The New Testament books describing the life of Jesus: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

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Why are Matthew, Mark, and Luke called the synoptic gospels?

The first three gospels are sometimes known as the "synoptic" gospels. What does this term mean, and how does it differentiate them from the gospel of John?
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Why does Jesus refer to himself as the “Son of Man”?

Why does Jesus refer to himself as the "Son of Man"? This is similar to Why does Jesus speak of himself in the third person?, but I am specifically looking for an explanation of the "Son of Man" ...
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How did Peter recognize Elijah and Moses?

Matthew 17:3 Just then there appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus. 4 Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will put up three ...
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Why (how) does Jesus' coat have no seam?

When Jesus is arrested and His captors take His clothes, they split them in four parts. However, His coat they did not split, as John records, "the coat was without seam, woven from the top ...
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When and how did the names Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John get attached to the gospels?

Most of the books of the New Testament—all the letters except Hebrews, plus the Revelation—give the author's name at the beginning. The gospels do not. Only one gospel identifies its ...
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Why does the (N)KJV put Jesus' name in all caps in Matthew 1:21 and Luke 1:31?

It's only in the King James and the New King James, but why is Jesus' name in all caps? And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from ...
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Why were both criminals that were crucified with Jesus abusing him in Mark, and not in Luke?

Two thing stick out to me in the gospel accounts of Jesus on the Cross: Mark 15:27-32 They crucified two rebels with him, one on his right and one on his left. Those who passed by hurled insults ...
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Did the gospels really copy from each other?

In school, I learned that the different gospels did copy a lot from each other. This was the explanation for why there are so many overlapping events between the gospels. Is there substantial ...
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What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jeusus often encountered these two groups: 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question: 36 ...
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What is meant by “Get behind me Satan”?

Considering Matthew 16:23: Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men." Why did Jesus ...
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What official statements represent Christianity's position on the Gospel of Barnabas?

The Gospel of Barnabas is a text that has turned up in the form of 16th century manuscripts in Italian and Spanish. The text claims to be the witness of Jesus' disciple Barnabas, however its content ...
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Why are the Gospels silent on the physical appearance of Jesus?

We have four books which describe the life of Jesus Christ from His birth to His death and resurrection. All the four Gospels are silent about the physical appearance of Jesus. It won't take much ...
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Why does Jesus speak of himself in the third person?

There are a number of places where Jesus refers to himself in the third person. The most common is when he uses the title 'Son of Man' (by my count, there are some 78 times Jesus uses that title in ...
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Why does God often permit his children to suffer in this world more than the wicked?

Jesus said: Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground outside your Father’s care. And even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. So don’t be ...
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What is the significance of water from Jesus' side?

John 19:34 "one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water." I know this is supposed to be something great as in the next verse the apostle ...
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Why four Gospels?

We find that in the New Testament, teachings of Jesus Christ are recorded in four Gospels by four different apostles. Why did God give us four Gospels instead of just one?
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Was Jesus literate?

One would assume that, since He was the Son of Man, Jesus could read and write; but I'm wondering: Did the Gospels specifically mention that Jesus could read and write?
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Should we 'let our light shine' and tell people the good works that we do?

There are two subjects that could be construed as contradictory in our Lords sermon on the mount. Here is an instance: 1 “Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be ...
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In the Gospels, is there any recorded instance of the Pharisees quoting Scripture?

In a discussion, a family member said that the Pharisees often quoted Scripture. Do we have any record of this in the Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John)? I don't mean just referring to biblical ...
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Are the gospel authors who we believe them to be?

What I'm wondering is whether the actual authors of the book of John, Luke, Matthew, and Mark are who we believe them to be. I go to a Catholic high school, and in our version of the Bible it says, in ...
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Are there any references to “four canonical Gospels” prior to 100 AD?

According to the "Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung" eleven manuscripts of NT are from within the second century alone, which include: P52 (100-150), P90, 104 (2nd century), P66 (c. AD ...
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Did God still dwell in the temple while Jesus was on Earth?

This is just a question that has intrigued me and I can't think of a definite answer. I understand that the presence of God dwelt first in the Tabernacle and then in Solomon's temple in Jerusalem. ...
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Were the Gospels considered Scripture when the rest of the New Testament was written?

When the New Testament was written1, were the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John already considered Scripture? 1 Acts - Revelation. Obviously there is overlap in when these were written (they are ...
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What kind of clothes did Jesus wear?

There are a couple references in the gospels indicating what Jesus wore but not many. His undergarment was 'seamless' according to John 19:23. He also may have had the 'fringes' or 'tassels' of the ...
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When Jesus gave Peter his name (rock) what is the significance that he then said upon a ‘different’ kind of rock he would build his church?

When Peter made his famous confession, Jesus responded by saying: And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. (NIV ...
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Difference between Gospel and Bible

The title almost says it all: What's the difference between the Gospel and The Bible? did one contain another of what? What does each one include? Where did every one come from (or who authored ...
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Are the Gospels considered anonymous by historians only or by the Catholic Church also?

I have read that the Gospels were anonymous, and much later they were named Mark, Mathew, Luke and John (and Luke, Mark and Mathew very similar compared with John). Now is this more of from a ...
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What does the account of pigs and demons mean?

Luke 8 31 And they begged Jesus repeatedly not to order them to go into the Abyss. 32 A large herd of pigs was feeding there on the hillside. The demons begged Jesus to let them go ...
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What were Jesus's last words on the cross?

I've been comparing the same events written across different gospels recently, and although I was aware of the differences between the gospel accounts of Jesus's very last moments before death I ...
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When are lay men and women permitted to read the Gospel in a Catholic church?

I know that reading the Gospel at Mass is restricted to ordained folks. But, is it permissible for a lay man or woman to lead a word and communion service and read from the Gospel? Can they lead a ...
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Why is Mark not the first gospel?

We all know that Mark is the earliest gospel ever written: why is it that when the New Testament was compiled, Mark was not listed as the first book in the NT? What are the reasons that the Early ...
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What was Jesus trying to convey in the parables of the mustard seed and yeast?

What message did Jesus Christ tried to give by comparing the Kingdom Of God(Isn't that Heaven?) with the mustard seed and yeast?
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Why Mathew and Luke Presented a Different Order of Satan's Temptation

Matthew 4:1-11 and Luke 4:1-13 presented a different order of the temptations Satan offered after Christ completed his forty days fasting in the wilderness Matthew If you are the Son of God, ...
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What is a gospel, and how many gospels are there in the Catholic Bible?

Is there a difference between 'books' and 'gospels'? I've read that there are 73 books in the Catholic Bible, but are all of these considered gospels? Or are there just four gospels in total: Matthew, ...
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How does leaving a 'gift at the altar' reconcile with reformed views of the need to 'approach the throne of grace' in everything?

Jesus said: “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go ...
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Why did Jesus keep some in the dark by using parables?

I once heard someone say that parables are the best way to teach, because Jesus used them.  Of course this makes no sense because parables are very difficult to understand unless explained. Jesus ...
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What is significant about shaking dust from your feet?

If a house or town does not receive the Gospel, you are to shake dust off of your feet: Matthew 10:12 12 As you enter a house, wish it peace. 13 If the house is worthy, let your peace come ...
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Did Martin Luther take exception to the gospels in any way?

I was watching a video* that was about the "heresy" of Protestantism. It briefly discussed Martin Luther and his exceptions with certain books. He removed the so called "apocrypha" and also took ...
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Did Jesus' parables have different meanings to the different Gospel writer's congregations?

My parish priest uses the example of Matthew 13:18-23 to explain that this one explanation of the parable of the sower was the one that Matthew, wanted to put in his Gospel to drive home some ...
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How did Jesus reconcile his teachings with Judaism?

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was a Jew. Yet Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. It seems to me that Jesus' contemporaries must have been forced to decide if his teachings were either: ...
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What did Jesus say about the end times?

Between the fighting in Israel, blood moons, and the Harbinger, there has been a lot of chatter about the end times on my radar lately. Natural disasters are, too, discussed as omens of the end. I ...
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Why do Matthew and Luke contain genealogies of Jesus, while Mark and John do not?

Both Matthew and Luke contain genealogies of Jesus, Matthew to Abraham, and Luke to Adam. However, neither Mark nor John contain genealogies. What is the reason for this--both for why Matthew and ...
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A woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law. Whose law?

As an argument for the validity of the Gospels, I have heard it mentioned by multiple pastors that a woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law, so the fact that women first ...
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What kind of Roman cross was used to crucify Jesus? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Crucifixion — torture stake or cross? Apparently there were at least three kinds of crosses used by the Romans to crucify criminals. One was called ‘Crux ...
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What kind of Elijah did the Jews expect?

In Malachi 4:5 we find: See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes. From this verse and possibly also because Elijah had been, like Enoch, ...
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Why did only 4 people write about the Life of Jesus Christ? [duplicate]

Judas died and was replaced by Matthias. There were at least eleven intimate disciples of Jesus Christ who could write the genuine life of Christ. But we have only 4 books which record the life of ...
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What is the doctrinal significance of repetition between the Gospels?

The four Gospels each cover roughly the same events, but the details differ, as illustrated here. Leaving aside the difference in similarity between the Synoptic Gospels and John, is there ...
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Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
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“Ask and you shall recieve” Can we ask for anything?

I bet I've got it wrong but does "ask and thou shalt recieve" mean we can ask for anything and recieve anything? In which case, could I have a 'wish-list' of things I want glorified in heaven? Like ...
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Can these three “2nd greatest commandments” be put into one sentence?

I was playing my homemade Catholic Jeopardy with the Faith Formation class last night and I asked. "What is the 2nd greatest commandment". The kids were all like, "umm obey your parents", "Don't ...