Relating to first 200 years of the Christian church

learn more… | top users | synonyms

-2
votes
0answers
40 views

What viable alternative explanations exist for the origin of Christianity? [on hold]

From ~50 AD, Paul went around Asia Minor establishing Christian congregations like a man possessed, but his epistles are mostly silent on concrete details of an earthly Jesus. The Gospels were written ...
-1
votes
3answers
140 views

What is the Catholic explanation for the Catholic Church's apparent vacillation on abortion?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that from the very first century, it has always been the perennial teaching of the Church that procured abortion is a very grave moral evil. CCC 2271 ...
3
votes
3answers
66 views

What is the biblical basis for why the sending of the Holy Spirit was necessary?

Why couldn't the disciples begin following the great commission right after Jesus ascended into heaven? Why was the sending of the Holy Spirit necessary?
5
votes
1answer
66 views

How was the word preached in NT era churches?

In many churches today, the word is preached as follows: a pastor / priest talks for the entirety of the meeting (generally 1 hour) a large group of Christians listen. In the Watchmen Nee inspired ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Did any other early church fathers besides Origen teach about the pre-existence of souls?

Origen taught about the pre-existence of our souls, which, among many other of his teachings, was later condemned as heresy. Did any other early church fathers teach this doctrine?
7
votes
4answers
154 views

Was the Assumption of Mary a belief in the early church?

Was the Assumption of Mary a belief in the early church? If so, where's the evidence? The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven at the end of her earthly life is a defined dogma of the ...
3
votes
3answers
158 views

Do any Christian groups sell all their possessions as it seems the Early Church did?

In Luke 12:33 (NIV) Jesus says: Sell your possessions and give to the poor. Provide purses for yourselves that will not wear out, a treasure in heaven that will never fail, where no thief comes ...
1
vote
2answers
458 views

Where did Catholics and Catholicism come from? [duplicate]

Catholicism seems to have begun so quickly after the dispersion of the Apostles that I'm wondering where even it even came from. I'm especially curious to know when Christians began calling ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Are there any major Protestant denominations that meet every day and are together all the time like the early church was?

To my knowledge, most Protestant denominations (Baptist, Lutheran, Episcopalian, Non-denom, etc...) structure their church to meet once a week, with maybe a bible-study once a week as well. Though I ...
0
votes
3answers
150 views

Was Paul the ideal Christian we were meant to emulate? [closed]

Did God intend for Paul to show us the kind of Christian life we were all meant to live? I don't mean every nitty-gritty detail. Obviously things would be different if you were born a woman or mute ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
7
votes
4answers
154 views

Why does only one person “teach” during a church meeting?

Consider these scriptures: "And don’t get drunk with wine, which leads to reckless actions, but be filled by the Spirit: speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing ...
5
votes
2answers
123 views

How did early “street evangelization” differ from the modern practice?

Biblical "street preachers" gathered interested and/or interactive crowds, often followed by mass conversions. We could conceivably chalk some of this up to the "signs and wonders" they tended to ...
11
votes
2answers
482 views

Are there any writings from the church fathers teaching Original Sin before Augustine?

It has been said by some that Augustine was the first to teach Original Sin, "It was Augustine (354-430 A.D.) who first promoted the idea that; "the fallen nature of Adam was transmitted ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church?

Was his belief that their foundation was faulty to begin with or that through time they fell into an apostate state and needed to be reformed back?
3
votes
1answer
190 views

Did the early church record other events of handing people over to Satan?

Did the early church record other events of handing people over to Satan? "So when you are assembled and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, hand this man over to ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

Who were the intended audience in the Epistle to Romans?

Romans 1:7 (ESV) To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Who were the members of the ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

When did we stop practicing Exodus 35:2

Exodus 35:2 NIV For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day shall be your holy day, a day of sabbath rest to the LORD. Whoever does any work on it is to be put to death. I do not ...
6
votes
2answers
338 views

What do the Nicene, Apostles, Chalcedonian, Creeds add to the concept of God, Jesus, and the Holy Ghost that is not found directly in the Bible?

There were opposing views especially on the nature of God and His relationship to Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost. That was in part the reason for the councils. To try to unify the church and come to ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Why did the early Christian church stop building and worshiping in temples?

The use of temples was central during the Old and New Testaments. Christ himself even cleansed the temple by throwing out the money changers who were defiling his Fathers house. John 2:16 Why did that ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Which were the languages used during Mass from paleochristianty until Trent council?

I know latin has been a vulgarization in attempting to make Mass more accessible to christians. So which were the languages used in paleochristian Mass? Koine Greek, pure Greek or what else? And which ...
8
votes
2answers
608 views

Other than Augustine, which Church Fathers have directly influenced John Calvin's teaching of “double-predestination?”

"By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God, by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every man. All are not created on equal terms, but some are ...
2
votes
2answers
295 views

Any instructions given by the church fathers on how to receive the gift of tongues?

1 Corinthians 14:39 (NIV) Therefore, my brothers and sisters, be eager to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. In the early church, the gift of tongues was a common gift which ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What were the early Christians officially persecuted for?

I wonder what the early Christians were officially persecuted for by the high priests? In the book of Acts we see that Saul, before his conversion, received some letters from the high priest that ...
2
votes
2answers
279 views

Are the gospels comparable(equal) to contemporary works of historians?

Are the gospels (and especially claims on the identity of Jesus in the Gospels) comparable(equal) to contemporary works of contemporary historians like Tacitus and Josephus, in terms of objectivity( ...
5
votes
2answers
262 views

How do Orthodox Bishops and theologians view the Church Fathers' definition of the word “catholic?”

While perusing the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) website I came across this question. I fully understand what the word catholic by itself means. Orthodox Christians (like many liturgical ...
4
votes
2answers
143 views

When the humans' freedom of choice was firstly stated in Christianity?

When and where was it firstly stated in the history of Christianity that a human being has a personal freedom of choice and that God respects it?
8
votes
3answers
313 views

What support is there in the Patristic writings for Marian Devotion?

Specifically, I want to know if there is evidence in the early Church of Christians venerating Mary. Evidence from the time following Mary's earthly life is preferred, though not required.
11
votes
1answer
804 views

What is the earliest written surviving liturgy?

The Divine Liturgy of St John Chrysostom, for example, has been traced to the fourth century, and is purported to be based upon even earlier forms. The Liturgy of St James is even more ancient, and is ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Does “faith” enable “love”?

Romans 4:16 says: Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace… In this verse it appears that “faith” enables “grace”. The case could be made that the initial breach with God was one of ...
5
votes
2answers
330 views

Was regular weekly fasting a widespread, formal tradition in the early Church?

In The Story of Christianity,* author Justo Gonzalez offers the following: There were indeed times set aside for sorrow for one's sins, in particular during the two weekly days of fasting, which ...
2
votes
3answers
362 views

Do any Protestant groups teach that Paul founded the Church and not Peter?

I have always been told that Peter was the head of the entire Church at the time of Christ, but James was apparently leader of the Church in Jerusalem, and Paul started a number of churches outside ...
9
votes
3answers
271 views

Are there any denominations that teach that the Holy Spirit is matriarchal?

Count Zinzendorf came to the aid of the Moravian Brethren. He held that the Holy Spirit was matriarchal. Are there any teachings of this perspective in early church history?
-2
votes
2answers
300 views

Did the Catholic Church have evidence to discredit the Gospel of Judas?

Christians accept four legitimate Gospels from Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. My Question: Did the Catholic Church have evidence to discredit the Gospel of Judas?
11
votes
2answers
820 views

Why didn't Syriac Christianity keep Aramaic as their liturgical language?

Syriac Christianity (as well as with other oriental orthodoxy denominations) today use Arabic as their liturgical language. It is known that they have been using Arabic since the times of Muslim ...
9
votes
1answer
369 views

What is the basis for the claim that the entire New Testament can be reconstructed apart from original and copied manuscripts?

Bit of a mouthy title, but I remember reading a few years ago that the entire New Testament (perhaps with the exception of very few verses) and most of the Old Testament could be reconstructed from ...
8
votes
1answer
309 views

When was the Bible formally declared to be inerrant and/or infallible?

Fundamentally*, an inerrant Bible is one without errors and an infallible Bible is one that cannot have errors, as David Stratton pointed out in his answer. As for the Roman Catholic Church, all of ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Were the early Christians an apocalyptic sect?

I saw a documentary with David Suchet about Paul the apostle. Suchet stated that Paul was convinced the world was about to end. Is this an accurate representation of the early church?
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Did Justin Martyr have a personal interaction with Jesus Christ?

Justin narrates the manner of his conversion to Trypho the Jew. In Chapter III of his Dialogue with Trypho, he writes, "And while I was thus disposed, when I wished at one period to be filled with ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Why did early Christians in Acts still go to the Jewish temple every day?

In the Acts of the Apostles we find that the early believers were every day visiting the temple and afterwards meeting in each others homes. Every day they continued to meet together in the temple ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

What are the key differences between the Western and Eastern Christianity?

I'm currently reading about Eastern Christianity as a part of my study. Those are the churches that have existed since early times, such as the Nestorians, the Jacobites, the Coptics, and others. But ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it true that early Christians were baptised naked?

I was told that people were baptised naked in the early Christian church. Is this true? If so, could you provide references please? I would like to investigate this for myself. Regards, Walid
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Did Jesus put an end to all religious ways at the cross [closed]

Hebrews 8-10 made me think different and that the True church is one not made by human hands so that means everything else is counterfeit to the real thing. The true followers worship in Spirit and ...
3
votes
5answers
467 views

Church Giving to the Poor

The Bible and Jesus clearly speak of giving money to the church and in turn fellow Christians should give up all they have and look out for one another. So my question is why does this not happen now ...
9
votes
5answers
988 views

Did Christ know who He was as a youth?

Did Jesus Christ know as a baby that He was the Son of God? When He worked carpentry with Joseph, His earthly father, did He know then Who or What He was? Did He sense in anyway prior to being a ...
4
votes
1answer
529 views

How many writings of those who were disciples of the first 12 apostles (including Paul) are available today?

How many writings of those who were disciples of the first 12 apostles (including Paul) are available today? I guess, no need to include Mark and Luke as their writings are included in the Bible.
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Who was Tychicus?

In studying through the book of Colossians, I noted that the letter was carried from Paul to the church by some dude named Tychicus. Colossians 4:7 (ESV) 7  Tychicus will tell you all ...
2
votes
5answers
6k views

Do angels still visit us on earth [closed]

I know that throughout the Bible Angels met with humans for very specific reasons. An obvious example can be found in Luke 1:26-38. Gabriel speaks to Mary and informs her she will give birth to a son ...
10
votes
2answers
307 views

Did the church fathers or OT talk about the visible and invisible church?

In the Reformation, the doctrine of the distinction between the visible and invisible church was important in the Reformers' claim not to have started a rogue church. I am wondering... Given that it ...
7
votes
2answers
441 views

What is the earliest Christian use of a worship leader?

Music directors existed in Old Testament times (see these 56 references). But was there such a thing as what we now call a worship leader in Christian (New Testament and early church) times? Or is it ...