Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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Where can I find the Orthodox response to the Ausburg Confession?

According to Stephen Runciman's The Great Church in Captivity (excerpt), the Orthodox Patriarch Jeremias II wrote a letter detailing the differences between the Orthodox doctrines and Lutheran ...
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0answers
43 views

Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of splitting away? [duplicate]

Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of the Protestant Reformation? What prompted the Reformers to "rewrite" everything?
6
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1answer
690 views

What is the strongest argument against the Eastern Orthodox view/rejection of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception?

I am discussing and debating the various sublte doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close anonymous friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do ...
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2answers
365 views

When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
7
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2answers
262 views

When were the Fasting Patterns of the Eastern Orthodox Church Established?

I am under the impression that the fasting patterns of the Orthodox church were established over the course of several centuries. I am interested in some sources that would clarify when the pattern ...
6
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1answer
205 views

What are the requirements for establishing an Eastern Orthodox church or mission?

As a former parish council member of a recently founded Catholic mission, I'm somewhat familiar with the process of establishing a Catholic mission/church within the parameters of canon law. What is ...
5
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1answer
464 views

How young do children start to receive communion regularly in Eastern Catholic/Orthodox churches?

I know that in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches communion is given to infants at baptism along with chrismation. What about after that? Do they continue all throughout childhood, or ...
6
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1answer
340 views

Where did the Petrine title of “First Among Equals” originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
6
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1answer
345 views

To whom do the Eastern Orthodox Church's believe the “Keys to the Kingdom” were given by Jesus?

"I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” (Matthew 16:19) This is ...
5
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1answer
82 views

For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church have several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus, but is there any Eastern Orthodox equivalent to ...
5
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2answers
324 views

How do Orthodox Bishops and theologians view the Church Fathers' definition of the word “catholic?”

While perusing the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) website I came across this question. I fully understand what the word catholic by itself means. Orthodox Christians (like many liturgical ...
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3answers
349 views

In which Christian denomination(s), do people plan their weddings around the bride's menstrual periods?

I am a Russian Orthodox Christian, and I know other Russian Orthodox Christians who consider a woman's menses to be impure. As a woman, this monthly bleeding is not saying that I am evil or bad during ...
9
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1answer
3k views

Meaning behind skull at the base of a cross?

I recently visited the Museum of Russian Icons on vacation and while there I came across many icons that portrayed the crucifix with a skull at the base of cross (example). What is the significance ...
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0answers
115 views

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by ROC?

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by the Synodal Commission of Russian Orthodox Church on Canonization? Source: ...
12
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1answer
684 views

When did the Orthodox and Catholic Churches distinguish the manner in which the Sign of the Cross was to be made?

From a comment on What is the role of “Sign of the cross” gesture in Catholicism?, it was noted that Catholics make the Sign of the Cross by starting at the top, going to the left and then right, ...
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3answers
666 views

How do Protestants in general respond to these points concerning them?

I haven't had much experience interacting with Catholics, but I have had a lot of interactions with the Orthodox and have been exposed to many of their writings and teachings. Whenever I would talk to ...
7
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1answer
234 views

What is the “new doctrine” that Leo Tolstoy mentions in *Anna Karenina*?

In Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina (1873-1877), there's a point where the author refers to a "new doctrine" that was fashionable among the Russian upper classes. The following extract is from Part ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Does Roman Catholic Church recognize some Eastern Orthodox Saints?

I heard that in some of Catholic churches (I mean parishes) in Europe there are icons of Russian Saints, such as Seraphim of Sarov, for example (may be I'm wrong, I personally haven't seen this). So ...
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2answers
246 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox Church independent from regional governments?

I have heard that interference from Moscow has been the cause of some dissent and even a schism within the Russian Orthodox Church in America. I think the very existence of the Russian Orthodox ...
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4answers
231 views

What does “the saints are not keepers of the law, but legislators” mean?

In a recent encyclical marking the 1700th anniversary of the Edict of Milan, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Bartholomew I, wrote: The Wisdom of God, the Lady Theotokos our ...
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2answers
1k views

Why didn't Syriac Christianity keep Aramaic as their liturgical language?

Syriac Christianity (as well as with other oriental orthodoxy denominations) today use Arabic as their liturgical language. It is known that they have been using Arabic since the times of Muslim ...
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1answer
69 views

Is St. Adalbert venerated in Eastern Orthodoxy?

Is Saint Adalbert of Prague venerated in Eastern Orthodoxy? He's listed in this calendar so I understand he's considered an Orthodox saint, but is there a veneration in the Eastern rite? Is there a ...
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1answer
737 views

Why Christians wear some elaborate costumes which sometimes outshine those of the pre-Christian epoch? [closed]

What is the need to use elaborate costumes at services and on other occasions? Costumes of some Christian confessions much outshine those of some other religions, including the pre-Christian ones. ...
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2answers
857 views

Who is a Christian according to the Russian Orthodox Church

I was told by my Russian Orthodox friends on several occasions that according to their beliefs only members of the Orthodox Church are Christians. (For example, they pointed out that my statement that ...
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2answers
131 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, what is most important for the efficacy of the sacraments: the right Church or the right God?

In Eastern Orthodoxy, is it most important for the efficacy of the sacraments that they be administered canonically by an ordained priest (who is in apostolic succession), or the fact that God is the ...
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2answers
905 views

Were witches ever executed by the Eastern Orthodox Church?

If we don't count lynchings, were people ever executed for witchcraft be the Eastern Orthodox Church? In western Christianity, the execution of witches was condemned until 1484, four centuries after ...
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1answer
5k views

What is the ecclesiastical 'hierarchy' of the Eastern Orthodox Church?

I know that every cultural expression of Orthodoxy has different terms for the orders (roles) from the language of their home country, but I am interested in the English terms. What is the ...
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1answer
2k views

Universalism in the Orthodox Church?

Is this true that in the Orthodox Church there are still two quite opposite views existing, one of which holds that everybody will sooner or later be delivered by God from the hell, and another one ...
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1answer
443 views

Beatification/canonization process in Eastern Orthodox Church

What is necessary before someone is considered "saint" in Eastern Orthodox Church? Good life/martyrdom, any miracle/only preservation of the body/some other distinct miracle and cult of the saint? Is ...
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3answers
1k views

What happens with a soul after one's death according to Eastern Orthodox doctrine?

Inspired by this question and answers for it: what happens with a soul after one's death according to Eastern Orthodox doctrine? I'm interested in all variants.
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2answers
160 views

What's the name of this doctrine and (when) did the Eastern Orthodox Church condemn it?

"God is merciful and He wants all people to be saved, thus, all the humans, even the worst ones, having fully redeemed themselves from their wrongdoings by spending some adequate time in the hell, ...
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3answers
571 views

What is the scriptural basis for the idea that salvation can still be obtained after death?

What is the basis in the Scripture for the doctrine that those who haven't received salvation during their physical life, especially those who heard of Christ and yet chose not to pray to Him, will ...
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1answer
94 views

Were Catholics originally offended by the Sacred Heart?

According to a comment by Mr. Hayword, the Sacred Heart was something which was originally opposed in Catholicism, but I have not found clear evidence of this, only a citation of an Anglican who cites ...
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2answers
2k views

Is Roman Catholic reconciliation with the Orthodox likely (or possible)?

I have consistently heard rumors that the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics will be reconciling at some point (at least to the point of Catholics being able to receive Orthodox sacraments). Sometimes ...
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2answers
353 views

What is the earliest record of using icons to worship God in the Catholic or Orthodox traditions?

The question is as simple as the title. I am simply wondering, ‘When is the earliest recorded date of this tradition?’
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4answers
882 views

Did the Jews use icons and images to help them worship as Catholics or Orthodox worshipper do?

I understand that some worshippers use icons to 'lift up their minds from earthly things to the heavenly things'? I am not interested about those using them as stage-props for a play (in comparison), ...
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4answers
749 views

Are Catholics like pagans, in Evangelical vision?

This question is based on my personal experience. Some time ago I had a discussion with a friend of mine who's an evangelical pastor. In a very subtle way, he was asserting that I actually believe ...
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1answer
122 views

Has the matter of salvation - whether it is by works or by faith alone - ever been considered on any councils of the Catholic and Orthodox churches?

Prior to Luther's Reformation, has the matter of salvation - whether it is by works or by faith alone - ever been considered on any councils of the Catholic and Orthodox churches?
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2answers
1k views

When did the Oriental Orthodox Churches start being called 'Orthodox'?

The Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian and so on) are distinct from the Oriental Orthodox (Syriac, Armenian, Coptic and so on). Do we know when the term "Oriental Orthodox" started being used for these ...
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5answers
601 views

How can common believers in the Eastern Orthodox Church be sure that the Church's decisions are correct and not erroneous?

There have been some councils, the decisions of which were later reversed by some latter councils. Thus, if your position on a particular matter that was being considered at those councils was too ...
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2answers
466 views

When did Arabic enter into usage as a liturgical language among Orthodox Christians?

Today, many Orthodox churches in the Middle East use Arabic as the language of the Divine Liturgy, often mingled with Greek. When did this practice begin? I assume that at the time of the Muslim ...
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1answer
124 views

What service is more 'important' in Orthodox Christianity?

If you can go to one as an Orthodox Christian, which one would be better to attend? Holy Thursday - 12 Gospels or Holy Friday - Lamentations
14
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1answer
2k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
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2answers
854 views

What did Luther think of the Eastern Orthodox and vice versa?

When the Reformation began to take hold, the Orthodox may have been in decline, but were definately still present. I'm curious to know what what the two "breakaways" thought of each other - is it a ...
2
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1answer
248 views

Where can I find Patristic Commentary on the Golden Calf incident?

Is there any extant pre-Schism (i.e. Before 1054 AD, when the Eastern and Western chueches anathematized each other) commentary on the golden calf incident of Exodus 32:1--6, and if so, where?
7
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3answers
338 views

What “new-to-protestants” things has the Eastern Orthodox Church acquired with time?

What things in general have been brought with time into the Eastern Orthodox Church that the main stream protestant Christianity considers as not being able to be traced back to the times of the ...
6
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1answer
117 views

Primacy of Andrew in Eastern Orthodoxy

I heard this from a Catholic friend of mine: He said, in explaining where Orthodoxy is coming from, that because St. Andrew told his brother Simon about Jesus, he's the real leader of the church and ...
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3answers
882 views

Does “Mere Christianity” represent the core of Christian belief?

I just finished reading C. S. Lewis in A Time of War by Justin Phillips. It seems Lewis went to great lengths to ensure that everything he said in his BBC talks that became Mere Christianity was ...
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2answers
1k views

Orthodox churches recognized by Catholic Church

Which Orthodox churches are recognized by the Catholic church? Are there any churches older than the split that are not recognized by the Catholic Church and that are still active? Edit: "recognize" ...
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2answers
704 views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...