Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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How can Psalm 137:9 be defended?

Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. Based on the Protestant ...
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Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of these old ages supposed to have symbolic meaning? [duplicate]

Genesis 5:3-32 ESV spends a great deal of time describing the age of the men in Adam's lineage through Seth. Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of ...
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How do we know that death has no mastery over Christ?

Romans 6:9 says: For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, he cannot die again; death no longer has mastery over him. The logic here says that since Christ died and was risen, now ...
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What is the “paradise” that Jesus references in Luke 23:43? [closed]

Luke 23:43 - Jesus answered him, "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." At first glance, I casually assumed "paradise" was referring to heaven, but if Jesus was dead for 3 ...
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Do Luke 1:48 and Luke 11:27-28 contradict each other?

I have been replaying Luke 1:48 and Luke 11:27-28 in my mind. Something doesn't make sense here. Luke 1:48 is the part of Mary's song where Mary announces that all successive generations will call her ...
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In the parable of the ten minas, why does the king kill his enemies? [closed]

The Parable of the Ten Minas Luke 19:27 (NIV) But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them—bring them here and kill them in front of me. Now, this is spoken in the 3rd ...
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Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted?

Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted? For example, I know some Christians take the words of the Lord literally that He ...
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What's the problem with groves?

In Exodus 34:13, Deuteronomy 7:5, Deuteronomy 12:3, God states laws against idolatry, and God says to cut down or burn groves: Exodus 34:13 KJV But ye shall destroy their altars, break their ...
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Why did John the Baptist question the identity of Jesus?

Clearly John was a prophet and he dedicated his life to God. God revealed to him that Jesus was the Messiah. In Matthew 3:13-17 he baptized Jesus, and proclaimed that he is The One in John 1:29 ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, The ...
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Did Jonah die and rise from the dead?

I've heard from a friend a theory claiming Jonah died in the whale's belly and then he was raised from the dead to preach to the Ninevites. He told me it is based on those verses: "He said: “In my ...
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What is the significance of Palm branches?

I've been pondering this question for a while. With Easter right around the corner, I figured this is the perfect time to ask. See these verses: Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, ...
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What are the meanings of the mote and beam in the parable?

In the new testament, Christ gives the parable of the mote and beam: 1 Judge not, that ye be not judged. 2 For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it ...
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How do Theistic Evolutionists reconcile that Eve was called the “the mother of all living?”

What is the Theistic Evolutionist's interpretation of these passages that seem to indicate that Eve was the first mother, and therefore the mother of all humanity? The man called his wife's name ...
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Did Jesus tell us that we should give a tenth to The Church and then give of the excess to the poor?

Matthew 23:23 KJV Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: ...
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How do Roman Catholics interpret 1 Timothy 4:3

In it's context in the NRSVCE (including section title): False Asceticism 4 Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will renounce the faith by paying attention to deceitful ...
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Is the tree of “knowledge of good and evil” the same as the “tree of life”?

Is there one off-limits tree in the Garden of Eden or two? Genesis speaks of the tree of knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:17) and then later talks of the tree of life (Genesis 3:22). Are they the ...
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What is the significance of Matthew starting with the names of the ancestors of Jesus?

The Gospel of Matthew starts by stating the names of ancestors of Jesus Christ. Does that have any significance other than to establish that Jesus was a descendant of King David?
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According to the gospel of John, on which day of the week was Jesus crucified?

John 19:14-16: "Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” So they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him, ...
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What feast does Paul refer to in 1 Corinthians 5:8?

What feast is Paul referring to? Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (1 ...
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What is the meaning of peoples being divided up “according to the number of the gods” in Deuteronomy 32?

Deuteronomy 32:8–9 (NRSV), part of Moses' song, reads: When the Most High apportioned the nations, when he divided humankind, he fixed the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the ...
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How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus “sending” the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

One of the issues behind the schism between East and West was the doctrine of the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit: does he proceed from the Father, or from the Father and Son? There doesn't ...
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What prophecy was about Timothy?

Paul refers to a prophecy about Timothy 1 Tim 1:18-19 ESV Timothy, my son, I am giving you this command in keeping with the prophecies once made about you, so that by recalling them you may fight ...
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Did Jesus ascend to Heaven twice?

While studying the book of John I came to: Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your ...
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Reformed perspective on “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us” (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
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Did God REALLY want to destroy the people of Israel? [closed]

When Moses led the people of Israel through the desert, there were two interesting occasions when God wanted to destroy the people of Israel and start over. (There may be more occasions that I don't ...
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What is the basis for arguing that the gospel has already been preached to “all nations”?

In Matthew 24:14 (cf. Mark 13:10), Jesus says: And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come. Many ...
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Did the Jews think it was immoral to have leprosy?

He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.” Immediately the leprosy left him. He commanded him to tell no one, “But go your way, and show yourself to the priest, ...
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According to SDA can all pastors forgive sin, or just the original twelve apostles?

I have a question relating to Matthew 18:18. I want to specifically ask the Seventh-day Adventist church about this. It says: "I can assure you that when you speak judgment here on earth, it will ...
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Definition of light in Matthew 5:16 [closed]

Matthew 5:14-16 14 “You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives ...
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Is Paul making an oath in Galatians 1?

Several times in the New Testament, we are told not to make oaths but to make simple statements of affirmation or denial. For example... Matthew 5:33-37 (NIV)     33 “Again, ...
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Was removing one's shoes a special sign of respect?

In Exodus 3:5 KJV God tells Moses to remove his shoes: And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. There is no ...
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Why is “fornication” used to describe the actions of “Babylon the Great” in Revelation 18?

For because of the wine of the anger of her fornication all the nations have fallen [victim], and the kings of the earth committed fornication with her, and the traveling merchants of the earth became ...
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Why did Ezekiel say that God gave laws to the people that were not good?

Ezekiel 20:23-25 23 I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; 24 Because they had not executed ...
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How well supported is the generic interpretation Rublev's Icon as being a depiction of the Holy Trinity as portrayed in Genesis 18? [closed]

This was produced in the 15th century by Andrei Rublev's icon of the Trinity, a highly regarded Russian orthodox artist: It is generally taken to be depicting the three men of Genesis 18 as being ...
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What is the significance of the names of the 4 rivers in the Garden of Eden?

What is the significance of the names of the 4 rivers in the Garden of Eden, mentioned in Genesis (English Standard Version Bible)? Do they all correspond to actual rivers today? I know the 3rd, ...
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If miracles stopped after the Apostles, then why are there admonitions to pray over people?

There are a number of groups who believed that after the time of the Apostles, God withdrew miracles from the world (please correct me if that is the wrong understanding). But the book of James ...
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Who was Darius the Mede?

And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old. [Daniel 5:31] I have read much about the possible identities of Darius the Mede; to me, the most convincing alias is that ...
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Is Jesus using a rhetorical device when he says “turn the other cheek”? [closed]

I would like to know how to best interpret "turning the other cheek". I think that it is reasonable to assume that Jesus is using a rhetorical tactic, in much the same way as he does when he says ...
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Who were the 'synagogue of Satan'?

In the letter to the Church of Philadelphia in Revelation 3, John writes concerning the synagogue of Satan and those who claim to be Jews, but are not. Behold, I will make those of the synagogue ...
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In John 4:1-3, in whose name were Jesus' disciples' baptizing?

In regards to John 4:1-3, were Jesus' disciples in this passage baptizing with John's baptism? If not, and they were baptizing in the name of Jesus, did the people who receive this baptism have to be ...
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Did it ever happen that a Christian died simply because he had no food at his disposal?

This question can be restated as: how to interpret Matt 6:25-34 where Jesus tells us not to worry about food and clothes. Is it a promise that a Christian will never die for lack of food? Or is it not?...
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Proverbs 14:4 - What does this mean? [closed]

Proverbs 14:4 Where there are no oxen, the manger is empty, but from the strength of an ox come abundant harvests. I've been reading proverbs lately, but I haven't been able to understand ...
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Why did Judas need to identify Jesus?

Annas, Caiaphas and all other important people of synagogue knew the identity of Jesus and how he looks. So why was the kiss necessary? In Gethsemane garden Jesus was only with 11 disciples. The Mob ...
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What did Christ mean in Matthew 10:34? [closed]

In Matthew 10.34 Christ says, (KJV) Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. To me this requires some explanation, even after many years of thought....
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Why did Jesus refer to humans as salt?

As with reference to the verse Matthew 5:13 13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be ...
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Does God hate unborn children?

Did God hate unborn Esau? Romans 9:11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad ... 13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.” How does this square ...
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Can Christians be judges?

There is a famous, often (ab)used phrase, "judge not, lest you be judged" , which implies (to me at least) that people on the whole, and Christians in particular, should defer from judging other ...
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What arguments can be made that 1 Corinthians 15 is not about physical resurrection?

This is something of a long shot. I had a friend look at 1 Cor. 15 (and other parts of the Bible), and he formed the conclusion that 1 Cor. 15 was about a spiritual and not bodily resurrection—i.e., ...
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What is the significance of “Zealot” in Acts 1:13?

When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon ...