Son”?

Does the phrase "God the Son" appear in manuscripts or early translations (Textus Receptus, Vulgate, etc.) of the New Testament scriptures? If not, when did the phrase enter into the Christian ...
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1answer
88 views

In Canada, is it true that when Mormons first arrived (1887) they weren't allowed to settle within 50km of Lethbridge?

In 1886, a Mormon named Charles Card was directed by the then President on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, to go north and find a suitable settlement site in Canada. In ...
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1answer
113 views

Is there any extra-Biblical 'evidence' of Herod's murder of babies?

When Herod heard of the news from the kings form east that there was a new king (Jesus) born, he ordered the killing of all boys younger than the age of two. So that would have been a great slaughter. ...
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3answers
394 views

Were there any female priests in the temple?

Were there any female priests in the temple in Jerusalem at any time?
2
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1answer
164 views

Is it true that there is an inscription that says that Yahweh had a wife?

In this video, around 1:08:40, Amihai Mazar, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, says: The name "Yahweh", as the name of an Israelite God, [...] appears for the first time in the inscriptions ...
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1answer
135 views

Who first divided the Bible's books into chapters?

I've heard that the Bible's division into verses was made later than the division into chapters. So, whose translation firstly came up with this system of chapter divisions that we have today?
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1answer
206 views

Who was the first to reject the historicity of Adam?

Since the nineteenth century the early chapters of Genesis have been very controversial. For some issues, like the age of the earth, it is well established that there have been many different ...
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1answer
68 views

Are there any accounts of the wise men story outside of scripture?

The wise men were educated and would have documented their experience in detail. Also, they would have shared the Christmas story with everyone they came in contact with on their trip home. Once they ...
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1answer
219 views

What is the history of silent prayer?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but I don't believe there is much in the way of Biblical or early-church precedence for praying silently. It seems like prayers were generally spoken aloud. In modern times, ...
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1answer
161 views

Where was Herod's temple built?

The Scripture says that the Second Temple was built on the foundation of Solomon's Temple, but was Herod's Temple built in the same place or was it built next to it? (Do we have any records that say ...
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1answer
113 views

Alexander Helios disappearance-Scriptural Nephites?

According to Wikipedia, Alexander Helios is the son of Cleopatra VII. He disappeared fleeing Egypt with his people (roughly 50,000) after being defeated by Octavian in 31 BC. His parents committed ...
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1answer
150 views

How was 'years' defined in the book of Genesis?

Genesis 5 clearly shows the number of years people lived from Adam to Noah. In the modern world, we know that 1 year equals to the number of days the earth revolves around the sun, but this knowledge ...
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1answer
152 views

Does the Catholic Church consider the 40 year trek in the wilderness an allegory?

Much of the story about the Israelites 40 year wandering in the desert wilderness is as hard to believe as the flood in Noah's day and the allegorical creation account in Genesis. Does the Catholic ...
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1answer
133 views

Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
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2answers
191 views

Did the coins at the time of Jesus have distinct images and inscriptions?

At Matthew 22:18-21(NIV) we read: "... But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, “You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me? Show me the coin used for paying the tax.” They brought him a ...
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1answer
218 views

Who was Darius the Mede?

And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old. [Daniel 5:31] I have read much about the possible identities of Darius the Mede; to me, the most convincing alias is that ...
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1answer
108 views

What did Jesus do regarding the Jews believing that some diseases were sometimes due to sin?

In relation to these two questions: What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin? What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy? Obviously, Jesus didn'...
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0answers
25 views

Why did Jesus come when he did? [duplicate]

Jeremiah 23:5–6 (NIV) "The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will raise up for David a a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land. In ...
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4answers
177 views

Did Paul/Saul teach Christianity with Jewish traditions to Gentiles like what we see in Messianic Judaism today?

As the question clearly describes. Did Paul/Saul, during his era, teach Christianity with Jewish traditions to Gentiles like what we see in Messianic Judaism today? Some background for this question:...
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1answer
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What is the evidence that Thomas Aquinas was assassinated?

Reading the Wikipedia article on Thomas Aquinas, I stumbled on something rather peculiar. Apparently he fell ill and died at the age of 49 on his way to the Second Council of Lyon, where he had been ...
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1answer
147 views

Caesar Augustus' census in Luke 2 - is it a-historical? Fabricated story? [closed]

Luke 2 speaks of a census by Caesar Augustus that everyone should go to their town of birth to be counted/enrolled. I recall, from a number curses on "historical Jesus", that there is a claim that ...
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1answer
272 views

What were the advantages of a monarchy system that Israel wanted? [closed]

From Israel's perspective, what were the advantages of being a monarchy "just like other nations" (1 Samuel 8:5)? What negative effects during the reigns of Saul, David, and Solomon did Israel ...
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1answer
89 views

Where is the jug of oil that never ran dry?

Following this question I'd like to ask if there are any records where the jar was left. 1 Kings 17:16 (NIV) For the jar of flour was not used up and the jug of oil did not run dry, in ...
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2answers
494 views

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The modern Jewish interpretation of the so-called suffering servant song of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is that it is a prophecy referring to the nation of Israel, not the Messiah. As such, it is sometimes ...
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4answers
385 views

What evidence is there for the Resurrection of Jesus?

What historical evidence has been used by people who argue for truth of Jesus' Resurrection? It’s important to distinguish between the evidence and the best explanation of that evidence. This ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus?

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus? I was informed that their names were Dismas and Gestas. When I searched on the Internet, I got similar info. Is it true that ...
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2answers
523 views

What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Some Jews seemed to think that lepersy was a punishment for sin, rather than a sin itself. This is most probably going to sound like a stupid question either because there is a specific verse or ...
4
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2answers
130 views

What indication is there that the famous census under Quirinius is the first-ever done in the region?

Besides Luke's Gospel (which is grammatical difficult and may not mean "first" chronologically, but rather "most prominent/important"), is there any evidence that the famous census conducted by ...
3
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1answer
150 views

When was the last time, if ever, the secular world acknowledged a demonic possession?

The gospels seem to be peppered with demonic possessions that are nonchalantly noted by the author. Is there evidence that the ruling secular powers of the day acknowledged these as demonic ...
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1answer
85 views

Where is there official writings from Perpetua or Felicity?

Supposedly there was a diary written by a woman named "Perpetua" just before she was killed in the arenas for her faith. Another similar account is concerning Felicity. Did these women actually ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Which Prominent Modern Religions Came from the “Great Awakenings” and What Have They Done For the World?

Since the 1700's there have been a number of so-called "Great Awakenings". What are in fact the most prominent religions to come from the Awakenings and what are they most known to have introduced? ...
3
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1answer
184 views

Could a lowborn during the middle ages read the bible?

I'm starting to read about the christian faith with more effort and this question popped up in my head. I've read that the bible at that time were really expensive because it was handmade but, could a ...
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2answers
519 views

How were the authors of the four gospels literate?

I'm curious how the authors of the four gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) actually knew how to write. They were fishermen and simple people, and very few people knew how to write back then. ...
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1answer
3k views

What year did the Hebrew nation with Joshua cross the Jordan river into the promised land?

In terms of our current and modern dating system, what year did Joshua and the Hebrew nation cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan? Also, based on this what year would the first Jubilee year have ...
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2answers
155 views

In Christ's time, who possessed the written word?

2000 years ago, written works were extremely valuable. It's not like every Jewish family had their own "family scroll" that they read to their children every night. It's doubtful even that every Rabbi ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the significance of Palm branches?

I've been pondering this question for a while. With Easter right around the corner, I figured this is the perfect time to ask. See these verses: Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, ...