Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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What scripture is James 4:5 referring to?

James 4:5 (ESV) Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? I don't know of an Old Testament passage ...
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4answers
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Did Jephthah sacrifice his daughter?

In Judges 11, Jephthah vows to give whatever comes out of the door of his house as a burnt offering. Judges 11:30-40 (ESV) [emphases mine] 30 And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD and said, ...
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4answers
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What exactly did Jesus mean when He said “I am coming soon” and similar phrases?

From Jesus: Luke 17:37 (NLT)  37 “Where will this happen, Lord?” the disciples asked.    Jesus replied, “Just as the gathering of vultures shows there is a carcass ...
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2answers
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Determining literary types in the Bible

Much of the Bible is historical narrative. Other parts, such as many of Psalms, are poems - rife with figurative phrases (often surrounding a specific event or need or desire). Other parts are ...
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6answers
716 views

Why do OEC discount the literal interpretation of the book of Genesis?

This is to rephrase the question Are scientific findings a test to Christians' Faith? It seems to me that, without any outside interference, the Bible itself gives no suggestion that the Book of ...
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3answers
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What is the significance of “Zealot” in Acts 1:13?

When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and ...
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4answers
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How literally is Romans 10:14 supposed to be taken?

I recently learned that St. Augustine held an extremely literal view of a particular verse in Romans... Romans 10:14 (NLT)  14 But how can they call on him to save them unless they ...
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2answers
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Does Genesis 3 tell of a theophany?

Genesis 3:8-9 (NLT)  8 When the cool evening breezes were blowing, the man and his wife heard the Lord God walking about in the garden. So they hid from the Lord God among the trees. 9 ...
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Why did Jesus refer to Gentiles as dogs?

The passage below raises two questions in my mind but I suspect they both have the same answer. My questions are: Why did Jesus at first refuse to speak to the Canaanite woman? We know He had no ...
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3answers
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Should husbands submit to wives? [closed]

There has been a lot of discussion in the news lately about the passage in Ephesians 5:22 instructing wives to submit to their husbands as unto the Lord. But no one ever seems to bring Ephesians 5:21 ...
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What criteria are used to denote one commentary as “better” than another? What are the hallmarks of a good commentary?

I was watching "Crossing the Threshold" with Fr. Mitch Pacwa last night and he was saying that when starting a bible study it is good for each member of the bible study to get their own commentaries. ...
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Does Jude 1:9 mean that Moses went to hell?

Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the devil, when he disputed about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said, “The Lord rebuke ...
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2answers
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Paul's analysis of Abraham's “offspring(s)” in Galatians 3

In Paul's letter to the Galatians, he talks about (among other things) how God's promise to Abraham was fulfilled in Christ. Galatians 3:16 reads (in the NRSV; other translations may say "seed", ...
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1answer
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Why did Paul say “I am pure from the blood of all men”?

In Acts 20 Paul is saying his farewell to the elders of Ephesus. He is bringing to their memory the manner, in which he had spent all that time with them - in humility (Acts 20:19). Then he says: " ...
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3answers
550 views

How could Jesus be surprised?

Matthew 8:5-10 (NLT)  5 When Jesus returned to Capernaum, a Roman officer came and pleaded with him, 6 “Lord, my young servant lies in bed, paralyzed and in terrible pain.”  7 Jesus ...
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2answers
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Is Jesus lying in John 7? [closed]

In John 7, Jesus tells his brothers that he is not going up to the festival. Then he goes up in secret. Is this a lie? How is this reconciled? John 7:6-10 (NIV) 6 Therefore Jesus told them, ...
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1answer
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What is the significance of adding “fiery” to Ephesians 6:16?

Ephesians 6:13-17 (NLT)  13 Therefore, put on every piece of God’s armor so you will be able to resist the enemy in the time of evil. Then after the battle you will still be standing ...
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5answers
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Why is “elohim” translated as “God” and not “gods”? [closed]

I was looking at the Holman Christian Standard Bible and I saw that Elohim is plural. Were it to be translated plural it would read something like: "In the beginning, gods created the heavens and ...
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3answers
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Will curses have any impact or effect on Christians?

Christians believe that Jesus saved us by His blood. Since God is the only true God and through Jesus we have victory over Satan, it is claimed that we do not have to fear on curses. But I hear many ...
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5answers
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Was Enoch sinless?

I find this wording interesting in Genesis 5:24 (NIV) (my emphasis) Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away. To me, this means God took Enoch to heaven. ...
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4answers
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Why is the Bible subject to a high level of interpretation?

I realise there's always a level of interpretation neccesary when reading anything, but the level of interpretation needed to understand the Bible is very high when compared to everyday reading - some ...
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What does 'first estate' mean in Jude 1:6 (KJV)?

Jude 1:6 (emphasis mine): And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. ...
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1answer
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What happened to the tribe of Dan in Revelation?

Compare the twelve tribes of Israel, according to Genesis 35:23-26 (left column) and Revelation 7:5-8 (right): Asher : Asher Benjamin : Benjamin Dan : Gad Gad : Issachar Issachar : Joseph Joseph : ...
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2answers
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Why are the ten commandments in Exodus 34 different?

The first stone tablets with the ten commandments were smashed by Moses, so God created a second set of stone tablets that were supposed to contain the same commandments as the smashed tablets. But ...
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3answers
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How valid is the JEDP theory?

The JEDP theory basically states that the first five books of the bible (the Pentatauch) were not written by a single person, but rather by four different people. I'm trying to understand if this ...
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3answers
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What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There ...
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Prominent Theologians' answer to: What is “The Parable of the Shrewd Manager” about?

The Parable of the Shrewd Manager (full text below) is perhaps one of the hardest parables to interpret. At first glance it seems to be about rewarding dishonesty! What lesson is Jesus teaching His ...
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2answers
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Do Christian denominations vary in interpreting what is sinful or not?

I've noticed in some answers and comments the sentiment that whether an act is sinful or not is always cut-and-dried. Does this mean that in all the ways the various denominations of Christianity ...
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2answers
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Is Leviticus 14 describing a cure for leprosy?

It seems like a "cure" for leprosy that involves taking two birds, killing one and dipping the other in the blood of the first, then sprinkling the blood in a particular fashion, multiple times. ...
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2answers
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Who represented “the Lord” in Exodus 4:24-26, and what's the deal with the foreskin?

In Exodus 4:24-26: At a lodging place on the way, the LORD met Moses and was about to kill him. But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off her son’s foreskin and touched Moses’ feet with it. “Surely ...
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Why don't many churches obey Paul's command that women must be silent in church? [closed]

In 1 Corinthians 14 Paul says that women must be silent in churches and ask questions to their husbands when they get home: Women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to ...
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3answers
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What does John 2:24 mean?

I have trouble understanding what John 2:24 and John 2:25 mean. Does anyone know what it means for Jesus to not "commit himself unto them"? John 2:22-25 (KJV) 22 When therefore he was risen ...
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11answers
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How should we dress when attending church? [closed]

What are some verses from the Bible which instructs us on our attire when attending church worship services and activies? Is "formal" dress good / bad / required / optional / recommended?
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Why 'Seventy times seven'?

Twice in the bible, God makes reference to "seventy times seven" (or "seventy-seven times"). Once in Genesis 4:24 (dealing with Cain's punishment for his murder of Abel), and the other in Matthew ...
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3answers
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Why did Ezekiel say that God gave laws to the people that were not good?

Ezekiel 20:23-25 23 I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; 24 Because they had not executed ...
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4answers
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What is the army in Joel 2?

I've always heard that the army described in Joel 2 was some kind of end-time army, but reading about in the NLT (as in the link) the chapter subtitle is "Locusts Invade like an Army". Is there a ...
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8answers
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What does Matthew 5:27-30 (“Cast off your eye/hand/etc”) mean?

For reference, here's the text of Matthew 5:27-30: “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already ...
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11answers
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Who were the “giants” mentioned in the Bible?

I've come across several verses in the Bible that speak of "giants". For example: Gen 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the ...
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4answers
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Does the Bible itself give us clues about which parts to interpret literally and which figuratively?

I know that the question may seem a little bit self-referential but I ask it anyway: There is often great controversy among Christians what parts of the Bible are to be interpreted literally and what ...
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4answers
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Does the Bible give any reason as to why its content is sometimes difficult to interpret?

As evidenced by this site, and the divisions between various Christian denominations, there seems to be a lot of different ways some passages in the bible can be interpreted. One example is ...
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6answers
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What is the significance of Jesus seeing Nathanael under the fig tree?

In John 1:46-50, Nathanael is introduced to Jesus for the first time. Philip found Nathanael and said to him, "We have found him about whom Moses in the law and also the prophets wrote, Jesus son ...
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What does the parable of the Fig Tree mean?

Luke 13:6-9 (NIV) 6 Then he told this parable: “A man had a fig tree growing in his vineyard, and he went to look for fruit on it but did not find any. 7 So he said to the man who took ...
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5answers
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What is the specific meaning of “die” in Genesis 2?

Genesis 2:16-17 (NIV): 16And the LORD God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; 17but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you ...
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2answers
550 views

What does it mean to comment on scripture with scripture?

What does it mean to "comment on a verse with a verse" or "only scripture can explain scripture"? I see these kinds of comments popping up in comment threads that discuss the meaning of a verse. What ...
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6answers
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What does “in the image of God” mean? [closed]

Genesis 1:26: Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild ...
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3answers
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Does “Where ever there is more than one of you gathered in My name” apply to the Internet? [closed]

I mean I'd like to think so...and people communicate on this site about Christianity, but I was wondering if a virtual gathering counted as well. The verse I'm referring to is Matthew 18:20: 20 ...
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1answer
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Why was the mark of Cain necessary?

In Genesis 4:14-15 (NRSV) it says: 14 I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me may kill me.’ 15 Then the Lord said to him, ‘Not so! Whoever kills Cain will ...
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5answers
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Hebrew OT translation to Greek NT

Hebrews 10:5 (ESV) states Consequently, when Christ came into the world, he said, “Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired, but a body have you prepared for me; This is an ...
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4answers
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Is there Biblical support for Hell?

One of the common tenets of Christian Universalism (as well as Annihilationism) is the non-existence of Hell as an eternal punishment for non-Christians, that everyone has been granted salvation ...
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3answers
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Apparent Discrepancy in Mark 2:26

There seems to be an apparent discrepancy in Mark 2:26, Jesus is rebuking the Pharisees for complaining that his disciples are picking the heads of grain on the Sabbath: Mark 2:26 26 How he ...