Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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What does the Orthodox church consider to be the defining features of Christian meditation?

There are many different kinds of meditation or prayer, Christian and non-Christian. However, I am confused regarding actual difference because these varieties, both Christian and non-Christian, seem ...
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3answers
272 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
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3answers
107 views

A word to describe someone who is not a Protestant

I've been wondering for a while if there is a word (or concise phrase) that can be used to mean someone who is not Protestant. Something that specifically groups Catholics, and Eastern Rite followers ...
4
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3answers
178 views

What is the biblical basis for the Catholic and Eastern doctrines of the Assumption of Mary?

Catholic doctrine asserts that Mary the Mother of Jesus was not only without sin and ever-virgin, but that she also ascended into Heaven. Some Eastern traditions hold that she even died, then was ...
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1answer
45 views

Why aren't the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches in communion with each other?

Both the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Church worship the same God and the Blessed Mother Virgin Mary and the Saints and the Holy Trinity. Do language and cultural differences separate them? What ...
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2answers
70 views

If Orthodox Christians must repent of any act of violence, how does this not entail pacifism?

I have heard from many Orthodox that one should repent of any act of violence, including violence committed in self-defense or in the service of military duties. As I understand it, true repentance ...
3
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2answers
418 views

Why does the Coptic church still perform circumcisions?

Circumcision is a requirement from The Mosaic Law: Any uncircumcised male who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off from his people – he has failed to carry out ...
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5answers
7k views

Are there theological differences between the Greek Orthodox church and the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox church?

Is there a theological difference between the Greek Orthodox church and the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox church?
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1answer
945 views

Does the Orthodox Church accept Gay marriage and why?

Some say that it is "okay" some say that it is not, but these are just opinions. What does the Orthodox Church thing about that, and how do they deal with it?
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3answers
102 views

Scriptural basis for monarchical episcopate

What scriptural basis has traditionally been put forth by the Catholic and the Orthodox Churches to support the idea of monarchical episcopate (the idea that there must be only one bishop over a city ...
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1answer
176 views

Matthew 18:10 “Children's angels always behold the face of the Father” - what does this mean?

Matthew 18:10 seems to put forth an idea that children have a certain privilege over adults: Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their ...
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2answers
38 views

Does Eastern Orthodoxy teach that there are other Apostles?

Does Eastern Orthodoxy teach that there are other Apostles besides the first twelve Apostles, Apostle Paul and the Seventy Apostles?
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3answers
59 views

Do the Orthodox pray to John the Baptist?

Do the Orthodox pray to John the Baptist? If not, why not? Do they have any special reasons for not praying to him?
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6answers
5k views

Are Orthodox Christians all the same faith?

I've noticed some churches in my area that are titled things like: "Greek" Orthodox "Russian" Orthodox "Serbian" Orthodox "Antiochian" Orthodox etc... Are these all the same type of Christian Church? ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Spirit and flesh

Is there a specific doctrine or prominent theologians in either the Catholic or Eastern Orthodox traditions that explain the difference between the Spirit and the flesh as referred to in the following ...
3
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3answers
221 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
3
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1answer
120 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church believe in Aerial Toll Houses?

In the Oration, St. Gregory of Nazianzus talked about “last baptism,” the baptism of eschatological fire, longer lasting and more painful than one’s penance for sins (Or. 39.19). Some Protestants have ...
3
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2answers
174 views

Can a Catholic married to an Orthodox in an Orthodox church re-celebrate her wedding in a Catholic church?

My Catholic daughter will marry an Orthodox boy in an Orthodox church in Macedonia. After this ceremony we will go to Slovakia to continue the celebration. Can we celebrate a Mass in a Catholic church ...
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1answer
84 views

Eastern Orthodoxy, The Trinity & Theology of the Body

I have read most of Pope John Paul II's Theology of the Body and studied some of the ideas behind it and have felt it was something that was doctrinally accessible to non-Catholic branches of ...
7
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1answer
174 views

Does Orthodox theology emphasize “redemptive suffering” as much as Catholicism does?

Growing up Catholic I've been taught that "my suffering completes what is lacking" in Christ's sacrifice. Any time that I encounter suffering I should "offer it up." St. Bernadette, Francis of Assisi, ...
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1answer
53 views

Are the services in the Orthodox churches regulated by canon?

I just learned that some non-denominational churches in the USA have multiple services each Sunday. They appear to offer the same content, just having different times so they can accommodate a larger ...
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2answers
124 views

Orthodox Priest Assignment

Here is a thread answering how Catholic Priests get assigned to parishes. How is this done for Orthodox Priests? What is that process and does a newly ordained priest have any say over his ...
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5answers
58k views

Difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox

What is the difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox in Christian religion? Kindly explain. Thanks in advance :)
4
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1answer
175 views

The Eucharist and the supernatural Priesthood

This is probably a question mostly directed at Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Why is it that only a priest can consecrate the Eucharist? Is there the assumption that there is some sort of ...
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2answers
175 views

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church?

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church? Specifically Does she consider RCC herectical? In what matters? Does she consider RCC priesthood and sacraments as valid? Does she allow ...
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1answer
89 views

For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church have several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus, but is there any Eastern Orthodox equivalent to ...
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1answer
211 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
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1answer
2k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
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1answer
214 views

Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. I will calculate the numbers and ...
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2answers
130 views

Why does the Eastern Orthodox Church dislike the idea that the Spirit proceeds from the Son?

In studying the Orthodox doctrines I have noticed that there is controversy about the nature of the Spirit and that the word 'filioque' is tossed around. What I am wondering is, what is the ...
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1answer
155 views

Does the Eastern orthodox church prohibit Christian meditation?

There is already a question on whether or not yoga and other non-Christian meditative practices are permissible according to the Eastern Orthodox Church, however I was wondering if all forms of ...
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1answer
122 views

How do the rites for a first and second marriage (after death of a spouse) differ in the Orthodox Church?

If an Eastern Orthodox parishioner becomes a widow(er) and decides to remarry, what are the differences between what it will look like in their first and second marriage? What are the reasons for the ...
3
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2answers
136 views

Was this teaching (of soul existing before a birth) condemned by the Church?

What's the official name (if any) of the teaching that the soul of a man exists even before he is conceived and that at the moment of conception his soul gets simply "connected" to his newly conceived ...
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2answers
256 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
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2answers
4k views

Meaning behind skull at the base of a cross?

I recently visited the Museum of Russian Icons on vacation and while there I came across many icons that portrayed the crucifix with a skull at the base of cross (example). What is the significance ...
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1answer
90 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
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1answer
154 views

Is there a future for ecumenism? What is the main obstacle for Christian unity? [closed]

Since the founding of World Council of Churches and the closing of Second Vatican Council to this day we've seen openness from church leaders to re-examine what divides us and what we believe in ...
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2answers
638 views

What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
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2answers
421 views

When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
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2answers
353 views

When were the Fasting Patterns of the Eastern Orthodox Church Established?

I am under the impression that the fasting patterns of the Orthodox church were established over the course of several centuries. I am interested in some sources that would clarify when the pattern ...
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1answer
93 views

Does Catholic and Orthodox belief say 'antichrist' has already come and gone?

It seems to be most Protestant denominations believe that right before the second coming, the antichrist will come, so he has not come yet. How is this different in Catholicism and Orthodoxy? Do they ...
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1answer
165 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist, and if it is indeed leavened bread, what is their basis for this practice?
6
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2answers
152 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, what is most important for the efficacy of the sacraments: the right Church or the right God?

In Eastern Orthodoxy, is it most important for the efficacy of the sacraments that they be administered canonically by an ordained priest (who is in apostolic succession), or the fact that God is the ...
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0answers
68 views

Are there examples of royal Orthodox saints (not martyrs) who have executed people?

Are there any examples of saints (not martyrs) recognized by the Orthodox church that have executed or overseen the execution of people? I am explicitly ruling out martyrdom because I am interested ...
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2answers
874 views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
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2answers
1k views

Were witches ever executed by the Eastern Orthodox Church?

If we don't count lynchings, were people ever executed for witchcraft be the Eastern Orthodox Church? In western Christianity, the execution of witches was condemned until 1484, four centuries after ...
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5answers
648 views

How can common believers in the Eastern Orthodox Church be sure that the Church's decisions are correct and not erroneous?

There have been some councils, the decisions of which were later reversed by some latter councils. Thus, if your position on a particular matter that was being considered at those councils was too ...
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1answer
658 views

Baking and cutting eucharistic bread in the Eastern Orthodox Churches

What is the scriptural basis of the Eastern Orthodox Church to select a person in good standing to bake the bread in preparation for the Eucharist, and what is the scriptural basis for cutting the ...
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1answer
63 views

Pride of the humble [closed]

Some Russian so called "saints" talked much about what they call "pride of the humble" (when one is proud by his own humility: "I am a great saint"). My question: Do similar ideas appear in western ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?