Questions regarding the declared statements of faith/belief of Christian communities.

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21
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1answer
491 views

Why do we use the order “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit”?

The three persons of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are united in an undivided Trinity, in which all are equal in stature, according to orthodox trinitarian Christianity. Given that our language is ...
20
votes
3answers
845 views

Did the Apostles' Creed originate with the Apostles?

The Apostles' Creed is perhaps the oldest statement of faith in the Christian tradition. Is there any evidence that it was used by Jesus' first followers? If not, when did it originate?
19
votes
1answer
567 views

Have the individual commands of the OT Law ever been categorized as “Moral,” “Ceremonial,” and “Civil?”

Are there any historic Christian documents that provide a comprehensive categorization of the commands of the OT Law / mitzvot using the three categories from the WCF? And, if so, then as a secondary ...
14
votes
1answer
391 views

What doctrinal changes did the Westminster Confession bring to the Church of Scotland?

After the reforms of the 16th century, the Scots Confession served as the primary confession for the Church of Scotland for just over 80 years. In 1648 it was replaced by the The Humble Advice of the ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Where do Christians believe the Qur'an came from? [closed]

The "prophet" Muhammad stated that the angel Gabriel visited him with revelation and he put great importance upon Gabriel. So my question is, where do Christians believe Muhammad's revelation came ...
11
votes
2answers
331 views

According to reformed theology, why are certain important doctrines not “obvious”? [i.e. why does the Westminister Confession even exist?]

Consider the important doctrines of: divinity of Christ doctrine of Trinity doctrine of predestination Consider in general, that the Westminister Confession is shorter than most books of the ...
10
votes
1answer
130 views

Where can I find the Orthodox response to the Augsburg Confession?

According to Steven Runciman's The Great Church in Captivity (excerpt), the Orthodox Patriarch Jeremias II wrote a letter detailing the differences between the Orthodox doctrines and Lutheran ...
9
votes
3answers
709 views

What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
9
votes
2answers
288 views

What is the justification for reciting creeds in public worship according to the regulative principle?

Some churches which hold to the regulative principle of worship (RPW) insist that recitation of creeds or portions of confessions or catechisms by the congregation is an important act in the public ...
9
votes
2answers
155 views

Was the “Nicene Creed” of AD 381 an update of the Nicene Creed of AD 325?

When people talk about "The Nicene Creed," it seems that they are often referring to the document associated with the Council of Constantinople (AD 381). I'm sure there are many reasons for this, one ...
8
votes
2answers
564 views

Why did the authors of the London Baptist Confession of 1689 callout the pope as being the antichrist?

In chapter 26 paragraph 4 of the 1689 LBC, the authors called the pope the antichrist: neither can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof, but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son ...
8
votes
1answer
171 views

On what basis did Mary Queen of Scots first reject the Scots Confession?

The history of the Scots Confession seems to have some amusing interludes. Having been drafted in just 4 days by 5 guys all named John, it went on to serve as the primary confession of the Church of ...
7
votes
3answers
994 views

What do the Nicene, Apostles, Chalcedonian, Creeds add to the concept of God, Jesus, and the Holy Ghost that is not found directly in the Bible?

There were opposing views especially on the nature of God and His relationship to Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost. That was in part the reason for the councils. To try to unify the church and come to ...
7
votes
1answer
89 views

Creed, Encyclical, Decretal, Canon, Bull, etc - What's the difference?

In Catholicism, what is the difference between a Creed, an Encyclical, a Decretal, a Canon and a Papal Bull? Are there any other decrees or formal or informal outlines of official church doctrine used ...
6
votes
2answers
412 views

What is the Baptist justification for anti-confessionalism?

According to Wikipedia, "Confessionalism, in a religious (and particularly Christian) sense, is a belief in the importance of full and unambiguous assent to the whole of a religious teaching. ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What is closest thing Baptists have to a catechism?

I teach Sunday School at an evangelical congregation that is essentially nondenominational, but has various, historical ties to the Church of the Brethren and or one of the smaller Baptist ...
4
votes
2answers
209 views

How do Baptists catechize children?

If Baptists do not believe in the formalized confessional creeds of the church, then how do they catechize children? In the Small Catechism, Martin Luther notes that learning the Creeds is very ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Meaning of end of chapter 3 of the 2nd Helvetic Confession

What is the meaning of the last paragraph of Chapter 3 of the Second Helvetic Confession(?): HERESIES. Therefore we condemn the Jews and Mohammedans, and all those who blaspheme that sacred and ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Does every denomination / sect have a catechism?

In Lutheranism, there's the Small Catechism, Large Catechism, and the Book of Concord, with each book in series getting much larger and having more specific doctrinal material. Even though the ...
4
votes
2answers
40 views

Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them?

In the section Origin of the creed in the article Apostles' Creed | New Advent, it states that throughout the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Apostles, on the day of Pentecost, while ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

How does Western Christian theology explain the doctrine of the Filioque within the context of the Old Testament?

I'm doing a pseudo-superficial scriptural study of the Nicene-Constantinopalitan Creed and how it differs from the Latin addition of the Filioque. The Caroligian theologians mainly used the Gospel of ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Did any of the Catholic or Protestant paramilitary groups of the Northern Ireland conflicts of the 60s and 70s ever have an actual theological creed?

I have been reading old newspapers for fun and noticed a lot of conflicts in Northern Ireland making the newspaper during the 60s and 70s (along with the usual Vietnam and Israel conflicts). When I ...
3
votes
2answers
426 views

What elements are most commonly included in an exposition of faith?

The "exposition of faith" (expositio fidei) or "statement of faith" is quite common. The early Church fathers often summarized an exposition of faith, and today, many Christian websites, especially ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

What theological statement would be made if the Creeds preceded the homily?

In both the Anglican and Catholic Mass, the Liturgy of the Word (aka reading the lessons), begins with Scripture, includes a Homily, and then concludes with the recitation of one of the Creeds. ...
3
votes
4answers
776 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Athanasian Creed article 6, meaning of “the glory equal”

In the Athanasian Creed, article 6, we read: But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit is all one, the glory equal, the majesty coeternal. Does the wording of this ...
3
votes
5answers
213 views

What's the justification for believing that God interacts with us today the same way He did thousands of years ago?

Most Christians I have come across believe that because 8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. Hebrews 13:8 God must interact with people today the same way He did back then. ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

What is the meaning of creeds? [closed]

What are creeds and how they came about. Is there a Biblical basis for them and how many creeds are there till date?
1
vote
1answer
82 views

What biblical or historical reasons have been given for avoiding creeds & catechisms?

I read a book by George Fox, founder of Quakerism, where he spoke of his reluctance to endorse any creed, and part of the reason seemed to be the abuse he received in prison for being a heretic. ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

According to the Catholic Church in her recent pronouncements, what is the order of truths to which the believer adheres?

This @PeterTurner's answer to What is the difference between a dogma, a doctrine, an infallible statement, an ex cathedra statement, etc.? opined There are a few levels of Magisterial Teaching. ...
1
vote
2answers
220 views

39 Articles of Religion: Article XVII (17)

The article on Predestination asserts that for the non-elect having the sentence of predestination before their eyes causes them to sin more and more. So, why did the framers of this confession ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Have any noteworthy church councils denounced Full Preterism as heresy?

Full preterists believe that all prophecies in the Bible have already been fulfilled, including those related to the final resurrection, the Second Coming of Christ, and the Final Judgment. I have ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

How do Protestants harmonize the creeds and confessions on anthropomorphism?

In the 39 Articles of the Anglican/Episcopalian church, the first article says: I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. There is but one living and true God, everlasting, without body, parts, or ...