Military campaigns sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church during the High Middle Ages and Late Middle Ages.

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How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power and authority?

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power/authority, during and after the Crusades? The Crusades, from Wikipedia The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, called ...
5
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1answer
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When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades?

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades? Was there a specific reason why they stopped? Or were they no longer necessary at some point in time?
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Crusades: What's the historic consensus? [closed]

Some say the crusades were Christian aggression against Muslims. Others say the crusades were responses to Muslim aggressive expansion into Europe. What is the historic consensus?
11
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1answer
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What passages of Scripture were used by the popes and crusaders to justify the Crusades?

What passages of Scripture were used by the popes and crusaders to justify the Crusades? I am specifically interested what the individuals that were contemporary to the crusades were saying. For the ...
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2answers
856 views
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1answer
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How did the Crusades affect the King's power? [closed]

How did the Crusades affect the King's power/authority, during and after the Crusades?
8
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2answers
179 views

Is this melody part of the French church mass?

In this article, in the section entitled The “Great” Aleinu History, the author writes that a particular melody used in Jewish High Holiday prayers was added to the French Church Mass in the late 12th ...
5
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1answer
165 views

What were the circumstances behind the loss of the “True Cross?”

It is my understanding that there was a relic, used by the Crusaders, that was claimed to be the very Cross on which Jesus was crucified. I also understand that sometime around 1187, it was captured ...