Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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If Orthodox Christians must repent of any act of violence, how does this not entail pacifism?

I have heard from many Orthodox that one should repent of any act of violence, including violence committed in self-defense or in the service of military duties. As I understand it, true repentance ...
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1answer
66 views

Was this teaching (of soul existing before a birth) condemned by the Church?

What's the official name (if any) of the teaching that the soul of a man exists even before he is conceived and that at the moment of conception his soul gets simply "connected" to his newly conceived ...
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1answer
95 views

Orthodox Priest Assignment

Here is a thread answering how Catholic Priests get assigned to parishes. How is this done for Orthodox Priests? What is that process and does a newly ordained priest have any say over his ...
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120 views

Did the early Church Fathers believe Christ assume our fallen humanity?

This question will be clarified further. Please leave a comment to ask for further clarification if it's still not clear. From the writings of the early Christian writers we can learn in detail what ...
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1answer
74 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
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1answer
115 views

Is there a future for ecumenism? What is the main obstacle for Christian unity? [closed]

Since the founding of World Council of Churches and the closing of Second Vatican Council to this day we've seen openness from church leaders to re-examine what divides us and what we believe in ...
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19 views

Has the Orthodox Church ever made an official statement about Waldorf schools?

Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Waldorf education and biodynamic farming, is also the founder of Anthroposophy, a philosophy definitely in conflict with Christianity. Years ago I read an article about ...
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2answers
391 views

What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
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191 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
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1answer
93 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
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2answers
379 views

When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
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2answers
292 views

When were the Fasting Patterns of the Eastern Orthodox Church Established?

I am under the impression that the fasting patterns of the Orthodox church were established over the course of several centuries. I am interested in some sources that would clarify when the pattern ...
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1answer
73 views

Does Catholic and Orthodox belief say 'antichrist' has already come and gone?

It seems to be most Protestant denominations believe that right before the second coming, the antichrist will come, so he has not come yet. How is this different in Catholicism and Orthodoxy? Do they ...
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4answers
40k views

Difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox

What is the difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox in Christian religion? Kindly explain. Thanks in advance :)
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1answer
74 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist, and if it is indeed leavened bread, what is their basis for this practice?
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2answers
134 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, what is most important for the efficacy of the sacraments: the right Church or the right God?

In Eastern Orthodoxy, is it most important for the efficacy of the sacraments that they be administered canonically by an ordained priest (who is in apostolic succession), or the fact that God is the ...
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0answers
37 views

Are there examples of royal Orthodox saints (not martyrs) who have executed people?

Are there any examples of saints (not martyrs) recognized by the Orthodox church that have executed or overseen the execution of people? I am explicitly ruling out martyrdom because I am interested ...
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2answers
752 views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
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69 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church believe in Aerial Toll Houses?

In the Oration, St. Gregory of Nazianzus talked about “last baptism,” the baptism of eschatological fire, longer lasting and more painful than one’s penance for sins (Or. 39.19). Some Protestants have ...
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207 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
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77 views

How do the rites for a first and second marriage (after death of a spouse) differ in the Orthodox Church?

If an Eastern Orthodox parishioner becomes a widow(er) and decides to remarry, what are the differences between what it will look like in their first and second marriage? What are the reasons for the ...
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1answer
251 views

Why does the Coptic church still perform circumcisions?

Circumcision is a requirement from The Mosaic Law: Any uncircumcised male who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off from his people – he has failed to carry out ...
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2answers
948 views

Were witches ever executed by the Eastern Orthodox Church?

If we don't count lynchings, were people ever executed for witchcraft be the Eastern Orthodox Church? In western Christianity, the execution of witches was condemned until 1484, four centuries after ...
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79 views

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church?

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church? Specifically Does she consider RCC herectical? In what matters? Does she consider RCC priesthood and sacraments as valid? Does she allow ...
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180 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
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5answers
610 views

How can common believers in the Eastern Orthodox Church be sure that the Church's decisions are correct and not erroneous?

There have been some councils, the decisions of which were later reversed by some latter councils. Thus, if your position on a particular matter that was being considered at those councils was too ...
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1answer
526 views

Baking and cutting eucharistic bread in the Eastern Orthodox Churches

What is the scriptural basis of the Eastern Orthodox Church to select a person in good standing to bake the bread in preparation for the Eucharist, and what is the scriptural basis for cutting the ...
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1answer
57 views

Pride of the humble [closed]

Some Russian so called "saints" talked much about what they call "pride of the humble" (when one is proud by his own humility: "I am a great saint"). My question: Do similar ideas appear in western ...
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4answers
795 views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
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1answer
89 views

Do the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches observe different dates for Pascha?

Someone claimed on another forum that the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church observe different dates for the feast of Pascha/Easter. Is this so? If so, what does this imply about the ...
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0answers
398 views

What is the Difference Between ROCOR-MP and ROCOR-A (ROCA)

What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR? I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but ...
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1answer
6k views

What is the ecclesiastical 'hierarchy' of the Eastern Orthodox Church?

I know that every cultural expression of Orthodoxy has different terms for the orders (roles) from the language of their home country, but I am interested in the English terms. What is the ...
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105 views

Does the Eastern orthodox church prohibit Christian meditation?

There is already a question on whether or not yoga and other non-Christian meditative practices are permissible according to the Eastern Orthodox Church, however I was wondering if all forms of ...
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83 views

What is to be understood by Mary being the “mother of the church”?

Ever since St. Ambrose of Milan there has been a line of thinking that Mary is the "Mother of the Church" - what is to be understood by this title?
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2answers
294 views

Is Eastern Orthodox christianity against doing yoga or meditation?

I've heard opposite opinions on this and I was wondering about it. So is Eastern Orthodox christianity against doing yoga or meditation?
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1answer
739 views

What is the strongest argument against the Eastern Orthodox view/rejection of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception?

I am discussing and debating the various sublte doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close anonymous friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do ...
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3answers
414 views

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads?

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads in the face of this scripture? 1 Cor 11:3-4 But I would have you know, that the head of every ...
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2answers
767 views

Orthodoxy's “ancestral sin” versus Calvinism's “total depravity”

Correct me if I'm wrong, but from what I understand, one of the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology is "ancestral sin." Note: Although Roman Catholicism's definition ...
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2answers
882 views

Who is a Christian according to the Russian Orthodox Church

I was told by my Russian Orthodox friends on several occasions that according to their beliefs only members of the Orthodox Church are Christians. (For example, they pointed out that my statement that ...
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1answer
116 views

The Eucharist and the supernatural Priesthood

This is probably a question mostly directed at Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Why is it that only a priest can consecrate the Eucharist? Is there the assumption that there is some sort of ...
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2answers
1k views

Why didn't Syriac Christianity keep Aramaic as their liturgical language?

Syriac Christianity (as well as with other oriental orthodoxy denominations) today use Arabic as their liturgical language. It is known that they have been using Arabic since the times of Muslim ...
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1answer
106 views

What is the difference between the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of deification and the little god doctrine of the Word of Faith movement?

I noticed that the Word of Faith movement is under a lot of fire for the "little g god" doctrine but it appears to me that it is almost, if not exactly, the same as the deification/divinization ...
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2answers
271 views

Why do Orthodox Christians baptize infants?

I know that Roman Catholics baptize infants, because they believe that infants need to be cleansed of original sin, and that the denial of baptism at infancy by Christian parents is tantamount to the ...
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1answer
79 views

How do I know that an “Orthodox” theological work is officially Orthodox doctrine?

Whenever I read theological works written by Roman Catholics I know that, as long as there is an "Imprimatur" from a legitimate Bishop, I can trust it to be official Catholic doctrine. On the other ...
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4answers
390 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
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6answers
4k views

Are Orthodox Christians all the same faith?

I've noticed some churches in my area that are titled things like: "Greek" Orthodox "Russian" Orthodox "Serbian" Orthodox "Antiochian" Orthodox etc... Are these all the same type of Christian Church? ...
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225 views

Orthodox teaching about touching Jesus' body

I was reading answers to a question about Thomas touching Jesus. An answer came from an Orthodox person which said that Thomas was granted special permission to touch his body/wound. That person ...
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915 views

Did the Jews use icons and images to help them worship as Catholics or Orthodox worshipper do?

I understand that some worshippers use icons to 'lift up their minds from earthly things to the heavenly things'? I am not interested about those using them as stage-props for a play (in comparison), ...
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73 views

What is the specific meaning of “believe” in John 3:16? [duplicate]

I would like to know the specific meaning of the word "believe" in John 3:16 when it says whosoever believes in Him shall not perish but have everlasting life. Many people that I know say that they ...
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1answer
134 views

Does Orthodox theology emphasize “redemptive suffering” as much as Catholicism does?

Growing up Catholic I've been taught that "my suffering completes what is lacking" in Christ's sacrifice. Any time that I encounter suffering I should "offer it up." St. Bernadette, Francis of Assisi, ...