Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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What is meant by the “fullness of the Gentiles” or the “times of the Gentiles”?

In Luke 21:24, Jesus speaks of future events, including the destruction of Jerusalem and His return, saying: “Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles ...
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105 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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221 views

Did Jesus have suicidal thoughts?

In Matthew 4:5-6 - The Temptation of Jesus - it is written: Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. "If you are the Son of God," he said, ...
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196 views

Who is the “advocate” in John 16? [duplicate]

As I was reading Bible of John I came by these verses: John 16:7-8: "But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but ...
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596 views

What is the meaning of “baptism by fire”?

We all know what water baptism and baptism by the Holy Spirit are. But what does John the Baptist mean by, "He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and FIRE" in Luke 3:16: John answered and said ...
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In the NPP, if Paul's “works of the law” are only circumcision and diet, how is Galatians 3:10 interpreted?

One of the implications of the New Perspective on Paul (NPP), as I understand it, is that Paul's teachings regarding the "works of the law" (in Galatians 2:16, for example) are meant to refer only to ...
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219 views

Explain the last sentence in Matthew 6:34 [closed]

Matthew 6:25-34 gives Christ's admonition not to "give thought for your life" what to eat, drink or wear. He says to trust God to take care of us, as He does the birds and flowers. Verse 34 says, ...
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106 views

What does “bowels of mercies” mean?

Col 3:12 says "Put on ... bowels of mercies..." listing traits Christians should foster. How do mercies relate to one's intestines (bowels)? Bowels appear in other Scriptures as well, not talking ...
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64 views

1 Sam 16:14 Why did God sent a spirit that filled Saul with fear and depression [closed]

According to 1 Samuel 16 vs 14 Now the Spirit of the LORD had left Saul, and the LORD sent a tormenting spirit that filled him with depression and fear. What is the reason that the Lord sends ...
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154 views

If God cannot tempt anyone, what is the meaning of the following scriptures?

In light of James 1:13, I would like to know the meaning of the remaining scriptures quoted below. James 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted ...
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How can one “buy” oil and “buy” gold, garments, and eye salve if these things can only attained by grace?

From the account of the 10 virgins in Matthew 25, and from the exhortation to the Laodicean Church in Revelation 3:14-22, What is meant by the instruction to "buy" oil, gold, garments and eye salve? ...
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88 views

Prior to the burning bush event - what was Moses's knowledge of God?

We know that he went to live with the Egyptians from a young age to the age of more or less 40. He then lived in Midean for another 40. It seems that there was no contact with other Israelites. Or was ...
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291 views

If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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121 views

Why is the matter of women's authority determined by Eve's acts in her life?

1st Timothy 2:12-14 (NIV): I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was ...
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169 views

Why was Esther not sinning when she broke the law and approached the king?

Here's the text in question: Esther 4:15–16 (ESV)15 Then Esther told them to reply to Mordecai, 16 “Go, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and do not eat or ...
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219 views

Did the midwives in Exodus 1 sin by disobeying and lying to Pharaoh?

In Exodus 1:15–16, the king of Egypt orders the Hebrew midwives to kill the sons born to Hebrew women. However, they do not obey: But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt ...
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211 views

What is the Biblical basis against Melchizedek being the Holy Spirit?

A friend of mine is part of a church that teaches that Hebrews 7 indicates that Melchizedek is the Holy Spirit. What are the arguments against this view? For reference, here is Hebrews 7:15-21 (NIV): ...
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92 views

How does a lamb take a scroll and break its seals? (Revelation 5) [closed]

Revelation 5 describes a vision of a lamb with seven eyes and seven horns, appearing to stand as if slain. It takes the scroll, and then goes on in chapter 6 to start breaking the seals of the scroll. ...
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3answers
105 views

In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards?

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? Much, in every way. For in the first place the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful? Will ...
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113 views

In Luke 5 did Levi become an apostle almost straight away?

In Luke 5 we have the conversion of Levi. It appears that he became an apostle almost straight away. Is that what is happening here?
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224 views

Did the Jews think it was immoral to have leprosy?

He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.” Immediately the leprosy left him. He commanded him to tell no one, “But go your way, and show yourself to the ...
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Can Hebrews Chapter 4 use of “Today” Be Used to Refute mistranslation of Luke 23:43 in the New World Translation of the Bible?

See the "today" doctrine presented in Hebrews: Hebrews 4: 6 Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of ...
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282 views

Why Does Matthew not give Jesus Christ's genealogy from Adam?

In Matthew 1:1, it says that Jesus is the son of David and the son of Abraham. Why does he not start from Adam and Eve?
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271 views

What is the difference between “love one another” and “love your neighbour”?

How have “love one another” and “love your neighbour” been traditionally compared or harmonized? The former occurs in the Gospel and Epistles of John, which never say “love your neighbour”. The ...
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237 views

Who does Paul consider to be “Saints” in Romans 1:7?

I am not a Roman Catholic. In my understanding of Roman Catholicism, the term "saints" is not applied to all believers. It's applied to a subset of believers who have performed some miracle or great ...
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1answer
92 views

Interpretation of Exodus 21 [closed]

When I read the Bible for the first time, about Exodus 21:22-25 ESV I thought the charges are about the pregnant woman and I absolutely didn't know that life for life refers to the born child since ...
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226 views

If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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174 views

How would Matthew 24:36 be explained from a Post-Tribulation perspective?

Matthew 24:36 reads: But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. (NIV) Wouldn't Post-Trib adherents be able to say that you could ...
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171 views

What does it meant that Jesus “breathed on them”?

I always tried to visualize the moment when, after Resurrection, Jesus gave Holy Spirit to Apostles: So Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you." And ...
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240 views

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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Why would God permit divorce because of Israel's “hardness of heart”?

When questioned about divorce, Jesus refers to the Mosaic law and explains why God allowed divorce certificates in the first place. Mark 10:2-9 ESV And Pharisees came up and in order to test him ...
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Is there a theological lesson (modern or traditional) in who carved the tablets for each set of the Ten Commandments?

With regard to the actual stone tablets of the Ten Commandments (not the writing on them), in the first case it clearly describes the tablets of being made by Yahweh, whereas in the second case they ...
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202 views

Why did heaven need to be purified by Christ's blood?

Hebrews 9:23, speaking of Moses purifying the earthly tabernacle and Jesus the heavenly home with blood, says, It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be ...
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323 views

Why was Ham cursed for seeing his father naked?

In Genesis 9:22-25, Ham's son Canaan was cursed because Ham saw his father (Noah) naked. I don't understand why. Is there something implied by the passage that is not stated?
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144 views

What were the disciples afraid of?

In Mark 10:32 it says 32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the ...
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Why did the soldiers go backward and fall down when Jesus said “I am he” in John 18:6?

I really don't get it. Why did the soldiers trying to arrest Jesus go backward and fall to the ground in John 18:6? Was it because they realized that he was the I AM? If so, then why did they arrest ...
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216 views

Is all the land in the universe called Earth?

The other day, me and my friends were discussing about End times pertaining to Mat 24, and came across this verse "My words are always true and always here with you. Heaven and earth will pass ...
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What are the foundational texts on biblical interpretation? [closed]

I've recently become interested in learning more about the process through which Christian scholars interpret the Bible. Recognizing that the question about biblical intrepretation and its limits ...
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1answer
128 views

Psychic medium sin [closed]

My question is why is it that going to a medium who gives closure and healing be a sin? The bible says that we were all born with gifts, if they are using their gifts to help people find closure and ...
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How do Congregationalists explain 1st Tim 1:3 and Titus 1:5?

1 Timothy 1:3, KJV As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine Titus 1:5, KJV For this ...
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Denominations that interpret Matthew 5:32 & 19:9 as NOT permitting divorce in the case of adultery?

Which denominations interpret these verses as not permitting divorce in the case of adultery, for those in a valid marriage? St. Matthew 5:32But I say to you, whosoever shall dismiss his wife, ...
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147 views

In what way did the ante-nicene church read Sapiental passages like Proverbs 8:22 christologically?

Commentators like Ellicott indicate that the ante-nicene Christian writers (from A.D. 100 to the Council of Nicaea) read Proverbs 8:22 christologically, that is, in reference to Christ. In what way ...
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63 views

How could Christ offer His blood to those under the Law, when He was forbidden by heritage?

Christ being from the tribe of Judah, could not offer blood as a Levitical priest to those under the Law (Hebrews 7:14) Christ is the Melchizedekian high priest offering His blood for those who are ...
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Catholic chronology

Do Catholic geologists still take seriously (as literal chronology) Eccles 1:4 "the earth abideth forever" which Saint Thomas Aquinas cites inter alia in his discussion of God and eternity in Summa ...
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Are there any authors that who believe Eph. 4:11 is not describing titles but general characteristics of how God created the church to work together?

Ephesians 4:11ff reads: And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to ...
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364 views

How do Protestants interpret Malachi 1:11 and Isaiah 66:20-21?

For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My name shall be great among the Gentiles; And in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: ...
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When Pilate offered up Jesus or Barabbas for release, was this to the crowd for their justice or for pardon?

I have limited understanding of this was a tradition each year where Pilate would release a prisoner during the Jewish Passover but did this release mean a pardon? This was posed in my Sunday ...
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475 views

What should the man of God in 1 Kings 13 have done when faced with the old prophet's lie? [closed]

One of the stories in the Bible that has bothered me and many other Christians out there is the story of the old prophet and the man of God in 1 Kings 13. 1 Kings 13:16-19 (NKJV) 16 And he ...
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473 views

What is the significance of Palm branches?

I've been pondering this question for a while. With Easter right around the corner, I figured this is the perfect time to ask. See these verses: Most of the crowd spread their cloaks on the road, ...
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What is an overview of how Christian commentators have explained rulers to be a terror to bad conduct?

Paul writes in Romans 13: For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. (Romans 13:3a ESV) If we interpret it as referring to all rulers at all times this statement does not seem to ...