Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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In 1 Corinthians 8:5, what do the “many gods and many lords” refer to?

In 1 Corinthians 8:5–6, we read: 5 For although there may be so-called gods in heaven or on earth—as indeed there are many “gods” and many “lords”— 6 yet for us there is one God (ESV) I'm having ...
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40 views

According to Roman Catholicism, why did Jesus not name the rich man in the story of Lazarus and the rich man?

In the story of the rich man and the poor man (Luke 16:19–31), Jesus did not name the rich man. The name Lazarus that Jesus gave to the poor man is said to have originated from a Greek word meaning ...
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15 views

Is there a difference between children of God and sons of God? [migrated]

The Bible calls believers "children of God" and "sons of God." Is there a difference between the two? For instance, are the sons of God mature believers and children of God are all those who trust in ...
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38 views

Physical death and spiritual death [closed]

In John 6:58, Jesus says: "..This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your ancestors ate manna and died, but whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.” Here, Jesus seems to be connecting ...
8
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1answer
139 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my ...
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1answer
52 views

Why did David wish to send Uriah back home?

After David committed adultery with Bathsheba, David began to contact her husband, Uriah. 2 Samuel Chapter 11 Verse 6 [New Living Translation] 6 Then David sent word to Joab: “Send me Uriah ...
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14 views

What is the meaning of the phrase “men and brethren” in Acts? [migrated]

In several places in Acts, Peter, James, and Paul (and perhaps others) address groups of people by saying "men and brethren" – perhaps in the same way that we would use "ladies and gentlemen" or ...
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1answer
38 views

In the Non-Denomination Tradition is Christ Speaking only to the Jews or is he speaking to the whole Church? [closed]

A pastor (un-discipled) when trying to use Daniel to Explain the Rapture to his flock which unfortunately includes a good friend of mine. Explained to them that Christ would remove his Church and the ...
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52 views

Have commentators historically seen Exodus 21 as referring to miscarriage or premature birth?

Interpretation of Exodus 21:22 has often been a battlefield in the abortion debate. When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so that her children come out [other translations say "she ...
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0answers
10 views

Why does “in” mean in Job 2:2? [migrated]

The King James Version of Job 2:2 reads: And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and ...
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2answers
200 views

Does the Catholic Church still stand behind Deuteronomy 22:28-29?

I am very confused by this passage from Deuteronomy 22:28-29: If a man happens to meet a virgin who is not pledged to be married and rapes her and they are discovered, he shall pay her father ...
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2answers
81 views

Can man's free will override God's sovereign power? [closed]

Can man's free will overpower God's sovereign power? I spend a LOT of time studying scripture and I seem to frequently run into the idea (from Christian friends) that "God can't seem to do anything ...
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0answers
31 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of Soteriology in the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6?

Catholics interpret the Bread of Life Discourse in John chapter 6 in light of transubstantiation (= the miracle of bread changing into Jesus' literal flesh and wine changing into Jesus' literal blood ...
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1answer
92 views

How do Catholics explain 1 Corinthians 11:21 in light of Transubstantiation?

Catholicism interprets 1 Corinthians 11:17-34 in light of the dogma of transubstantiation ( = the miracle of bread changing into Jesus' real flesh and wine changing into Jesus' real blood performed by ...
4
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2answers
87 views

To “once saved always saved” advocates, what does it mean that church leaders “keep watch over our souls”?

Many evangelicals believe that people cannot lose their salvation due to disobedience. If that is so, why do we need people to "keep watch over our souls"? Hebrews 13:17 (ESV) Obey your leaders ...
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2answers
63 views

In Galatians 4:19, what is the meaning of “Christ formed in you”?

When Paul is speaking of Christ being in the Galatians, what is the true meaning of that phrase, "Christ formed in you"? Does it relate directly to salvation? In the context of the letter, he ...
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0answers
69 views

Apparent contradiction in Joshua [migrated]

Joshua 15:63 says: But the Jebusites who lived in Jerusalem the Judahites could not dispossess; so the Jebusites dwell in Jerusalem beside the Judahites to the present day. Similarly, Joshua ...
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3answers
80 views

Why did Jesus pretend?

Luke 24:28 "So they drew near to the village to which they were going. He acted as if he were going farther" After meeting the two disciples on the road to Emmaus, and after having "interpreted ...
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3answers
264 views

What explanations have been offered for the “messianic secret” passages?

In a number of places in the Gospel accounts, Jesus performs a miracle and then tells the healed person and others who witnessed it not to spread the word. For example, After healing a leper, ...
2
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2answers
40 views

In what way was Isaac's blessing on Jacob manifested?

In Genesis 27, when elderly Isaac thought he was blessing his son Esau, but he was actually blessing his son Jacob through the deceit of Jacob's mother, he said to Jacob: See, the smell of my son ...
7
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3answers
159 views

Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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6answers
801 views

Why was Jesus afraid/agonizing in the Garden of Gethsemane if the Spirit of God isn't one of fear but of power?

The scene of Jesus praying in the Garden of Gethsemane has confused me for a time. How could Jesus be overcome with fear or anguish or what-have-you when his Spirit is one of power and self-control, ...
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1answer
48 views

What is meant by the “fullness of the Gentiles” or the “times of the Gentiles”?

In Luke 21:24, Jesus speaks of future events, including the destruction of Jerusalem and His return, saying: “Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles ...
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1answer
53 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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3answers
117 views

Did Jesus have suicidal thoughts?

In Matthew 4:5-6 - The Temptation of Jesus - it is written: Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. "If you are the Son of God," he said, ...
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1answer
69 views

Who is the “advocate” in John 16? [duplicate]

As I was reading Bible of John I came by these verses: John 16:7-8: "But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but ...
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3answers
199 views

What is the meaning of “baptism by fire”?

We all know what water baptism and baptism by the Holy Spirit are. But what does John the Baptist mean by, "He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and FIRE" in Luke 3:16: John answered and said ...
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2answers
85 views

In the NPP, if Paul's “works of the law” are only circumcision and diet, how is Galatians 3:10 interpreted?

One of the implications of the New Perspective on Paul (NPP), as I understand it, is that Paul's teachings regarding the "works of the law" (in Galatians 2:16, for example) are meant to refer only to ...
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1answer
69 views

Explain the last sentence in Matthew 6:34

Matthew 6:25-34 gives Christ's admonition not to "give thought for your life" what to eat, drink or wear. He says to trust God to take care of us, as He does the birds and flowers. Verse 34 says, ...
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1answer
48 views

What does “bowels of mercies” mean?

Col 3:12 says "Put on ... bowels of mercies..." listing traits Christians should foster. How do mercies relate to one's intestines (bowels)? Bowels appear in other Scriptures as well, not talking ...
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1answer
51 views

1 Sam 16:14 Why did God sent a spirit that filled Saul with fear and depression [closed]

According to 1 Samuel 16 vs 14 Now the Spirit of the LORD had left Saul, and the LORD sent a tormenting spirit that filled him with depression and fear. What is the reason that the Lord sends ...
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0answers
109 views

What did Jesus mean when he spoke of drinking new wine in his Father's kingdom? [closed]

I have been taught that the joy of heaven is far beyond what could be offered by sensory joys like eating and drinking. And, as a Catholic I believe that Jesus established the Sacrament of Holy ...
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4answers
114 views

How can one “buy” oil and “buy” gold, garments, and eye salve if these things can only attained by grace?

From the account of the 10 virgins in Matthew 25, and from the exhortation to the Laodicean Church in Revelation 3:14-22, What is meant by the instruction to "buy" oil, gold, garments and eye salve? ...
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1answer
54 views

Prior to the burning bush event - what was Moses's knowledge of God?

We know that he went to live with the Egyptians from a young age to the age of more or less 40. He then lived in Midean for another 40. It seems that there was no contact with other Israelites. Or was ...
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2answers
201 views

If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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3answers
96 views

Why is the matter of women's authority determined by Eve's acts in her life?

1st Timothy 2:12-14 (NIV): I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was ...
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1answer
93 views

What is the Biblical basis against Melchizedek being the Holy Spirit?

A friend of mine is part of a church that teaches that Hebrews 7 indicates that Melchizedek is the Holy Spirit. What are the arguments against this view? For reference, here is Hebrews 7:15-21 (NIV): ...
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2answers
68 views

How does a lamb take a scroll and break its seals? (Revelation 5) [closed]

Revelation 5 describes a vision of a lamb with seven eyes and seven horns, appearing to stand as if slain. It takes the scroll, and then goes on in chapter 6 to start breaking the seals of the scroll. ...
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3answers
91 views

In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards?

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? Much, in every way. For in the first place the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful? Will ...
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1answer
54 views

In Luke 5 Levi is called by Jesus. He seems to become a disciple almost straight away. Is that what is happening here

In Luke 5 we have the conversion of Levi. It appears that he became an apostle almost straight away. Is that what is happening here? Regards, Fred
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1answer
102 views

Did the Jews think it was immoral to have leprosy?

He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.” Immediately the leprosy left him. He commanded him to tell no one, “But go your way, and show yourself to the ...
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0answers
87 views

Can Hebrews Chapter 4 use of “Today” Be Used to Refute mistranslation of Luke 23:43 in the New World Translation of the Bible?

See the "today" doctrine presented in Hebrews: Hebrews 4: 6 Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of ...
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2answers
149 views

Why Does Matthew not give Jesus Christ's genealogy from Adam?

In Matthew 1:1, it says that Jesus is the son of David and the son of Abraham. Why does he not start from Adam and Eve?
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3answers
101 views

What is the difference between “love one another” and “love your neighbour”?

How have “love one another” and “love your neighbour” been traditionally compared or harmonized? The former occurs in the Gospel and Epistles of John, which never say “love your neighbour”. The ...
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2answers
130 views

Who does Paul consider to be “Saints” in Romans 1:7?

I am not a Roman Catholic. In my understanding of Roman Catholicism, the term "saints" is not applied to all believers. It's applied to a subset of believers who have performed some miracle or great ...
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1answer
81 views

Interpretation of Exodus 21 [closed]

When I read the Bible for the first time, about Exodus 21:22-25 ESV I thought the charges are about the pregnant woman and I absolutely didn't know that life for life refers to the born child since ...
7
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1answer
158 views

If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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3answers
127 views

What does it meant that Jesus “breathed on them”?

I always tried to visualize the moment when, after Resurrection, Jesus gave Holy Spirit to Apostles: So Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you." And ...
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3answers
137 views

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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247 views

Why would God permit divorce because of Israel's “hardness of heart”?

When questioned about divorce, Jesus refers to the Mosaic law and explains why God allowed divorce certificates in the first place. Mark 10:2-9 ESV And Pharisees came up and in order to test him ...