Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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What is the significance of “Zealot” in Acts 1:13?

When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon ...
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How do Trinitarians explain the Father granting life to the Son (John 5:26)?

For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. (John 5:26, NIV) How do trinitarians explain the fact that the Father has granted life to the Son?
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From a Fundamentalist viewpoint, what does it mean to “take the Bible literally”?

In my previous answer on this question, while discussing Biblical Inerrancy, I stated: The doctrine of inerrancy does not imply hyper-literalism. As noted above, in the second possible mechanism ...
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What are common explanations for the angel being delayed for 21 days in Daniel 10:13?

In the book of Daniel chapter 10, Daniel is in a period of mourning because a great war is coming. He fasts for 21 days and then sees a vision of what I presume to be an angel. Before the angel ...
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How do Seventh Day Adventists interpret Romans 14:5?

In the same way, some think one day is more holy than another day, while others think every day is alike. You should each be fully convinced that whichever day you choose is acceptable. ‭Romans‬ ...
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How does calling someone an “idiot” make one bound for Gehenna?

How does calling someone an "idiot" make one bound for Gehenna? I'm sure there is something of translation, meaning, or ancient culture to be considered here. ...and whoever says, You cursed fool! ...
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What does “therefore be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves” mean?

In Matthew 10:16 we read: I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves. (NIV) What does "be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as ...
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What does Paul mean when he says Jesus “emptied himself”?

In Philipians 2:7 Paul writes: but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant,[a] being born in the likeness of men (ESV) I always understood this to mean that he was humble enough to ...
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Do Christian denominations vary in interpreting what is sinful or not?

I've noticed in some answers and comments the sentiment that whether an act is sinful or not is always cut-and-dried. Does this mean that in all the ways the various denominations of Christianity ...
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How could Cain have built Enoch?

God cursed Cain to be an eternal wanderer: Genesis 4:12 King James Version When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond ...
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Unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees

My question is based on Matthew 5: 17-20 This question addresses the first part of the passage. The second part is the phrase Unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret John 3:35?

The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand. John 3:35 (ESV) The Father gave the Son the following: All authority (Matthew 28:18). Life in Himself (John 5:26). Authority ...
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How can Pharisees turn someone from God if His grace is irresistible?

How does Calvinism reconcile these words from Jesus along with its doctrine of irresistible grace (IG)? Matthew 23:13,15 ESV But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the ...
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Why did Elisha curse children?

2 Kings 2:23-24 (KJV) 23 And he [Elisha] went up from thence unto Bethel: and as he was going up by the way, there came forth little children out of the city, and mocked him, and said unto him, ...
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Was it Adino or his army that killed eight hundred at one time?

2 Samuel 23:8 KJV These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against ...
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How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement theory handle Isaiah 53?

How do opponents of the penal substitution theory of atonement handle Isaiah 53? This seems to describe penal substitution quite well: 4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, ...
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In the parable of the sower, what exegetical reasons are there to interpret the third type of soil to be genuine Christians?

In the parable of the sower, four types of soil are mentioned. It seems to be pretty commonly accepted that the first two types of soils represent unbelievers or "make believers". The fourth type of ...
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Who is the king described in 2 Kings 8:1–6?

2 Kings 8:1–6 (ESV) 1 Now Elisha had said to the woman whose son he had restored to life, “Arise, and depart with your household, and sojourn wherever you can, for the Lord has called for a famine, ...
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What is the Calvinist and Hyper-Calvinist understanding of the “whosoever will” from Rev. 22:17?

And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, Come. And let him that is thirsty come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely. (Rev. 22:17 KJV) I've heard ...
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What does being Born Again mean per Catholic teaching?

What does being Born Again mean per Catholic teaching? Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” (John 3:3 NKJV)
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What did Paul mean when he called Jesus the “firstborn from the dead”?

note: All Scripture quoted is from the King James translation. I have noticed that Paul referred to Jesus as the firstborn numerous times: Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the ...
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Why did the slave girl at the gate stop Peter but not John?

At the time when Jesus' trial was to commence before the High priest, John readily went inside the courtyard because he knew the high priest well, whereas Peter was relatively unknown in the place. ...
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Who is Jesus referring to when he is speaking to the daughters of Jerusalem?

In the passage of Luke where Jesus is carrying the Cross, he turns and addresses the weeping women witnessing his Passion: “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep instead for ...
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Why did the people believe that no one would know where the Christ came from?

In John 7:25-27, Jesus is speaking to a crowd of people. They seem pretty impressed with Him and begin to wonder if He could be the Messiah. However, one of their objections is that they know where ...
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How do Reformed theologians interpret 1 Corinthians 9:27?

This question is aimed at those Christians who frequently refer to living people as "saved" or "unsaved", and especially to those who believe that someone saved can't become "unsaved" later. At least ...
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Is Galatians 6:8-9 teaching works salvation?

My understanding of the relationship between works and salvation is that works are the inevitable fruit of salvation by grace (1 John 3:6, Matthew 7:16-18). And my understanding of perseverance is ...
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How does the LDS Church handle verses that imply there is no one like God?

There are quite a number of verses that seem to contrast the LDS teaching of exaltation, where man may become like God and God was once like man, in submission to a God like Him on a different world ...
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How is a Christian supposed to fear God when “there is no fear in love” (1 John 4:18)? [closed]

In both the Old and New Testaments, we are commanded to "fear the Lord". Fear the Lord your God and serve him. Hold fast to him and take your oaths in his name. Deuteronomy 10:20 ESV Honor ...
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What was Paul's “revelation” (mentioned in Galatians 2:2)?

Then after an interval of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also. It was because of a revelation that I went up; and I submitted to them the gospel which I ...
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What does it mean to “worship in truth”? [closed]

In the early verses of this scripture, Jesus tells the woman that we wouldn't need to go to the mountains or Jerusalem to worship. ...God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him ...
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According to Roman Catholicism, in what way do wives need to submit to their husbands?

What is the Catholic teaching on the way a wife needs to obey her husband? In Ephesians 5:22, we read: Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands as you do to the Lord. (NIV) I'd like to ...
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How do the early church fathers expound upon the “exaltation of Christ” (Philippians 2:9-11) in light of the immutability of Jesus Christ?

Philippians 2:9-11 NIV 9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on ...
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What evidence is there that the genealogies in the early part of Genesis refer to tribes instead of individuals?

One method of interpreting the genealogies in the early parts of Genesis is as not referring to actual individuals, but rather to tribes, nations, and groups of people represented by the names of ...
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What is the difference between an “issue of covenant” and an “abomination to God”?

When looking at Old Testament Mosaic law, I'm confused as to what applies to Christians and what does not. In an answer to a previous question that I asked, it was said that a certain law did "not ...
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How does spiritual maturity affect our hermeneutic (how we interpret the Bible)?

The are various Bible passages that compare learning to the phase of infancy to adulthood. I assume children and adults have a similar hermeneutic, in terms of logic, yet they do not see things the ...
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How does Free Grace Theology reconcile 1 John?

My understanding of Free Grace Theology is that it separates the believers salvation from their sanctification, in that sanctification is not the necessary result of salvation. It separates the call ...
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What is the relation of Jesus's and Jonah's boat stories?

Studying about "sleep" in the Bible I came across some passages and found out that the story of Jonah and Jesus in boats are quite similar. And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, ...
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From a Catholic perspective, why does Wisdom merely “infer” the things to come?

I'm confused about Wisdom 8:8: Or again, if one yearns for wide experience, she knows the things of old, and infers the things to come. She understands the turns of phrases and the solutions ...
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How do the Eastern Orthodox interpret this verse from Psalm 69:3?

O God, be attentive unto helping me; O Lord, make haste to help me. Let them be shamed and confounded that seek after my soul. Let them be turned back and brought to shame that desire evils ...
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What is the meaning of “baptism by fire”?

We all know what water baptism and baptism by the Holy Spirit are. But what does John the Baptist mean by, "He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and FIRE" in Luke 3:16: John answered and said ...
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What does it mean for the Spirit to only speak of what he hears?

I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he ...
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What is the difference between the first and second resurrection in the book of Revelation?

I want to understand What is the meaning of first resurrection and second resurrection. Revelation 20:5 KJV But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This ...
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Why does Jesus refer to serpents positively in Matthew 10:16?

It seems that most places in the bible where serpents are referred to they are a reference to Satan/the devil. Yet in Matthew 10:16 Christ says "Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of ...
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Can Christians handle rattlesnakes? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: The effect of poison on Christians How should I understand the following verse? Mark 16:18 they will pick up snakes with their hands; and when they drink deadly ...
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Did only Jesus human body remain in the grave for the three days?

Jesus told the thief at Calvary : Luke 23:43 And Jesus said to him, "Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise." And yet he was not resurrected until after the Sabbath. So ...
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Why are we given details about what the descendants of Cain did? Is there special significance to these details?

Genesis 4 discusses the descendants of Cain: "Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. When he built a city, he called the name of the city after the name of his son, Enoch. To Enoch ...
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Why is there no marriage in Heaven? [closed]

Why did Jesus said there is no marriage in Heaven? Mark 12:25 NIV When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven. Is it because ...
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Why are some words of Jesus in Aramaic transliterated in the Gospels of Mark?

There are a few instances in the Gospels where the words originally spoken by Jesus are transliterated . For instance, we see at Mark 5:41 ;" He took her by the hand and said to her, “Talitha koum!” (...
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Is it possible (intellectually honest) to 'contextualise' the 'anti-divorce' passages, but not the 'anti-homosexual' ones?

(Disclaimer: This is an honest question, I'm not trying to be inflammatory. Also I confess to not having done a great deal of research on this one) I'm not familiar with the positions of all ...
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What does childbearing have to do with the salvation of a woman? [closed]

Verse concerning saved: 12But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. 13For Adam was first formed, then Eve. 14And Adam was not deceived, but the ...