Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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New Testament Poetry

In the Old Testament, there are lengthy poetic passages or entire books of poetry (e.g. Song of Songs). What poetry, if any is there in the New Testament? John 1:1-18 and Luke 1:46-55 seem like ...
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The Greatest Commandment - Loving God with all our 1) heart, 2) soul, and 3) strength

Jesus highlights Deuteronomy 6:5 as the greatest commandment in the law. This commandment highlights three aspects of loving God, specifically with our hearts, our souls, and our strengths. Love ...
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1answer
108 views

How do non-Reformed Theologians interpret Romans 9:11-23?

Romans 9:11-23 is often used by Reformed Theologians to support the idea that God created part of the human race for salvation and the other part for damnation. How do those who are not Reformed ...
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1answer
51 views

How is Acts 7:48 reconciled with omnipresence doctrines?

Some verses seem to indicate that God is indeed not omnipresent such as Acts 7:48, "The Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands". How is this specific verse reconciled with the doctrine that ...
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If there were no punishment for sin would salvation be necessary?

Every time I hear someone say that 'If God were a loving God he would not send people to Hell', It makes me wonder Why does God, who is such a loving God send unbelievers to Hell. Since Jesus said ...
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What does it mean to pray in Jesus' Name?

A few times in the book of John, Jesus instructs us to pray "in His Name". What does this mean? How do we know if we are praying in His name? How would we not be praying in His name? I don't ...
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11answers
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Who were the “giants” mentioned in the Bible?

I've come across several verses in the Bible that speak of "giants". For example: Gen 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the ...
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1answer
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Who was Theophilus?

Acts 1:1 "In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach" Who was he? Is it also possible that, since Theophilus means, "friend of God", as Richard ...
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What did Jesus quote Psalm 22: “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?”

What is the correlation between these two scripture? Why Jesus felt forsaken if he knew what was going on? Why was it mentioned in Old Testament as well as New Testament(in two places)? My God, ...
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3answers
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Why did Ezekiel say that God gave laws to the people that were not good?

Ezekiel 20:23-25 23 I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; 24 Because they had not executed ...
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1answer
120 views

Is the Doctrine of Resurrection of the Dead expressed in Pentateuch? [closed]

What passages in the Pentateuch are commonly believed by Christians to teach the resurrection of the dead? Background for this question: After the Jewish people returned from Babylon most of them ...
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3answers
181 views

How Christians explain that Isaiah 7:14 refers to a virgin? [closed]

Fewer texts in the OT have been more important to the Christian church than Isaiah 7:14. To give a context let us go through a few ancient translations of Isaiah 7:14 in the Versions of the Old ...
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Why does transubstantiation refer only to communion?

Why does the doctrine of transubstantiation consider Jesus’ words regarding the bread and wine of communion to be literal while considering these other similes used by Jesus to be metaphorical? ...
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2answers
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Does the Bible suggest that there would be a literal apostasy of the early Christian church?

In 2 Thessalonians 2:3 and Acts 20:29 I interpret them to mean that there would be a literal apostasy of the early Christian church or is there another meaning to them that I am missing? 2 ...
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4answers
178 views

Why does 1 John say Christians are unable to sin?

The verse in question, 1 John 3:4 (HCSB) Everyone who commits sin also breaks the law; sin is the breaking of law. You know that He was revealed so that He might take away sins, and there is no ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is our righteousness as filthy rags? [closed]

I want to know why man's righteousness is as filthy rags, especially as it relates to the idea of works righteousness, or earning one's own salvation. Is it because humans are incapable of offering up ...
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7answers
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Why did Jesus physically throw out the money changers instead of winning the argument with reason?

(I was asked this question by an atheist recently.) When Jesus cleared the money changers from the Temple, he drove them out by overturning their tables and (in John) even using a whip. Why did he ...
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8answers
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Are there multiple levels to Heaven, for different levels of reward?

1 Corinthians 15:39-41 (KJV) 39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. 40 There are also ...
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What if Israel had accepted Jesus as their Lord?

Reading Romans 11:11-12 Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious. 12 But if ...
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What does being lukewarm mean in contrast with being hot or cold for the church of Laodicea?

From Rev. 3:14-22(ESV) 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your ...
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3answers
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Was the Scapegoat of Leviticus an allusion to Barabbas at the crucifixion?

There are several similarities between the selection of the Scapegoat, and the selection of Jesus as our sacrifice. Leviticus 16:7 KJV And he shall take the two goats, and present them before ...
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4answers
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What is the “Leviathan” mentioned in Job?

I'm trying to brush up on my apologetics skills, but this is one question I haven't found a clear answer to. I've seen a few explanations for this — a dinosaur, crocodile, whale etc., but none ...
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How should we dress when attending church? [closed]

What are some verses from the Bible which instructs us on our attire when attending church worship services and activies? Is "formal" dress good / bad / required / optional / recommended?
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What does Paul's “we will judge the world and the angels” mean?

1 Corinthians 6:1-4 1 When one of you has a dispute with another believer, how dare you file a lawsuit and ask a secular court to decide the matter instead of taking it to other believers! 2 ...
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Catholic response to Luke 11:27-28

I am a Christian who recently became very interested in the Catholic faith. I am curious how the Catholic community responds to these verses, which seem to bring to question the "blessedness" of ...
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How do Theistic Evolutionists reconcile that Eve was called the “…mother of all living?”

What is the Theistic Evolutionist's interpretation of these passages which seem to indicate that Eve was the first mother, and therefore the mother of all humanity? Genesis 3:20 ESV The man called ...
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What did Jesus mean when He said we must “eat His flesh and drink His blood”?

In John 6, Jesus states that unless we eat His flesh and drink His blood, we have no life in us: Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink ...
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What exegesis do Lutherans perform to explain the basis for their theology of “Two Kinds of Righteousness”?

For background on the "Two Kinds of Righteousness" theology, see: Concordia Journal April 2007 Volume 33, Number 2, pp. 116 ...
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217 views

What are the “heavenly realms”?

Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ. (Ephesians 1:3) Paul talks about God blessing us in ...
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What is the significance of Lamech's boast?

Lamech said to his wives,  “Adah and Zillah, listen to me;   wives of Lamech, hear my words.  I have killed a man for wounding me,   a young man for injuring me.  If Cain is avenged seven ...
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What does 'first estate' mean in Jude 1:6 (KJV)?

Jude 1:6 (emphasis mine): And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. ...
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Is Jesus lying in John 7? [closed]

In John 7, Jesus tells his brothers that he is not going up to the festival. Then he goes up in secret. Is this a lie? How is this reconciled? John 7:6-10 (NIV) 6 Therefore Jesus told them, ...
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What is the basic Protestant understanding of oneness in these Scriptures?

While it is quite evident Jesus is making reference to the Spiritual realm in the following Scriptures: John 17:20 through 24 NKJV "I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will ...
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Does 1st Corinthians chapter 15 say that we will have a permanent physical life?

All Scriptures ar quoted from the King James translation. In Chapter 15 of first Corinthians Paul talks about in the resurrection of Jesus, which was a resurrection of Jesus physical body. Other ...
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According to Catholic Tradition: Was the group he was addressing in the Book of Romans Gay? [closed]

In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due ...
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Is the tree of “knowledge of good and evil” the same as the “tree of life”?

Is there one off-limits tree in the Garden of Eden or two? Genesis speaks of the tree of knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:17) and then later talks of the tree of life (Genesis 3:22). Are they the ...
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2answers
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Does Song of Solomon encourage pre-marital sex? [closed]

Someone raised the following argument, claiming that the Bible, in the Song of Solomon, encourages pornography and premarital sex. He had me read some verses from the book, which I've listed below, ...
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What are the 'things offered to idols'?

What are the 'things offered to idols' written about in Acts 15:29 and the 'things polluted by idols' of Acts 15:20? How was this understood by the Apostles and their followers? On what laws in the ...
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What does it mean for Christ to have been slain before the creation of the world?

The book of Revelation describes Jesus as "slain before the foundations of the earth": All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast--all whose names have not been written in the book of ...
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How were the Nephilim still in existence after the flood? [duplicate]

The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the ...
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3answers
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Context for Paul and Solomon's usage of “heap burning coals on his head.”

Romans 12:20 - "On the contrary: "If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head." Proverbs 25:22 - ...
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Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? [closed]

Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? How do prominent theologians interpret Romans 1:24-25? For example, St. Thomas Aquinas treats the causality of homosexuality in his exegesis of Romans ...
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2answers
161 views

In Matthew 5:25 what does it mean to be in the way with our adversary?

Jesus Christ said the following words recorded in Matthew 5:25 "Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and ...
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1answer
163 views

Does 2 Peter 1:10 teach salvation can be gained through faith plus works? [closed]

Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you ( 2 Peter 1:10 NASB)
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Did only Jesus human body remain in the grave for the three days?

Jesus told the thief at Calvary : Luke 23:43 And Jesus said to him, "Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise." And yet he was not resurrected until after the Sabbath. So ...
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What does “…bring them here and kill them in front of me” in Luke 19:27 mean? [duplicate]

What does the verse mean? Is it a misconception that Jesus only taught peace, such as saying 'turn the other cheek'? But those mine enemies, who would not that I should reign over them, bring them ...
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How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?

According to orthodox trinitarian doctrine, the Father is God, Jesus is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Jesus is co-eqaul, eternally begotten, not made. With that in mind, how could Jesus have a ...
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Is virginity more meritorious than marriage, according to St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 7?

Is, according to St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 7, the state of virginity more meritorious than that of marriage? Catholics think it is, and some (all?) Protestants think it is not. Why? For example, the ...
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What is the basis for the idea that the Song of Solomon is about the relationship between God and the church?

I am familiar with the interpretation of Song of Solomon which suggests that it is love poetry written by (or at the behest of, or in honour of, or later attributed to) King Solomon and that it is ...
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What did Paul mean when he wrote 1 Corinthians 14:22 in the context of 1 Corinthians 14:23-25?

We see in 1 Corinthians 14:22 that tongues are a sign for unbelievers and prophesy is a sign for believers, yet in the latter verses it appears to indicate the opposite, that tongues are sign for ...