Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we ...
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Should we put God to test?

No – Luke 4:12 ... Do not put the Lord your God to the test. Yes – Judges 6:39 “Allow me one more test with the fleece, but this time make the fleece dry and let the ground be covered ...
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What is the Meaning of Hebrews 2:11 - he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one [closed]

Hebrews 2:11 (KJV) For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, It is very confusing to read "he that ...
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How does Oneness Pentecostalism interpret Matthew 3:17?

Matthew 3:16-17 NIV 16 As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. ...
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Are there any Biblical prophecies that were understood before they were fulfilled?

In a recent discussion on this site, someone told me that the nature of Biblical Prophecy is such that it cannot be understood prior to its fulfillment; that this is essentially the point of a ...
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What does it mean to be “born of water” in John 3:5?

John 3:5 (NKJV) Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. Does "born of water" means baptism i.e., ...
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What does being lukewarm mean in contrast with being hot or cold for the church of Laodicea?

From Rev. 3:14-22(ESV) 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your ...
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The effect of poison on Christians

Can someone explain me these passages about the effect of poison? Who is immune to poison? Why do they have this trait? Why isn't anyone today immune to poison? Mark 16:17-18 17And these ...
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Jesus on how seeds germinate

Jesus tells us in John 12:24 that unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. Today the process of germination ...
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What criteria are used to denote one commentary as “better” than another? What are the hallmarks of a good commentary?

I was watching "Crossing the Threshold" with Fr. Mitch Pacwa last night and he was saying that when starting a bible study it is good for each member of the bible study to get their own commentaries. ...
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When the Bible says “forever,” how can we tell it really means forever?

For instance, it is clear that God wanted the Sabbath laws to continue forever, based on these passages: Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath ...
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Do we answer the arguments of fools or not? How are Proverbs 26:4-5 to be understood?

Proverbs 26:4-5 (NLT) 4 Don’t answer the foolish arguments of fools,       or you will become as foolish as they are. 5 Be sure to answer the foolish arguments of ...
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In the book of Job, it suggests that angels sin. Do they?

In the 4th chapter in the book of Job, it states in verses 17 and 18 that: ‘Can mortal man be in the right before[b] God? Can a man be pure before his Maker? Even in his servants he puts no trust, and ...
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What did Jesus mean when He said we must “eat His flesh and drink His blood”?

In John 6, Jesus states that unless we eat His flesh and drink His blood, we have no life in us: Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink ...
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What are vows? Are they relevant even today?

Psalms 76:11 (NIV) says Make vows to the LORD your God and fulfill them. Many other passages in the old testament as well we hear about vows and fulfilling it. In New testament we read in ...
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What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There ...
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What is the scope of John 3:16?

I have never heard of any verse more quoted and memorized than this one. Many people know it without knowing a single other thing about Christianity.* If there was one verse we don't need to quote in ...
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Does God ever impute sin?

"Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin." (Romans 4:8; KJV) The word impute means roughly "to put into" or "to give". We are saved because of Jesus' imputed righteousness. What ...
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What does Paul mean by “Love believes all things?”

In 1 Corinthians Paul says Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (1 Corinthians 13:7, ESV) This has long puzzled me from a couple of angles. ...
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Why was the Apostle Paul seemingly not that interested in baptizing believers?

Paul does not seem to put the same importance on baptism as he does on other things: For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel—not with wisdom and eloquence, lest the cross ...
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To what do the seven churches of Revelation refer?

I have heard of the Seven Church Ages interpretation of the seven churches of Revelation, specifically that each church identified there also represents ages of the church since that time. I've also ...
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What is the Calvinist perspective on John 5:28–29 in regard to earning salvation?

John 5:28–29 seems to teach salvation by works: Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and come out, those who have done good to the ...
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Determining literary types in the Bible

Much of the Bible is historical narrative. Other parts, such as many of Psalms, are poems - rife with figurative phrases (often surrounding a specific event or need or desire). Other parts are ...
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Believers will judge the world and also, the angels?

What does it mean when Paul says believers will judge the world and the angels? 1 Corinthians 6:1-4 1 When one of you has a dispute with another believer, how dare you file a lawsuit and ask ...
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Is “Love and Respect” consistent with Eph 5:33

The title is a bit broader than what I really intend to ask. More precisely, I am interested in whether Dr. Eggerichs's understanding of the terms "love" and "respect" in "Love and Respect" is ...
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How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13-20

The verses reads like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
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Proverbs 14:4 - What does this mean? [closed]

Proverbs 14:4 Where there are no oxen, the manger is empty, but from the strength of an ox come abundant harvests. I've been reading proverbs lately, but I haven't been able to understand ...
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What is the significance of Lamech's boast?

Lamech said to his wives,  “Adah and Zillah, listen to me;   wives of Lamech, hear my words.  I have killed a man for wounding me,   a young man for injuring me.  If Cain is avenged seven ...
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How valid is the JEDP theory?

The JEDP theory basically states that the first five books of the bible (the Pentatauch) were not written by a single person, but rather by four different people. I'm trying to understand if this ...
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What does John 2:24 mean?

I have trouble understanding what John 2:24 and John 2:25 mean. Does anyone know what it means for Jesus to not "commit himself unto them"? John 2:22-25 (KJV) 22 When therefore he was risen ...
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When were the angels created?

I was preparing a lesson for Sunday school and came across this passage in the teaching material: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding, who ...
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Does Jude 1:9 mean that Moses went to hell?

Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the devil, when he disputed about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said, “The Lord rebuke ...
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How do protestants understand Jesus' statement that unless we eat the flesh of the Son of Man we will have no life?

Catholics teach that they literally eat the body of Jesus during communion, a belief called Transubstantiation. Protestant churches mostly do not share this belief and there is no obligation to ...
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Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted?

Have there been any attempt in Christianity to draw a set of rules or principles on how the Bible must be interpreted? For example, I know some Christians take the words of the Lord literally that He ...
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What does it mean that all scripture is God-Breathed?

In 2 Tim 3:16, Paul writes All scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness (NIV) All Scripture is breathed out by God and ...
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Did Jesus tell us that we should give a tenth to The Church and then give of the excess to the poor?

Matthew 23:23 KJV Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: ...
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What is a Pacifist interpretation of the Cleansing of the Temple?

13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging ...
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Why was the mark of Cain necessary?

In Genesis 4:14-15 (NRSV) it says: 14 I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me may kill me.’ 15 Then the Lord said to him, ‘Not so! Whoever kills Cain will ...
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What is the meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22?

Inspired by an answer to one of my other questions, what is the proper meaning of 1 Thessalonians 5:22? KJV Abstain from all appearance of evil. NIV: reject every kind of evil. NKJV ...
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Why did Jesus say he came to create division?

In Luke 12:51-53 Jesus said: Do you think I came to bring peace on earth? No, I tell you, but division. From now on there will be five in one family divided against each other, three against ...
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What is “your peace” in Matthew 10?

In Matthew 10, Jesus is instructing his disciples, whom he is sending out to preach to the children of Israel as follows: 11 Whatever town or village you enter, search there for some worthy person ...
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Did God REALLY want to destroy the people of Israel?

When Moses led the people of Israel through the desert, there were two interesting occasions when God wanted to destroy the people of Israel and start over. (There may be more occasions that I don't ...
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According to the gospel of John, on which day of the week was Jesus crucified?

John 19:14-16: "Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” So they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him, ...
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Was removing one's shoes a special sign of respect?

In Exodus 3:5 KJV God tells Moses to remove his shoes: And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. There is no ...
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How can women be forbidden to speak and yet prophesy and speak in tongues?

In 1 Corinthians 14, Paul give forbids women from speaking in church. 1 Corinthians 14 NIV 34 Women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak, but must be in ...
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How would a Christian explain the “contradiction” of homosexuality?

In the bible it is said many times that homosexuality is a sin, however love is the most imortant thing, and compassion is important as well; love your neighbour as yourself. How would a Christian ...
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How do people who reject transubstantiation interpret these verses?

Luke 22:19 (The Message) Taking bread, he blessed it, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, given for you. Eat it in my memory.” It has been argued that even the grammar ...
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Did it ever happen that a Christian died simply because he had no food at his disposal?

This question can be restated as: how to interpret Matt 6:25-34 where Jesus tells us not to worry about food and clothes. Is it a promise that a Christian will never die for lack of food? Or is it ...
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Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of these old ages supposed to have symbolic meaning? [duplicate]

Genesis 5:3-32 ESV spends a great deal of time describing the age of the men in Adam's lineage through Seth. Why are the men of Genesis so old? Were the dating systems just different? Are all of ...
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Why did Jesus refer to humans as salt?

As with reference to the verse Matthew 5:13 13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be ...