Questions relating to texts that are not considered canonical by any Christian groups

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12
votes
4answers
466 views

Is there extra-biblical evidence for the earth going dark at the Crucifixion? [duplicate]

From noon to three, the whole earth was dark. (Matt 27:45, MSG) Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. (Matt 27:45, KJV) This is a bold claim that few ...
0
votes
3answers
845 views

How do mainstream Christians handle the Epistle of St. Barnabas' prophecy that Jesus will return in the next 50 years?

In the Epistle of Barnabas, it says Barnabas 15:3 Of the Sabbath He speaketh in the beginning of the creation; And God made the works of His hands in six days, and He ended on the seventh day, ...
28
votes
3answers
2k views

What extrabiblical sources support the existence of Jesus in history?

What sources outside of the Bible give supporting evidence to the existence of Jesus and any of the events in His life?
8
votes
2answers
130 views

Did any of the Apostolic Fathers know Paul?

Is there any extra-biblical written evidence that any of the Apostolic Fathers knew the Apostle Paul? If so, what is the written evidence that they were taught by Paul or even heard him Preach? Are ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Is there any extra-Biblical 'evidence' of Herod's murder of babies?

When Herod heard of the news from the kings form east that there was a new king (Jesus) born, he ordered the killing of all boys younger than the age of two. So that would have been a great slaughter. ...
7
votes
1answer
205 views

Are there any surviving Acta Diurna copies mentioning Jesus' trial or other aspects of his life?

I recently learned about Acta Diurna, which are official notices created by Roman authorities describing legal proceedings and the outcome of trials. It occurred to me that the trial of Jesus before ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Are there any accounts of the wise men story outside of scripture?

The wise men were educated and would have documented their experience in detail. Also, they would have shared the Christmas story with everyone they came in contact with on their trip home. Once they ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

The book of Jasher [duplicate]

Have any transcripts been discovered? Who wrote this book? The book is mentioned in Joshua and was apparently an important book during their days. What happened to the book?
8
votes
1answer
127 views

Is there is any external source about Demas, Paul's fellow worker?

Demas appears at Colossians 4:14 and Philemon 24 as a fellow worker of Paul's ministry, and maybe as Luke's partner like Mark was Aristharcus partner. But in 2 Timothy 4:10 he appears having ...
0
votes
6answers
456 views

Is there Biblical support for Christians basing their beliefs on extra biblical texts?

Considering the prominence of the works of popular authors like C.S. Lewis, G.K. Chesterton and prominent theologians like Augustine and others in various Christian circles. Is there Biblical support ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there any secular historical references to the natural phenomena that occurred at the crucifixion and resurrection?

The Scriptures record that there was three hours of darkness during the crucifixion of Jesus. This is a pretty significant meteorological event. Furthermore, the morning of Jesus' resurrection, the ...
11
votes
2answers
332 views

What is the earliest non-Judeo-Christian reference to Jesus? [duplicate]

I am looking for the earliest references to Jesus that are not Biblical. I am looking to identify historical documents unrelated to the Christian church (at the time of the writing). On the Jewish ...
5
votes
1answer
114 views

Sola Scriptura and the Biblical Canon

The basic argument of Sola Scriptura is that all Christian teachings and traditions are to be founded in and subservient to the Bible, and in nothing else. Obviously this does not mean that there are ...
7
votes
3answers
486 views

Where does the tradition come from that Noah's sons went separate directions?

I have heard in many places, and was even taught as a child, that Noah's sons, sometime after the Flood, separated and went North, South, and East to repopulate the Earth. The story is commonly used ...
6
votes
3answers
336 views

Which prophecies are fulfilled outside of Scripture?

In thinking over the "fulfillment" of certain prophecies in AD 70, it struck me that this is really the only prophecy (other than the Second Coming) that isn't fulfilled in Scripture. Even the ...
9
votes
1answer
867 views

What do 1st century extra-biblical sources say about hell?

Do we have any information about what 1st century Christians and Jews believed about hell? I know what the Bible says on the subject, and am curious about the extra-biblical context.