Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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Why is Satan called the prince of the power of the air?

And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of ...
7
votes
2answers
69k views

How can Psalm 137:9 be defended?

Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. Based on the Protestant ...
6
votes
3answers
207 views

How do Trinitarians interpret John 3:35?

The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand. John 3:35 (ESV) The Father gave the Son the following: All authority (Matthew 28:18). Life in Himself (John 5:26). Authority ...
2
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1answer
739 views

Why did God wrestle with Jacob and why did this appearance not become a “big deal”?

During a recent small group meeting recently, several questions about the life of Jacob came up: If God had already chosen Jacob to be blessed, why did God still chose to wrestle with Jacob? So ...
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4answers
402 views

Is Jesus speaking in Isaiah 40-48?

In Isaiah chapters 40-48 there are several different titles for God, for example Creator, Redeemer, Savior, The First and the Last, King of Israel. After considering these titles I came to the ...
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5answers
9k views

Why is “elohim” translated as “God” and not “gods”? [closed]

I was looking at the Holman Christian Standard Bible and I saw that Elohim is plural. Were it to be translated plural it would read something like: "In the beginning, gods created the heavens and ...
19
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6answers
11k views

What scripture is James 4:5 referring to?

James 4:5 (ESV) Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? I don't know of an Old Testament passage ...
18
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2answers
277 views

When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
18
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6answers
12k views

Who is the prophet Moses mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:15?

Who is the prophet Moses mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:15 ? I was thinking Moses was talking about Jesus, but Jesus is not considered a prophet is he ? Deuteronomy 18:14-16 (NIV) 14 The ...
16
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2answers
4k views

How does the Catholic church explain Matthew 19:9 which seems to allow divorce in case of sexual misconduct

Matthew 19:9 I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery. On a simple examination, it seems to imply that sexual ...
15
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6answers
693 views

What was the problem at Babel?

In the Genesis account of the tower of Babel a bunch of guys got together to build a really tall tower somewhere in the desert. God gets wind of the affair but it doesn't sit well: Genesis 11:5–6 (...
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4answers
1k views

Are pride and boasting ever okay? [closed]

We are proud of our son for being able to write his name, and my wife was boasting that she helped him learn to write it. Ultimately, we both know it's from God that he is able to learn this skill ...
13
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10answers
33k views

What does “gates of hell” mean in Matthew 16:18? [closed]

Matthew 16:18 (KJV): And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I take it "gates of hell" is a ...
12
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4answers
8k views

Why did Adam claim he was “naked” before God when he and Eve had clothed themselves with fig leaves?

After sinning, Adam and Eve "sewed fig leaves together" and made clothing for themselves. However, when God comes into the garden and calls to Adam, Adam responds by claiming that he was afraid and ...
12
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3answers
256 views

Is there any significance to naming Lazarus in this parable? [closed]

The parable I'm referring to is 'The Rich Man and Lazarus': 19 “There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day. 20 At his gate was laid a beggar ...
12
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7answers
5k views

In Protestant churches, who is the authority in interpreting the Bible?

I need a better understanding of Protestant teaching on who has the authority to interpret Sacred Scripture.
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5answers
1k views

What is the argument in support of personal interpretation of the Scriptures?

The Catholic church teaches that only the Church (Magisterium) has the right to interpret Scriptures whereas Protestant churches typically believe that anyone has that right. What is the argument ...
11
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5answers
7k views

Why does Jesus speak of himself in the third person?

There are a number of places where Jesus refers to himself in the third person. The most common is when he uses the title 'Son of Man' (by my count, there are some 78 times Jesus uses that title in ...
10
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4answers
283 views

If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures?

If we want to know what the Bible says about an issue, what methods can help us to find all the relevant scriptures? Particularly if someone is looking for a "clear, unambiguous, direct statement in ...
9
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3answers
361 views

What about the story of the “Rich Man and Lazarus” indicates whether it is a parable or not?

To extend this previous question, what about the text of the story of Lazarus and the Rich Man indicates whether it should be considered a parable or an "actual" account?
8
votes
2answers
95 views

Determining literary types in the Bible

Much of the Bible is historical narrative. Other parts, such as many of Psalms, are poems - rife with figurative phrases (often surrounding a specific event or need or desire). Other parts are ...
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2answers
128 views

What evidence is there that the genealogies in the early part of Genesis refer to tribes instead of individuals?

One method of interpreting the genealogies in the early parts of Genesis is as not referring to actual individuals, but rather to tribes, nations, and groups of people represented by the names of ...
6
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2answers
165 views

How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement theory handle Isaiah 53?

How do opponents of the penal substitution theory of atonement handle Isaiah 53? This seems to describe penal substitution quite well: 4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, ...
5
votes
4answers
333 views

How literally is Romans 10:14 supposed to be taken?

I recently learned that St. Augustine held an extremely literal view of a particular verse in Romans... Romans 10:14 (NLT)  14 But how can they call on him to save them unless they ...
5
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1answer
107 views

For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church has several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus. Are there any Eastern Orthodox equivalents to ...
5
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1answer
152 views

Why should Paul have been selected as the 12th apostle instead of Matthias?

Commentators on the story of Acts 1:15–26, where the Apostles select Matthias to replace Judas as the 12th apostle, often say vague things like: Some have held that the choice of Matthias was ...
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3answers
108 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'reign with him' in 2 Tim 2:12?

2 Timothy 2:11-13 (RSVCE) has: The saying is sure: If we have died with him, we shall also live with him; if we endure, we shall also reign with him; if we deny him, he also will ...
4
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4answers
313 views

Is virginity more meritorious than marriage, according to St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 7?

Is, according to St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 7, the state of virginity more meritorious than that of marriage? Catholics think it is, and some (all?) Protestants think it is not. Why? For example, the ...
3
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4answers
861 views

Did Jesus sacrifice his soul to save ours? [closed]

I am not asking for an opinion, what I am asking is that you evaluate my interpretation of the Scriptures and show me where I have misinterpreted them. In the following scriptures; it is indicated ...
3
votes
2answers
50 views

How do proponents of the dual nature of man address Hebrews 4:12, “dividing soul and spirit”?

Those holding to a tripartite nature of man, or trichotomism, sometimes point to Hebrews 4:12 as evidence for their view that soul and spirit are distinct in man: For the word of God is alive and ...
2
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2answers
295 views

How can we tell when Scripture is talking about one of the persons of the Trinity and when it's talking about all three?

I am very interested in learning more about the Trinity. I love God, and really want to understand Them better. ..I mean Him. This came to my mind earlier, and I laughed, but then caught myself, ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Does the Catholic Church consider the 40 year trek in the wilderness an allegory?

Much of the story about the Israelites 40 year wandering in the desert wilderness is as hard to believe as the flood in Noah's day and the allegorical creation account in Genesis. Does the Catholic ...
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3answers
606 views

What are the differences between Apostles, Prophets, Peter and Jesus Christ in being the “foundation” whereon the church is built? [closed]

1 Corinthians 3:11 Jesus Christ is the foundation whereon the church is built. Ephesians 2:20 Both the Prophets and the Apostles are the foundation whereon the church is built. Matthew 16:18 Simon ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Do Evangelical Christians interpret James 1:2 and Romans 5:3 to mean that we should enjoy our problems?

Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of many kinds, James 1:2 (NIV) We can rejoice, too, when we run into problems and trials, for we know that they help ...
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1answer
152 views

Psychic medium sin [closed]

My question is why is it that going to a medium who gives closure and healing be a sin? The bible says that we were all born with gifts, if they are using their gifts to help people find closure and ...
-2
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2answers
517 views

Inconsistency in Biblical interpreatation (Genesis & Judges) [closed]

The Sodom story in Genesis 19 is about the attempted gang-rape of two (apparent) men. This is usually taken as an indictment against homosexuality in general. A very similar story appears in Judges ...
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2answers
356 views

Does the Catholic Church still stand behind Isaiah 14:21?

The canon of the entire Bible was essentially settled around the turn of the fourth century. By logical extension, the Catholic Church thereby affirmed that the book of Isaiah represented the Word of ...
15
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11answers
6k views

How should we dress when attending church? [closed]

What are some verses from the Bible which instructs us on our attire when attending church worship services and activies? Is "formal" dress good / bad / required / optional / recommended?
15
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3answers
283 views

What is the basis for believing that the wrath of God is not an accommodation?

It is widely accepted that the Bible contains many accommodated descriptions of God; the finite human mind cannot comprehend the infinite God, so he has revealed himself to us in ways which we can ...
11
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6answers
12k views

What does it mean to pray in Jesus' Name? [closed]

A few times in the book of John, Jesus instructs us to pray "in His Name". What does this mean? How do we know if we are praying in His name? How would we not be praying in His name? I don't ...
10
votes
11answers
17k views

What does “two becoming one flesh” refer to? [closed]

In the Bible, when it refers to “two becoming one flesh”, does it mean that the physical act of sex creates a position where both bodies are connected? or the flesh (DNA) from the man and and ...
10
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3answers
926 views

How valid is the JEDP theory?

The JEDP theory basically states that the first five books of the bible (the Pentatauch) were not written by a single person, but rather by four different people. I'm trying to understand if this ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

Why do Mathew and Luke present a different order of Satan's temptation of Jesus? [closed]

Matthew 4:1–11 and Luke 4:1–13 presented a different order of the temptations Satan offered after Christ completed his forty days fasting in the wilderness Matthew If you are the Son of God, ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What does Paul intend to say in 1 Corinthians 5:5?

To be more clear, how can the person be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus Christ by delivering such person (sexual immoral) to Satan for the destruction of the flesh? 1 Corinthians 5:5 (NKJV) 5&...
9
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6answers
577 views

How do people who reject transubstantiation interpret these verses? [duplicate]

Luke 22:19 (The Message) Taking bread, he blessed it, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, given for you. Eat it in my memory.” It has been argued that even the grammar ...
9
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1answer
202 views

How have commentators historically viewed the death of the fetus in Exodus 21?

The proper translation of Exodus 21:22 and the proper interpretation of Exodus have been battlegrounds in the contemporary abortion debate: When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so ...
9
votes
4answers
15k views

Did Judas betray Jesus willfully?

Luke 22:3 (NIV) Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve. Does this verse imply that Judas had no more control over his own actions as he was possessed by the devil. Judas ...
8
votes
6answers
381 views

Was the Cold War a “rumor of a war”? [closed]

So I was trying to sync my iPod to the doomsday clock when I realized that I don't know what is meant by: You will hear of wars and reports of wars; see that you are not alarmed, for these things ...
8
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4answers
5k views

Is one who is “least in the kingdom of heaven” still in heaven?

Recently I read something that quoted this verse from the bible: Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of ...
8
votes
1answer
492 views

Why was the mark of Cain necessary? [closed]

In Genesis 4:14-15 (NRSV) it says: 14 I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me may kill me.’ 15 Then the Lord said to him, ‘Not so! Whoever kills Cain will ...