Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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What do the woman and the man child from Rev.12 symbolize, for diferent traditions?

In the book of Revelation, chapter 12, verses 1 to 6, we read a story about a Woman, a Dragon and a man child. And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the ...
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2answers
216 views

When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
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2answers
163 views

Why is Satan referred to as Beelzebub? [closed]

In one of the passages in the bible, Satan is referred to Beelzebub which means "lord of flies." But why flies? Why is this name so significant?
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3answers
971 views

How is the amazement of the Jews explained by those who believe that “Render Unto Caesar” affirmed the paying of taxes?

In Matthew 22:15–22, Luke 20:20–26, and Mark 12:13–17, the question "is it right to pay taxes to Caesar?" is perceived as a "trap" by both Jesus and the Pharisees who are putting the question forth. ...
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1answer
94 views

What did Jesus mean by seventy times seven? [duplicate]

We hear Jesus telling Peter at Matthew 18:22 :“I tell you, not seven times, but seventy times seven " when Peter asks for the maximum number of times he is expected to forgive his brother or sister. ...
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1answer
166 views

Are there any groups of Christians who believe that all loans made with their money should be made without the expectation of repayment?

In Luke 6:35, Jesus says that Christians are to: "lend, expecting nothing in return" Are there any denominations or groups in Christianity (past or present) which have taught and acted on the ...
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0answers
92 views

Did Jesus forbid debt collection? [closed]

In both Luke 6:34, And if you lend to those from whom you expect to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners to be repaid in full. and Luke 6:35, But love your ...
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1answer
149 views

What is the basis for arguing that the gospel has already been preached to “all nations”?

In Matthew 24:14 (cf. Mark 13:10), Jesus says: And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come. Many ...
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3answers
243 views

What is the basis for believing that the wrath of God is not an accommodation?

It is widely accepted that the Bible contains many accommodated descriptions of God; the finite human mind cannot comprehend the infinite God, so he has revealed himself to us in ways which we can ...
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1answer
85 views

What is the origin of the interpretation of the Song of Solomon as a picture for Christ and the Church?

For today's average Christian, it is commonplace to read Song of Solomon as a prophetic picture of Christ, as the Bridegroom, and the Church, as the Bride. But where did this view have its beginning? ...
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3answers
688 views

Why was God so specific about how to make the Tabernacle?

The Book of Exodus (ch 25–27) spends quite a bit of time describing how to build the Tabernacle, right down to the type of metal and wood to use for minor parts, all straight from the mouth of God. ...
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1answer
95 views

Why did the children of Israel run out of food in the wilderness, causing them to complain? [closed]

In the wilderness, the children of Israel on more than one occasion ran out of food and/or water to the point that they complained about it to Moses. They probably had no way to get food or water on ...
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2answers
76 views

From a Catholic perspective, why does Wisdom merely “infer” the things to come?

I'm confused about Wisdom 8:8: Or again, if one yearns for wide experience, she knows the things of old, and infers the things to come. She understands the turns of phrases and the solutions ...
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3answers
251 views

Why was the prodigal son spoken harshly of by his elder brother?

In the parable of the Prodigal Son, Jesus narrates : "Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living" (Lk ...
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2answers
151 views

Why did the Roman soldiers compete to possess Jesus' clothes? [closed]

John 19: 23-24 reads: "When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven ...
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2answers
128 views

Why did Simon Peter react so violently?

In John 18, when Jesus is in the Garden on Gethsemane, Judas approaches with a mob of Pharisees and soldiers, coming to arrest Him. 4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out ...
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1answer
65 views

Why did the unborn child become happy at the voice of Mary's greeting?

Luke 1:39-45 39 In those days Mary arose and went with haste into the hill country, to a town in Judah, 40 and she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And when Elizabeth ...
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1answer
233 views

Since YHWH and the Bible acknowledge other gods, does that mean that they literally exist?

Exodus 20:3 (NIV) reads, "You shall have no other gods before Me." According to the Tanakh (Old Testament), YHWH / Yahweh / (God) is an individual divine being, and the only God. Some sections of ...
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59 views

According to the Catholic Church, why did Jesus co-relate end of the world and passing of the generation of His time? [duplicate]

At Matthew 24:34 Jesus, while referring to the signs of the end of the world says: "Truly I tell you, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened." Does the ...
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1answer
111 views

What did Jesus mean by saying “the works of God might be displayed” in the man born blind?

John 9:1–3 As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. 2 And his disciples asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?” 3 Jesus answered, "It was not ...
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1answer
147 views

Does the Catholic Church consider the 40 year trek in the wilderness an allegory?

Much of the story about the Israelites 40 year wandering in the desert wilderness is as hard to believe as the flood in Noah's day and the allegorical creation account in Genesis. Does the Catholic ...
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1answer
38 views

How do dispensationalists understand the “antichrists” and “last hour” in 1 John 2:18?

It seems that a large contingent of Christians believe the antichrist will come soon or at some future time and set in motion the eschatological "end times." How, then, can dispensationalists ...
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164 views

Is Romans 1:26 a condemnation of homosexuals or the sin of lust? [closed]

God gave them up to dishonorable passions. Their women exchanged natural relations for unnatural and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one ...
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3answers
195 views

How do Trinitarians interpret John 3:35?

The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand. John 3:35 (ESV) The Father gave the Son the following: All authority (Matthew 28:18). Life in Himself (John 5:26). ...
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1answer
48 views

John 1:47-49 understanding Nathaniel [duplicate]

As Nathaniel approaches Jesus the Lord says "here comes a true Israelite in whom there is no duplicity." Nathaniel asks "how do you know me?" Jesus answers "I saw you under the fig tree." Nathaniel ...
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2answers
152 views

Mark 6:48 - Why was Jesus about to walk on water past the disciples?

Mark 6:47-49 The Message (MSG): Late at night, the boat was far out at sea; Jesus was still by himself on land. He could see his men struggling with the oars, the wind having come up against them. ...
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3answers
166 views

How can the “Son of Man” passages of Matthew 24 be interpreted as a fulfilled prophecy?

Matthew 24 contains a prophecy spoken by Jesus. In verse 34, He says, "Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place." (ESV) This verse is sometimes used ...
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25 views

Was it necessary for Jesus to be identified by a disciple of His? [duplicate]

Why did the Jewish leaders have to seek the help of Judas Iscariot in identifying Jesus for them ( Matt 26:49 ; Mark 14:45 ) . Is it that Jesus looked so similar to his disciples that it was ...
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3answers
158 views

How do Roman Catholics interpret Luke 4:13, regarding the devil leaving Jesus “until an opportune time”?

Luke 4:13 (NIV) reads: When the devil had finished all this tempting, he left him [Jesus] until an opportune time. What is the Catholic interpretation of the phrase "until an opportune time"? ...
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1answer
152 views

According to Roman Catholicism, in what way do wives need to submit to their husbands?

What is the Catholic teaching on the way a wife needs to obey her husband? In Ephesians 5:22, we read: Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands as you do to the Lord. (NIV) I'd like to ...
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1answer
313 views

How do evangelicals interpret 1 Corinthians 10:16?

Evangelical Christians do not believe in Transubstantiation. Instead, a view held by many is that the communion elements are mere symbols of Christ's body and blood (source). The cup of blessing ...
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1answer
195 views

Who was Darius the Mede?

And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old. [Daniel 5:31] I have read much about the possible identities of Darius the Mede; to me, the most convincing alias is ...
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2answers
113 views

What is the Catholic view of what it meant for Jesus to be “called” Immanuel?

Matthew 1:23 (NIV) says: “The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel (which means “God with us”). (Matthew 1:23, NIV) But, nowhere in the Gospels is Jesus ...
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450 views

How do “once saved, always saved” advocates explain the Parable of the Sower?

How do advocates of a strict perseverance of the saints doctrine explain the Parable of the Sower? That is, how does someone explain it who believes that once someone is saved they cannot lose that ...
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101 views

How do the Eastern Orthodox interpret this verse from Psalm 69:3?

O God, be attentive unto helping me; O Lord, make haste to help me. Let them be shamed and confounded that seek after my soul. Let them be turned back and brought to shame that desire evils ...
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68 views

How do the early church fathers expound upon the “exaltation of Christ” (Philippians 2:9-11) in light of the immutability of Jesus Christ?

Philippians 2:9-11 NIV 9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on ...
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1answer
59 views

In Luke 1:67, was Zechariah filled with the Holy Ghost as the Apostles were in the book of Acts? [closed]

In Luke 1:67, was Zechariah filled with the Holy Ghost as the Apostles were in the book of Acts? It is my understanding that the Holy Ghost was sent after the death of Christ.
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2answers
89 views

If Mark's gospel presents Jesus as servant, why does John say he's unworthy to loose his shoes? [closed]

If Mark is the gospel which presents Jesus as servant, why did John the Baptist say in verse 7 that he was mightier than he and that he (John) was unworthy to stoop down and untie his shoes?
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0answers
98 views

In the tradition of Jehovah's Witnesses, does Romans 6:23 mean that all people who are resurrected have their sins blotted out?

Since the Bible itself says there is to be a resurrection of the good and bad (Acts 24:15) how do Jehovah's Witnesses explain their position that death blots out the sins of all? If death blots out ...
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2answers
321 views

How do sola fide adherents explain The Parable of the Ten Virgins?

In Matthew 25:1-12 we read about ten young ladies (a bridal party) eagerly awaiting the arrival of the groom. Five of them run out of oil and have to go buy more, missing the groom's arrival and thus ...
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2answers
125 views

How do Roman Catholics reconcile the apocalyptic sayings of Jesus with his not having returned?

There are verses in the earlier Gospels that fairly explicitly say that Jesus will return: "I am," said Jesus. "And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and ...
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1answer
162 views

How does one “leave his wife” for the Kingdom of God?

What is an overview of doctrinal statements made by Christian theologians regarding Jesus' statements in Luke 18: Luke 18:29-30 ESV And he said to them, “Truly, I say to you, there is no one who ...
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3answers
217 views

In John 4:1-3, in whose name were Jesus' disciples' baptizing?

In regards to John 4:1-3, were Jesus' disciples in this passage baptizing with John's baptism? If not, and they were baptizing in the name of Jesus, did the people who receive this baptism have to be ...
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1answer
144 views

How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus “sending” the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

One of the issues behind the schism between East and West was the doctrine of the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit: does he proceed from the Father, or from the Father and Son? There doesn't ...
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93 views

What are the different views of Evangelical denominations about when Jesus became the High Priest?

In the Aaronic Priesthood, priests come and go but Jesus is a priest forever. 23-25 Earlier there were a lot of priests, for they died and had to be replaced. But Jesus’ priesthood is ...
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1answer
67 views

In Calvinism, is there any correlation with the elect and the “blessed” in the Beatitudes of Matthew 5?

(x-post from BH) I ask this as blessed can mean many things. Eternal life, financial wealth, health, having kids, having a job, being happy, etc. Blessings seem to be very broad, so I'd like to see ...
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1answer
61 views

How do Catholics explain that the fighting leaders of the Hebrews were old men?

In the books of Joshua and Judges the leaders of the Hebrews are old men like Joshua himself or Judah. In particular the following verse made me wonder something: Judges 1:3 (ESV): And Judah said ...
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1answer
70 views

How do those who believe or ascribe to Hypostatic Union interpret Philippians 2:7?

When we read in Philippians 2:4-7 4 Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. 5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, ...
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115 views

What evidence is there that the genealogies in the early part of Genesis refer to tribes instead of individuals?

One method of interpreting the genealogies in the early parts of Genesis is as not referring to actual individuals, but rather to tribes, nations, and groups of people represented by the names of ...
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1answer
78 views

Do Evangelical Christians interpret James 1:2 and Romans 5:3 to mean that we should enjoy our problems?

Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of many kinds, James 1:2 (NIV) We can rejoice, too, when we run into problems and trials, for we know that they ...