Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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4answers
12k views

Are there theological differences between the Greek Orthodox church and the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox church?

Is there a theological difference between the Greek Orthodox church and the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox church?
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2answers
1k views

Who is a Christian according to the Russian Orthodox Church

I was told by my Russian Orthodox friends on several occasions that according to their beliefs only members of the Orthodox Church are Christians. (For example, they pointed out that my statement that ...
19
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1answer
3k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone of contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
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6answers
11k views

Are Orthodox Christians all the same faith?

I've noticed some churches in my area that are titled things like: "Greek" Orthodox "Russian" Orthodox "Serbian" Orthodox "Antiochian" Orthodox etc... Are these all the same type of Christian Church?
18
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4answers
989 views

Are Catholics like pagans, in Evangelical vision?

This question is based on my personal experience. Some time ago I had a discussion with a friend of mine who's an evangelical pastor. In a very subtle way, he was asserting that I actually believe ...
18
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3answers
1k views

Does “Mere Christianity” represent the core of Christian belief?

I just finished reading C. S. Lewis in A Time of War by Justin Phillips. It seems Lewis went to great lengths to ensure that everything he said in his BBC talks that became Mere Christianity was ...
18
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3answers
842 views

What is the Difference Between ROCOR-MP and ROCOR-A (ROCA)

What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR? I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but ...
16
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1answer
4k views

Universalism in the Orthodox Church?

Is this true that in the Orthodox Church there are still two quite opposite views existing, one of which holds that everybody will sooner or later be delivered by God from the hell, and another one ...
16
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2answers
621 views

When did Arabic enter into usage as a liturgical language among Orthodox Christians?

Today, many Orthodox churches in the Middle East use Arabic as the language of the Divine Liturgy, often mingled with Greek. When did this practice begin? I assume that at the time of the Muslim ...
16
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1answer
7k views

What are the major differences between Eastern and Western Orthodox Christianities? [closed]

I've looked around but can't really find a proper answer. Would anyone mind clarifying this for me? I'm a Western Orthodox Christian, and I attended the baptism of my young cousin on Sunday, and this ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Is Roman Catholic reconciliation with the Orthodox likely (or possible)?

I have consistently heard rumors that the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics will be reconciling at some point (at least to the point of Catholics being able to receive Orthodox sacraments). Sometimes ...
13
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1answer
1k views

When did the Orthodox and Catholic Churches distinguish the manner in which the Sign of the Cross was to be made?

From a comment on What is the role of “Sign of the cross” gesture in Catholicism?, it was noted that Catholics make the Sign of the Cross by starting at the top, going to the left and then right, ...
13
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1answer
3k views

What is the thesis of the church towards asexuality?

What is the position of the Church on asexuals? An asexual is a person who does not experience sexual attraction towards any person, thus does not desire to have sex. Asexuality is distinct from ...
12
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2answers
1k views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
11
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3answers
2k views

What happens with a soul after one's death according to Eastern Orthodox doctrine?

Inspired by this question and answers for it: what happens with a soul after one's death according to Eastern Orthodox doctrine? I'm interested in all variants.
11
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1answer
722 views

Beatification/canonization process in Eastern Orthodox Church

What is necessary before someone is considered "saint" in Eastern Orthodox Church? Good life/martyrdom, any miracle/only preservation of the body/some other distinct miracle and cult of the saint? Is ...
11
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1answer
13k views

What is the ecclesiastical 'hierarchy' of the Eastern Orthodox Church?

I know that every cultural expression of Orthodoxy has different terms for the orders (roles) from the language of their home country, but I am interested in the English terms. What is the 'hierarchy,'...
11
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4answers
267 views

What does “the saints are not keepers of the law, but legislators” mean?

In a recent encyclical marking the 1700th anniversary of the Edict of Milan, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Bartholomew I, wrote: The Wisdom of God, the Lady Theotokos our ...
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5answers
2k views

Have witches ever been executed by the Eastern Orthodox Church?

If we don't count lynchings, have people ever been executed for witchcraft by the Eastern Orthodox Church? In western Christianity, the execution of witches was condemned until 1484, four centuries ...
10
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2answers
7k views

Meaning behind skull at the base of a cross?

I recently visited the Museum of Russian Icons on vacation and while there I came across many icons that portrayed the crucifix with a skull at the base of cross (example). What is the significance ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Why is Origen considered a Church Father, but not a saint?

I've heard and read in "Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern West" (book by Anthony Grafton, page 222) that Origen was considered a Church Father but not a Saint by either the ...
10
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1answer
131 views

Where can I find the Orthodox response to the Augsburg Confession?

According to Steven Runciman's The Great Church in Captivity (excerpt), the Orthodox Patriarch Jeremias II wrote a letter detailing the differences between the Orthodox doctrines and Lutheran ...
10
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2answers
313 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox Church independent from regional governments?

I have heard that interference from Moscow has been the cause of some dissent and even a schism within the Russian Orthodox Church in America. I think the very existence of the Russian Orthodox ...
10
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1answer
223 views

Why do Syrian Orthodox churches use only paintings and not sculptures, unlike Catholic churches?

I am an Orthodox Christian, and in our church we don't have sculptures unlike Catholic churches in my area. We only have paintings and pictures. I don't know if this is because of the bull sculpture ...
10
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3answers
495 views

In which Christian denomination(s), do people plan their weddings around the bride's menstrual periods?

I am a Russian Orthodox Christian, and I know other Russian Orthodox Christians who consider a woman's menses to be impure. As a woman, this monthly bleeding is not saying that I am evil or bad during ...
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2answers
928 views

What is the biblical basis for and against the “filioque”? [closed]

In order to contextualize the question I add the following quote from the wikipedia article concerning Filioque clause: Filioque, Latin for "and (from) the Son", is a phrase found in the form of ...
9
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3answers
296 views

What is the rationale for forbidding priests to marry in traditions where already-married men are allowed to become priests?

As everyone knows, married men are unable to be ordained as priests in the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church, nor are priests allowed to get married for as long as they remain priests. This is ...
9
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1answer
300 views

How is spiritual progress described in eastern monastic traditions?

Catholic church has a long monastic history, and there are excellent exponents of spiritual progress whose concepts are used even today. Take Theresa of Avila's "interior castle" or Juan de la Cruz' "...
9
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2answers
375 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
9
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2answers
627 views

When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Orthodox churches recognized by Catholic Church

Which Orthodox churches are recognized by the Catholic church? Are there any churches older than the split that are not recognized by the Catholic Church and that are still active? Edit: "recognize" ...
8
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1answer
556 views

Why are the bread and wine mixed together in the Holy Eucharist during an Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy?

When and why was the practice of commixture started? What is the theological significance of mixing the two together?
8
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1answer
374 views

What is the “new doctrine” that Leo Tolstoy mentions in *Anna Karenina*?

In Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina (1873-1877), there's a point where the author refers to a "new doctrine" that was fashionable among the Russian upper classes. The following extract is from Part 5,...
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1answer
2k views

Does Roman Catholic Church recognize some Eastern Orthodox Saints?

I heard that in some of Catholic churches (I mean parishes) in Europe there are icons of Russian Saints, such as Seraphim of Sarov, for example (may be I'm wrong, I personally haven't seen this). So ...
8
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1answer
283 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
8
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2answers
489 views

According to Protestants, what “new” things has the Eastern Orthodox Church acquired over time?

What things in general have been brought with time into the Eastern Orthodox Church that the mainstream protestant Christianity considers as not being able to be traced back to the times of the church ...
7
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3answers
534 views

What is the earliest record of using icons to worship God in the Catholic or Orthodox traditions?

The question is as simple as the title. I am simply wondering, ‘When is the earliest recorded date of this tradition?’
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2answers
194 views

What's the name of this doctrine and (when) did the Eastern Orthodox Church condemn it?

"God is merciful and He wants all people to be saved, thus, all the humans, even the worst ones, having fully redeemed themselves from their wrongdoings by spending some adequate time in the hell, ...
7
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4answers
2k views

What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
7
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2answers
280 views

Can a non-orthodox layman arrive to Hesychia?

After reading about Hesychasm and the related topics such as Jesus' Prayer, Philokalia and palamism I'm stuck with a question. In Hesychasm, the main objective is to arrive to Hesychia, which is ...
7
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1answer
149 views

How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus “sending” the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

One of the issues behind the schism between East and West was the doctrine of the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit: does he proceed from the Father, or from the Father and Son? There doesn't ...
7
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1answer
727 views

Where did the Petrine title of “First Among Equals” originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
7
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2answers
80 views

Do all Orthodox saints have their own akathist?

I don't quite understand the concept of an 'akathist' (hymn devoted to a saint). Are these written, one per saint whenever someone is glorified? Are they spontaneously generated over time? I am trying ...
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4answers
3k views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
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2answers
1k views

Orthodoxy's “ancestral sin” versus Calvinism's “total depravity”

Correct me if I'm wrong, but from what I understand, one of the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology is "ancestral sin." Note: Although Roman Catholicism's definition ...
7
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1answer
179 views

What is the waving cloth in the Creed and what does it mean?

I was recently at an Eastern Orthodox celebration of the Divine Liturgy. During the recitation of the Creed, there was a coloured cloth (I think the veil that had covered the chalice) which was waved ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the Catholic response to the Eastern Orthodox view that the Immaculate Conception remove Jesus' ability to redeem all of humanity?

I am discussing and debating the various subtle doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do Orthodox ...
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4answers
328 views

What is the scriptural basis for a monarchical episcopate?

What scriptural basis has traditionally been put forth by the Catholic and the Orthodox Churches to support the idea of monarchical episcopate (the idea that there must be only one bishop over a city ...
7
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2answers
556 views

When were the Fasting Patterns of the Eastern Orthodox Church Established?

I am under the impression that the fasting patterns of the Orthodox church were established over the course of several centuries. I am interested in some sources that would clarify when the pattern ...
7
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1answer
57 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, how is an icon recognized as inspired?

In a discussion on imagery and icons, the Orthodox Study Bible says: Every image, or icon, of Christ has significant theological content. For it proclaims anew the Incarnation of God, who "became ...