Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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What defined a “clean” animal prior to the flood when mankind did not eat meat?

In Genesis 7, God tells Noah to take with him 7 pairs of clean animals in contrast to only one pair of all other animals. Additionally, 7 pairs of birds were to be taken as well. Take with you ...
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3answers
836 views

Why did Ezekiel say that God gave laws to the people that were not good?

Ezekiel 20:23-25 23 I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; 24 Because they had not executed ...
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4answers
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What scripture is James 4:5 referring to?

James 4:5 (ESV) Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? I don't know of an Old Testament passage ...
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3answers
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Does the Bible say when this event will occur, and does it go into more detail about this particular event?

I have been reading about the Bible and saw 2 Peter 3:10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements ...
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384 views

What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There ...
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What do immersionists believe it means to be buried with Christ through Baptism?

Romans 6:1-4 (NIV) What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase? By no means! We are those who have died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Or don’t ...
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1answer
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1 Sam 16:14 Why did God sent a spirit that filled Saul with fear and depression

According to 1 Samuel 16 vs 14 Now the Spirit of the LORD had left Saul, and the LORD sent a tormenting spirit that filled him with depression and fear. What is the reason that the Lord sends ...
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6answers
676 views

What does it mean for Christ to have been slain before the creation of the world?

The book of Revelation describes Jesus as "slain before the foundations of the earth": All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast--all whose names have not been written in the book of ...
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Which came first, man or animal?

Genesis 1:24-27 states that humans were created after the other animals, and the first man and woman were created simultaneously. 1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature ...
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How do Roman Catholics interpret 1 Timothy 4:3

In it's context in the NRSVCE (including section title): False Asceticism 4 Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will renounce the faith by paying attention to deceitful ...
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3answers
559 views

When was “time” created in Genesis?

When was "time" created in Genesis? Was it on "day three", when day and night were created? Please present an overview of differing positions or at least the most common view. This is from a ...
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1answer
159 views

Creation order of events: Was there unanimous consent among the Church Fathers?

Is there unanimous consent (as described here and here) among the Fathers of the Church who wrote on the interpretation of Genesis that the order of events of creation actually occurred in the order ...
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What is the “paradise” that Jesus references in Luke 23:43?

Luke 23:43 - Jesus answered him, "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." At first glance, I casually assumed "paradise" was referring to heaven, but if Jesus was dead for 3 ...
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1answer
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Catholic chronology

Do Catholic geologists still take seriously (as literal chronology) Eccles 1:4 "the earth abideth forever" which Saint Thomas Aquinas cites inter alia in his discussion of God and eternity in Summa ...
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3answers
544 views

Mark 10:29-30 vs Matthew 19:28-29: when will we receive our reward?

Why is there a difference between Mark 10:29-30 and Matthew 19:28-29? Matthew 19:28-29 (NIV) Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on ...
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Why did the soldiers go backward and fall down when Jesus said “I am he” in John 18:6?

I really don't get it. Why did the soldiers trying to arrest Jesus go backward and fall to the ground in John 18:6? Was it because they realized that he was the I AM? If so, then why did they arrest ...
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Did God's curse on Cain extend to only Cain, Cain's descendants or to everyone?

When God cursed Cain for killing Abel, did that curse extend to Cain's offspring, to Cain alone, or to everyone? God tells Cain: "And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth ...
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4answers
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How can one “buy” oil and “buy” gold, garments, and eye salve if these things can only attained by grace?

From the account of the 10 virgins in Matthew 25, and from the exhortation to the Laodicean Church in Revelation 3:14-22, What is meant by the instruction to "buy" oil, gold, garments and eye salve? ...
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5answers
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Why is Jesus named the Prince of Peace instead of the King of Peace?

In Isaiah 9:6, the child to be born will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall ...
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4answers
881 views

What is the Biblical support for Hell as a singular concept?

One of the common tenets of Christian Universalism (as well as Annihilationism) is the non-existence of Hell as an eternal punishment for non-Christians, that everyone has been granted salvation ...
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Why are wives considered the “weaker partner”? (1 Peter 3:7)

In 1 Peter, we read: 1 Peter 3:7 (NIV) Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the ...
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What did Jesus mean when he spoke of drinking new wine in his Father's kingdom? [closed]

I have been taught that the joy of heaven is far beyond what could be offered by sensory joys like eating and drinking. And, as a Catholic I believe that Jesus established the Sacrament of Holy ...
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3answers
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How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we ...
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1answer
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Prior to the burning bush event - what was Moses's knowledge of God?

We know that he went to live with the Egyptians from a young age to the age of more or less 40. He then lived in Midean for another 40. It seems that there was no contact with other Israelites. Or was ...
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2answers
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How can Pharisees turn someone from God if His grace is irresistible?

How does Calvinism reconcile these words from Jesus along with its doctrine of irresistible grace (IG)? Matthew 23:13,15 ESV But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the ...
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Aside from our fallen nature, can a man justify sin based on their circumstance, based on a predetermined shortcoming or eventuality [closed]

Does the earthy circumstance that can bring people to jealousy cause people to turn their backs on the gospel. For example, Growing up, I was certain Gods love was these things. A single culture, ...
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4answers
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What is being said in Proverbs 25:2

Proverbs 25:2 King James Version (KJV) 2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter. I came across this today on this site when I found the ...
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“… crucified the flesh…” Gal. 5:24 [migrated]

"Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires." Does this necessarily imply that the "flesh" is dead, or could it mean the "flesh" is on the cross, and ...
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2answers
138 views

How do cessationists interpret James 5:13-18?

Is the practice of confession, prayer, and anointing oil for healing with the elders of the church meant to be an ongoing practice of the church, or was that something left to the apostolic age where ...
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1answer
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If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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What happened to the Book of the Law in the time of Josiah?

2 Kings 22 (NIV) 8 Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the secretary, “I have found the Book of the Law in the temple of the Lord.” He gave it to Shaphan, who read it. 11 When the ...
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1answer
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Denominations that interpret Matthew 5:32 & 19:9 as NOT permitting divorce in the case of adultery?

Which denominations interpret these verses as not permitting divorce in the case of adultery, for those in a valid marriage? St. Matthew 5:32But I say to you, whosoever shall dismiss his wife, ...
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5answers
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Did Jephthah sacrifice his daughter?

In Judges 11, Jephthah vows to give whatever comes out of the door of his house as a burnt offering. Judges 11:30-40 (ESV) [emphases mine] 30 And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD and said, ...
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What is the significance of “Zealot” in Acts 1:13?

When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and ...
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3answers
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How valid is the JEDP theory?

The JEDP theory basically states that the first five books of the bible (the Pentatauch) were not written by a single person, but rather by four different people. I'm trying to understand if this ...
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Why is the matter of women's authority determined by Eve's acts in her life?

1st Timothy 2:12-14 (NIV): I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was ...
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1answer
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Is the feast of 1 Corinthians 5:8 the same feast as 1 Cor 11? [duplicate]

Is the feast of 1 Corinthians 5:8 the same feast as 1 Cor 11? Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of ...
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3answers
283 views

Were any Biblical prophecies understood before they were fulfilled?

In a recent discussion on this site, someone told me that the nature of Biblical Prophecy is such that it cannot be understood prior to its fulfillment; that this is essentially the point of a ...
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2answers
275 views

How can we tell when Scripture is talking about one of the persons of the Trinity and when it's talking about all three?

I am very interested in learning more about the Trinity. I love God, and really want to understand Them better. ..I mean Him. This came to my mind earlier, and I laughed, but then caught myself, ...
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5answers
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Is Jesus' statement that Satan is the father of the Jews anti-Jewish?

“Abraham is our father,” they answered. “If you were Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then you would do what Abraham did. As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told ...
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4answers
296 views

What does it mean to be “poor in spirit”?

I'm working through a study on "The Beatitudes" of Matthew 5 and would appreciate any insight into Christ's statement: Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. ESV ...
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Why did Paul say “I am pure from the blood of all men”?

In Acts 20 Paul is saying his farewell to the elders of Ephesus. He is bringing to their memory the manner, in which he had spent all that time with them - in humility (Acts 20:19). Then he says: " ...
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Who is the “Seed of the Serpent” spoken of in Genesis 3?

In Genesis 3, God curses the serpent Satan in the following words: The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you more than all cattle, and more than every beast ...
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What exactly did Jesus mean when He said “I am coming soon” and similar phrases?

From Jesus: Luke 17:37 (NLT)  37 “Where will this happen, Lord?” the disciples asked.    Jesus replied, “Just as the gathering of vultures shows there is a carcass ...
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In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards?

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? Much, in every way. For in the first place the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful? Will ...
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6answers
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Who were the “giants” mentioned in the Bible?

I've come across several verses in the Bible that speak of "giants". For example: Gen 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the ...
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Who talked to Moses in Exodus 33:9?

Some translations say: It happened, when Moses entered into the Tent, that the pillar of cloud descended, stood at the door of the Tent, and spoke with Moses. - Exodus 33:9 World English Bible ...
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1 John Chapter 1 & 3 - Is there an apparent contradiction?

I have often wondered why the author of 1 John, in the beginning of his letter, seems to claim that even though people have accepted Christ they will continue to sin, but two chapters later he seems ...
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What is the Biblical basis against Melchizedek being the Holy Spirit?

A friend of mine is part of a church that teaches that Hebrews 7 indicates that Melchizedek is the Holy Spirit. What are the arguments against this view? For reference, here is Hebrews 7:15-21 (NIV): ...
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What is an overview of how Christian commentators have explained rulers to be a terror to bad conduct?

Paul writes in Romans 13: For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. (Romans 13:3a ESV) If we interpret it as referring to all rulers at all times this statement does not seem to ...