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13
votes
2answers
12k views

What is the difference between a covenant and a contract?

Specifically as used by the Reformed theological tradition, what is meant by the term "covenant"? How is this different than other forms of agreements under assorted names in English like contract, ...
11
votes
3answers
314 views

What is the origin of the Covenant of Grace?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Grace refers to an overarching theological covenant which God made on the basis of grace. The various Biblical covenants such as Abraham's, the Mosaic/Deuteronomic,...
10
votes
2answers
751 views

How many bilateral covenants occur in the Bible?

As the title asks, how many bilateral covenants occur in scripture between God and His creation (this does not include bilateral covenants between humans and humans, e.g., a marriage covenant between ...
8
votes
6answers
7k views

Why did God create a new covenant?

Why did God create a new covenant? It seems as if he had a covenant set in place in the Old Testament and provided a means for Israel to follow the covenant and offer sacrifices to atone for their ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Is the New Covenant a unilateral or a bilateral covenant? [closed]

The Old Covenant was a bilateral covenant of which Yahveh and the nation of Israel were parties. The Israelites had to agree to the terms of the covenant, which they did (Exo. 24:7). Is the New ...
7
votes
1answer
209 views

What is the biblical basis for dual-covenant theology?

Dual-covenant theology, or two-covenant theology, holds that there are two covenants in effect—one, the Old Covenant (with the Mosaic Law) applying to Jews, and the second, the New Covenant (through ...
7
votes
1answer
171 views

How are the different covenants related to or different from each other?

In church traditions that subscribe to Reformed theology it is common to refer to God's relationship to men in terms of covenants -- agreements between God and His people in which God makes specific ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Does the word 'testament' in the titles OT and NT imply the death of the testator in both covenants?

A will or testament is a legal declaration by which a person, the testator, names one or more persons to manage his estate and provides for the transfer of his property at death. This property an ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Was the Mosaic Covenant a covenant of “works” or “grace”?

In Exodus 20 (but all of Exodus/Leviticus/Numbers/Deuteronomy as well) we read of what many refer to as the Mosaic Covenant - enacted at Sinai, where God gives the Ten Commandments (and later the rest ...
5
votes
2answers
202 views

Was the Covenant made with the Church or does 'Everlasting' mean something other than 'eternal?' [closed]

I am posting this question on behalf of another user, and it corresponds to a related textual question. Galatians 3:16 (KJV) says, "Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith ...
5
votes
1answer
638 views

What is the old covenant of Hebrews 8:6?

But in fact the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, since the new covenant is established on better promises. ~ ...
5
votes
3answers
359 views

Judah, Joseph, and Jacob's birthright

Jacob had twelve sons, the firstborn of whom was Reuben. Yet, the birthright that should have passed on to Reuben did not due to Reuben's sin against his father (1 Chronicles 5:1-2). Naturally, ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

How does Christianity work with all the biblical covenants?

One major theme of the Bible is the number of covenants between God and humanity. How do Christians manage to work them out? Are the covenants prioritized from highest priority to lowest priority, or ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

What is the biblical basis for the replacement of God's law by the new covenant in Christ? [duplicate]

In Matthew 5:17, Jesus states that he has not come to abolish the law, but to fulfill it. However, much of the law written in Deuteronomy is not practiced by Christian churches today (Deut 22:11 is ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

Am I a party to the covenant of atonement? [closed]

Jesus prayed (Jn 17:21) that “they may be one in us as you are in me and I am in you.” (Easier to comprehend if in means in union with.) This is the original sense of at-one-ment. “We also joy in God ...
3
votes
5answers
217 views

What's the justification for believing that God interacts with us today the same way He did thousands of years ago?

Most Christians I have come across believe that because 8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. Hebrews 13:8 God must interact with people today the same way He did back then. ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

What is the Obsolete Covenant? [duplicate]

By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear. (Hebrews 8:13, NIV) In the light of the Epistle to Hebrews, what did ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Who adheres to dual-covenant theology?

Another question has asked about the Biblical basis for dual-covenant theology, but I'm interested in who holds it. Wikipedia indicates that some "liberal" Christians do, but I'm looking for more ...
2
votes
4answers
121 views

Are there one or two covenants in Exodus? Clarifying the role of the first set of laws compared to the second set

Im a little confused by some commentaries as to how they describe the laws given to Moses. We see a first set of commands listed in Exodus 20:1-17 and 20:22-23:33. These are then agreed upon by ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Covenants and reformed theology [closed]

As part of a theology course I've been asked to look at covenants, so I looked on Amazon for a book or two and was surprised to see many book titles including "reformed" or books written by reformed ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

If baptism into Jesus is into the new covenant, what did Jesus' disciples baptise people into before his death? [on hold]

John 4:1-2 describes Jesus' disciples baptising people. Of course we know John baptised for repentance. Now, if the new covenant was inaugurated in Jesus' death and resurrection, and baptism into ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Was There a '7' Associated With the New Covenant? [closed]

I have heard from several places that Covenant making often involves the number 7 in some way. I don't ever recall a mentioning of a 7 associated with Jesus institution of the Eucharist and his death ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Why we don't stone people? [duplicate]

The bible many times specifically tell us to stone people... Yet, I have yet to meet someone that defends that practice. I've heard many times that this is because the OT is not valid anymore ...