Exegesis is the critical interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance.

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How do proponents of the dual nature of man address Hebrews 4:12, “dividing soul and spirit”?

Those holding to a tripartite nature of man, or trichotomism, sometimes point to Hebrews 4:12 as evidence for their view that soul and spirit are distinct in man: For the word of God is alive and ...
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3answers
64 views

Blood of the New Covenant offered to whom?

In Luke 22:20 Jesus says that the blood of the new covenant is poured out for "you". Is the word "you" only referring to the apostles only? Or is it meant to represent all of humanity.
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35 views

Shall women teach at bible schools? [closed]

After a wonderful year at a bible school in Norway, I'm left with some questions. One which I find challenging is, how does one create doxology out of the verses in the bible regarding women in ...
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1answer
46 views

From what did Matthew and Luke compose their nativity accounts? [on hold]

They clearly weren't there nor the disciples (maybe Jesus told them the story, though) and Mary and Joseph might not have known all the details. Some theories just say that they fabricated it with no ...
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42 views

Peter's Authority [closed]

Since Peter was one of the greatest authority to Jesus, why did Peter chose these words: Acts 2:22 Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by ...
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1answer
84 views

Why is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit, but not the Father or Son, not forgiven? [closed]

Matthew 12:31–32 (RSV) 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. 32 And whoever says a word against the Son ...
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2answers
49 views

Why was a sign being sought?

In Luke 11:29 we have Jesus saying: "...no sign will be given to [this generation] except the sign of Jonah." Yet Jesus had just cast out a demon. Did He say this because the people in His midst ...
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2answers
87 views

Should Christians defend their faith? [closed]

In 1 Peter 3:15, it is taught to always be ready to defend the Christian faith when challenged. But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks ...
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37 views

Why God lied to Adam? [duplicate]

Genesis 3:3 God did say, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree or you will die.'" Why didn't God say 'it's a fruit of knowledge .. If you eat it you will be like me..? " The serpent in fact ...
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24 views

For what reason was the Messiah writing in the dust? [duplicate]

Anything so strange as the story that is given in John 8 should have a foundation in the Bible. If that is so, then how may one go about finding out what was written in the dust, as well as what it ...
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2answers
104 views

What do day-age theorists do with “very good” in Genesis 1:31?

I would like to know what day-age theorists do with what God says at the end of creation - that everything was "very good" (Genesis 1:31)? That is to say, if you look at the fossil record, you see ...
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1answer
212 views

Who told Eve about the fruit?

How could Eve know not to eat from the fruit when there are no lines of verse showing she was ever told? It said "God told the man..." Eve wasn't made until later. I've checked several versions. Is ...
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66 views

What was the explicit purpose of Jesus' question to James and John?

At Matthew 20:20-23, we read about the request of the mother of James and John thus: Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, and kneeling before him, she asked a favor ...
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2answers
139 views

How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement theory handle Isaiah 53?

How do opponents of the penal substitution theory of atonement handle Isaiah 53? This seems to describe penal substitution quite well: 4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, ...
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1answer
86 views

How far was Peter from Jesus when he denied him?

In The Gospel of Luke it says: Luke 22: 61- and the Lord turned and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me ...
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2answers
48 views

1 Kings 18 Obadiah and Elijah

I am writing a short story based on 1 Kings 18, and I was wondering if the servant mention in verses 43 and onwards is Obadiah or not. In verse 9, Obadiah refers to himself as Elijah's servant. 9 ...
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1answer
319 views

Who first described Pentecost as a reversal of Babel?

In Spiritual Maturity, J. Oswald Sanders describes Pentecost as a reversal of Babel. An online search shows this to be a link made by others, and in a related thesis on the topic, Paul J. Pastor goes ...
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3answers
762 views

If jealousy is sin, how can God be jealous?

Exodus 20:4–5 reads: for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me But jealousy is sin,...
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3answers
651 views

What did Christ mean in Matthew 10:34? [closed]

In Matthew 10.34 Christ says, (KJV) Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. To me this requires some explanation, even after many years of thought....
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1answer
32 views

According to Catholics, what is the law placed within the Israelite in the New Covenant?

In Jer. 31:31-34, it is written, 31 “Behold, the days are coming,” said Yahveh, “that I shall cut a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant that I ...
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1answer
87 views

How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles?

How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles? With scriptures listed below it appears that though John, Andrew, and Peter were the first to ...
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3answers
78 views

What does “the old is better” mean in Luke 5:36–39? [closed]

36 "No one tears a piece out of a new garment to patch an old one... 37 No one puts New wine in old wineskins ... 39 no one wants the new ... THE OLD IS BETTER." (NIV) What is this referring to? ...
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2answers
335 views

Why did Paul Thank God he didn't baptize some individuals?

In his first letter to Corinth, Paul notes that he is thankful he did not have to baptize some individuals. 14: I thank God that I did not baptize any of you except Crispus and Gaius 15: so ...
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89 views

According to Unitarians, to whom does the word הָאָדוֹן refer in Mal. 3:1?

Regarding the word אֲדֹנִי (adoni) in Psa. 110:1 (actually prefixed with -ל, i.e. לַאדֹנִי), translated as "my lord," a self-professed Unitarian website states,1 Trinitarian commentators ...
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93 views

What is the case that 1 Corinthians 15:7 refers to James the Just, relative of Jesus, rather than James, one of the Twelve?

The following verses refer to "James," and most commentators identify him as the same James who is referred to as the "brother" of Jesus (though the exact meaning of that word is unclear). How do we ...
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1answer
77 views

Who is the king described in 2 Kings 8:1–6?

2 Kings 8:1–6 (ESV) 1 Now Elisha had said to the woman whose son he had restored to life, “Arise, and depart with your household, and sojourn wherever you can, for the Lord has called for a famine, ...
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2answers
57 views

Deuteronomy, chapter 13 [closed]

Deut 13 mentions a prophet (or 'sons of belial'- v.13) coming along and seducing about God/religion things (let us follow other gods / gods you have not known). It mentions that even if the thing he ...
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1answer
73 views

Does Revelation 21 teach that the entire universe will be made new? [closed]

Does Revelation 21:1a, "a New Heaven and a New Earth," mean the whole universe will be made new and not just the earth?
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1answer
70 views

Was there any significance for the make of the tomb which was used to lay the body of Jesus?

As per the Gospels of Matthew (27:60), Mark (15:46 ) and Luke (23:53) , the Body of Jesus, after his crucifixion was laid in a tomb 'hewn in the rock'. That all the evangelists except John mention the ...
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1answer
44 views

How the two blind men can follow Jesus in Matthew 9:27 if they are blind? [closed]

As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, calling out, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!” - Matthew 9-27 How it is possible that the blind men can follow Jesus without tumble and ...
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2answers
113 views

Is Jesus speaking from Himself or is the Holy Spirit speaking through Him? [closed]

When Jesus spoke, are the words recorded His own as the Messiah, or those of God delivered through Him by his Holy Spirit? How can we distinguish? Jesus and the Holy Spirit who filled Him sometimes ...
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2answers
139 views

How do Mormons interpret Phillipians 2:6?

In the context of the doctrine of exaltation, which says that God was a man who was exalted to Godhead, and Jesus after him, interpret Phillipians 2:6, which says that Jesus was "in the form of God" ...
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1answer
95 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of Romans 14:5?

Romans 14:5 One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them should be fully convinced in their own mind. What is the Catholic interpretation ...
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2answers
152 views

Are we living with Angels in flesh?

Are we living with angels in flesh? I've heard of the spiritual element of angels through the Bible and other mediums, but the following verse introduces them in flesh. "Do not forget to show ...
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94 views

How do Calvinists interpret 1 John 2:2 in light of Limited Atonement?

1 John 2:2 (ESV) He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world. Understanding the "ours" as referring to the universal church of believers, ...
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1answer
54 views

How do I interpret Joshua 10? [closed]

I know questions have been asked looking for scientific evidence; but let's set that aside. If we are to interpret the bible, we must interpret it with scripture, no? This is why I will not accept ...
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2answers
76 views

What does 'do not be overrighteous' mean in Ecclesiastes?

What does the following verse mean? Do not be overrighteous, neither be overwise - Why destroy yourself? (Ecclesiastes 7:16, NIV) The Bible often asks us to be righteous (Psalm 106:3, Matthew ...
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1answer
79 views

What happened to Nebuchadnezzar's kingdom during his punishment

Reading Daniel 4:29–33, I understand that Nebuchadnezzar was punished by God due to his pride. During his punishment, did his kingdom cease to exist or was there a new king? Who was in charge of ...
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3answers
112 views

What is the 'reward' that Jesus is referring to in Matthew 6:6?

But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you. - Matthew 6:6 NIV I would like to ...
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1answer
125 views

How does the Catholic Church interpret Galatians 2:7?

From my understanding, the Catholic belief of ordained church leadership comes from the interpretation of Jesus' words to Peter: And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my ...
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2answers
128 views

How do Baptists interpret the summoning of Samuel by the medium of Endor?

Considering that Baptists generally believe that the soul of a faithful servant of God is immediately united with God upon death, how does the Baptist Church interpret 1 Samuel 28:8: 8 So Saul ...
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142 views

Holy children, does it mean that they are saved if they die young?

For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. (1 ...
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4answers
320 views

Trinitarian Christianity and Numbers 23:19 - Was Jesus a man?

In a discussion about the trinity, I was asked about Numbers. I was completely stumped. Numbers 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath ...
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1answer
165 views

According to the Catholic Church, what did Jesus mean by saying that the least in the kingdom of heaven in greater than John the Baptist?

We read at Matthew 11:11 (NRSVCE): "Truly I tell you, among those born of women no one has arisen greater than John the Baptist; yet the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he." What ...
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23 views

Did we exist before we were born? [duplicate]

Jeremiah 1:4–5 (NIV) reads: 4 The word of the LORD came to me, saying, 5 Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I'd like to know if this hints that ...
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4answers
168 views

Understanding Jesus counter argument against the Pharisees (Luke 11:19 )

I don't understand the following counter argument by Jesus. And if I by Beelzebul cast out demons, by whom do your sons cast them out? Luke 11:19 One viewpoint is that the Pharisees' students (...
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1answer
126 views

Did Jesus and the repentant thief reunite in heaven on the very day they died?(Catholic view)

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, ...
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3answers
117 views

The Jews were so offended after Stephen said that he saw Jesus “standing” at the right hand of God in Acts 7:55 that they stoned him. Why? [closed]

Jesus is pictured as "sitting" at the right hand of God, rather than standing, in most of the New Testament. But Stephen saw Jesus "standing" in Acts 7:55. Then in verse 58 they cast him out of the ...
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3answers
107 views

Were Jews allowed to sacrifice to the LORD at altars other than at the tabernacle and temple?

I am familiar with the references in Leviticus and Deuteronomy that legislated that the sacrifices were to occur only where the LORD had chosen to "put His name." He evidently had put His name with ...
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121 views

What is an overview of the interpretations of Acts 16:31 “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.”?

"Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household. ... and you and your family will be saved.(Acts 16:31) What is an overview of the major interpretations of this verse. I ...