The New Testament books describing the life of Jesus: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

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Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, ...
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Why are Matthew, Mark, and Luke called the synoptic gospels?

The first three gospels are sometimes known as the "synoptic" gospels. What does this term mean, and how does it differentiate them from the gospel of John?
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Why does Jesus refer to himself as the “Son of Man”?

Why does Jesus refer to himself as the "Son of Man"? This is similar to Why does Jesus speak of himself in the third person?, but I am specifically looking for an explanation of the "Son of Man" ...
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How did Peter recognize Elijah and Moses?

Matthew 17:3 Just then there appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus. 4 Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will put up three ...
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Is there a hierarchy in the Trinity?

It seems that there is some form of hierarchy within the Trinity. For example, these passages seem to indicate that the Holy Spirit is subservient to the Father and Jesus: John 14:26 (NIV) ...
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Why (how) does Jesus' coat have no seam?

When Jesus is arrested and His captors take His clothes, they split them in four parts. However, His coat they did not split, as John records, "the coat was without seam, woven from the top ...
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Why were both criminals that were crucified with Jesus abusing him in Mark, and not in Luke?

Two thing stick out to me in the gospel accounts of Jesus on the Cross: Mark 15:27-32 They crucified two rebels with him, one on his right and one on his left. Those who passed by hurled insults ...
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When and how did the names Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John get attached to the gospels?

Most of the books of the New Testament—all the letters except Hebrews, plus the Revelation—give the author's name at the beginning. The gospels do not. Only one gospel identifies its ...
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Why did Jesus use the expression, “I tell you the truth”?

I used to think nothing of it until someone said, "it makes you wonder what he was saying the rest of the time". Now I don't believe for one moment Jesus was a liar, but why did He use that strange ...
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Among modern critics who believe in the attributed authorship of the Gospels, what are their arguments?

According to the many online lectures by biblical scholars, not to mention entries in Wikipedia and other online sites, whether the experts are on either the liberal side or the conservative side of ...
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What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jesus often encountered "Pharisees" and "Sadducees". For example, 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him ...
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Why does the (N)KJV put Jesus' name in all caps in Matthew 1:21 and Luke 1:31?

It's only in the King James and the New King James, but why is Jesus' name in all caps? And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from ...
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Why did Jesus physically throw out the money changers instead of winning the argument with reason?

When Jesus cleared the money changers from the Temple, he drove them out by overturning their tables and (in John) even using a whip. Why did he not try to remove them with persuasion, by making a ...
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What explanations have been offered for the “messianic secret” passages?

In a number of places in the Gospel accounts, Jesus performs a miracle and then tells the healed person and others who witnessed it not to spread the word. For example, After healing a leper, ...
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What is meant by “Get behind me Satan”?

Considering Matthew 16:23: Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men." Why did Jesus ...
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Why are the Gospels silent on the physical appearance of Jesus?

We have four books which describe the life of Jesus Christ from His birth to His death and resurrection. All the four Gospels are silent about the physical appearance of Jesus. It won't take much ...
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Did the gospels really copy from each other?

In school, I learned that the different gospels did copy a lot from each other. This was the explanation for why there are so many overlapping events between the gospels. Is there substantial ...
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What official statements represent Christianity's position on the Gospel of Barnabas?

The Gospel of Barnabas is a text that has turned up in the form of 16th century manuscripts in Italian and Spanish. The text claims to be the witness of Jesus' disciple Barnabas, however its content ...
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Why was the New Testament Written in Greek?

New Testament was written in Greek. But Jesus lived in Israel and was supposed to be the next King of Israel. I think it is probably fair to assume that he and his twelve apostles spoke Hebrew. Then ...
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How can these inconsistencies about Jesus' tomb be explained?

As it was mentioned in this topic, reading the New Testament side by side, one can pick up apparent inconsistencies in the Gospels by various Disciples. As it was suggested that they should be ...
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In which one of the four Gospels is the Old Testament quoted the most?

In which one of the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) is the Old Testament quoted the most?
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Why does Jesus speak of himself in the third person?

There are a number of places where Jesus refers to himself in the third person. The most common is when he uses the title 'Son of Man' (by my count, there are some 78 times Jesus uses that title in ...
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Why does God often permit his children to suffer in this world more than the wicked?

Jesus said: Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground outside your Father’s care. And even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. So don’t be ...
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What does it mean to pray in Jesus' Name?

A few times in the book of John, Jesus instructs us to pray "in His Name". What does this mean? How do we know if we are praying in His name? How would we not be praying in His name? I don't ...
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Did God still dwell in the temple while Jesus was on Earth?

This is just a question that has intrigued me and I can't think of a definite answer. I understand that the presence of God dwelt first in the Tabernacle and then in Solomon's temple in Jerusalem. ...
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Why four Gospels?

We find that in the New Testament, teachings of Jesus Christ are recorded in four Gospels by four different apostles. Why did God give us four Gospels instead of just one?
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Was Jesus literate?

One would assume that, since He was the Son of Man, Jesus could read and write; but I'm wondering: Did the Gospels specifically mention that Jesus could read and write?
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In the Gospels, is there any recorded instance of the Pharisees quoting Scripture? [closed]

In a discussion, a family member said that the Pharisees often quoted Scripture. Do we have any record of this in the Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John)? I don't mean just referring to Biblical ...
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Are there any references to “four canonical Gospels” prior to 100 AD?

According to the "Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung" eleven manuscripts of NT are from within the second century alone, which include: P52 (100-150), P90, 104 (2nd century), P66 (c. AD ...
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When are lay men and women permitted to read the Gospel in a Catholic church?

I know that reading the Gospel at Mass is restricted to ordained folks. But, is it permissible for a lay man or woman to lead a word and communion service and read from the Gospel? Can they lead a ...
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What were Jesus's last words on the cross?

I've been comparing the same events written across different gospels recently, and although I was aware of the differences between the gospel accounts of Jesus's very last moments before death I ...
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Should we 'let our light shine' and tell people the good works that we do?

There are two subjects that could be construed as contradictory in our Lords sermon on the mount. Here is an instance: 1 “Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be ...
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What's the difference between the Gospel and the Bible?

The title almost says it all: What's the difference between the Gospel and the Bible? Does one contain the other or what? What does each one include? Where did each one come from (or who authored ...
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What kind of clothes did Jesus wear?

There are a couple references in the Gospels indicating what Jesus wore, but not many. His undergarment was 'seamless' according to John 19:23. He also may have had the 'fringes' or 'tassels' of the ...
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Are the gospel authors who we believe them to be?

What I'm wondering is whether the actual authors of the book of John, Luke, Matthew, and Mark are who we believe them to be. I go to a Catholic high school, and in our version of the Bible it says, in ...
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Was the Scapegoat of Leviticus an allusion to Barabbas?

There are several similarities between the selection of the Scapegoat, and the selection of Jesus as our sacrifice. Leviticus 16:7 KJV And he shall take the two goats, and present them before ...
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Why is Mark not the first gospel?

We all know that Mark was the first gospel ever written. Why then is it that when the New Testament was compiled, Mark was not listed as the first book in the New Testament? What are the reasons that ...
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Were the Gospels considered Scripture when the rest of the New Testament was written?

When the New Testament was written1, were the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John already considered Scripture? 1 Acts - Revelation. Obviously there is overlap in when these were written (they are ...
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How long was Jesus's ministry?

I've always heard, over in over, in Church and elsewhere that Jesus's ministry on Earth was only three years. However, it doesn't seem that there is much supporting Biblical evidence for this, or at ...
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Why did Jesus keep some in the dark by using parables? [closed]

I once heard someone say that parables are the best way to teach, because Jesus used them.  Of course this makes no sense because parables are very difficult to understand unless explained. Jesus ...
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Are the Gospels considered anonymous by historians only or by the Catholic Church also?

I have read that the Gospels were anonymous, and much later they were named Mark, Mathew, Luke and John (and Luke, Mark and Mathew very similar compared with John). Now is this more of from a ...
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What is the significance of Palm branches?

I've been pondering this question for a while. With Easter right around the corner, I figured this is the perfect time to ask. See these verses: Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, ...
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What was Jesus trying to convey in the parables of the mustard seed and yeast? [closed]

What message did Jesus Christ tried to give by comparing the Kingdom Of God(Isn't that Heaven?) with the mustard seed and yeast?
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Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
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How was Judas Iscariot, as the son of perdition, able to work miracles and cast out demons?

The Scriptures describe Judas Iscariot in terms that certainly indicate that he was never a true follower of Jesus: The Son of Man is to go, just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by ...
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Why was Jesus baptised by John the Baptist? [closed]

We know the story: 13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John. 14 But John tried to deter him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” 15 Jesus ...
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Was the first gospel written in Hebrew?

I found this website that basically says that some if not all of the gospel could have been written in Hebrew. Is this theory supported today and by whom? Scholars and school of though would be ...
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What is significant about shaking dust from your feet?

If a house or town does not receive the Gospel, you are to shake dust off of your feet: Matthew 10:12 12 As you enter a house, wish it peace. 13 If the house is worthy, let your peace come ...
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Did Martin Luther take exception to the gospels in any way?

I was watching a video* that was about the "heresy" of Protestantism. It briefly discussed Martin Luther and his exceptions with certain books. He removed the so called "apocrypha" and also took ...
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What is the relation of Jesus's and Jonah's boat stories?

Studying about "sleep" in the Bible I came across some passages and found out that the story of Jonah and Jesus in boats are quite similar. And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, ...