Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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Why did Jesus say to his accusers “You are gods”?

John 10 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. 34Jesus answered them, Is it not ...
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Jesus on how seeds germinate

Jesus tells us in John 12:24 that unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. Today the process of germination ...
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What criteria are used to denote one commentary as “better” than another? What are the hallmarks of a good commentary? [closed]

I was watching "Crossing the Threshold" with Fr. Mitch Pacwa last night and he was saying that when starting a bible study it is good for each member of the bible study to get their own commentaries. ...
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When were the angels created?

I was preparing a lesson for Sunday school and came across this passage in the teaching material: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding, who ...
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Does Jude 1:9 mean that Moses went to hell? [duplicate]

Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the devil, when he disputed about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said, “The Lord rebuke you!” ...
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How do Protestants understand major differences in doctrine between denominations?

As a Catholic I believe that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus and given the authority to teach infallibly on the topics of faith and morals. My understanding is that many Protestants ...
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Reason for the choice of new 12th Apostle?

In Acts 1:20–26, the Apostles are choosing the 12th Apostle who will replace Judas: 20 Peter continued, “This was written in the book of Psalms, where it says, ‘Let his home become desolate, with ...
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Does Genesis 3 tell of a theophany? [closed]

Genesis 3:8-9 (NLT)  8 When the cool evening breezes were blowing, the man and his wife heard the Lord God walking about in the garden. So they hid from the Lord God among the trees. 9 ...
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Why was God so specific about how to make the Tabernacle?

The Book of Exodus (ch 25–27) spends quite a bit of time describing how to build the Tabernacle, right down to the type of metal and wood to use for minor parts, all straight from the mouth of God. ...
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What is the Catholic view of the rapture?

What is the Roman Catholic view of the rapture? Does the Catholic church accept the idea that people will be caught up in the air to meet Christ? If not, how do they interpret 1 Thessalonians&...
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What is the significance of adding “fiery” to Ephesians 6:16?

Ephesians 6:13–17 (NLT)  13 Therefore, put on every piece of God’s armor so you will be able to resist the enemy in the time of evil. Then after the battle you will still be standing firm. ...
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What is the army in Joel 2?

I've always heard that the army described in Joel 2 was some kind of end-time army, but reading about in the NLT (as in the link) the chapter subtitle is "Locusts Invade like an Army". Is there a ...
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What is “your peace” in Matthew 10?

In Matthew 10, Jesus is instructing his disciples, whom he is sending out to preach to the children of Israel as follows: 11 Whatever town or village you enter, search there for some worthy person ...
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Do we answer the arguments of fools or not? How are Proverbs 26:4-5 to be understood?

Proverbs 26:4-5 (NLT) 4 Don’t answer the foolish arguments of fools,       or you will become as foolish as they are. 5 Be sure to answer the foolish arguments of ...
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How and when did the water come into being? [closed]

In Genesis 1:2, the Spirit of God is hovering over the face of the waters. So this is before creation, so where does water come from? why it exist before the first day? And if there is face of water, ...
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In the book of Job, it suggests that angels sin. Do they?

In the 4th chapter in the book of Job, it states in verses 17 and 18 that: ‘Can mortal man be in the right before[b] God? Can a man be pure before his Maker? Even in his servants he puts no trust, and ...
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What are vows? Are they relevant even today? [closed]

Psalms 76:11 (NIV) says Make vows to the LORD your God and fulfill them. Many other passages in the old testament as well we hear about vows and fulfilling it. In New testament we read in ...
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If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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Does God ever impute sin?

"Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin." (Romans 4:8; KJV) The word impute means roughly "to put into" or "to give". We are saved because of Jesus' imputed righteousness. What ...
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What is a Pacifist interpretation of the Cleansing of the Temple?

13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money. ...
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What is meant by “love covers over a multitude of sins”?

And above all things have fervent love for one another, for “love will cover a multitude of sins.” (1 Pet 4:8, NKJV) Hatred stirs up strife, But love covers all sins. (Prov 10:12, NKJV) What ...
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If the dead are already in heaven, how do they rise at the second coming? [closed]

1 Thessalonians 4:16 says: For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: It's ...
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Why was Jesus able to silence his critics simply by pointing out that the Messiah was both Lord *and* son?

In Matthew 22, after basically frustrating the Pharisees and the Saduccees by answering some really tricky questions, Jesus finally turns the tables on them and asks this question: 41 While the ...
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How do Congregationalists explain 1st Tim 1:3 and Titus 1:5?

1 Timothy 1:3, KJV As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine Titus 1:5, KJV For this cause ...
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Why is Satan called the prince of the power of the air?

And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of ...
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What is the Roman Catholic interpretation of 2 Thes. 2:3?

The English translation of 2 Thes. 2:3 according to New American Bible, Revised Edition: Let no one deceive you in any way. For unless the apostasy comes first and the lawless one is revealed, the ...
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Who is the “Seed of the Serpent” spoken of in Genesis 3?

In Genesis 3, God curses the serpent Satan in the following words: The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you more than all cattle, and more than every beast ...
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Why did Jesus say he came to create division?

In Luke 12:51-53 Jesus said: Do you think I came to bring peace on earth? No, I tell you, but division. From now on there will be five in one family divided against each other, three against ...
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Has the Church historically considered biblical texts concerning slavery to be transcultural or finite?

How have the Bible's passages concerning slavery been interpreted and applied throughout Christian history, especially passages such as Exodus 21:2-11, Leviticus 25:44-46, and 1 Timothy 6:1-2? Have ...
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Why was the Apostle Paul seemingly not that interested in baptizing believers? [closed]

Paul does not seem to put the same importance on baptism as he does on other things: For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel—not with wisdom and eloquence, lest the cross ...
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How could Job be content with the second half of his life? [closed]

We all know that Job was ravaged by the Adversary in the first two chapters of Job, but in the end, he died content: Thus the Lord blessed the latter years of Job’s life more than the former. He ...
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Why was the mark of Cain necessary? [closed]

In Genesis 4:14-15 (NRSV) it says: 14 I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me may kill me.’ 15 Then the Lord said to him, ‘Not so! Whoever kills Cain will ...
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Is “Love and Respect” consistent with Eph 5:33

The title is a bit broader than what I really intend to ask. More precisely, I am interested in whether Dr. Eggerichs's understanding of the terms "love" and "respect" in "Love and Respect" is ...
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Determining literary types in the Bible

Much of the Bible is historical narrative. Other parts, such as many of Psalms, are poems - rife with figurative phrases (often surrounding a specific event or need or desire). Other parts are ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain John 8:58-59 in a way that accords with their doctrine?

The Jehovah's witness' version of the bible the NWT translates these verses as: 58 Jesus said to them: “Most truly I say to you, before Abraham came into existence, I have been.” 59 So they ...
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Does Satan have a physical dwelling place on earth? [closed]

I read some articles years ago before I joined Christianity.SE and I will like us to throw more light on the content. This article authoritatively states that Satan's dwelling place is in Turkey, ...
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Who represented “the Lord” in Exodus 4:24-26, and what's the deal with the foreskin?

In Exodus 4:24-26: At a lodging place on the way, the LORD met Moses and was about to kill him. But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off her son’s foreskin and touched Moses’ feet with it. “Surely ...
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If we are the bride, who are the invited?

Assuming that the Bride in the book of Revelation is talking about the church, then who are the invited in this verse? Then the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to ...
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What is the bottomless pit? [closed]

In chapter 9 of the revelation we learn that: Revelation 9:1 and 2 NKJV Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless ...
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Please clarify Phil 2:8-9 with reference to the Trinity

In Philippians 2:8-9 we read: He [Jesus] humbled himself in obedience to God and died a criminal’s death on a cross. Therefore, God elevated him to the place of highest honor and gave him the ...
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How does dispensationalism reconcile Romans 11?

From my understanding of dispensationalism, at some point in the future, I believe either prior to or just after the rapture, the temple on Moriah will need to be rebuilt. However, presumably, the ...
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Is one who is “least in the kingdom of heaven” still in heaven?

Recently I read something that quoted this verse from the bible: Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of ...
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Was Jesus an adherent to 'Sola Scriptura'? [closed]

Adherents to Sola Scriptura basically believe that Scripture should be the foundation of all doctrine. (NOTE: That is not to say that outside sources cannot be used to aide us in understanding the ...
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How do sola fide adherents explain The Parable of the Ten Virgins?

In Matthew 25:1-12 we read about ten young ladies (a bridal party) eagerly awaiting the arrival of the groom. Five of them run out of oil and have to go buy more, missing the groom's arrival and thus ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!”...
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According to Unitarians, to whom does the word הָאָדוֹן refer in Mal. 3:1?

Regarding the word אֲדֹנִי (adoni) in Psa. 110:1 (actually prefixed with -ל, i.e. לַאדֹנִי), translated as "my lord," a self-professed Unitarian website states,1 Trinitarian commentators ...
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“Jesus said to them 'I am'" (John 18:6) - Did Jesus break a taboo here?

In the following verse, did Jesus in fact say the word, the name of God, that no Jew would dare to say aloud at that time? As soon then as he had said unto them, I am [he], they went backward, ...
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What is the significance of Lamech's boast?

Lamech said to his wives,  “Adah and Zillah, listen to me;   wives of Lamech, hear my words.  I have killed a man for wounding me,   a young man for injuring me.  If Cain is avenged seven ...
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How can Psalm 137:9 be defended?

Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. Based on the Protestant ...
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Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of these old ages supposed to have symbolic meaning? [duplicate]

Genesis 5:3-32 ESV spends a great deal of time describing the age of the men in Adam's lineage through Seth. Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of ...