11
votes
3answers
434 views

Does Catholic doctrine teach that the Incarnation would have taken place regardless of Adam's decision?

In Catholic doctrine, both Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition teach that Jesus Christ died specifically for the expiation of our sins. Historical Christianity professes that God became a man by way ...
4
votes
1answer
464 views

Do animals have free will?

I'm curious if animals happen to have free will or if they are already pre-defined in what they do and how does this affect when we use our free will to interact with animals. I'm looking more for the ...