Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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What is the immediate functional impact of Yahweh no longer being in Israel's midst? [on hold]

How would have Israel, and the author if this passage understood the practical/literal impact of Yahweh no longer being in their midst? Ex. 33:1-3 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Depart, go up from ...
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Why would God permit divorce because of Israel's “hardness of heart”?

When questioned about divorce, Jesus refers to the Mosaic law and explains why God allowed divorce certificates in the first place. Mark 10:2-9 ESV And Pharisees came up and in order to test him ...
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Is there a theological lesson (modern or traditional) in who carved the tablets for each set of the Ten Commandments?

With regard to the actual stone tablets of the Ten Commandments (not the writing on them), in the first case it clearly describes the tablets of being made by Yahweh, whereas in the second case they ...
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Is there a consensus on understanding the meaning of “thick darkness” that can be “felt”? [on hold]

 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even a darkness bwhich may be felt.” So Moses stretched out his hand toward ...
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Is the intent of 2 Kings 23:25 intended to be taken literally? [migrated]

With regards to this statement about Josiah: Before him there was no king alike him who turned to the LORD with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the law ...
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What were the disciples afraid of?

In Mark 10:32 it says 32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the ...
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Why did the soldiers go backward and fall down when Jesus said “I am he” in John 18:6?

I really don't get it. Why did the soldiers trying to arrest Jesus go backward and fall to the ground in John 18:6? Was it because they realized that he was the I AM? If so, then why did they arrest ...
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Is all the land in the universe called Earth?

The other day, me and my friends were discussing about End times pertaining to Mat 24, and came across this verse "My words are always true and always here with you. Heaven and earth will pass ...
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What are the foundational texts on biblical interpretation? [closed]

I've recently become interested in learning more about the process through which Christian scholars interpret the Bible. Recognizing that the question about biblical intrepretation and its limits ...
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110 views

New Perspective on Paul? [duplicate]

What is the New Perspective on Paul? It's promoted by numerous New Testament scholars such as N.T Wright, James D. G. Dunn and E.P Sanders. I have read a lot of their articles and books on it. I ...
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Denominations that interpret Matthew 5:32 & 19:9 as NOT permitting divorce in the case of adultery?

Which denominations interpret these verses as not permitting divorce in the case of adultery, for those in a valid marriage? St. Matthew 5:32But I say to you, whosoever shall dismiss his wife, ...
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How could Christ offer His blood to those under the Law, when He was forbidden by heritage?

Christ being from the tribe of Judah, could not offer blood as a Levitical priest to those under the Law (Hebrews 7:14) Christ is the Melchizedekian high priest offering His blood for those who are ...
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Catholic chronology

Do Catholic geologists still take seriously (as literal chronology) Eccles 1:4 "the earth abideth forever" which Saint Thomas Aquinas cites inter alia in his discussion of God and eternity in Summa ...
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Are there any authors that who believe Eph. 4:11 is not describing titles but general characteristics of how God created the church to work together?

Ephesians 4:11ff reads: And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to ...
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220 views

How do Protestants interpret Malachi 1:11 and Isaiah 66:20-21?

For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My name shall be great among the Gentiles; And in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: ...
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When Pilate offered up Jesus or Barabbas for release, was this to the crowd for their justice or for pardon?

I have limited understanding of this was a tradition each year where Pilate would release a prisoner during the Jewish Passover but did this release mean a pardon? This was posed in my Sunday ...
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What should the man of God in 1 Kings 13 have done when faced with the old prophet's lie? [closed]

One of the stories in the Bible that has bothered me and many other Christians out there is the story of the old prophet and the man of God in 1 Kings 13. 1 Kings 13:16-19 (NKJV) 16 And he ...
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What is an overview of how Christian commentators have explained rulers to be a terror to bad conduct?

Paul writes in Romans 13: For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. (Romans 13:3a ESV) If we interpret it as referring to all rulers at all times this statement does not seem to ...
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57 views

How does Mark's Gospel mark the final hours in the life of Jesus

Mark's Gospel makes frequent use of chiastic and parallel structures, and there appears to be an important structure in chapters 14 and 15, marking off time intervals in the 24 hours from the Last ...
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51 views

How is Acts 7:48 reconciled with omnipresence doctrines?

Some verses seem to indicate that God is indeed not omnipresent such as Acts 7:48, "The Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands". How is this specific verse reconciled with the doctrine that ...
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How do non-Reformed Theologians interpret Romans 9:11-23?

Romans 9:11-23 is often used by Reformed Theologians to support the idea that God created part of the human race for salvation and the other part for damnation. How do those who are not Reformed ...
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152 views

How Christians explain that Isaiah 7:14 refers to a virgin? [closed]

Fewer texts in the OT have been more important to the Christian church than Isaiah 7:14. To give a context let us go through a few ancient translations of Isaiah 7:14 in the Versions of the Old ...
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Is the Doctrine of Resurrection of the Dead expressed in Pentateuch? [closed]

What passages in the Pentateuch are commonly believed by Christians to teach the resurrection of the dead? Background for this question: After the Jewish people returned from Babylon most of them ...
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If we are the bride, who are the invited?

Assuming that the Bride in the book of Revelation is talking about the church, then who are the invited in this verse? Then the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to ...
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Why is our righteousness as filthy rags? [closed]

I want to know why man's righteousness is as filthy rags, especially as it relates to the idea of works righteousness, or earning one's own salvation. Is it because humans are incapable of offering up ...
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151 views

Why does 1 John say Christians are unable to sin?

The verse in question, 1 John 3:4 (HCSB) Everyone who commits sin also breaks the law; sin is the breaking of law. You know that He was revealed so that He might take away sins, and there is no ...
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Catholic response to Luke 11:27-28

I am a Christian who recently became very interested in the Catholic faith. I am curious how the Catholic community responds to these verses, which seem to bring to question the "blessedness" of ...
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What exegesis do Lutherans perform to explain the basis for their theology of “Two Kinds of Righteousness”?

For background on the "Two Kinds of Righteousness" theology, see: Concordia Journal April 2007 Volume 33, Number 2, pp. 116 ...
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What are the “heavenly realms”?

Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ. (Ephesians 1:3) Paul talks about God blessing us in ...
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What is the bottomless pit?

In chapter 9 of the revelation we learn that: Revelation 9:1 and 2 NKJV Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless ...
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What is the basic Protestant understanding of oneness in these Scriptures?

While it is quite evident Jesus is making reference to the Spiritual realm in the following Scriptures: John 17:20 through 24 NKJV "I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will ...
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According to Catholic Tradition: Was the group he was addressing in the Book of Romans Gay? [closed]

In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due ...
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Does Song of Solomon encourage pre-marital sex? [closed]

Someone raised the following argument, claiming that the Bible, in the Song of Solomon, encourages pornography and premarital sex. He had me read some verses from the book, which I've listed below, ...
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How were the Nephilim still in existence after the flood? [duplicate]

The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the ...
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Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? [closed]

Is idolatry the main cause of homosexuality? How do prominent theologians interpret Romans 1:24-25? For example, St. Thomas Aquinas treats the causality of homosexuality in his exegesis of Romans ...
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How do cessationists interpret James 5:13-18?

The Prayer of Faith Is anyone among you suffering? Let him pray. Is anyone cheerful? Let him sing praise. Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them ...
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224 views

Why were so many women in Scriptures barren? [closed]

Why were so many women in Scriptures barren? What is the significance of their being barren?
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What if Israel had accepted Jesus as their Lord?

Reading Romans 11:11-12 Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious. 12 But if ...
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“Kingdom Of God is at Hand” - Which Kingdom was Jesus and John the Baptist talking about? [closed]

The Bible clearly says that Jesus preached that the Kingdom of Heaven was at hand. Matthew 4:17: From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. ...
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90 views

What does James mean when he says that Judging a Brother Equals Judging the Law?

James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art ...
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Did God have sex with Sarah? [closed]

I'm confused after reading this passage from Genesis 21 about the Birth of Isaac: The Lord visited Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did to Sarah as he had promised. And Sarah conceived and bore ...
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Where was God prior to creating the ***Heavens*** and the Earth? [closed]

Genesis chapter 1:1 says: Genesis 1:1 NKJV In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. That verse has always been an enigma to me. It clearly states that God created more than one ...
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Is there a logical flow in 2 Timothy 2:4-7?

No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier. And if a man also strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned, ...
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What gift of God did Timothy have?

Paul refers to the gift of spirit that Timothy had in both I and II Timothy. KJV 2 Timothy 1:6 Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the ...
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How is Abraham able to speak to the rich man across the chasm of hell in Jesus' story in Luke 16?

How is Abraham able to speak to the rich man in hell if there is a chasm between them? And Abraham is speaking with Lazarus who is in hell? How is this possible since we have a great chasm between ...
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190 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of John 19:26-27?

What is the Catholic interpretation of John 19:26-27? John 19:26-27 (RSVCE) 26 When Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing near, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your ...
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221 views

What does it mean that God is the saviour of all people, especially those who believe? [closed]

So this verse puzzles me: 1 Timothy 4:10, ESV: For to this end we toil and strive, because we have our hope set on the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of those who believe. ...
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What does “give that which is holy to dogs” mean?

What does this mean? You must not give that which is holy to dogs. Do not cast your pearls before swine, or the swine may trample them under foot, and then turn on you and tear you to pieces. ...
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Why would people make themselves eunuchs “for the Kingdom of heavens sake”?

The text I'm drawing from is Matthew 19:1-12. Here is my main text: "But he said unto them, All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given. 12 For there are some eunuchs, ...