The language of Greece and the Greek Empire, a form of which (Koine greek) was spoken in the early centuries AD and in which early manuscripts of the New Testament were written.

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21
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8answers
77k views

What's is the case for premarital sex being an instance of πορνεία (porneia)?

This question is pretty much a spinoff of What does the Bible say about sex before marriage / premarital sex? because its current answer depends on the assumption that premarital sex is πορνεία ...
18
votes
2answers
216 views

When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
14
votes
2answers
383 views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ": In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King James school" of translations), almost ...
13
votes
3answers
14k views

Why was the New Testament Written in Greek?

New Testament was written in Greek. But Jesus lived in Israel and was supposed to be the next King of Israel. I think it is probably fair to assume that he and his twelve apostles spoke Hebrew. Then ...
13
votes
2answers
374 views

Is this distinction of biblical “love” terminology compatible with scripture?

I very frequently hear repeated that there are three Greek words (or word-groups, more precisely) that are translated into the same English word "love"; the words being ἀγάπη, φιλíα, and ἔρως. ἔρως is ...
11
votes
4answers
8k views

When Jesus gave Peter his name (rock) what is the significance that he then said upon a ‘different’ kind of rock he would build his church?

When Peter made his famous confession, Jesus responded by saying: And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. (NIV ...
11
votes
1answer
105 views

Is Luke's label for Christianity - “the Way” - used in later Christian writings?

Christianity is referred to several times in the book of Acts as "the Way" (hē hodos), initially at 9:2: [Saul] asked [the high priest] for letters to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he ...
8
votes
3answers
23k views

Did Jesus die on the cross or on the tree?

Master Jesus was crucified on a tree, according to Apostle Peter. Acts 5:30 30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. Acts 10:39 39 And we are ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the term *Kyrie Eleison* Latin or Greek?

Kyrie Eleison is a term that is used in the Latin Mass of the Catholic Church. However, I've been told that the phrase is entirely Greek and not Latin at all! So is the phrase Latin or Greek? Is it ...
8
votes
3answers
453 views

Is there a 'Third Heaven'?

2 Corinthians 12:2-4 (New International Version) 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not ...
8
votes
4answers
450 views

According to Roman Catholic doctrine, does the incorruptible body possess blood?

In my translation of a work by John of Damascus entitled Περὶ τοῦ ἀχράντου σώματος, οὗ μεταλαμβάνομεν, it is my understanding that John wrote, Even as his body prior to the resurrection of the ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Why Catholic Church is called “The Roman Catholic Church”?

If the word "catholic", from the Greek adjective καθολικός (katholikos), means "universal", why The Catholic Church is known as "The Roman Catholic Church"? Is it possible be "universal" and "roman" ...
6
votes
1answer
67 views

What arguments do KJV-only proponents give to support that the 1611 translation is better than say, Greek language Bibles?

I have an interlinear Bible, called the Apostolic Bible Polyglot, that presents the New Testament (along with the Old Testament, from the Septuagint) in Greek and English. Of the Complutensian ...
4
votes
3answers
344 views

Jesus' quotation of Septuagint - Greek or Aramaic?

Having read this and this, I am convinced now that Jesus spoke Aramaic. However, I also know that many times He was quoting Septuagint, which is a translation of the Old Testament into Koine Greek. I ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

John Chrysostom, On the Priesthood - Translation of Greek Phrase

In Book 3, Section 6, he wrote, οἱ μὲν γὰρ εἰς ταύτην, οἱ δὲ εἰς ἐκείνην γεννῶσι. Κἀκεῖνοι μὲν οὐδὲ τὸν σωματικὸν αὐτοῖς δύναιντ' ἂν ἀμύνασθαι θάνατον, οὐ νόσον ἐπενεχθεῖσαν ἀποκρούσασθαι· οὗτοι ...
4
votes
3answers
537 views

Digital versions of Greek Bibles

Does anyone know if there are digital versions of these greek New Testament texts available? Not just online or pdf versions, but complete downloadable full Greek texts in unicode text format: ...
4
votes
2answers
45 views

Communion of saints - Is there a Greek equivalent of “ecclesia penitens”?

The doctrine of the communion of saints states that the body of Christ consists of three churches: The Church militant, or Latin ecclesia militans, or Greek ἡ ἐκκλησία ἡ στρατευομένη The Church ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Why did Jesus use a Greek proverb when He spoke Aramaic to Saul in Acts 26:14?

Saul spoke Greek, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Latin (there are many references). Jesus spoke Aramaic, Greek, and Hebrew (again there are many references). In Acts 26:14, Paul (who at this time was using his ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Is there a scripture affirming the begetting of the Word?

John's prologue does support the begetting of the Word by using the term " only-begotten" but bible scholars nowadays almost always consider it as a mistranslation of the Greek word " monogenes". So ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Gregory of Nazianzus - First Oration - Translation of καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ

At the very beginning (§1) of his first oration entitled, "On the Holy Pascha and on His Reluctance/Delay," Gregory writes, Ἀναστάσεως ἡμέρα, καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ... Browne/Swallow translate καὶ ἡ ...
2
votes
2answers
405 views

Is it impossible to think that after judgment day being thrown into hell and then not existing after that is way worse than being in hell? [duplicate]

I have always believed that if you go to hell your soul will be there for ever. After looking at all the versus talking about heaven and hell, is there any verse that clearly states your soul will ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

What is morphological analysis, as it applies to bible study?

As far as I can tell, it's a technique used by bible students to better understand the original languages in context. How does one go about using a tool such as Robinson's Morphological Analysis ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

How do Bible scholars reconcile the differences between Greek and Aramaic in John 21:15-17?

John 21:15-17 recounts a powerful conversation between Jesus and Peter, where Jesus asks Peter, three times, if he loves Him. Greek has several words for "love". In Greek, the dialogue goes like this: ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Intertestamental usage of the LXX [migrated]

It is recorded that Jesus read from the Septuagint in the synagogue during His ministry. As an example, Luke 4:16-20. Luke 4:18. The Hebrew of Isa. 61:2 reads merely “the opening to them that are ...
0
votes
4answers
429 views

Did Jesus ever directly say he would die as a voluntary sacrifice? If so, was it double sense?

I know evangelical literature like John 3:16: For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. says Jesus died to ...
-3
votes
1answer
71 views

What does Christianity say about the phoenix? [closed]

I would like to know what Christianity says about the phoenix (also spelled phenix). Do Christians believe in such an immortal bird? Is there a biblical basis for belief in the phoenix?