Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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How sound are the arguments that Melchizedek invoked a Canaanite deity when he met Abraham?

Melchizedek serves an important theological role in the book of Hebrews. The author of Hebrews interprets Psalm 110 to speak of Jesus' priestly order (Melchizedek), thus resolving the potential ...
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What does “Jesus did not commit himself unto them” (John 2:24) mean?

I have trouble understanding what John 2:24 and John 2:25 mean. Does anyone know what it means for Jesus to not "commit himself unto them"? John 2:22-25 (KJV) 22 When therefore he was risen ...
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How valid is the JEDP theory?

The JEDP theory basically states that the first five books of the bible (the Pentatauch) were not written by a single person, but rather by four different people. I'm trying to understand if this ...
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What does it mean that all scripture is God-Breathed?

In 2 Tim 3:16, Paul writes All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness (NIV) All Scripture is breathed out by God and ...
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When were the angels created?

I was preparing a lesson for Sunday school and came across this passage in the teaching material: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding, who ...
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Does Jude 1:9 mean that Moses went to hell? [duplicate]

Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the devil, when he disputed about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said, “The Lord rebuke ...
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Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted?

Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted? For example, I know some Christians take the words of the Lord literally that He ...
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Why did John the Baptist question the identity of Jesus?

Clearly John was a prophet and he dedicated his life to God. God revealed to him that Jesus was the Messiah. In Matthew 3:13-17 he baptized Jesus, and proclaimed that he is The One in John 1:29 ...
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In the parable of the ten minas, why does the king kill his enemies?

The Parable of the Ten Minas Luke 19:27 (NIV) But those enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them—bring them here and kill them in front of me. Now, this is spoken in the 3rd ...
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What is the army in Joel 2?

I've always heard that the army described in Joel 2 was some kind of end-time army, but reading about in the NLT (as in the link) the chapter subtitle is "Locusts Invade like an Army". Is there a ...
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What are the meanings of the mote and beam in the parable?

In the new testament, Christ gives the parable of the mote and beam: 1 Judge not, that ye be not judged. 2 For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it ...
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Did Jesus tell us that we should give a tenth to The Church and then give of the excess to the poor?

Matthew 23:23 KJV Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: ...
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What is a Pacifist interpretation of the Cleansing of the Temple?

13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging ...
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If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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Why was the mark of Cain necessary?

In Genesis 4:14-15 (NRSV) it says: 14 I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me may kill me.’ 15 Then the Lord said to him, ‘Not so! Whoever kills Cain will ...
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What is the meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22?

Inspired by an answer to one of my other questions, what is the proper meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22? KJV Abstain from all appearance of evil. NIV: reject every kind of evil. NKJV ...
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According to the gospel of John, on which day of the week was Jesus crucified?

John 19:14-16: "Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” So they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him, ...
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Who is the “Seed of the Serpent” spoken of in Genesis 3?

In Genesis 3, God curses the serpent Satan in the following words: The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you more than all cattle, and more than every beast ...
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What is “your peace” in Matthew 10?

In Matthew 10, Jesus is instructing his disciples, whom he is sending out to preach to the children of Israel as follows: 11 Whatever town or village you enter, search there for some worthy person ...
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Did God REALLY want to destroy the people of Israel? [closed]

When Moses led the people of Israel through the desert, there were two interesting occasions when God wanted to destroy the people of Israel and start over. (There may be more occasions that I don't ...
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2answers
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Was removing one's shoes a special sign of respect?

In Exodus 3:5 KJV God tells Moses to remove his shoes: And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. There is no ...
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Did Jesus ascend to Heaven twice?

While studying the book of John I came to: Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your ...
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If the dead are already in heaven, how do they rise at the second coming? [closed]

1 Thessalonians 4:16 says: For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: It's ...
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What is the proper use of money in Luke 16:1-13?

This is the parable of the dishonest manager, about to sacked for squandering his master's property. (We don't know if used the property for personal gain, or made bad investments, or what have you.) ...
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If miracles stopped after the Apostles, then why are there admonitions to pray over people?

There are a number of groups who believed that after the time of the Apostles, God withdrew miracles from the world (please correct me if that is the wrong understanding). But the book of James ...
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Who represented “the Lord” in Exodus 4:24-26, and what's the deal with the foreskin?

In Exodus 4:24-26: At a lodging place on the way, the LORD met Moses and was about to kill him. But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off her son’s foreskin and touched Moses’ feet with it. “Surely ...
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What is the significance of Lamech's boast?

Lamech said to his wives,  “Adah and Zillah, listen to me;   wives of Lamech, hear my words.  I have killed a man for wounding me,   a young man for injuring me.  If Cain is avenged seven ...
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Proverbs 14:4 - What does this mean? [closed]

Proverbs 14:4 Where there are no oxen, the manger is empty, but from the strength of an ox come abundant harvests. I've been reading proverbs lately, but I haven't been able to understand ...
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7answers
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Did it ever happen that a Christian died simply because he had no food at his disposal?

This question can be restated as: how to interpret Matt 6:25-34 where Jesus tells us not to worry about food and clothes. Is it a promise that a Christian will never die for lack of food? Or is it ...
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Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of these old ages supposed to have symbolic meaning? [duplicate]

Genesis 5:3-32 ESV spends a great deal of time describing the age of the men in Adam's lineage through Seth. Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of ...
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How can Psalm 137:9 be defended?

Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. Based on the Protestant ...
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5answers
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Does God hate unborn children?

Did God hate unborn Esau? Romans 9:11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad ... 13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.” How does this square ...
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Why did Jesus say to his accusers “You are gods”?

John 10 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. 34Jesus answered them, Is it not ...
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Why did Jesus refer to humans as salt?

As with reference to the verse Matthew 5:13 13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be ...
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What is the significance of “Zealot” in Acts 1:13?

When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and ...
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What does Paul mean when he says Jesus “emptied himself”?

In Philipians 2:7 Paul writes: but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant,[a] being born in the likeness of men (ESV) I always understood this to mean that he was humble enough to ...
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What is the “paradise” that Jesus references in Luke 23:43?

Luke 23:43 - Jesus answered him, "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." At first glance, I casually assumed "paradise" was referring to heaven, but if Jesus was dead for 3 ...
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2answers
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Do Christian denominations vary in interpreting what is sinful or not?

I've noticed in some answers and comments the sentiment that whether an act is sinful or not is always cut-and-dried. Does this mean that in all the ways the various denominations of Christianity ...
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Does Genesis 3 tell of a theophany?

Genesis 3:8-9 (NLT)  8 When the cool evening breezes were blowing, the man and his wife heard the Lord God walking about in the garden. So they hid from the Lord God among the trees. 9 ...
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What is the significance of adding “fiery” to Ephesians 6:16?

Ephesians 6:13-17 (NLT)  13 Therefore, put on every piece of God’s armor so you will be able to resist the enemy in the time of evil. Then after the battle you will still be standing ...
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How do Roman Catholics interpret 1 Timothy 4:3

In it's context in the NRSVCE (including section title): False Asceticism 4 Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will renounce the faith by paying attention to deceitful ...
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Unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees

My question is based on Matthew 5: 17-20 This question: Is one who is "least in the kingdom of heaven" still in heaven? addresses the first part of my question. Please feel free to go there ...
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How do classic Trinitarians answer the implications of Revelation 1:1?

Revelation 1:1 reads: The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John. So this is ...
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Was it Adino or his army that killed eight hundred at one time?

2 Samuel 23:8 KJV These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear ...
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Why is Satan called the prince of the power of the air?

And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons ...
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What is the meaning of “anything” in Matthew 18:19-20?

In Matthew 18:19-20, Jesus says: “Again, I tell you that if two of you on earth agree about anything you ask for, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven. For where two or three come ...
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2answers
280 views

Who is Jesus referring to when he is speaking to the daughters of Jerusalem?

In the passage of Luke where Jesus is carrying the Cross, he turns and addresses the weeping women witnessing his Passion: “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep instead for ...
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2answers
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Why did the people believe that no one would know where the Christ came from?

In John 7:25-27, Jesus is speaking to a crowd of people. They seem pretty impressed with Him and begin to wonder if He could be the Messiah. However, one of their objections is that they know where ...
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800 views

Why did Ezekiel say that God gave laws to the people that were not good?

Ezekiel 20:23-25 23 I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; 24 Because they had not executed ...
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According to SDA can all pastors forgive sin, or just the original twelve apostles?

I have a question relating to Matthew 18:18. I want to specifically ask the Seventh-day Adventist church about this. It says: "I can assure you that when you speak judgment here on earth, it will ...