Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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136 views

Why should Paul have been selected as the 12th apostle instead of Matthias?

Commentators on the story of Acts 1:15–26, where the Apostles select Matthias to replace Judas as the 12th apostle, often say vague things like: Some have held that the choice of Matthias was ...
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1answer
61 views

What does Colossians 2:11 mean in light of Evangelical Protestant Soteriology?

And in Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, in the removal of the body of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ; Colossians 2:11 (NASB) When you ...
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2answers
53 views

How does sola fide doctrine reconcile with how much David talks about his own righteousness?

What is an overview of the statements made by prominent sola fide (faith alone) proponents in regards to David's proclamations of his own righteousness? I presume that sola fide proponents believe ...
4
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1answer
87 views

How did the Church fathers of the first four centuries understand 2 Corinthians 5:21?

God made the one who did not know sin to be sin for us, so that in him we would become the righteousness of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21, NET) I'm interested in an overview of the understanding of ...
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1answer
62 views

Is there acceptable pride based on Galatians 6:4 and if so how is it different than regular pride? [closed]

Galatians 6:4 NIV says "Each one should test their own actions. Then they can take pride in themselves alone, without comparing themselves to someone else," What is the nature of this pride he ...
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2answers
52 views

Does the Bible tell us who should be interpreting its message? [closed]

Is there a passage in the Bible which tells us who should interpret the Bible? I know there are many interpretations/translations of the Bible already. Maybe I can get a better understanding from the ...
9
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2answers
246 views

How do evangelical universalists reconcile their position with the designation for Judas that it would be better if he had never been born?

By "evangelical" in this context I am referring to those with the common evangelical view that the Bible is the word of God and inerrant in the autographs. The idea that Judas might be ultimately ...
4
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3answers
317 views

What did Jesus mean by “whoever believes in me will do greater works than I do”?

In John 14:12, Jesus says: “Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes in me will also do the works that I do; and greater works than these will he do, because I am going to the Father." [ESV] ...
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3answers
272 views

How did Zipporah know that God was going to kill Moses? [closed]

How did Zipporah come to know that God was going to kill Moses? Exodus 4:24–25 (NASB) Now it came about at the lodging place on the way that the LORD met him and sought to put him to death. 25 ...
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5answers
248 views

What is the role of the Three Persons of the Godhead in creation?

Genesis 1:26, New International Version (NIV) reads: Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, ...
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2answers
290 views

Is the Holy Spirit the 'Seven Spirits' in Revelation 1:4? [duplicate]

4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven spirits who are before his throne, 5 and from Jesus ...
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3answers
171 views

In 1 Corinthians 8:5, what do the “many gods and many lords” refer to?

In 1 Corinthians 8:5–6, we read: 5 For although there may be so-called gods in heaven or on earth—as indeed there are many “gods” and many “lords”— 6 yet for us there is one God (ESV) I'm having ...
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1answer
108 views

According to Roman Catholicism, why did Jesus not name the rich man in the story of Lazarus and the rich man?

In the story of the rich man and the poor man (Luke 16:19–31), Jesus did not name the rich man. The name Lazarus that Jesus gave to the poor man is said to have originated from a Greek word meaning ...
8
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1answer
281 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my ...
3
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1answer
127 views

Why did David wish to send Uriah back home?

After David committed adultery with Bathsheba, David began to contact her husband, Uriah. 2 Samuel Chapter 11 Verse 6 [New Living Translation] 6 Then David sent word to Joab: “Send me Uriah ...
9
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1answer
193 views

How have commentators historically viewed the death of the fetus in Exodus 21?

The proper translation of Exodus 21:22 and the proper interpretation of Exodus have been battlegrounds in the contemporary abortion debate: When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so ...
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2answers
297 views

Does the Catholic Church still stand behind Deuteronomy 22:28-29?

I am very confused by this passage from Deuteronomy 22:28-29: If a man happens to meet a virgin who is not pledged to be married and rapes her and they are discovered, he shall pay her father ...
4
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1answer
83 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of Soteriology in the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6?

Catholics interpret the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6 in light of transubstantiation (= the miracle of bread changing into Jesus' literal flesh and wine changing into Jesus' literal blood ...
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1answer
151 views

How do Catholics explain 1 Corinthians 11:21 in light of Transubstantiation?

Catholicism interprets 1 Corinthians 11:17-34 in light of the dogma of transubstantiation ( = the miracle of bread changing into Jesus' real flesh and wine changing into Jesus' real blood performed by ...
5
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2answers
156 views

To “once saved always saved” advocates, what does it mean that church leaders “keep watch over our souls”?

Many evangelicals believe that people cannot lose their salvation due to disobedience. If that is so, why do we need people to "keep watch over our souls"? Hebrews 13:17 (ESV) Obey your leaders ...
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3answers
287 views

In Galatians 4:19, what is the meaning of “Christ formed in you”? [closed]

When Paul is speaking of Christ being in the Galatians, what is the true meaning of that phrase, "Christ formed in you"? Does it relate directly to salvation? In the context of the letter, he ...
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3answers
132 views

Why did Jesus pretend?

Luke 24:28 "So they drew near to the village to which they were going. He acted as if he were going farther" After meeting the two disciples on the road to Emmaus, and after having "interpreted ...
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4answers
1k views

What explanations have been offered for the “messianic secret” passages?

In a number of places in the Gospel accounts, Jesus performs a miracle and then tells the healed person and others who witnessed it not to spread the word. For example, After healing a leper, ...
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2answers
74 views

In what way was Isaac's blessing on Jacob manifested?

In Genesis 27, when elderly Isaac thought he was blessing his son Esau, but he was actually blessing his son Jacob through the deceit of Jacob's mother, he said to Jacob: See, the smell of my son ...
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3answers
347 views

Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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7answers
2k views

Why was Jesus afraid/agonizing in the Garden of Gethsemane if the Spirit of God isn't one of fear but of power?

The scene of Jesus praying in the Garden of Gethsemane has confused me for a time. How could Jesus be overcome with fear or anguish or what-have-you when his Spirit is one of power and self-control, ...
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1answer
433 views

What is meant by the “fullness of the Gentiles” or the “times of the Gentiles”?

In Luke 21:24, Jesus speaks of future events, including the destruction of Jerusalem and His return, saying: “Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles ...
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1answer
135 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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4answers
278 views

Did Jesus have suicidal thoughts?

In Matthew 4:5-6 - The Temptation of Jesus - it is written: Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. "If you are the Son of God," he said, ...
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1answer
312 views

Who is the “advocate” in John 16? [duplicate]

As I was reading Bible of John I came by these verses: John 16:7-8: "But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but ...
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3answers
755 views

What is the meaning of “baptism by fire”?

We all know what water baptism and baptism by the Holy Spirit are. But what does John the Baptist mean by, "He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and FIRE" in Luke 3:16: John answered and said ...
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3answers
232 views

In the NPP, if Paul's “works of the law” are only circumcision and diet, how is Galatians 3:10 interpreted?

One of the implications of the New Perspective on Paul (NPP), as I understand it, is that Paul's teachings regarding the "works of the law" (in Galatians 2:16, for example) are meant to refer only to ...
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1answer
330 views

Explain the last sentence in Matthew 6:34 [closed]

Matthew 6:25-34 gives Christ's admonition not to "give thought for your life" what to eat, drink or wear. He says to trust God to take care of us, as He does the birds and flowers. Verse 34 says, ...
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2answers
181 views

What does “bowels of mercies” mean?

Col 3:12 says "Put on ... bowels of mercies..." listing traits Christians should foster. How do mercies relate to one's intestines (bowels)? Bowels appear in other Scriptures as well, not talking ...
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3answers
163 views

If God cannot tempt anyone, what is the meaning of the following scriptures?

In light of James 1:13, I would like to know the meaning of the remaining scriptures quoted below. James 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted ...
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4answers
134 views

How can one “buy” oil and “buy” gold, garments, and eye salve if these things can only attained by grace?

From the account of the 10 virgins in Matthew 25, and from the exhortation to the Laodicean Church in Revelation 3:14-22, What is meant by the instruction to "buy" oil, gold, garments and eye salve? ...
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1answer
101 views

Prior to the burning bush event - what was Moses's knowledge of God?

We know that he went to live with the Egyptians from a young age to the age of more or less 40. He then lived in Midean for another 40. It seems that there was no contact with other Israelites. Or was ...
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2answers
324 views

If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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3answers
128 views

Why is the matter of women's authority determined by Eve's acts in her life?

1st Timothy 2:12-14 (NIV): I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was ...
4
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3answers
187 views

Why was Esther not sinning when she broke the law and approached the king?

Here's the text in question: Esther 4:15–16 (ESV)15 Then Esther told them to reply to Mordecai, 16 “Go, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and do not eat or ...
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2answers
258 views

Did the midwives in Exodus 1 sin by disobeying and lying to Pharaoh?

In Exodus 1:15–16, the king of Egypt orders the Hebrew midwives to kill the sons born to Hebrew women. However, they do not obey: But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt ...
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1answer
223 views

What is the Biblical basis against Melchizedek being the Holy Spirit?

A friend of mine is part of a church that teaches that Hebrews 7 indicates that Melchizedek is the Holy Spirit. What are the arguments against this view? For reference, here is Hebrews 7:15-21 (NIV): ...
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2answers
98 views

How does a lamb take a scroll and break its seals? (Revelation 5) [closed]

Revelation 5 describes a vision of a lamb with seven eyes and seven horns, appearing to stand as if slain. It takes the scroll, and then goes on in chapter 6 to start breaking the seals of the scroll. ...
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3answers
113 views

In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards?

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? Much, in every way. For in the first place the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful? Will ...
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2answers
158 views

In Luke 5 did Levi become an apostle almost straight away?

In Luke 5 we have the conversion of Levi. It appears that he became an apostle almost straight away. Is that what is happening here?
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2answers
232 views

Did the Jews think it was immoral to have leprosy?

He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.” Immediately the leprosy left him. He commanded him to tell no one, “But go your way, and show yourself to the ...
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0answers
112 views

Can Hebrews Chapter 4 use of “Today” Be Used to Refute mistranslation of Luke 23:43 in the New World Translation of the Bible?

See the "today" doctrine presented in Hebrews: Hebrews 4: 6 Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of ...
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2answers
355 views

Why Does Matthew not give Jesus Christ's genealogy from Adam?

In Matthew 1:1, it says that Jesus is the son of David and the son of Abraham. Why does he not start from Adam and Eve?
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3answers
418 views

What is the difference between “love one another” and “love your neighbour”?

How have “love one another” and “love your neighbour” been traditionally compared or harmonized? The former occurs in the Gospel and Epistles of John, which never say “love your neighbour”. The ...
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2answers
291 views

Who does Paul consider to be “Saints” in Romans 1:7?

I am not a Roman Catholic. In my understanding of Roman Catholicism, the term "saints" is not applied to all believers. It's applied to a subset of believers who have performed some miracle or great ...