Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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2answers
73 views

Why did the Western and Eastern churches react to their respective states so differently?

In Church History in Plain Language, Bruce Shelley points out a key distinction between Western and Eastern Christianity: how each has related to the State through history. Ambrose had hit upon ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

According to proponents of transubstantiation, in what sense is Jesus present “where two or three are gathered”?

Matthew 18:20 is commonly referenced to refer to Christ's presence among his people: For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them. For advocates of the "spiritual ...
6
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1answer
129 views

How do the Eastern Orthodox interpret this verse from Psalm 69:3?

O God, be attentive unto helping me; O Lord, make haste to help me. Let them be shamed and confounded that seek after my soul. Let them be turned back and brought to shame that desire evils ...
8
votes
1answer
72 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, how is an icon recognized as inspired?

In a discussion on imagery and icons, the Orthodox Study Bible says: Every image, or icon, of Christ has significant theological content. For it proclaims anew the Incarnation of God, who "became ...
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5answers
2k views

Have witches ever been executed by the Eastern Orthodox Church?

If we don't count lynchings, have people ever been executed for witchcraft by the Eastern Orthodox Church? In western Christianity, the execution of witches was condemned until 1484, four centuries ...
4
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2answers
355 views

Matthew 18:10 “Children's angels always behold the face of the Father” - what does this mean?

Matthew 18:10 seems to put forth an idea that children have a certain privilege over adults: Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their ...
16
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1answer
4k views

Universalism in the Orthodox Church?

Is this true that in the Orthodox Church there are still two quite opposite views existing, one of which holds that everybody will sooner or later be delivered by God from the hell, and another one ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is Eastern Orthodox Christianity against doing yoga or meditation?

I've heard opposite opinions on this (for example, in an interview with Christine Mangala Frost) and I was wondering about it. So is Eastern Orthodox Christianity against doing yoga or meditation?
7
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3answers
537 views

What is the earliest record of using icons to worship God in the Catholic or Orthodox traditions?

The question is as simple as the title. I am simply wondering, ‘When is the earliest recorded date of this tradition?’
18
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3answers
848 views

What is the Difference Between ROCOR-MP and ROCOR-A (ROCA)

What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR? I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

Saint Augustine (Doctor Gratiae) is considered by Catholic and Anglican churches as: one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. (...
2
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0answers
170 views

Are there any parallel Russian / Slavonic – English prayer books for Orthodox Christians?

I have a copy of the Jordanville prayer book that is getting worn out, and I would like to know if a parallel Russian (i.e., Church Slavonic—Russians call it "Russian") and English prayer book exists, ...
2
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3answers
779 views

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads?

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads in the face of this scripture? 1 Cor 11:3-4 But I would have you know, that the head of every ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Why do Orthodox Christians baptize infants?

I know that Roman Catholics baptize infants, because they believe that infants need to be cleansed of original sin, and that the denial of baptism at infancy by Christian parents is tantamount to the ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is an overview of Jesus' ministry during Holy Week?

Starting with his arrival in Jerusalem, what is an overview of events in the final week before his resurrection as they occurred on specific days of Holy Week? Note: I'm looking for an answer that ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Texts in Eastern services expressing ideas about the role of woman in child development

I have quite a specific question about the view of ancient Christians on the development of a child. I always assumed, that since the Ephesus Fathers considered being born of human woman as a ...
9
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2answers
375 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
2
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0answers
68 views

What are the differences between Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic views of sin? [closed]

What are the differences between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox views on sin? Where those differing views come from? And how those differing views about sin affect their respective doctrines ...
7
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4answers
2k views

What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Does the Orthodox Church accept Gay marriage and why?

Some say that it is "okay" some say that it is not, but these are just opinions. What does the Orthodox Church thing about that, and how do they deal with it?
5
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5answers
106k views
7
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1answer
727 views

Where did the Petrine title of “First Among Equals” originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
19
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4answers
12k views

Are there theological differences between the Greek Orthodox church and the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox church?

Is there a theological difference between the Greek Orthodox church and the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox church?
5
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4answers
421 views

What is the Biblical support for a distinction between veneration and worship?

I was reading a question about icons, and this raised some questions for me. Catholic and Eastern Orthodox beliefs hold to there being a difference between worship and veneration. What is the ...
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4answers
821 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
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1answer
88 views

A gull and a crow attacked the peace doves released by the Pope. What is Christian interpretation? [closed]

In 2014 pope Francis released two doves of peace to signify reconcilation in Ukraine. Yet, they were instantly attacked by two birds, one by a gull, the other by a crow and lost the feathers in the ...
4
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1answer
289 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church believe in Aerial Toll Houses?

In the Oration, St. Gregory of Nazianzus talked about “last baptism,” the baptism of eschatological fire, longer lasting and more painful than one’s penance for sins (Or. 39.19). Some Protestants have ...
5
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3answers
256 views

Is it mandatory for a Roman Catholic girl to convert to Syrian Orthodox if the boy is of the Syrian Orthodox church, in the case of marriage?

If a woman is Roman Catholic, and a man is from Kerala, from the Malankara Orthodox Syrian church, and they wish to marry, does the woman need to convert to Syrian Orthodoxy? According to the Syrian ...
5
votes
2answers
307 views

Was this teaching (of soul existing before a birth) condemned by the Church?

What's the official name (if any) of the teaching that the soul of a man exists even before he is conceived and that at the moment of conception his soul gets simply "connected" to his newly conceived ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Lutheranism, what are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized?

What are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized in Catholicism, in Eastern Orthodoxy, and in Lutheranism? As far as I understand, baptism in the above-mentioned ...
9
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3answers
296 views

What is the rationale for forbidding priests to marry in traditions where already-married men are allowed to become priests?

As everyone knows, married men are unable to be ordained as priests in the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church, nor are priests allowed to get married for as long as they remain priests. This is ...
6
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1answer
55 views
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4answers
328 views

What is the scriptural basis for a monarchical episcopate?

What scriptural basis has traditionally been put forth by the Catholic and the Orthodox Churches to support the idea of monarchical episcopate (the idea that there must be only one bishop over a city ...
4
votes
1answer
736 views

Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. Who are on the Old, and who are on ...
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4answers
727 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
4
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1answer
77 views

Violence and Iconography

Are there any rules for painting (or praying) Orthodox Christian icons that disallow depictions of violence or conflict? For example: Would an icon depicting a murder be a problem?
5
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2answers
141 views

According to the Orthodox church, what is the purpose of the Bible?

I was raised with the view that the Bible is the book which contains everything we need to know, enumerates everything which is good and everything which is evil, is the manual for how to live a human ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the name of a film about three brothers saying the Jesus prayer?

I recently learned about a short film featuring three brothers who live on an island. They are (Russian?) Orthodox Christians and practice the Jesus prayer. Eventually, word of their holiness spreads ...
5
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1answer
83 views

What is the Orthodox canon?

What books does the Orthodox Bible contain? Additionally, when was this settled (if it is settled) and how was it decided?
5
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1answer
46 views

Is there any theological reason that Eastern Orthodox clergy tend to maintain long beards?

I have minimal familiarity with the Eastern Orthodox tradition, but I can typically guess by seeing a photo that a person is an Eastern Orthodox clergyman.
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there one guardian angel for each person?

A Roman Catholic friend of mine told me that each person has a guardian angel. He told me it is based on this verse: Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, ...
10
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1answer
224 views

Why do Syrian Orthodox churches use only paintings and not sculptures, unlike Catholic churches?

I am an Orthodox Christian, and in our church we don't have sculptures unlike Catholic churches in my area. We only have paintings and pictures. I don't know if this is because of the bull sculpture ...
7
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2answers
1k views

What is the Catholic response to the Eastern Orthodox view that the Immaculate Conception remove Jesus' ability to redeem all of humanity?

I am discussing and debating the various subtle doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do Orthodox ...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

Do Orthodox Christians believe that God wants a personal relationship with the individual?

This question only asks about "Christians". One high-quality response on that question suggests that the personal relationship idea extends from the Enlightenment. So, in light of that question and ...
19
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2answers
1k views

Who is a Christian according to the Russian Orthodox Church

I was told by my Russian Orthodox friends on several occasions that according to their beliefs only members of the Orthodox Church are Christians. (For example, they pointed out that my statement that ...
1
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1answer
102 views

Is there a tradition of breaking pottery in the Paschal Liturgies of the Eastern Churches?

As a Melkite deacon, I'm familiar with the liturgical practices of the Eastern Churches. However, I've just seen a youtube video of something I've never heard of, and can't explain. Near the end of ...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

Do the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches observe different dates for Pascha?

Someone claimed on another forum that the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church observe different dates for the feast of Pascha/Easter. Is this so? If so, what does this imply about the ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Eastern Orthodoxy: what is the difference in character between each of the 8 modes?

What are each of the 8 modes/tones in the Eastern Orthodox traditions (especially the Byzantine Chant and Russian Chant traditions) meant to convey in terms of spiritual posture, attitude, character, ...
3
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1answer
73 views

What did St. John Chrysostom mean by saying there is no difference between what is demanded from the monastics and the laity?

"You greatly delude yourself and err, if you think that one thing is demanded from the layman and another from the monk; since the difference between them is in that whether one is married or not, ...
8
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1answer
285 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...