Military campaigns sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church during the High Middle Ages and Late Middle Ages.

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How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power and authority?

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power/authority, during and after the Crusades? The Crusades, from Wikipedia The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, called ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

What passages of Scripture were used by the popes and crusaders to justify the Crusades?

What passages of Scripture were used by the popes and crusaders to justify the Crusades? I am specifically interested what the individuals that were contemporary to the crusades were saying. For the ...
8
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2answers
181 views

Is this melody part of the French church mass?

In this article, in the section entitled The “Great” Aleinu History, the author writes that a particular melody used in Jewish High Holiday prayers was added to the French Church Mass in the late 12th ...
5
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1answer
2k views

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades?

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades? Was there a specific reason why they stopped? Or were they no longer necessary at some point in time?
5
votes
1answer
170 views

What were the circumstances behind the loss of the “True Cross?”

It is my understanding that there was a relic, used by the Crusaders, that was claimed to be the very Cross on which Jesus was crucified. I also understand that sometime around 1187, it was captured ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Crusades: What's the historic consensus? [closed]

Some say the crusades were Christian aggression against Muslims. Others say the crusades were responses to Muslim aggressive expansion into Europe. What is the historic consensus?
1
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1answer
2k views

How did the Crusades affect the King's power? [closed]

How did the Crusades affect the King's power/authority, during and after the Crusades?
0
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1answer
92 views

What is the Catholic view of separation of church and state in terms of war and application of the death penalty? [closed]

Note: This question was an honest search for a Catholic view not an accusation or attack. If I had written an attack it would be a 1000 times more severe and to a specific point. The defensive ...
-11
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2answers
906 views

Is it true that Christians and Jews were enemies for sacrifice of Jesus by Jews but later united against Muslims at Crusades? [closed]

This is what I heard and usually said in Islam. I want to know if Christians verify this or not.