Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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What does it mean that Jesus fulfilled the law but did not abolish it?

We hear that we are no longer under the law. It even says so in Galatians: Galatians 3:23-25 Before the coming of this faith, we were held in custody under the law, locked up until the faith ...
12
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1answer
165 views

What is an overview of how Christian commentators have explained rulers to be a terror to bad conduct?

Paul writes in Romans 13: For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. (Romans 13:3a ESV) If we interpret it as referring to all rulers at all times this statement does not seem to ...
22
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13answers
170k views

Why was God so upset with Moses for striking the rock the second time in the desert?

In Exodus, God commands Moses to strike a rock, and promises to make water flow in the desert for the people. Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the ...
19
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4answers
37k views

Why did Jesus refer to Gentiles as dogs?

The passage below raises two questions in my mind but I suspect they both have the same answer. My questions are: Why did Jesus at first refuse to speak to the Canaanite woman? We know He had no ...
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5answers
596 views

If there were no punishment for sin would salvation be necessary?

Every time I hear someone say that 'If God were a loving God he would not send people to Hell', It makes me wonder Why does God, who is such a loving God send unbelievers to Hell. Since Jesus said ...
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6answers
10k views

What does Jesus mean by “this generation” and “all these things” in Mark 13:30 [closed]

In Mark 13, Jesus tells about the last days and the tribulation. In this context, he says in verse 30 (KJV): Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these things be ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Is 1:Cor 7:26-40 not the 'Word of God'?

Paul makes it clear that the following section is not a command from God but his own opinion: Now concerning the betrothed, I have no command from the Lord, but I give my judgment as one who by ...
11
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2answers
280 views

What is the basis for the idea that the Song of Solomon is about the relationship between God and the church?

I am familiar with the interpretation of Song of Solomon which suggests that it is love poetry written by (or at the behest of, or in honour of, or later attributed to) King Solomon and that it is ...
10
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4answers
529 views

How do “once saved, always saved” advocates explain the Parable of the Sower?

How do advocates of a strict perseverance of the saints doctrine explain the Parable of the Sower? That is, how does someone explain it who believes that once someone is saved they cannot lose that ...
9
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1answer
144 views

What is the most basic Biblical understanding of the nature of the firmament?

Going back to original Hebrew texts where possible, what is the most basic understanding of the firmament (the substance/realm/space that God supposedly stuck between heaven from earth)? I've read a ...
9
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3answers
1k views

What is the non-abstract definition of love according to the Bible? [closed]

1 Corinthians 13:4-7 (NIV)  4 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5 It does not dishonor others, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily ...
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3answers
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Why is Satan called the prince of the power of the air?

And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons ...
7
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3answers
293 views

How well supported is the generic interpretation Rublev's Icon as being a depiction of the Holy Trinity as portrayed in Genesis 18? [closed]

This was produced in the 15th century by Andrei Rublev's icon of the Trinity, a highly regarded Russian orthodox artist: It is generally taken to be depicting the three men of Genesis 18 as being ...
7
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2answers
65k views

How can Psalm 137:9 be defended?

Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. Based on the Protestant ...
6
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3answers
197 views

How do Trinitarians interpret John 3:35?

The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand. John 3:35 (ESV) The Father gave the Son the following: All authority (Matthew 28:18). Life in Himself (John 5:26). ...
6
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2answers
508 views

How does spiritual maturity affect our hermeneutic (how we interpret the Bible)?

The are various Bible passages that compare learning to the phase of infancy to adulthood. I assume children and adults have a similar hermeneutic, in terms of logic, yet they do not see things the ...
2
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1answer
723 views

Why did God wrestle with Jacob and why did this appearance not become a “big deal”?

During a recent small group meeting recently, several questions about the life of Jacob came up: If God had already chosen Jacob to be blessed, why did God still chose to wrestle with Jacob? So ...
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4answers
361 views

Is Jesus speaking in Isaiah 40-48?

In Isaiah chapters 40-48 there are several different titles for God, for example Creator, Redeemer, Savior, The First and the Last, King of Israel. After considering these titles I came to the ...
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3answers
277 views

Why didn't God remove the rainbow? [closed]

I am told that the New Testament is the New Covenant. If that is so, why didn't God remove the rainbow that He made for the Jews. If the Old Covenant has gone away, how does the Church explain the ...
20
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5answers
8k views

Why is “elohim” translated as “God” and not “gods”? [closed]

I was looking at the Holman Christian Standard Bible and I saw that Elohim is plural. Were it to be translated plural it would read something like: "In the beginning, gods created the heavens and ...
18
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2answers
234 views

When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
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4answers
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What scripture is James 4:5 referring to?

James 4:5 (ESV) Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? I don't know of an Old Testament passage ...
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12answers
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What did Jesus mean when he said ‘Go and sin no more’ if sinlessness is impossible?

I came across these two instances in the New Testament when Jesus told someone to "sin no more." John 13:15 Now the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, as ...
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3answers
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What is meant by “Get behind me Satan”?

Considering Matthew 16:23: Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men." Why did Jesus ...
13
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4answers
1k views

Are pride and boasting ever okay? [closed]

We are proud of our son for being able to write his name, and my wife was boasting that she helped him learn to write it. Ultimately, we both know it's from God that he is able to learn this skill ...
12
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7answers
5k views

In Protestant churches, who is the authority in interpreting the Bible?

I need a better understanding of Protestant teaching on who has the authority to interpret Sacred Scripture.
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4answers
7k views

Why did Adam claim he was “naked” before God when he and Eve had clothed themselves with fig leaves?

After sinning, Adam and Eve "sewed fig leaves together" and made clothing for themselves. However, when God comes into the garden and calls to Adam, Adam responds by claiming that he was afraid and ...
12
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4answers
771 views

Paul's analysis of Abraham's “offspring(s)” in Galatians 3 [closed]

In Paul's letter to the Galatians, he talks about (among other things) how God's promise to Abraham was fulfilled in Christ. Galatians 3:16 reads (in the NRSV; other translations may say "seed", ...
12
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10answers
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What does “gates of hell” mean in Matthew 16:18? [closed]

Matthew 16:18 (KJV): And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I take it "gates of hell" is a ...
12
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3answers
244 views

Is there any significance to naming Lazarus in this parable? [closed]

The parable I'm referring to is 'The Rich Man and Lazarus': 19 “There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day. 20 At his gate was laid a beggar ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the argument in support of personal interpretation of the Scriptures?

The Catholic church teaches that only the Church (Magisterium) has the right to interpret Scriptures whereas Protestant churches typically believe that anyone has that right. What is the argument ...
11
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5answers
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Why does Jesus speak of himself in the third person?

There are a number of places where Jesus refers to himself in the third person. The most common is when he uses the title 'Son of Man' (by my count, there are some 78 times Jesus uses that title in ...
9
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3answers
353 views

What about the story of the “Rich Man and Lazarus” indicates whether it is a parable or not?

To extend this previous question, what about the text of the story of Lazarus and the Rich Man indicates whether it should be considered a parable or an "actual" account?
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4answers
5k views

Why did Jesus say he came to create division?

In Luke 12:51-53 Jesus said: Do you think I came to bring peace on earth? No, I tell you, but division. From now on there will be five in one family divided against each other, three against ...
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3answers
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How do Protestants understand major differences in doctrine between denominations?

As a Catholic I believe that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus and given the authority to teach infallibly on the topics of faith and morals. My understanding is that many Protestants ...
8
votes
2answers
95 views

Determining literary types in the Bible

Much of the Bible is historical narrative. Other parts, such as many of Psalms, are poems - rife with figurative phrases (often surrounding a specific event or need or desire). Other parts are ...
6
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2answers
115 views

What evidence is there that the genealogies in the early part of Genesis refer to tribes instead of individuals?

One method of interpreting the genealogies in the early parts of Genesis is as not referring to actual individuals, but rather to tribes, nations, and groups of people represented by the names of ...
5
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0answers
32 views

How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement handle Isaiah 53?

How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement handle Isaiah 53? This seems to describe penal substitution quite well. Isaiah 53:4-6 (NIV) 4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our ...
5
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1answer
145 views

Why should Paul have been selected as the 12th apostle instead of Matthias?

Commentators on the story of Acts 1:15–26, where the Apostles select Matthias to replace Judas as the 12th apostle, often say vague things like: Some have held that the choice of Matthias was ...
5
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1answer
107 views

For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church has several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus. Are there any Eastern Orthodox equivalents to ...
5
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4answers
332 views

How literally is Romans 10:14 supposed to be taken?

I recently learned that St. Augustine held an extremely literal view of a particular verse in Romans... Romans 10:14 (NLT)  14 But how can they call on him to save them unless they ...
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5answers
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What is the meaning of 'the Sun and the Moon' in Joseph's dream?

And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it to his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed yet a dream: and, behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars made obeisance to me. And he told ...
4
votes
4answers
299 views

Is virginity more meritorious than marriage, according to St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 7?

Is, according to St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 7, the state of virginity more meritorious than that of marriage? Catholics think it is, and some (all?) Protestants think it is not. Why? For example, the ...
4
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3answers
107 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'reign with him' in 2 Tim 2:12?

2 Timothy 2:11-13 (RSVCE) has: The saying is sure: If we have died with him, we shall also live with him; if we endure, we shall also reign with him; if we deny him, he also will ...
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4answers
831 views

Did Jesus sacrifice his soul to save ours? [closed]

I am not asking for an opinion, what I am asking is that you evaluate my interpretation of the Scriptures and show me where I have misinterpreted them. In the following scriptures; it is indicated ...
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3answers
5k views

Does the garden of Eden still exist? [closed]

In Genesis 3:22 through 24 KJV man is ejected from the Garden of Eden and Cherubims are stationed on the East side of the garden to prevent man going back and eating from the tree of life. 22 ...
2
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1answer
148 views

Does the Catholic Church consider the 40 year trek in the wilderness an allegory?

Much of the story about the Israelites 40 year wandering in the desert wilderness is as hard to believe as the flood in Noah's day and the allegorical creation account in Genesis. Does the Catholic ...
2
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2answers
292 views

How can we tell when Scripture is talking about one of the persons of the Trinity and when it's talking about all three?

I am very interested in learning more about the Trinity. I love God, and really want to understand Them better. ..I mean Him. This came to my mind earlier, and I laughed, but then caught myself, ...
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3answers
562 views

What are the differences between Apostles, Prophets, Peter and Jesus Christ in being the “foundation” whereon the church is built? [closed]

1 Corinthians 3:11 Jesus Christ is the foundation whereon the church is built. Ephesians 2:20 Both the Prophets and the Apostles are the foundation whereon the church is built. Matthew 16:18 Simon ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Do Evangelical Christians interpret James 1:2 and Romans 5:3 to mean that we should enjoy our problems?

Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of many kinds, James 1:2 (NIV) We can rejoice, too, when we run into problems and trials, for we know that they ...