Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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What are the 'things offered to idols'?

What are the 'things offered to idols' written about in Acts 15:29 and the 'things polluted by idols' of Acts 15:20? How was this understood by the Apostles and their followers? On what laws in the ...
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1answer
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For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church has several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus. Are there any Eastern Orthodox equivalents to ...
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What defined a “clean” animal prior to the flood when mankind did not eat meat?

In Genesis 7, God tells Noah to take with him 7 pairs of clean animals in contrast to only one pair of all other animals. Additionally, 7 pairs of birds were to be taken as well. Take with you ...
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3answers
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Why did Ezekiel say that God gave laws to the people that were not good?

Ezekiel 20:23-25 23 I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; 24 Because they had not executed ...
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What scripture is James 4:5 referring to?

James 4:5 (ESV) Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? I don't know of an Old Testament passage ...
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What do immersionists believe it means to be buried with Christ through Baptism?

Romans 6:1-4 (NIV) What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase? By no means! We are those who have died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Or don’t ...
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1 Sam 16:14 Why did God sent a spirit that filled Saul with fear and depression [closed]

According to 1 Samuel 16 vs 14 Now the Spirit of the LORD had left Saul, and the LORD sent a tormenting spirit that filled him with depression and fear. What is the reason that the Lord sends ...
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Which came first, man or animal?

Genesis 1:24-27 states that humans were created after the other animals, and the first man and woman were created simultaneously. 1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature ...
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How do Roman Catholics interpret 1 Timothy 4:3

In it's context in the NRSVCE (including section title): False Asceticism 4 Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will renounce the faith by paying attention to deceitful ...
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When was “time” created in Genesis?

When was "time" created in Genesis? Was it on "day three", when day and night were created? Please present an overview of differing positions or at least the most common view. This is from a ...
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1answer
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Creation order of events: Was there unanimous consent among the Church Fathers?

Is there unanimous consent (as described here and here) among the Fathers of the Church who wrote on the interpretation of Genesis that the order of events of creation actually occurred in the order ...
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What is the “paradise” that Jesus references in Luke 23:43?

Luke 23:43 - Jesus answered him, "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." At first glance, I casually assumed "paradise" was referring to heaven, but if Jesus was dead for 3 ...
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Catholic chronology

Do Catholic geologists still take seriously (as literal chronology) Eccles 1:4 "the earth abideth forever" which Saint Thomas Aquinas cites inter alia in his discussion of God and eternity in Summa ...
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3answers
571 views

Mark 10:29-30 vs Matthew 19:28-29: when will we receive our reward?

Why is there a difference between Mark 10:29-30 and Matthew 19:28-29? Matthew 19:28-29 (NIV) Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on ...
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3answers
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Why did the soldiers go backward and fall down when Jesus said “I am he” in John 18:6?

I really don't get it. Why did the soldiers trying to arrest Jesus go backward and fall to the ground in John 18:6? Was it because they realized that he was the I AM? If so, then why did they arrest ...
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4answers
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How can one “buy” oil and “buy” gold, garments, and eye salve if these things can only attained by grace?

From the account of the 10 virgins in Matthew 25, and from the exhortation to the Laodicean Church in Revelation 3:14-22, What is meant by the instruction to "buy" oil, gold, garments and eye salve? ...
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Why is Jesus named the Prince of Peace instead of the King of Peace?

In Isaiah 9:6, the child to be born will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall ...
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What is the Biblical support for Hell as a singular concept?

One of the common tenets of Christian Universalism (as well as Annihilationism) is the non-existence of Hell as an eternal punishment for non-Christians, that everyone has been granted salvation ...
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Why are wives considered the “weaker partner”? (1 Peter 3:7)

In 1 Peter, we read: 1 Peter 3:7 (NIV) Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the ...
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0answers
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What did Jesus mean when he spoke of drinking new wine in his Father's kingdom? [closed]

I have been taught that the joy of heaven is far beyond what could be offered by sensory joys like eating and drinking. And, as a Catholic I believe that Jesus established the Sacrament of Holy ...
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How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we ...
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1answer
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Prior to the burning bush event - what was Moses's knowledge of God?

We know that he went to live with the Egyptians from a young age to the age of more or less 40. He then lived in Midean for another 40. It seems that there was no contact with other Israelites. Or was ...
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2answers
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How can Pharisees turn someone from God if His grace is irresistible?

How does Calvinism reconcile these words from Jesus along with its doctrine of irresistible grace (IG)? Matthew 23:13,15 ESV But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the ...
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What is being said in Proverbs 25:2

Proverbs 25:2 King James Version (KJV) 2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter. I came across this today on this site when I found the ...
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How do cessationists interpret James 5:13-18?

Is the practice of confession, prayer, and anointing oil for healing with the elders of the church meant to be an ongoing practice of the church, or was that something left to the apostolic age where ...
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What happened to the Book of the Law in the time of Josiah?

2 Kings 22 (NIV) 8 Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the secretary, “I have found the Book of the Law in the temple of the Lord.” He gave it to Shaphan, who read it. 11 When the ...
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5answers
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Did Jephthah sacrifice his daughter?

In Judges 11, Jephthah vows to give whatever comes out of the door of his house as a burnt offering. Judges 11:30-40 (ESV) [emphases mine] 30 And Jephthah made a vow to the LORD and said, ...
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3answers
684 views

How valid is the JEDP theory?

The JEDP theory basically states that the first five books of the bible (the Pentatauch) were not written by a single person, but rather by four different people. I'm trying to understand if this ...
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3answers
96 views

Why is the matter of women's authority determined by Eve's acts in her life?

1st Timothy 2:12-14 (NIV): I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was ...
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1answer
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Is the feast of 1 Corinthians 5:8 the same feast as 1 Cor 11? [duplicate]

Is the feast of 1 Corinthians 5:8 the same feast as 1 Cor 11? Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of ...
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286 views

Were any Biblical prophecies understood before they were fulfilled?

In a recent discussion on this site, someone told me that the nature of Biblical Prophecy is such that it cannot be understood prior to its fulfillment; that this is essentially the point of a ...
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2answers
279 views

How can we tell when Scripture is talking about one of the persons of the Trinity and when it's talking about all three?

I am very interested in learning more about the Trinity. I love God, and really want to understand Them better. ..I mean Him. This came to my mind earlier, and I laughed, but then caught myself, ...
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4answers
320 views

What does it mean to be “poor in spirit”?

I'm working through a study on "The Beatitudes" of Matthew 5 and would appreciate any insight into Christ's statement: Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. ESV ...
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Why did Paul say “I am pure from the blood of all men”?

In Acts 20 Paul is saying his farewell to the elders of Ephesus. He is bringing to their memory the manner, in which he had spent all that time with them - in humility (Acts 20:19). Then he says: " ...
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Who is the “Seed of the Serpent” spoken of in Genesis 3?

In Genesis 3, God curses the serpent Satan in the following words: The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you more than all cattle, and more than every beast ...
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What exactly did Jesus mean when He said “I am coming soon” and similar phrases?

From Jesus: Luke 17:37 (NLT)  37 “Where will this happen, Lord?” the disciples asked.    Jesus replied, “Just as the gathering of vultures shows there is a carcass ...
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In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards?

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? Much, in every way. For in the first place the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful? Will ...
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Who were the “giants” mentioned in the Bible?

I've come across several verses in the Bible that speak of "giants". For example: Gen 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the ...
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Who talked to Moses in Exodus 33:9?

Some translations say: It happened, when Moses entered into the Tent, that the pillar of cloud descended, stood at the door of the Tent, and spoke with Moses. - Exodus 33:9 World English Bible ...
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1 John Chapter 1 & 3 - Is there an apparent contradiction?

I have often wondered why the author of 1 John, in the beginning of his letter, seems to claim that even though people have accepted Christ they will continue to sin, but two chapters later he seems ...
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What is the Biblical basis against Melchizedek being the Holy Spirit?

A friend of mine is part of a church that teaches that Hebrews 7 indicates that Melchizedek is the Holy Spirit. What are the arguments against this view? For reference, here is Hebrews 7:15-21 (NIV): ...
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What is an overview of how Christian commentators have explained rulers to be a terror to bad conduct?

Paul writes in Romans 13: For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. (Romans 13:3a ESV) If we interpret it as referring to all rulers at all times this statement does not seem to ...
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7answers
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What did Jesus mean by 'take up your cross and follow me'?

What exactly did Jesus mean when He said, “Take up your cross and follow Me” (Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; Luke 9:23). Does it mean we should carry our burdens in life, or what?
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What did Jesus quote Psalm 22: “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?”

What is the correlation between these two scripture? Why Jesus felt forsaken if he knew what was going on? Why was it mentioned in Old Testament as well as New Testament(in two places)? My God, ...
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What does Paul mean by “Love believes all things?”

In 1 Corinthians Paul says Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (1 Corinthians 13:7, ESV) This has long puzzled me from a couple of angles. ...
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Why did Jesus say that “Mary has chosen the better part”?

Why did Jesus tell Martha, who was serving the Lord and making preparations, that Mary had "chosen what is better"? As Jesus and his disciples were on their way, he came to a village where a ...
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How does a lamb take a scroll and break its seals? (Revelation 5) [closed]

Revelation 5 describes a vision of a lamb with seven eyes and seven horns, appearing to stand as if slain. It takes the scroll, and then goes on in chapter 6 to start breaking the seals of the scroll. ...
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Is Levi from Luke 5:27 and Mark 2:14 referring to the apostle Matthew

Both Luke 5:27 and Mark 2:14 mention a tax collector named Levi: 27 After this, Jesus went out and saw a tax collector by the name of Levi sitting at his tax booth. "Follow me," Jesus said to ...
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1answer
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In Luke 5 Levi is called by Jesus. He seems to become a disciple almost straight away. Is that what is happening here

In Luke 5 we have the conversion of Levi. It appears that he became an apostle almost straight away. Is that what is happening here? Regards, Fred
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What is the specific meaning of “day” in Genesis 1?

In the Creation account in Genesis 1 (and 2), God's work of Creation is famously split into 7 "days". For example, the first "day" occurs in verse 5: Genesis 1:5 (NLT) God called the light "day" ...