The New Testament books describing the life of Jesus: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

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What is a gospel, and how many gospels are there in the Catholic Bible?

Is there a difference between 'books' and 'gospels'? I've read that there are 73 books in the Catholic Bible, but are all of these considered gospels? Or are there just four gospels in total: Matthew, ...
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Are Bartholomew and Nathanael the same?

Comparing the lists of disciples in Matthew 10:1-4, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:12-16, Acts 1:12-14 We find the name Bartholomew, but in John 1 We read about Nathanael. In John 1:46-50, Nathanael is ...
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How does leaving a 'gift at the altar' reconcile with reformed views of the need to 'approach the throne of grace' in everything?

Jesus said: “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go ...
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Did Jesus' parables have different meanings to the different Gospel writer's congregations?

My parish priest uses the example of Matthew 13:18-23 to explain that this one explanation of the parable of the sower was the one that Matthew, wanted to put in his Gospel to drive home some ...
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A woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law. Whose law?

As an argument for the validity of the Gospels, I have heard it mentioned by multiple pastors that a woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law, so the fact that women first ...
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What kind of Roman cross was used to crucify Jesus? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Crucifixion — torture stake or cross? Apparently there were at least three kinds of crosses used by the Romans to crucify criminals. One was called ‘Crux ...
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240 views

Who, exactly, are James son of Alphaeus and Judas the Son [Brother] of James?

One note specifically is that some translations read that Judas (not Iscariot) was known as Judas brother of James, but most say Judas Son of James. Luke 6:16 NIV Judas son of James, and Judas ...
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Why did only 4 people write about the Life of Jesus Christ? [duplicate]

Judas died and was replaced by Matthias. There were at least eleven intimate disciples of Jesus Christ who could write the genuine life of Christ. But we have only 4 books which record the life of ...
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Why do Matthew and Luke contain genealogies of Jesus, while Mark and John do not?

Both Matthew and Luke contain genealogies of Jesus, Matthew to Abraham, and Luke to Adam. However, neither Mark nor John contain genealogies. What is the reason for this--both for why Matthew and ...
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How did Jesus reconcile his teachings with Judaism?

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was a Jew. Yet Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. It seems to me that Jesus' contemporaries must have been forced to decide if his teachings were either: ...
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What is the doctrinal significance of repetition between the Gospels? [closed]

The four Gospels each cover roughly the same events, but the details differ, as illustrated here. Leaving aside the difference in similarity between the Synoptic Gospels and John, is there ...
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Why did Jesus refuse to accommodate the Pharisees insistence on washing hands before eating bread?

In the New Testament we find various rules of accommodating others in the spirit of love and peace. For example: To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win the Jews. To those under the law I became ...
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How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles?

How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles? With scriptures listed below it appears that though John, Andrew, and Peter were the first to ...
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Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
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Were all of Jesus' healings performed on the Sabbath?

I was just reading in John 5:1-17 about Jesus healing the man at the pool in Jerusalem, and noticed that this happened on the Sabbath. That reminded me of Him healing the man with the withered hand on ...
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Is the Doctrine of Resurrection of the Dead expressed in Pentateuch? [closed]

What passages in the Pentateuch are commonly believed by Christians to teach the resurrection of the dead? Background for this question: After the Jewish people returned from Babylon most of them ...
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What kind of Elijah did the Jews expect?

In Malachi 4:5 we find: See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes. From this verse and possibly also because Elijah had been, like Enoch, ...
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Was Bible Revealed to Jesus? (Christian Perspective)

I am asking this question from a Muslim perspective. We are told that Zubur and Injeel (Old Testament and New Testament) were revealed to Moses and Jesus just like Quran was revealed to Muhammad ...
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Are the gospels comparable(equal) to contemporary works of historians?

Are the gospels (and especially claims on the identity of Jesus in the Gospels) comparable(equal) to contemporary works of contemporary historians like Tacitus and Josephus, in terms of objectivity( ...
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Did Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John write anything other than the Gospels?

Currently I'm studying Youth Ministry and have a New Testament class that has been challenging. One of the tips for understanding an author better is to read everything they've written. Have these ...
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What did Jesus say about the end times? [closed]

Between the fighting in Israel, blood moons, and the Harbinger, there has been a lot of chatter about the end times on my radar lately. Natural disasters are, too, discussed as omens of the end. I ...
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“Ask and you shall recieve” Can we ask for anything?

I bet I've got it wrong but does "ask and thou shalt recieve" mean we can ask for anything and recieve anything? In which case, could I have a 'wish-list' of things I want glorified in heaven? Like ...
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Was Luke an eye-witness to the crucifixion?

Is there any reference that Luke was at the crucifixion of Christ? Or if he had met Jesus face to face? Or was his account of Jesus' life written by research or listening to reliable sources such as ...
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What is the difference between “love one another” and “love your neighbour”?

How have “love one another” and “love your neighbour” been traditionally compared or harmonized? The former occurs in the Gospel and Epistles of John, which never say “love your neighbour”. The ...
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Can these three “2nd greatest commandments” be put into one sentence? [closed]

I was playing my homemade Catholic Jeopardy with the Faith Formation class last night and I asked. "What is the 2nd greatest commandment". The kids were all like, "umm obey your parents", "Don't ...
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Before St. Thomas Aquinas, who laid the foundation for the existence of God?

During His preaching ministry, Jesus described the nature of God. But before doing so, did He have to lay a foundation and convince people that God exists? Or had oral tradition and the Old Testament ...
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Who were the non-gentiles implied in Matthew 6: 32?

In Matthew 6: 32 ("For all these things the Gentiles seek.") it seems as if Jesus divided the world into gentiles and non-gentiles. Who were the non-gentiles implied in the verse?
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Do Matthew and John have a discrepancy with regards to Jesus before Pilate?

Matthew 27:11-12 (Mark has a very similar account in Mark 15:1-11) 11 Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “You have said so,” ...
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Are Christ's Words in the Gospels part of the Old Covenant or the New? [closed]

I see this topic pop up in certain Christian circles. Certainly people make the claim that the "Words in Red" in the Gospels (those regarded as the Words of Jesus) are not part of the New Testament ...
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Research project: am I missing any verses where Jesus addresses wealth and greed? [closed]

This is what I have so far; have I missed anything important? Luke 06:24-25 (woe to rich & fed) Luke 12:15-21 (rich fool parable) Luke 16:19-31 (rich man & lazarus) Mark 10:23-24 / Luke ...
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Why doesn't the Bible tell us that Jesus was a virgin? [closed]

Christian religions constantly remind us that Mary was "forever virgin". So why doesn't the Bible tell us that Jesus was also a virgin?
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Are there example writings of general refutation from Jesus' time?

There is an apologetic argument that goes like this: If the gospels were not factual, then we should expect to find other writings from the same time which refute them. We do not, therefore the ...
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Were exactly three people crucified on Golgotha the night Jesus was crucified?

We know for certain that Jesus and two other men who were convicted of crimes were crucified on the same hill. Is there any basis for believing that there may have been other convicts?
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Does Jesus call himself divine in the synoptic gospels? [duplicate]

John's Gospel teaches clearly that Jesus is divine. And he was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. (John 1:10) The Jesus depicted by that Gospel appears to ...
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Was it necessary for Jesus to be identified by a disciple of His? [duplicate]

Why did the Jewish leaders have to seek the help of Judas Iscariot in identifying Jesus for them ( Matt 26:49 ; Mark 14:45 ) . Is it that Jesus looked so similar to his disciples that it was ...
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Which Christian traditions value the Gospels more than the Epistles?

I'm wondering if there are (or were) any Christian communities or traditions that pay (or paid) more attention to the teaching of Jesus than to the teaching of apostles.
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What does the Bible teach/say about luck? [closed]

Is there such a thing, do we have a measure of randomness and ability to shape our own destinies or ultimately are all things predestined.
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Did Jesus perform a single miracle before his fast and temptation?

Did Jesus perform a single miracle before his 40 day fast and temptation by the Devil?
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Gospel writers who were not disciples of Jesus [duplicate]

Where did Mark and Luke get information about life of Jesus to write Gospel?
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Life of Jesus from the age of 12 to 30?

There is no scripture that tells about Jesus' life from 12 to 30 years. Is there evidence of Jesus' during this time?
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Why the change of heart for Peter in John 18? [closed]

In John 18:10 Peter demonstrates courage during Jesus's arrest when Peter uses his sword to defend Jesus. A few verses later during Jesus's trial Peter denies Jesus. It seems that Peter would risk ...
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What details does the Bible have about Jesus' birth and childhood?

What details does the Bible have about Jesus' birth and childhood? The Quran has a story where Jesus miraculously spoke from the cradle: O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor ...
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Did the Catholic Church have evidence to discredit the Gospel of Judas?

Christians accept four legitimate Gospels from Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. My Question: Did the Catholic Church have evidence to discredit the Gospel of Judas?
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Did Jesus ever say that Heaven is the end? [duplicate]

Did Jesus ever say that Heaven is the end? ...And what I mean is: Did Jesus ever leave open the possibility of reincarnation on Earth, another planet, or elsewhere?
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If an asteroid obliterated Planet Earth, could that be interpreted as God's “Second Flood”? [closed]

I have a hypothetical question, in search of a Biblical-based doctrinal answer. A man and a woman participate in NASA's very first two-way expedition to Mars. After reaching Mars, they look back and ...
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Has the Gospel been completely preserved textually and linguistically since the time of Jesus?

I was reading a book which made me wonder whether the true message of Jesus has been faithfully passed down to this age. I would like to know whether the Gospels have been preserved textually and ...