The New Testament books describing the life of Jesus: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

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What is a gospel, and how many gospels are there in the Catholic Bible?

Is there a difference between 'books' and 'gospels'? I've read that there are 73 books in the Catholic Bible, but are all of these considered gospels? Or are there just four gospels in total: Matthew, ...
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Are Bartholomew and Nathanael the same?

Comparing the lists of disciples in Matthew 10:1-4, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:12-16, Acts 1:12-14 We find the name Bartholomew, but in John 1 We read about Nathanael. In John 1:46-50, Nathanael is ...
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When are lay men and women permitted to read the Gospel in a Catholic church?

I know that reading the Gospel at Mass is restricted to ordained folks. But, is it permissible for a lay man or woman to lead a word and communion service and read from the Gospel? Can they lead a ...
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Why do Matthew and Luke contain genealogies of Jesus, while Mark and John do not?

Both Matthew and Luke contain genealogies of Jesus, Matthew to Abraham, and Luke to Adam. However, neither Mark nor John contain genealogies. What is the reason for this--both for why Matthew and ...
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Did God still dwell in the temple while Jesus was on Earth?

This is just a question that has intrigued me and I can't think of a definite answer. I understand that the presence of God dwelt first in the Tabernacle and then in Solomon's temple in Jerusalem. ...
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In which one of the four Gospels is the Old Testament quoted the most?

In which one of the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) is the Old Testament quoted the most?
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How was Judas Iscariot, as the son of perdition, able to work miracles and cast out demons?

The Scriptures describe Judas Iscariot in terms that certainly indicate that he was never a true follower of Jesus: The Son of Man is to go, just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by ...
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Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, ...
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What is the relation of Jesus's and Jonah's boat stories?

Studying about "sleep" in the Bible I came across some passages and found out that the story of Jonah and Jesus in boats are quite similar. And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, ...
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Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
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Do Matthew and John have a discrepancy with regards to Jesus before Pilate?

Matthew 27:11-12 (Mark has a very similar account in Mark 15:1-11) 11 Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “You have said so,” ...
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Was the Scapegoat of Leviticus an allusion to Barabbas?

There are several similarities between the selection of the Scapegoat, and the selection of Jesus as our sacrifice. Leviticus 16:7 KJV And he shall take the two goats, and present them before ...
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What is the significance of Palm branches?

I've been pondering this question for a while. With Easter right around the corner, I figured this is the perfect time to ask. See these verses: Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, ...
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Does ‘palm branches’ in Palm Sunday draw meaning from Jewish culture, or Greco-Roman culture that the Jews adopted?

Two verses connected two 'palm branches' are: They took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting, "Hosanna!" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Blessed is the King of ...
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Why the change of heart for Peter in John 18? [closed]

In John 18:10 Peter demonstrates courage during Jesus's arrest when Peter uses his sword to defend Jesus. A few verses later during Jesus's trial Peter denies Jesus. It seems that Peter would risk ...
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Is there a hierarchy in the Trinity?

It seems that there is some form of hierarchy within the Trinity. For example, these passages seem to indicate that the Holy Spirit is subservient to the Father and Jesus: John 14:26 (NIV) ...
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Was it necessary for Jesus to be identified by a disciple of His? [duplicate]

Why did the Jewish leaders have to seek the help of Judas Iscariot in identifying Jesus for them ( Matt 26:49 ; Mark 14:45 ) . Is it that Jesus looked so similar to his disciples that it was ...
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Who, exactly, are James son of Alphaeus and Judas the Son [Brother] of James?

One note specifically is that some translations read that Judas (not Iscariot) was known as Judas brother of James, but most say Judas Son of James. Luke 6:16 NIV Judas son of James, and Judas ...
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What explanations have been offered for the “messianic secret” passages?

In a number of places in the Gospel accounts, Jesus performs a miracle and then tells the healed person and others who witnessed it not to spread the word. For example, After healing a leper, ...
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Why is Mark not the first gospel?

We all know that Mark was the first gospel ever written. Why then is it that when the New Testament was compiled, Mark was not listed as the first book in the New Testament? What are the reasons that ...
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What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jesus often encountered "Pharisees" and "Sadducees". For example, 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him ...
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Among modern critics who believe in the attributed authorship of the Gospels, what are their arguments?

According to the many online lectures by biblical scholars, not to mention entries in Wikipedia and other online sites, whether the experts are on either the liberal side or the conservative side of ...
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Why are Matthew, Mark, and Luke called the synoptic gospels?

The first three gospels are sometimes known as the "synoptic" gospels. What does this term mean, and how does it differentiate them from the gospel of John?
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Why was the New Testament Written in Greek?

New Testament was written in Greek. But Jesus lived in Israel and was supposed to be the next King of Israel. I think it is probably fair to assume that he and his twelve apostles spoke Hebrew. Then ...
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How can these inconsistencies about Jesus' tomb be explained?

As it was mentioned in this topic, reading the New Testament side by side, one can pick up apparent inconsistencies in the Gospels by various Disciples. As it was suggested that they should be ...
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Why did Jesus physically throw out the money changers instead of winning the argument with reason?

When Jesus cleared the money changers from the Temple, he drove them out by overturning their tables and (in John) even using a whip. Why did he not try to remove them with persuasion, by making a ...
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Are there any references to “four canonical Gospels” prior to 100 AD?

According to the "Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung" eleven manuscripts of NT are from within the second century alone, which include: P52 (100-150), P90, 104 (2nd century), P66 (c. AD ...
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Why did Jesus refuse to accommodate the Pharisees insistence on washing hands before eating bread?

In the New Testament we find various rules of accommodating others in the spirit of love and peace. For example: To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win the Jews. To those under the law I became ...
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In the Gospels, is there any recorded instance of the Pharisees quoting Scripture? [closed]

In a discussion, a family member said that the Pharisees often quoted Scripture. Do we have any record of this in the Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John)? I don't mean just referring to Biblical ...
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Did Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John write anything other than the Gospels?

Currently I'm studying Youth Ministry and have a New Testament class that has been challenging. One of the tips for understanding an author better is to read everything they've written. Have these ...
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Why did Jesus keep some in the dark by using parables?

I once heard someone say that parables are the best way to teach, because Jesus used them.  Of course this makes no sense because parables are very difficult to understand unless explained. Jesus ...
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What kind of clothes did Jesus wear?

There are a couple references in the Gospels indicating what Jesus wore, but not many. His undergarment was 'seamless' according to John 19:23. He also may have had the 'fringes' or 'tassels' of the ...
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Were all of Jesus' healings performed on the Sabbath?

I was just reading in John 5:1-17 about Jesus healing the man at the pool in Jerusalem, and noticed that this happened on the Sabbath. That reminded me of Him healing the man with the withered hand on ...
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What is the difference between “love one another” and “love your neighbour”?

How have “love one another” and “love your neighbour” been traditionally compared or harmonized? The former occurs in the Gospel and Epistles of John, which never say “love your neighbour”. The ...
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Why are the Gospels silent on the physical appearance of Jesus?

We have four books which describe the life of Jesus Christ from His birth to His death and resurrection. All the four Gospels are silent about the physical appearance of Jesus. It won't take much ...
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How long was Jesus's ministry?

I've always heard, over in over, in Church and elsewhere that Jesus's ministry on Earth was only three years. However, it doesn't seem that there is much supporting Biblical evidence for this, or at ...
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Did Jesus perform a single miracle before his fast and temptation?

Did Jesus perform a single miracle before his 40 day fast and temptation by the Devil?
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What was Jesus trying to convey in the parables of the mustard seed and yeast?

What message did Jesus Christ tried to give by comparing the Kingdom Of God(Isn't that Heaven?) with the mustard seed and yeast?
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Were the Gospels considered Scripture when the rest of the New Testament was written?

When the New Testament was written1, were the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John already considered Scripture? 1 Acts - Revelation. Obviously there is overlap in when these were written (they are ...
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Why did Jesus use the expression, “I tell you the truth”?

I used to think nothing of it until someone said, "it makes you wonder what he was saying the rest of the time". Now I don't believe for one moment Jesus was a liar, but why did He use that strange ...
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Why were both criminals that were crucified with Jesus abusing him in Mark, and not in Luke?

Two thing stick out to me in the gospel accounts of Jesus on the Cross: Mark 15:27-32 They crucified two rebels with him, one on his right and one on his left. Those who passed by hurled insults ...
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What does it mean to pray in Jesus' Name?

A few times in the book of John, Jesus instructs us to pray "in His Name". What does this mean? How do we know if we are praying in His name? How would we not be praying in His name? I don't ...
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Was Luke an eye-witness to the crucifixion?

Is there any reference that Luke was at the crucifixion of Christ? Or if he had met Jesus face to face? Or was his account of Jesus' life written by research or listening to reliable sources such as ...
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Did the Catholic Church have evidence to discredit the Gospel of Judas?

Christians accept four legitimate Gospels from Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. My Question: Did the Catholic Church have evidence to discredit the Gospel of Judas?
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Is the Doctrine of Resurrection of the Dead expressed in Pentateuch? [closed]

What passages in the Pentateuch are commonly believed by Christians to teach the resurrection of the dead? Background for this question: After the Jewish people returned from Babylon most of them ...
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What did Jesus say about the end times?

Between the fighting in Israel, blood moons, and the Harbinger, there has been a lot of chatter about the end times on my radar lately. Natural disasters are, too, discussed as omens of the end. I ...
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Gospel writers who were not disciples of Jesus [duplicate]

Where did Mark and Luke get information about life of Jesus to write Gospel?
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Are the gospels comparable(equal) to contemporary works of historians?

Are the gospels (and especially claims on the identity of Jesus in the Gospels) comparable(equal) to contemporary works of contemporary historians like Tacitus and Josephus, in terms of objectivity( ...
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Was Bible Revealed to Jesus? (Christian Perspective)

I am asking this question from a Muslim perspective. We are told that Zubur and Injeel (Old Testament and New Testament) were revealed to Moses and Jesus just like Quran was revealed to Muhammad ...
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Does Jesus call himself divine in the synoptic gospels? [duplicate]

John's Gospel teaches clearly that Jesus is divine. And he was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. (John 1:10) The Jesus depicted by that Gospel appears to ...