Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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Why do people interpret “Lucifer” as being Satan in Isaiah 14?

In almost every case I've heard Isaiah 14:12-15 quoted or preached about, I'm told that these are the words of Satan in his rebellion against God. Isaiah 14:12-15 (KJV): 12How art thou fallen ...
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If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures?

If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures? Particularly if someone is looking for a "clear, unambiguous, direct statement in ...
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What does it mean that all scripture is God-Breathed?

In 2 Tim 3:16, Paul writes All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness (NIV) All Scripture is breathed out by God and ...
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Jesus on how seeds germinate

Jesus tells us in John 12:24 that unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. Today the process of germination ...
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What criteria are used to denote one commentary as “better” than another? What are the hallmarks of a good commentary?

I was watching "Crossing the Threshold" with Fr. Mitch Pacwa last night and he was saying that when starting a bible study it is good for each member of the bible study to get their own commentaries. ...
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Does Jude 1:9 mean that Moses went to hell? [duplicate]

Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the devil, when he disputed about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said, “The Lord rebuke ...
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How do Protestants understand major differences in doctrine between denominations?

As a Catholic I believe that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus and given the authority to teach infallibly on the topics of faith and morals. My understanding is that many Protestants ...
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How do Christians that do not believe in inerrancy interpret the Bible?

I know there are several Christian traditions that do not claim that scripture is inerrant (and therefore do not interpret everything in the Bible literally). If this is the case, then it seems like a ...
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Do we answer the arguments of fools or not? How are Proverbs 26:4-5 to be understood?

Proverbs 26:4-5 (NLT) 4 Don’t answer the foolish arguments of fools,       or you will become as foolish as they are. 5 Be sure to answer the foolish arguments of ...
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How and when did the water come into being?

In Genesis 1:2, the Spirit of God is hovering over the face of the waters. So this is before creation, so where does water come from? why it exist before the first day? And if there is face of water, ...
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In the book of Job, it suggests that angels sin. Do they?

In the 4th chapter in the book of Job, it states in verses 17 and 18 that: ‘Can mortal man be in the right before[b] God? Can a man be pure before his Maker? Even in his servants he puts no trust, and ...
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What are vows? Are they relevant even today?

Psalms 76:11 (NIV) says Make vows to the LORD your God and fulfill them. Many other passages in the old testament as well we hear about vows and fulfilling it. In New testament we read in ...
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Does God ever impute sin?

"Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin." (Romans 4:8; KJV) The word impute means roughly "to put into" or "to give". We are saved because of Jesus' imputed righteousness. What ...
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If the dead are already in heaven, how do they rise at the second coming? [closed]

1 Thessalonians 4:16 says: For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: It's ...
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If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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Why do Mathew and Luke present a different order of Satan's temptation of Jesus?

Matthew 4:1–11 and Luke 4:1–13 presented a different order of the temptations Satan offered after Christ completed his forty days fasting in the wilderness Matthew If you are the Son of God, ...
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Why did Jesus say he came to create division?

In Luke 12:51-53 Jesus said: Do you think I came to bring peace on earth? No, I tell you, but division. From now on there will be five in one family divided against each other, three against ...
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Has the Church historically considered biblical texts concerning slavery to be transcultural or finite?

How have the Bible's passages concerning slavery been interpreted and applied throughout Christian history, especially passages such as Exodus 21:2-11, Leviticus 25:44-46, and 1 Timothy 6:1-2? Have ...
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Why was the Apostle Paul seemingly not that interested in baptizing believers? [closed]

Paul does not seem to put the same importance on baptism as he does on other things: For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel—not with wisdom and eloquence, lest the cross ...
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To what do the seven churches of Revelation refer?

I have heard of the Seven Church Ages interpretation of the seven churches of Revelation, specifically that each church identified there also represents ages of the church since that time. I've also ...
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What is the Calvinist perspective on John 5:28–29 in regard to earning salvation?

John 5:28–29 seems to teach salvation by works: Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and come out, those who have done good to the ...
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Determining literary types in the Bible

Much of the Bible is historical narrative. Other parts, such as many of Psalms, are poems - rife with figurative phrases (often surrounding a specific event or need or desire). Other parts are ...
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Does Satan have a physical dwelling place on earth? [closed]

I read some articles years ago before I joined Christianity.SE and I will like us to throw more light on the content. This article authoritatively states that Satan's dwelling place is in Turkey, ...
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Is “Love and Respect” consistent with Eph 5:33

The title is a bit broader than what I really intend to ask. More precisely, I am interested in whether Dr. Eggerichs's understanding of the terms "love" and "respect" in "Love and Respect" is ...
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If we are the bride, who are the invited?

Assuming that the Bride in the book of Revelation is talking about the church, then who are the invited in this verse? Then the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to ...
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What is the bottomless pit?

In chapter 9 of the revelation we learn that: Revelation 9:1 and 2 NKJV Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain John 8:58-59 in a way that accords with their doctrine?

The Jehovah's witness' version of the bible the NWT translates these verses as: 58 Jesus said to them: “Most truly I say to you, before Abraham came into existence, I have been.” 59 So they ...
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Is one who is “least in the kingdom of heaven” still in heaven?

Recently I read something that quoted this verse from the bible: Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of ...
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Was Jesus an adherent to 'Sola Scriptura'? [closed]

Adherents to Sola Scriptura basically believe that Scripture should be the foundation of all doctrine. (NOTE: That is not to say that outside sources cannot be used to aide us in understanding the ...
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Is Jesus using a rhetorical device when he says “turn the other cheek”?

I would like to know how to best interpret "turning the other cheek". I think that it is reasonable to assume that Jesus is using a rhetorical tactic, in much the same way as he does when he says ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my ...
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Why was Peter Fishing Naked (John 21:7)?

John 21: 7 7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was ...
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What does “Jesus did not commit himself unto them” (John 2:24) mean?

I have trouble understanding what John 2:24 and John 2:25 mean. Does anyone know what it means for Jesus to not "commit himself unto them"? John 2:22-25 (KJV) 22 When therefore he was risen ...
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Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of these old ages supposed to have symbolic meaning? [duplicate]

Genesis 5:3-32 ESV spends a great deal of time describing the age of the men in Adam's lineage through Seth. Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of ...
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Why did Jesus say to his accusers “You are gods”?

John 10 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. 34Jesus answered them, Is it not ...
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When Jesus gave Peter his name (rock) what is the significance that he then said upon a ‘different’ kind of rock he would build his church?

When Peter made his famous confession, Jesus responded by saying: And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. (NIV ...
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When were the angels created?

I was preparing a lesson for Sunday school and came across this passage in the teaching material: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding, who ...
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Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted?

Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted? For example, I know some Christians take the words of the Lord literally that He ...
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Why did John the Baptist question the identity of Jesus?

Clearly John was a prophet and he dedicated his life to God. God revealed to him that Jesus was the Messiah. In Matthew 3:13-17 he baptized Jesus, and proclaimed that he is The One in John 1:29 ...
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In the parable of the ten minas, why does the king kill his enemies?

The Parable of the Ten Minas Luke 19:27 (NIV) But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them—bring them here and kill them in front of me. Now, this is spoken in the 3rd ...
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Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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Do Luke 1:48 and Luke 11:27-28 contradict each other?

I have been replaying Luke 1:48 and Luke 11:27-28 in my mind. Something doesn't make sense here. Luke 1:48 is the part of Mary's song where Mary announces that all successive generations will call her ...
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What is the army in Joel 2?

I've always heard that the army described in Joel 2 was some kind of end-time army, but reading about in the NLT (as in the link) the chapter subtitle is "Locusts Invade like an Army". Is there a ...
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Did Jesus tell us that we should give a tenth to The Church and then give of the excess to the poor?

Matthew 23:23 KJV Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: ...
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What is the significance of Palm branches?

I've been pondering this question for a while. With Easter right around the corner, I figured this is the perfect time to ask. See these verses: Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, ...
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What is a Pacifist interpretation of the Cleansing of the Temple?

13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging ...
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If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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What is the meaning of “anything” in Matthew 18:19-20?

In Matthew 18:19-20, Jesus says: “Again, I tell you that if two of you on earth agree about anything you ask for, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven. For where two or three come ...
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Why was the mark of Cain necessary?

In Genesis 4:14-15 (NRSV) it says: 14 I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me may kill me.’ 15 Then the Lord said to him, ‘Not so! Whoever kills Cain will ...
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What is the meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22?

Inspired by an answer to one of my other questions, what is the proper meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22? KJV Abstain from all appearance of evil. NIV: reject every kind of evil. NKJV ...