Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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Why was Esther not sinning when she broke the law and approached the king?

Here's the text in question: Esther 4:15–16 (ESV)15 Then Esther told them to reply to Mordecai, 16 “Go, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and do not eat or ...
18
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2answers
258 views

When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
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Why did God relent on killing Moses when Zipporah circumcised their son?

In Exodus 4 we are told that God sought to kill Moses for not circumcising his son in accordance with the law given to Abraham in: Genesis 17:11 KJV And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your ...
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2answers
68 views

According to reformed theologians, was Barnabas an Apostle?

We usually read the position that there were only 12 Apostles + Paul, and that after the Apostolic era, we have no more Apostles at all. Specially I see this among Reformed theologians. But how do ...
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2answers
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What is the meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22?

Inspired by an answer to one of my other questions, what is the proper meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22? KJV Abstain from all appearance of evil. NIV: reject every kind of evil. NKJV ...
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2answers
135 views

What is the significance of adding “fiery” to Ephesians 6:16?

Ephesians 6:13–17 (NLT)  13 Therefore, put on every piece of God’s armor so you will be able to resist the enemy in the time of evil. Then after the battle you will still be standing firm. ...
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2answers
171 views

Why is Satan referred to as Beelzebub? [closed]

In one of the passages in the bible, Satan is referred to Beelzebub which means "lord of flies." But why flies? Why is this name so significant?
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1answer
217 views

What are “all things” in “Let all things be tested, keep to what is good”?

1 Thessalonians 5:21 reads: Put all things to the test: keep what is good [GNT] Prove all things; hold fast that which is good [KJV] What is "all things" here?
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3answers
149 views

Did Jesus mean a truly spiritual man should feel this rewarded NOW, or in the world to come? [closed]

Mark 10:28–31 (NKJV): Then Peter began to say to Him, "See, we have left all and followed You." So Jesus answered and said, "Assuredly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or ...
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4answers
383 views

How do Protestants interpret Malachi 1:11 and Isaiah 66:20-21?

For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My name shall be great among the Gentiles; And in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: ...
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1answer
154 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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2answers
135 views

Are these the same 2 trumpet blasts?

In Matthew chapter 24 Jesus is describing his 2nd coming: For as lightning that comes from the east is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. Wherever there is a ...
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2answers
3k views

What did David mean in Psalm 39:13?

In Psalm 39 (NIV) starting with verse 12, David said: "Hear my prayer, Lord, listen to my cry for help; do not be deaf to my weeping. I dwell with you as a foreigner, a stranger, as all my ...
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3answers
888 views

What is the meaning of “baptism by fire”?

We all know what water baptism and baptism by the Holy Spirit are. But what does John the Baptist mean by, "He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and FIRE" in Luke 3:16: John answered and said ...
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11answers
9k views

What does Paul mean by “Love believes all things?”

In 1 Corinthians Paul says Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (1 Corinthians 13:7, ESV) This has long puzzled me from a couple of angles. First,...
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2answers
964 views

Why is a distressing spirit said to be from God? [on hold]

1 Samuel 16 reads: 14 But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and a distressing spirit from the Lord troubled him. 15 And Saul’s servants said to him, “Surely, a distressing spirit from ...
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3answers
268 views

What is the basis for believing that the wrath of God is not an accommodation?

It is widely accepted that the Bible contains many accommodated descriptions of God; the finite human mind cannot comprehend the infinite God, so he has revealed himself to us in ways which we can ...
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4answers
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What does Isaiah 2:22 mean?

Stop trusting in mere humans, who have but a breath in their nostrils. Why hold them in esteem? (Isaiah 2:22, NIV) All humans breathe with nostrils. So, should we distrust all people?
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2answers
318 views

What does “bowels of mercies” mean?

Col 3:12 says "Put on ... bowels of mercies..." listing traits Christians should foster. How do mercies relate to one's intestines (bowels)? Bowels appear in other Scriptures as well, not talking ...
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2answers
187 views

144,000: is there any denomination or group holding this symbolic interpretation?

Motivation: We know that a way to express fullness or completion in Hebrew is to double the word, e.g. Isaiah 26:3 speaks of perfect peace as shalom shalom. And there are clear cases in Revelation ...
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What is the significance of “seventy times seven”?

Twice in the bible, God makes reference to "seventy times seven" (or "seventy-seven times"). Once in Genesis 4:24 (dealing with Cain's punishment for his murder of Abel), and the other in Matthew 18:...
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1answer
102 views

What did Jesus mean by seventy times seven? [duplicate]

We hear Jesus telling Peter at Matthew 18:22 :“I tell you, not seven times, but seventy times seven " when Peter asks for the maximum number of times he is expected to forgive his brother or sister. ...
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4answers
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Why is Jesus named the Prince of Peace instead of the King of Peace?

In Isaiah 9:6, the child to be born will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall ...
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0answers
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Did Jesus forbid debt collection? [closed]

In both Luke 6:34, And if you lend to those from whom you expect to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners to be repaid in full. and Luke 6:35, But love your ...
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1answer
152 views

What is the basis for arguing that the gospel has already been preached to “all nations”?

In Matthew 24:14 (cf. Mark 13:10), Jesus says: And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come. Many ...
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3answers
334 views

Why does Jesus refer to serpents positively in Matthew 10:16?

It seems that most places in the bible where serpents are referred to they are a reference to Satan/the devil. Yet in Matthew 10:16 Christ says "Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of ...
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5answers
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Unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees

My question is based on Matthew 5: 17-20 This question addresses the first part of the passage. The second part is the phrase Unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes ...
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5answers
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What exactly did Jesus mean when He said “I am coming soon” and similar phrases? [closed]

From Jesus: Luke 17:37 (NLT)  37 “Where will this happen, Lord?” the disciples asked.    Jesus replied, “Just as the gathering of vultures shows there is a carcass ...
8
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2answers
299 views

What is the Roman Catholic interpretation of 2 Thes. 2:3?

The English translation of 2 Thes. 2:3 according to New American Bible, Revised Edition: Let no one deceive you in any way. For unless the apostasy comes first and the lawless one is revealed, the ...
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3answers
966 views

Why was God so specific about how to make the Tabernacle?

The Book of Exodus (ch 25–27) spends quite a bit of time describing how to build the Tabernacle, right down to the type of metal and wood to use for minor parts, all straight from the mouth of God. ...
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8answers
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Are tongues a sign for believers or unbelievers? [closed]

1 Corinthians 14:22-25 confuses me. Verse 22 states: Tongues, then, are a sign, not for believers but for unbelievers; prophecy, however, is not for unbelievers but for believers. So, tongues is ...
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5answers
173 views

What types of signs are given by the “lights in the expanse of the heavens”?

On the fourth day, God created lights in the expanse of the heavens for "signs", among other things. Then God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the ...
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5answers
2k views

Does John 6:44 imply that there is no free will when it comes to salvation? [closed]

I was struck by reading this verse in John the other night: No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him I've heard the term 'predestination', however it is unclear to me how ...
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3answers
184 views

How can the “Son of Man” passages of Matthew 24 be interpreted as a fulfilled prophecy?

Matthew 24 contains a prophecy spoken by Jesus. In verse 34, He says, "Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place." (ESV) This verse is sometimes used ...
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1answer
86 views

What is the origin of the interpretation of the Song of Solomon as a picture for Christ and the Church?

For today's average Christian, it is commonplace to read Song of Solomon as a prophetic picture of Christ, as the Bridegroom, and the Church, as the Bride. But where did this view have its beginning? ...
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2answers
183 views

Mark 6:48 - Why was Jesus about to walk on water past the disciples?

Mark 6:47-49 The Message (MSG): Late at night, the boat was far out at sea; Jesus was still by himself on land. He could see his men struggling with the oars, the wind having come up against them. ...
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356 views

What about the story of the “Rich Man and Lazarus” indicates whether it is a parable or not?

To extend this previous question, what about the text of the story of Lazarus and the Rich Man indicates whether it should be considered a parable or an "actual" account?
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1answer
232 views

What is the Biblical basis against Melchizedek being the Holy Spirit?

A friend of mine is part of a church that teaches that Hebrews 7 indicates that Melchizedek is the Holy Spirit. What are the arguments against this view? For reference, here is Hebrews 7:15-21 (NIV): ...
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5answers
1k views

Does God hate Sinners like he hates Sin? [closed]

I've heard it a thousand times, God loves the sinner but hates the sin. Recently I came across a verse in Psalms 5:5 Psalm 5:5 (KJV) The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all ...
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3answers
169 views

If God cannot tempt anyone, what is the meaning of the following scriptures?

In light of James 1:13, I would like to know the meaning of the remaining scriptures quoted below. James 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted ...
8
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1answer
839 views

What is the bottomless pit? [closed]

In chapter 9 of the revelation we learn that: Revelation 9:1 and 2 NKJV Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless ...
4
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2answers
732 views

Are Naaman's actions considered an exception to God's laws? [closed]

2 Kings 5:18–19 (NIV) 18 But may the Lord forgive your servant for this one thing: When my master enters the temple of Rimmon to bow down and he is leaning on my arm and I have to bow there also—...
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2answers
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From a Catholic perspective, why does Wisdom merely “infer” the things to come?

I'm confused about Wisdom 8:8: Or again, if one yearns for wide experience, she knows the things of old, and infers the things to come. She understands the turns of phrases and the solutions ...
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3answers
296 views

Why was the prodigal son spoken harshly of by his elder brother?

In the parable of the Prodigal Son, Jesus narrates : "Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living" (Lk 15:...
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2answers
139 views

Why did Simon Peter react so violently?

In John 18, when Jesus is in the Garden on Gethsemane, Judas approaches with a mob of Pharisees and soldiers, coming to arrest Him. 4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out ...
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1answer
124 views

Why did the children of Israel run out of food in the wilderness, causing them to complain? [closed]

In the wilderness, the children of Israel on more than one occasion ran out of food and/or water to the point that they complained about it to Moses. They probably had no way to get food or water on ...
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3answers
285 views

Why didn't God remove the rainbow? [closed]

I am told that the New Testament is the New Covenant. If that is so, why didn't God remove the rainbow that He made for the Jews. If the Old Covenant has gone away, how does the Church explain the ...
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5answers
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Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology?

I have been discussing Matthew 16:18 for years now with both Catholics and non-Catholics. This verse is obviously a very important verse concerning the doctrine of the Bishop of Rome being Supreme ...
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3answers
806 views

What is the 70 weeks prophesied in Daniel chapter nine? [closed]

In Daniel chapter nine, He prophesies: Daniel 9:24 KJV Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make ...
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2answers
167 views

Why did the Roman soldiers compete to possess Jesus' clothes? [closed]

John 19: 23-24 reads: "When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven ...