Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13-20

The verses reads like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
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Why did Jesus physically throw out the money changers instead of winning the argument with reason?

(I was asked this question by an atheist recently.) When Jesus cleared the money changers from the Temple, he drove them out by overturning their tables and (in John) even using a whip. Why did he ...
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What scripture is James 4:5 referring to?

James 4:5 (ESV) Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? I don't know of an Old Testament passage ...
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What guidelines or rules should be used when interpreting the Bible? [closed]

It seems that a lot of misunderstanding of the Bible comes from scripture being taken out of context. What are some other rules or guidelines for taking a literal or first interpretation (like 'Jesus ...
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1 John Chapter 1 & 3 - Is there an apparent contradiction?

I have often wondered why the author of 1 John, in the beginning of his letter, seems to claim that even though people have accepted Christ they will continue to sin, but two chapters later he seems ...
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What is meant by “Get behind me Satan”?

Considering Matthew 16:23: Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men." Why did Jesus ...
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What does “gates of hell” mean in Matthew 16:18? [closed]

Matthew 16:18 (KJV): And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I take it "gates of hell" is a ...
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Is 1:Cor 7:26-40 not the 'Word of God'?

Paul makes it clear that the following section is not a command from God but his own opinion: Now concerning the betrothed, I have no command from the Lord, but I give my judgment as one who by ...
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What are the 'Scriptures' mentioned in 1 Corinthians 15?

What are the 'Scriptures' mentioned in 1 Corinthians 15: 3 - 4? . . . Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures. . . . He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures. If ...
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Why does transubstantiation refer only to communion?

Why does the doctrine of transubstantiation consider Jesus’ words regarding the bread and wine of communion to be literal while considering these other similes used by Jesus to be metaphorical? ...
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Why are wives considered the “weaker partner”? (1 Peter 3:7)

In 1 Peter, we read: 1 Peter 3:7 (NIV) Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the ...
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What is the message of Matthew 9:5?

Matthew 9:1-8 (NIV) 1 Jesus stepped into a boat, crossed over and came to his own town. 2 Some men brought to him a paralyzed man, lying on a mat. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the man, ...
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What did Jesus mean when he said ‘Go and sin no more’ if sinlessness is impossible?

I came across these two instances in the New Testament when Jesus told someone to "sin no more." John 13:15 Now the man who had been healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, as ...
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What is the significance of water from Jesus' side?

John 19:34 "one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water." I know this is supposed to be something great as in the next verse the apostle ...
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What does “in the image of God” mean? [closed]

Genesis 1:26: Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild ...
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What did Pilate mean by asking “What is truth?”

When Jesus is brought before Pilate, he asks him if he is a king. When Jesus admits that he is Pilate says “You are a king, then!” said Pilate. Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. In ...
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Are these Bible verses referencing UFOs?

Ezekiel 1:16: This was the appearance and structure of the wheels: They sparkled like topaz, and all four looked alike. Each appeared to be made like a wheel intersecting a wheel. Exodus 13:22: ...
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Does “Where ever there is more than one of you gathered in My name” apply to the Internet? [closed]

I mean I'd like to think so...and people communicate on this site about Christianity, but I was wondering if a virtual gathering counted as well. The verse I'm referring to is Matthew 18:20: 20 ...
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What does it mean to comment on scripture with scripture?

What does it mean to "comment on a verse with a verse" or "only scripture can explain scripture"? I see these kinds of comments popping up in comment threads that discuss the meaning of a verse. What ...
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What is the significance of the three distinct aspects of the temptation of Eve in the garden?

Genesis 3 indicates that there were three distinct aspects of the temptation of Eve: So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the ...
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Hebrew OT translation to Greek NT

Hebrews 10:5 (ESV) states Consequently, when Christ came into the world, he said, “Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired, but a body have you prepared for me; This is an ...
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Does the Bible make a distinction between Christian and secular love?

John makes this startling claim in his first epistle. 1 John 4:7-8 (NIV) 7  Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows ...
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What are the “seven spirits of God”?

In Revelation, we see God along with the "Seven Spirits before his throne". Revelations 1:4 (NIV) John, To the seven churches in the province of Asia: Grace and peace to you from him who ...
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Does Numbers 5:11-22 describe sanctioned abortion?

Numbers 5:11-22 NIV 11 Then the Lord said to Moses, 12 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘If a man’s wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him 13 so that another man has sexual ...
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Was Enoch sinless?

I find this wording interesting in Genesis 5:24 (NIV) (my emphasis) Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away. To me, this means God took Enoch to heaven. ...
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How could Jesus be surprised?

Matthew 8:5-10 (NLT)  5 When Jesus returned to Capernaum, a Roman officer came and pleaded with him, 6 “Lord, my young servant lies in bed, paralyzed and in terrible pain.”  7 Jesus ...
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Why 'Seventy times seven'?

Twice in the bible, God makes reference to "seventy times seven" (or "seventy-seven times"). Once in Genesis 4:24 (dealing with Cain's punishment for his murder of Abel), and the other in Matthew ...
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What is the interpretation of the bow in the cloud after the Flood?

After the Flood abates, God reassures Noah that it was a one time event: Genesis 9:13 (ESV) I have set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and the earth. The ...
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Are tongues a sign for believers or unbelievers? [closed]

1 Corinthians 14:22-25 confuses me. Verse 22 states: Tongues, then, are a sign, not for believers but for unbelievers; prophecy, however, is not for unbelievers but for believers. So, tongues is ...
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Why does Jesus speak of himself in the third person?

There are a number of places where Jesus refers to himself in the third person. The most common is when he uses the title 'Son of Man' (by my count, there are some 78 times Jesus uses that title in ...
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The Greatest Commandment - Loving God with all our 1) heart, 2) soul, and 3) strength

Jesus highlights Deuteronomy 6:5 as the greatest commandment in the law. This commandment highlights three aspects of loving God, specifically with our hearts, our souls, and our strengths. Love ...
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Who was Theophilus?

Acts 1:1 "In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach" Who was he? Is it also possible that, since Theophilus means, "friend of God", as Richard ...
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What is joy? How is it different from happiness (or is it)?

The bible talks all about joy. Romans 15:13 (NIV) May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in him, so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit. ...
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What does Paul mean by “Love believes all things?”

In 1 Corinthians Paul says Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (1 Corinthians 13:7, ESV) This has long puzzled me from a couple of angles. ...
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How many resurrections (raptures) will there be? [closed]

Revelations 20:4-6 NIV 4 I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony about Jesus ...
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What exactly did Jesus mean when He said “I am coming soon” and similar phrases?

From Jesus: Luke 17:37 (NLT)  37 “Where will this happen, Lord?” the disciples asked.    Jesus replied, “Just as the gathering of vultures shows there is a carcass ...
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What does the parable of the Fig Tree mean?

Luke 13:6-9 (NIV) 6 Then he told this parable: “A man had a fig tree growing in his vineyard, and he went to look for fruit on it but did not find any. 7 So he said to the man who took ...
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What is the basis for the idea that the Song of Solomon is about the relationship between God and the church?

I am familiar with the interpretation of Song of Solomon which suggests that it is love poetry written by (or at the behest of, or in honour of, or later attributed to) King Solomon and that it is ...
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What does being lukewarm mean in contrast with being hot or cold for the church of Laodicea?

From Rev. 3:14-22(ESV) 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your ...
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Did Thomas actually touch Jesus's side?

John 20:24-29 24Now Thomas (also known as Didymus[a]), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came. 25So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to ...
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Why did Jesus say that “Mary has chosen the better part”?

Why did Jesus tell Martha, who was serving the Lord and making preparations, that Mary had "chosen what is better"? As Jesus and his disciples were on their way, he came to a village where a ...
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How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?

According to orthodox trinitarian doctrine, the Father is God, Jesus is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Jesus is co-eqaul, eternally begotten, not made. With that in mind, how could Jesus have a ...
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Is Levi from Luke 5:27 and Mark 2:14 referring to the apostle Matthew

Both Luke 5:27 and Mark 2:14 mention a tax collector named Levi: 27 After this, Jesus went out and saw a tax collector by the name of Levi sitting at his tax booth. "Follow me," Jesus said to ...
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Does the Bible give any reason as to why its content is sometimes difficult to interpret?

As evidenced by this site, and the divisions between various Christian denominations, there seems to be a lot of different ways some passages in the bible can be interpreted. One example is ...
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What is so special about sitting at God's “right hand”?

This concept seems to show up in a few places: Psalms 110:1 (NIV) The LORD says to my lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” ...
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What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed?

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed? [see footnote regarding answers] I understand this to be one of those scriptures that is meant to challenge our understanding, ...
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Why did God describe the light as being good, but not the darkness?

In the account of creation in Genesis 1, it seems that God describes many of the things He creates as being "good". Verse 2 indicates that prior to there being light, there was "darkness over the ...
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Do Proverbs and Ecclesiastes have polar opposite views of wisdom?

I've noticed that Proverbs and Ecclesiastes have shockingly differing views of wisdom and knowledge: “Her [wisdom and understanding personified] ways are pleasant ways and all her paths are ...
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How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we ...
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Why did God relent on killing Moses when Zipporah circumcised their son?

In Exodus chapter 4 we are told that God sought to Kill Moses for not circumcising his son in accordance with the law given to Abraham in: Genesis 17:11 KJV And ye shall circumcise the flesh of ...