Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

3
votes
5answers
47k views

Difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox

What is the difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox in Christian religion? Kindly explain. Thanks in advance :)
4
votes
1answer
146 views

The Eucharist and the supernatural Priesthood

This is probably a question mostly directed at Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Why is it that only a priest can consecrate the Eucharist? Is there the assumption that there is some sort of ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

If Orthodox Christians must repent of any act of violence, how does this not entail pacifism?

I have heard from many Orthodox that one should repent of any act of violence, including violence committed in self-defense or in the service of military duties. As I understand it, true repentance ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Orthodox Priest Assignment

Here is a thread answering how Catholic Priests get assigned to parishes. How is this done for Orthodox Priests? What is that process and does a newly ordained priest have any say over his ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church?

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church? Specifically Does she consider RCC herectical? In what matters? Does she consider RCC priesthood and sacraments as valid? Does she allow ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church have several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus, but is there any Eastern Orthodox equivalent to ...
5
votes
1answer
192 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. I will calculate the numbers and ...
6
votes
2answers
87 views

Why does the Eastern Orthodox Church dislike the idea that the Spirit proceeds from the Son?

In studying the Orthodox doctrines I have noticed that there is controversy about the nature of the Spirit and that the word 'filioque' is tossed around. What I am wondering is, what is the ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Does the Eastern orthodox church prohibit Christian meditation?

There is already a question on whether or not yoga and other non-Christian meditative practices are permissible according to the Eastern Orthodox Church, however I was wondering if all forms of ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

How do the rites for a first and second marriage (after death of a spouse) differ in the Orthodox Church?

If an Eastern Orthodox parishioner becomes a widow(er) and decides to remarry, what are the differences between what it will look like in their first and second marriage? What are the reasons for the ...
3
votes
3answers
197 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church believe in Aerial Toll Houses?

In the Oration, St. Gregory of Nazianzus talked about “last baptism,” the baptism of eschatological fire, longer lasting and more painful than one’s penance for sins (Or. 39.19). Some Protestants have ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

Was this teaching (of soul existing before a birth) condemned by the Church?

What's the official name (if any) of the teaching that the soul of a man exists even before he is conceived and that at the moment of conception his soul gets simply "connected" to his newly conceived ...
7
votes
2answers
217 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Meaning behind skull at the base of a cross?

I recently visited the Museum of Russian Icons on vacation and while there I came across many icons that portrayed the crucifix with a skull at the base of cross (example). What is the significance ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
-1
votes
1answer
130 views

Is there a future for ecumenism? What is the main obstacle for Christian unity? [closed]

Since the founding of World Council of Churches and the closing of Second Vatican Council to this day we've seen openness from church leaders to re-examine what divides us and what we believe in ...
5
votes
2answers
548 views

What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
9
votes
2answers
396 views

When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
7
votes
2answers
311 views

When were the Fasting Patterns of the Eastern Orthodox Church Established?

I am under the impression that the fasting patterns of the Orthodox church were established over the course of several centuries. I am interested in some sources that would clarify when the pattern ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Does Catholic and Orthodox belief say 'antichrist' has already come and gone?

It seems to be most Protestant denominations believe that right before the second coming, the antichrist will come, so he has not come yet. How is this different in Catholicism and Orthodoxy? Do they ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist, and if it is indeed leavened bread, what is their basis for this practice?
6
votes
2answers
136 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, what is most important for the efficacy of the sacraments: the right Church or the right God?

In Eastern Orthodoxy, is it most important for the efficacy of the sacraments that they be administered canonically by an ordained priest (who is in apostolic succession), or the fact that God is the ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Are there examples of royal Orthodox saints (not martyrs) who have executed people?

Are there any examples of saints (not martyrs) recognized by the Orthodox church that have executed or overseen the execution of people? I am explicitly ruling out martyrdom because I am interested ...
11
votes
2answers
792 views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Why does the Coptic church still perform circumcisions?

Circumcision is a requirement from The Mosaic Law: Any uncircumcised male who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off from his people – he has failed to carry out ...
7
votes
2answers
984 views

Were witches ever executed by the Eastern Orthodox Church?

If we don't count lynchings, were people ever executed for witchcraft be the Eastern Orthodox Church? In western Christianity, the execution of witches was condemned until 1484, four centuries after ...
5
votes
5answers
619 views

How can common believers in the Eastern Orthodox Church be sure that the Church's decisions are correct and not erroneous?

There have been some councils, the decisions of which were later reversed by some latter councils. Thus, if your position on a particular matter that was being considered at those councils was too ...
4
votes
1answer
562 views

Baking and cutting eucharistic bread in the Eastern Orthodox Churches

What is the scriptural basis of the Eastern Orthodox Church to select a person in good standing to bake the bread in preparation for the Eucharist, and what is the scriptural basis for cutting the ...
-2
votes
1answer
58 views

Pride of the humble [closed]

Some Russian so called "saints" talked much about what they call "pride of the humble" (when one is proud by his own humility: "I am a great saint"). My question: Do similar ideas appear in western ...
6
votes
4answers
970 views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Do the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches observe different dates for Pascha?

Someone claimed on another forum that the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church observe different dates for the feast of Pascha/Easter. Is this so? If so, what does this imply about the ...
13
votes
0answers
434 views

What is the Difference Between ROCOR-MP and ROCOR-A (ROCA)

What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR? I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the ecclesiastical 'hierarchy' of the Eastern Orthodox Church?

I know that every cultural expression of Orthodoxy has different terms for the orders (roles) from the language of their home country, but I am interested in the English terms. What is the ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

What is to be understood by Mary being the “mother of the church”?

Ever since St. Ambrose of Milan there has been a line of thinking that Mary is the "Mother of the Church" - what is to be understood by this title?
4
votes
2answers
338 views

Is Eastern Orthodox christianity against doing yoga or meditation?

I've heard opposite opinions on this and I was wondering about it. So is Eastern Orthodox christianity against doing yoga or meditation?
6
votes
1answer
792 views

What is the strongest argument against the Eastern Orthodox view/rejection of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception?

I am discussing and debating the various sublte doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close anonymous friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do ...
2
votes
3answers
440 views

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads?

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads in the face of this scripture? 1 Cor 11:3-4 But I would have you know, that the head of every ...
6
votes
2answers
801 views

Orthodoxy's “ancestral sin” versus Calvinism's “total depravity”

Correct me if I'm wrong, but from what I understand, one of the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology is "ancestral sin." Note: Although Roman Catholicism's definition ...
14
votes
2answers
922 views

Who is a Christian according to the Russian Orthodox Church

I was told by my Russian Orthodox friends on several occasions that according to their beliefs only members of the Orthodox Church are Christians. (For example, they pointed out that my statement that ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why didn't Syriac Christianity keep Aramaic as their liturgical language?

Syriac Christianity (as well as with other oriental orthodoxy denominations) today use Arabic as their liturgical language. It is known that they have been using Arabic since the times of Muslim ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

What is the difference between the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of deification and the little god doctrine of the Word of Faith movement?

I noticed that the Word of Faith movement is under a lot of fire for the "little g god" doctrine but it appears to me that it is almost, if not exactly, the same as the deification/divinization ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Why do Orthodox Christians baptize infants?

I know that Roman Catholics baptize infants, because they believe that infants need to be cleansed of original sin, and that the denial of baptism at infancy by Christian parents is tantamount to the ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

How do I know that an “Orthodox” theological work is officially Orthodox doctrine?

Whenever I read theological works written by Roman Catholics I know that, as long as there is an "Imprimatur" from a legitimate Bishop, I can trust it to be official Catholic doctrine. On the other ...
1
vote
4answers
419 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
14
votes
6answers
4k views

Are Orthodox Christians all the same faith?

I've noticed some churches in my area that are titled things like: "Greek" Orthodox "Russian" Orthodox "Serbian" Orthodox "Antiochian" Orthodox etc... Are these all the same type of Christian Church? ...
4
votes
4answers
230 views

Orthodox teaching about touching Jesus' body

I was reading answers to a question about Thomas touching Jesus. An answer came from an Orthodox person which said that Thomas was granted special permission to touch his body/wound. That person ...