Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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Is there a hidden theological meaning in the sentence "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.”?

In the English Standard Version of the Bible in Luke 23, 34 it is written that Jesus said upon his crucifixion: “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.” From the Wikipedia article on ...
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56 views

How does a lamb take a scroll and break its seals? (Revelation 5) [on hold]

Revelation 5 describes a vision of a lamb with seven eyes and seven horns, appearing to stand as if slain. It takes the scroll, and then goes on in chapter 6 to start breaking the seals of the scroll. ...
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44 views

In Romans 3:1-8, what is God being faithful towards?

Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? Much, in every way. For in the first place the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful? Will ...
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38 views

In Luke 5 Levi is called by Jesus. He seems to become a disciple almost straight away. Is that what is happening here

In Luke 5 we have the conversion of Levi. It appears that he became an apostle almost straight away. Is that what is happening here? Regards, Fred
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54 views

Did the Jews think it was immoral to have leprosy?

He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.” Immediately the leprosy left him. He commanded him to tell no one, “But go your way, and show yourself to the ...
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Can Hebrews Chapter 4 use of “Today” Be Used to Refute mistranslation of Luke 23:43 in the New World Translation of the Bible?

See the "today" doctrine presented in Hebrews: Hebrews 4: 6 Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly received the good news failed to enter because of ...
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115 views

Why Does Matthew not give Jesus Christ's genealogy from Adam?

In Matthew 1:1, it says that Jesus is the son of David and the son of Abraham. Why does he not start from Adam and Eve?
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12 views

Was Caleb a foreigner (Non-Isralite)? [migrated]

Was Caleb a foreigner, even though he represented the tribe of Judah (Numbers 13:6) and was one of the first judges of Israel(Judges 1)? In Numbers 32:12 and Joshua 14:14 we read that Caleb is the ...
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98 views

Who does Paul consider to be “Saints” in Romans 1:7?

I am not a Roman Catholic. In my understanding of Roman Catholicism, the term "saints" is not applied to all believers. It's applied to a subset of believers who have performed some miracle or great ...
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1answer
72 views

Interpretation of Exodus 21 [closed]

When I read the Bible for the first time, about Exodus 21:22-25 ESV I thought the charges are about the pregnant woman and I absolutely didn't know that life for life refers to the born child since ...
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127 views

If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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106 views

What does it meant that Jesus “breathed on them”?

I always tried to visualize the moment when, after Resurrection, Jesus gave Holy Spirit to Apostles: So Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you." And ...
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116 views

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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188 views

Why would God permit divorce because of Israel's “hardness of heart”?

When questioned about divorce, Jesus refers to the Mosaic law and explains why God allowed divorce certificates in the first place. Mark 10:2-9 ESV And Pharisees came up and in order to test him ...
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67 views

Is there a theological lesson (modern or traditional) in who carved the tablets for each set of the Ten Commandments?

With regard to the actual stone tablets of the Ten Commandments (not the writing on them), in the first case it clearly describes the tablets of being made by Yahweh, whereas in the second case they ...
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2answers
97 views

What were the disciples afraid of?

In Mark 10:32 it says 32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the ...
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241 views

Why did the soldiers go backward and fall down when Jesus said “I am he” in John 18:6?

I really don't get it. Why did the soldiers trying to arrest Jesus go backward and fall to the ground in John 18:6? Was it because they realized that he was the I AM? If so, then why did they arrest ...
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Is all the land in the universe called Earth?

The other day, me and my friends were discussing about End times pertaining to Mat 24, and came across this verse "My words are always true and always here with you. Heaven and earth will pass ...
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52 views

What are the foundational texts on biblical interpretation? [closed]

I've recently become interested in learning more about the process through which Christian scholars interpret the Bible. Recognizing that the question about biblical intrepretation and its limits ...
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110 views

New Perspective on Paul? [duplicate]

What is the New Perspective on Paul? It's promoted by numerous New Testament scholars such as N.T Wright, James D. G. Dunn and E.P Sanders. I have read a lot of their articles and books on it. I ...
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1answer
126 views

Denominations that interpret Matthew 5:32 & 19:9 as NOT permitting divorce in the case of adultery?

Which denominations interpret these verses as not permitting divorce in the case of adultery, for those in a valid marriage? St. Matthew 5:32But I say to you, whosoever shall dismiss his wife, ...
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How could Christ offer His blood to those under the Law, when He was forbidden by heritage?

Christ being from the tribe of Judah, could not offer blood as a Levitical priest to those under the Law (Hebrews 7:14) Christ is the Melchizedekian high priest offering His blood for those who are ...
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Catholic chronology

Do Catholic geologists still take seriously (as literal chronology) Eccles 1:4 "the earth abideth forever" which Saint Thomas Aquinas cites inter alia in his discussion of God and eternity in Summa ...
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58 views

Are there any authors that who believe Eph. 4:11 is not describing titles but general characteristics of how God created the church to work together?

Ephesians 4:11ff reads: And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to ...
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251 views

How do Protestants interpret Malachi 1:11 and Isaiah 66:20-21?

For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My name shall be great among the Gentiles; And in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: ...
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When Pilate offered up Jesus or Barabbas for release, was this to the crowd for their justice or for pardon?

I have limited understanding of this was a tradition each year where Pilate would release a prisoner during the Jewish Passover but did this release mean a pardon? This was posed in my Sunday ...
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3answers
119 views

What should the man of God in 1 Kings 13 have done when faced with the old prophet's lie? [closed]

One of the stories in the Bible that has bothered me and many other Christians out there is the story of the old prophet and the man of God in 1 Kings 13. 1 Kings 13:16-19 (NKJV) 16 And he ...
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What is an overview of how Christian commentators have explained rulers to be a terror to bad conduct?

Paul writes in Romans 13: For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. (Romans 13:3a ESV) If we interpret it as referring to all rulers at all times this statement does not seem to ...
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1answer
68 views

How does Mark's Gospel mark the final hours in the life of Jesus

Mark's Gospel makes frequent use of chiastic and parallel structures, and there appears to be an important structure in chapters 14 and 15, marking off time intervals in the 24 hours from the Last ...
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51 views

How is Acts 7:48 reconciled with omnipresence doctrines?

Some verses seem to indicate that God is indeed not omnipresent such as Acts 7:48, "The Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands". How is this specific verse reconciled with the doctrine that ...
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1answer
108 views

How do non-Reformed Theologians interpret Romans 9:11-23?

Romans 9:11-23 is often used by Reformed Theologians to support the idea that God created part of the human race for salvation and the other part for damnation. How do those who are not Reformed ...
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183 views

How Christians explain that Isaiah 7:14 refers to a virgin? [closed]

Fewer texts in the OT have been more important to the Christian church than Isaiah 7:14. To give a context let us go through a few ancient translations of Isaiah 7:14 in the Versions of the Old ...
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1answer
121 views

Is the Doctrine of Resurrection of the Dead expressed in Pentateuch? [closed]

What passages in the Pentateuch are commonly believed by Christians to teach the resurrection of the dead? Background for this question: After the Jewish people returned from Babylon most of them ...
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151 views

If we are the bride, who are the invited?

Assuming that the Bride in the book of Revelation is talking about the church, then who are the invited in this verse? Then the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to ...
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1answer
54 views

Why is our righteousness as filthy rags? [closed]

I want to know why man's righteousness is as filthy rags, especially as it relates to the idea of works righteousness, or earning one's own salvation. Is it because humans are incapable of offering up ...
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4answers
182 views

Why does 1 John say Christians are unable to sin?

The verse in question, 1 John 3:4 (HCSB) Everyone who commits sin also breaks the law; sin is the breaking of law. You know that He was revealed so that He might take away sins, and there is no ...
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1answer
162 views

Catholic response to Luke 11:27-28

I am a Christian who recently became very interested in the Catholic faith. I am curious how the Catholic community responds to these verses, which seem to bring to question the "blessedness" of ...
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What exegesis do Lutherans perform to explain the basis for their theology of “Two Kinds of Righteousness”?

For background on the "Two Kinds of Righteousness" theology, see: Concordia Journal April 2007 Volume 33, Number 2, pp. 116 ...
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223 views

What are the “heavenly realms”?

Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ. (Ephesians 1:3) Paul talks about God blessing us in ...
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290 views

What is the bottomless pit?

In chapter 9 of the revelation we learn that: Revelation 9:1 and 2 NKJV Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless ...
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4answers
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What is the basic Protestant understanding of oneness in these Scriptures?

While it is quite evident Jesus is making reference to the Spiritual realm in the following Scriptures: John 17:20 through 24 NKJV "I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will ...
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According to Catholic Tradition: Was the group he was addressing in the Book of Romans Gay? [closed]

In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due ...
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468 views

Does Song of Solomon encourage pre-marital sex? [closed]

Someone raised the following argument, claiming that the Bible, in the Song of Solomon, encourages pornography and premarital sex. He had me read some verses from the book, which I've listed below, ...
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1answer
130 views

How were the Nephilim still in existence after the flood? [duplicate]

The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the ...
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150 views

Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? [closed]

Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? How do prominent theologians interpret Romans 1:24-25? For example, St. Thomas Aquinas treats the causality of homosexuality in his exegesis of Romans ...
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103 views

How do cessationists interpret James 5:13-18?

The Prayer of Faith Is anyone among you suffering? Let him pray. Is anyone cheerful? Let him sing praise. Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them ...
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334 views

Why were so many women in Scriptures barren? [closed]

Why were so many women in Scriptures barren? What is the significance of their being barren?
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152 views

What if Israel had accepted Jesus as their Lord?

Reading Romans 11:11-12 Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious. 12 But if ...
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135 views

“Kingdom Of God is at Hand” - Which Kingdom was Jesus and John the Baptist talking about? [closed]

The Bible clearly says that Jesus preached that the Kingdom of Heaven was at hand. Matthew 4:17: From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. ...
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127 views

What does James mean when he says that Judging a Brother Equals Judging the Law?

James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art ...