the part of theology concerned with the final events in history

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In pre-tribulation pre-millennialism, will those who have died before the millennium return to earth?

Let's just say God raptures his church in the next few years and we are alive to experience it. We survive the 7 remaining years. Then the "Glorious Appearance" happens and God sets up his 1000 year ...
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31 views

Who first came up with the phrase “an over-realized eschatology” and in what context?

The phrase "an over-realized eschatology" seems to get a run from time to time in theological discussions (example) or blog posts (example). Who first coined this phrase* and in what context were they ...
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47 views

Is the Rapture soon to come? [closed]

As a Millennial, I find those in the pulpit are informing people less about the rapture. Who will make it?
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65 views

How do (non-Catholic) proponents of an intermediate state interpret 2 Corinthians 5:4-9?

(2 Corinthians 5:4-9 KJV) For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life. Now he ...
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51 views

What is process eschatology?

I'm looking for a concise bullet point breakdown :) And some things specific to Christian Process eschatology. I have lots of books and articles with lots of information but am looking for a small ...
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3answers
338 views

What is the biblical basis for the belief that people do not go to heaven or hell immediately when they die?

User @Touch poignantly stated in a now closed question, But if people are already in heaven this means that there really isn't much reason for Jesus Christ to return, because all those that ...
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83 views

How are eschatological beliefs distinguished in the Evangelical churches?

"Pre-tribulation," "post-tribulation," "millennial," and "dispensationalist" are all terms that I've heard used to describe certain eschatological beliefs held by groups of mainstream Evangelicals (...
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96 views

What is the basis for saying that the Antichrist, man of lawlessness, and the beast of Revelation 13 are all the same?

It is generally assumed that the Antichrist, the man of lawlessness, and the beast in Revelation 13 all refer to the same end-time enemy of God. What is the basis for this assumption?
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96 views

Was the “abomination of desolation” Caligula's proposed statue in the Temple? [duplicate]

In Mark 13:14 (and similarly in Matthew 24:15) Jesus is reported as saying: "When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong—let the reader understand—then ...
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81 views

What is the meaning of this excerpt from Foundation of the Christian Faith, by Karl Rahner?

Please help me understand the excerpt. English is not my first language. From my understanding: The 20th century Catholic theologian Karl Rahner is here talking about the importance of faith in ...
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26 views

What is Church substitution doctrine?

Some denomination believe that the church is a substitute in the ends times.I am told this is called replacement theology. Can some explain what they substitute and what verse(s) this is based on? ...
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204 views

Do any denomination read Matthew 24:5 from this perspective?

Take heed that no man deceive you. For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many (Matthew 24:5, KJV) The statement when commented on usually is understood as others ...
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224 views

What do the woman and the man child from Rev.12 symbolize, for diferent traditions?

In the book of Revelation, chapter 12, verses 1 to 6, we read a story about a Woman, a Dragon and a man child. And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the ...
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152 views

What is the basis for arguing that the gospel has already been preached to “all nations”?

In Matthew 24:14 (cf. Mark 13:10), Jesus says: And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come. Many ...
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646 views

Is there any denomination that fully embraces Dispensational Premillennialism?

I'm not a fan of dispensational premillennialism, but I don't know of any denominations that specifically hold to it. I'm just fairly curious. I've met individual people that believe it, but never an ...
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38 views

How do dispensationalists understand the “antichrists” and “last hour” in 1 John 2:18?

It seems that a large contingent of Christians believe the antichrist will come soon or at some future time and set in motion the eschatological "end times." How, then, can dispensationalists ...
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3answers
184 views

How can the “Son of Man” passages of Matthew 24 be interpreted as a fulfilled prophecy?

Matthew 24 contains a prophecy spoken by Jesus. In verse 34, He says, "Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place." (ESV) This verse is sometimes used ...
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45 views

According to dispensationalists, does the “secret rapture” include a bodily resurrection and new earth?

Do proponents of a "Secret Rapture" understand this to be a bodily resurrection? I can only conclude that the bodies are taken into heaven as they are taken away not just spiritually but actually ...
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75 views

Did Origen support the idealist view of Christian eschatology?

I've seen it suggested that Origen was in line with the idealist understanding of Christian eschatology. Is anyone able to clarify this? What is the evidence that Origen was in support of the Idealist ...
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1answer
196 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret Jesus' words in Matthew 24: 1-34 about the generation that would not pass away before great tribulation

Jehovah's Witnesses teach that the last days started in 1914 because that was the year that the world changed from the start of WW1. The drastic changes from 1914 onward are the sign of the Lord's ...
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2answers
125 views

How do Roman Catholics reconcile the apocalyptic sayings of Jesus with his not having returned?

There are verses in the earlier Gospels that fairly explicitly say that Jesus will return: "I am," said Jesus. "And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and ...
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47 views

Have any noteworthy church councils denounced Full Preterism as heresy?

Full preterists believe that all prophecies in the Bible have already been fulfilled, including those related to the final resurrection, the Second Coming of Christ, and the Final Judgment. I have ...
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1answer
111 views

Do JWs believe the water canopy theory and do they think it will be restored?

Many creationist have beliefs concerning the pre-flood environment on earth. Are Jehovah Witnesses adamant about the water canopy being the source of flood waters? Do JWs believe the restored earth ...
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3answers
217 views

What did the early church believe about the “rapture”?

There are a lot of differing opinions on when the rapture will take place (pre-tribulation, post-tribulation, or mid-tribulation). From my own attempts to research the topic and look at Scripture ...
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1answer
116 views

According to JWs, how many people will live on the earth?

According to JW teaching all the dead will be resurrected to earth except the 144k that get heavenly life. There will be a judgement of all these at the end of the millennium. Estimates by scientists ...
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85 views

Who exactly is resurrected and reigns in the millennial city in premillennialisim?

Who is resurrected at the second coming prior to the commencement of the millennium (according to premillennial theology)? Is it: All who are saved–alive and dead NT Christians–alive and dead ...
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23 views

Was the doctrine of the rapture rediscovered by the Plymouth Brethern? [duplicate]

Multiple times I heard the assertion that the doctrine of the rapture was rediscovered by John Darby and/or the Plymouth Brethren, allegedly after it had been lost for approximately 1500 years. Yet, ...
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67 views

a/pre/post Millennialism summarised with bible verses? [duplicate]

Is there a definitive resource that outlines the views and the bible verses they use to support those views? Or are these views so hopelessly broad that its impossible to clearly define them? There ...
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473 views

What view of eschatology did the early church believe?

I have recently been studying eschatology and have been looking at the main views of eschatology. So far, I have found four (I apologize in advance if I have misrepresented your view. I would ...
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1answer
195 views

Relative popularity of premillenialism, postmillennialism and amillennialism in North America (excluding Catholics and Orthodox)?

There has been some discussion on SE about the differences between the various schools of eschatological thought surrounding the 1000 years ('the millennium') described in Revelation chapter 20. I am ...
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42 views

What was the Biblical Basis Tertullian used to support what he termed the “refrigerium interim”? [duplicate]

The early Christian theologian Tertullian used the term refrigerium interim to describe a happy state in which the souls of the blessed are refreshed while they await the Last Judgment and their ...
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550 views

What reason did a group of Christians have that the world would end on Oct 7, 2015?

A vocal minority of Christians claimed that the world would end Oct. 7, 2015. What was the basis for their belief? What passages or reasoning were they using to support this claim?
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233 views

What happens to the Vicar of Christ when Christ returns?

The Pope is the Vicar of Christ according to the Catholic church. A vicar (/ˈvɪkər/; Latin: vicarius) is a representative, deputy or substitute; anyone acting "in the person of" or agent for a ...
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1answer
154 views

What is an overview of interpretations of “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26?

The phrase "all Israel" in Romans 11:25–26 has been a source a significant disagreement in church history, particularly since the Reformation: 25 Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want ...
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67 views

How does dominion theology affect eschatological views?

How do the eschatological doctrines of Charismatic or Pentecostal groups that hold to dominion theology differ from other Charismatic or Pentecostal groups (e.g. Assemblies of God) that do not?
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67 views

How do those who believe in a pre-tribulation rapture explain that not everyone who remains will believe?

According to pre-tribulation eschatology, after all the Christians are raptured, why do only some of those who remain believe (during the tribulation)? It would seem that if all the Christians ...
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2answers
209 views

Why was no one able to recognize Jesus as Messiah using prophesy, yet we believe end times prophesy will be easier to clarify? [closed]

Unless I am missing something, it seems that absolutely no one (with the exception, in part, of the wise-men) was able to identify Jesus as the Messiah at His first coming, using the prophesy they ...
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1answer
232 views

Are the “Great Supper of God” and the “Wedding Supper of the Lamb” the same event?

In Revelation 19, there is a feast or feasts mentioned by two names. The first is The Wedding Supper of the Lamb: ibid. vv. 7-9 (NASB): Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for ...
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87 views

What is the Biblical basis for saying the Apostles did not necessarily expect the final judgment to occur in their lifetime?

I often see comments in Bible commentaries that the Apostles were convinced the second coming would happen in their lifetime. However I have never been convinced by the arguments they make to draw ...
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1answer
50 views

What is the biblical basis for specifically associating armageddon with fire from heaven?

Imagine a bunch of people running from a city scared, the ground is cracking beneath their feet and fire is coming down from heaven. I'm sure you've seen the picture(s). Traditionally we think "...
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329 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses respond to the charge that they are false prophets (because their end-of-the-world predictions didn't come true)?

Jehovah's Witnesses seem to identify themselves as prophets: (Watchtower, Apr. 1, 1972, p. 197). "So, does Jehovah have a prophet to help them, to warn them of dangers and to declare things to ...
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1answer
112 views

Is there a concise eschatology in the Catholic Church?

In many Protestant traditions, eschatology has a major bearing on many other aspects of the faith, including soteriology and Christology. Especially in Pentacostal and Charismatic churches, as well as ...
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3answers
192 views

How would Matthew 24:36 be explained from a Post-Tribulation perspective?

Matthew 24:36 reads: But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. (NIV) Wouldn't Post-Trib adherents be able to say that you could ...
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248 views

How do different eschatological views interpret Isaiah 65:17-25?

In Isaiah 65, God talks about the new heavens and the new earth. I was wondering how people with different eschatological views interpret this. After thinking about this for a while, I have thought of ...
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128 views

How do Catholics interpret Isaiah 2:4?

I quote the verse: He [The Lord] shall judge between the nations, and shall decide disputes for many peoples; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; ...
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3answers
232 views

What Christian denominations/groups believe in biblical prophecies based on number of The Beast being 666?

The actual Number of the beast is only mentioned in Revelation( 13:18). In the Greek manuscripts, the number is rendered in Greek numerical form as χξϛ, 666, or sometimes literally as "six hundred ...
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3answers
270 views

Where do dead in Christ rise from if they're with Jesus? [closed]

In Revelation and 1 Thessalonians we read that the dead in Christ rise first. This makes sense if you do not believe that the dead are already in heaven, but very many Christians believe that the ...
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1answer
226 views

The original number of The Beast is 616 not 666; previous Bible prophesies effected? [duplicate]

The actual Number of The Beast is only mentioned in Revelation 13:18; In the Greek manuscripts, the number is rendered as χξϛ or "six hundred and sixty-six". In 2005 Oxford University's Ashmolean ...
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2answers
268 views

When was the first recorded account of pre-tribulation teaching?

I'm not looking for Biblical support of the doctrine, but for a post-Biblical teaching that clearly articulated a pre-tribulation rapture, as opposed to a post-tribulation or mid-tribulation rapture, ...
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187 views

144,000: is there any denomination or group holding this symbolic interpretation?

Motivation: We know that a way to express fullness or completion in Hebrew is to double the word, e.g. Isaiah 26:3 speaks of perfect peace as shalom shalom. And there are clear cases in Revelation ...