Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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Does Catholic and Orthodox belief say 'antichrist' has already come and gone?

It seems to be most Protestant denominations believe that right before the second coming, the antichrist will come, so he has not come yet. How is this different in Catholicism and Orthodoxy? Do they ...
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1answer
42 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church eat leavened or unleavened bread during the Eucharist, and if it is indeed leavened bread, what is their basis for this practice?
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26 views

If Orthodox Christians must repent of any act of violence, how does this not entail pacifism?

I have heard from many Orthodox that one should repent of any act of violence, including violence committed in self-defense or in the service of military duties. As I understand it, true repentance ...
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29 views

Are there examples of royal Orthodox saints (not martyrs) who have executed people?

Are there any examples of saints (not martyrs) recognized by the Orthodox church that have executed or overseen the execution of people? I am explicitly ruling out martyrdom because I am interested ...
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46 views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
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48 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church believe in Aerial Toll Houses?

In the Oration, St. Gregory of Nazianzus talked about “last baptism,” the baptism of eschatological fire, longer lasting and more painful than one’s penance for sins (Or. 39.19). Some Protestants have ...
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47 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
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146 views

What caused division and persecution in the history of Eastern Orthodox Church? [closed]

Can anyone explain and help me to understand what caused the rise of division and persecution in Eastern Orthodox Church history in the Middle Ages? This is not about modern Protestantism in Russia ...
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197 views

Why does the Coptic church still perform circumcisions?

Circumcision is a requirement from The Mosaic Law: Any uncircumcised male who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off from his people – he has failed to carry out ...
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65 views

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church?

How does the Orthodox Church view the Roman Catholic Church? Specifically Does she consider RCC herectical? In what matters? Does she consider RCC priesthood and sacraments as valid? Does she allow ...
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69 views

How do the rites for a first and second marriage (after death of a spouse) differ in the Orthodox Church?

If an Eastern Orthodox parishioner becomes a widow(er) and decides to remarry, what are the differences between what it will look like in their first and second marriage? What are the reasons for the ...
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55 views

Pride of the humble [closed]

Some Russian so called "saints" talked much about what they call "pride of the humble" (when one is proud by his own humility: "I am a great saint"). My question: Do similar ideas appear in western ...
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81 views

Orthodox Priest Assignment

Here is a thread answering how Catholic Priests get assigned to parishes. How is this done for Orthodox Priests? What is that process and does a newly ordained priest have any say over his ...
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1answer
71 views

Do the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches observe different dates for Pascha?

Someone claimed on another forum that the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church observe different dates for the feast of Pascha/Easter. Is this so? If so, what does this imply about the ...
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88 views

Does the Eastern orthodox church prohibit Christian meditation?

There is already a question on whether or not yoga and other non-Christian meditative practices are permissible according to the Eastern Orthodox Church, however I was wondering if all forms of ...
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2answers
83 views

What is to be understood by Mary being the “mother of the church”?

Ever since St. Ambrose of Milan there has been a line of thinking that Mary is the "Mother of the Church" - what is to be understood by this title?
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172 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
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218 views

Is Eastern Orthodox christianity against doing yoga or meditation?

I've heard opposite opinions on this and I was wondering about it. So is Eastern Orthodox christianity against doing yoga or meditation?
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101 views

The Eucharist and the supernatural Priesthood

This is probably a question mostly directed at Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Why is it that only a priest can consecrate the Eucharist? Is there the assumption that there is some sort of ...
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96 views

What is the difference between the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of deification and the little god doctrine of the Word of Faith movement?

I noticed that the Word of Faith movement is under a lot of fire for the "little g god" doctrine but it appears to me that it is almost, if not exactly, the same as the deification/divinization ...
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266 views

What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
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70 views

What is the specific meaning of “believe” in John 3:16? [duplicate]

I would like to know the specific meaning of the word "believe" in John 3:16 when it says whosoever believes in Him shall not perish but have everlasting life. Many people that I know say that they ...
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3answers
385 views

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads?

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads in the face of this scripture? 1 Cor 11:3-4 But I would have you know, that the head of every ...
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2answers
171 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
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181 views

Why are the bread and wine mixed together in the Holy Eucharist during an Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy?

When and why was the practice of commixture started? What is the theological significance of mixing the two together?
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245 views

How can there be free will if God is all knowing? [duplicate]

This is a question with which I have struggled. If God knows the future and all our actions then we do not have any choice in what we do, all is predetermined. So what is the answer to this ?
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240 views

Why do Orthodox Christians baptize infants?

I know that Roman Catholics baptize infants, because they believe that infants need to be cleansed of original sin, and that the denial of baptism at infancy by Christian parents is tantamount to the ...
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3answers
160 views

Were a lot of 'Christians' in the past not Christians at all? [closed]

The intent of this question is not to define 'what is a true Christian?', but to ask: Given that each tradition has it's own well-defined understanding of what being a Christian means, how do they ...
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125 views

Does Orthodox theology emphasize “redemptive suffering” as much as Catholicism does?

Growing up Catholic I've been taught that "my suffering completes what is lacking" in Christ's sacrifice. Any time that I encounter suffering I should "offer it up." St. Bernadette, Francis of Assisi, ...
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393 views

Does the Orthodox Church accept Gay marriage and why?

Some say that it is "okay" some say that it is not, but these are just opinions. What does the Orthodox Church thing about that, and how do they deal with it?
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148 views

Where within Biblical Scripture does it mention anything similar to the official Catholic and/or Orthodox church's hierarchy of church officials?

Where within biblical Scripture does it mention anything similar to the official Catholic and/or Orthodox church's hierarchy of church officials? Catholic and/or Orthodox church's may point to (2 ...
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4answers
353 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
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497 views

What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
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79 views

How do I know that an “Orthodox” theological work is officially Orthodox doctrine?

Whenever I read theological works written by Roman Catholics I know that, as long as there is an "Imprimatur" from a legitimate Bishop, I can trust it to be official Catholic doctrine. On the other ...
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4answers
223 views

Orthodox teaching about touching Jesus' body

I was reading answers to a question about Thomas touching Jesus. An answer came from an Orthodox person which said that Thomas was granted special permission to touch his body/wound. That person ...
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1answer
132 views

Can you give air-kisses to icons in the Eastern Orthodox church instead of physical kisses?

Can you give air-kisses to icons in the Eastern Orthodox church instead of physical kisses? I was reading this website, which teaches church etiquette to church-going Christians. The website seems to ...
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4answers
665 views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
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137 views

Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. I will calculate the numbers and ...
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216 views

Movies and Music during Lent for Orthodox Christians

Last year I was told that the Orthodox do not participate in movies and TV during Lent. Fine -- I assumed it had to do with the fact that new movies/TV are egregiously filled with sin, and Lent is the ...
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198 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
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362 views

What is the Difference Between ROCOR-MP and ROCOR-A (ROCA)

What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR? I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but ...
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116 views

What is the waving cloth in the Creed and what does it mean?

I was recently at an Eastern Orthodox celebration of the Divine Liturgy. During the recitation of the Creed, there was a coloured cloth (I think the veil that had covered the chalice) which was waved ...
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378 views

How do Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians evangelize?

If you have been to a public university or college campus in the USA, then you may have seen a live, theatrical performance of street evangelism. Sometimes, the preacher may give his (yes, the ...
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468 views

Baking and cutting eucharistic bread in the Eastern Orthodox Churches

What is the scriptural basis of the Eastern Orthodox Church to select a person in good standing to bake the bread in preparation for the Eucharist, and what is the scriptural basis for cutting the ...
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1answer
562 views

Why Origen is considered a Church Father but not a saint?

Why Origen is considered a father of the church but not a saint by the Roman Catholic / Eastern Orthodox Church? I've heard and read in "Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern ...
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2answers
698 views

Orthodoxy's “ancestral sin” versus Calvinism's “total depravity”

Correct me if I'm wrong, but from what I understand, one of the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology is "ancestral sin." Note: Although Roman Catholicism's definition ...
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34k views

Difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox

What is the difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox in Christian religion? Kindly explain. Thanks in advance :)
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244 views

Do Christians still make icons?

Do Christians still make icons? Typically, it's easy to find Christian icons from the Middle Ages. But are there any Christian icons in the modern age?
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2k views

What is the thesis of the church towards asexuality?

What is the position of the Church on asexuals? An asexual is a person who does not experience sexual attraction towards any person, thus does not desire to have sex. Asexuality is distinct from ...
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93 views

Where can I find the Orthodox response to the Ausburg Confession?

According to Stephen Runciman's The Great Church in Captivity (excerpt), the Orthodox Patriarch Jeremias II wrote a letter detailing the differences between the Orthodox doctrines and Lutheran ...