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36
votes
4answers
10k views

When did the prohibition of marriage for priests in the Catholic church originate?

The Bible mentions that one of the miracles Jesus performed was the healing of Peter's mother-in-law. This makes it quite clear that Peter himself was married, and Peter is the considered the first ...
19
votes
5answers
11k views

Why does Catholicism have priests but Protestantism does not?

The Catholic Church (and apparently Lutheran, Anglican and Episcopalian churches) have clergy with the title of "priest", as did Old Testament Judaism. Are Protestant "preachers", "reverends", ...
16
votes
5answers
150k views

What is the difference between a pastor, a priest, and a minister?

No, this is not the start of a joke about a bunch of people walking into a bar. Rather, I thought it would be helpful to clarify various titles that people give to leadership roles in churches.
11
votes
3answers
393 views

What makes someone an antipope?

Rather straight forward question. There have been multiple men declared antipopes. Is it different each time, or generally the same set of circumstances that causes this?
10
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the biblical basis/justification for requiring a pastor be educated?

As a Baptist, while I don't know of any specific requirements for a pastor, it is generally accepted that a head pastor would have some sort of seminary education, be it a Masters or even a Doctorate ...
10
votes
1answer
237 views

How do non-sacramental denominations identify and ordain pastors and other leaders?

I'm aware that not all Christian denominations call the leaders/pastors of local congregations "priests" (as Catholics, Orthodox, some Anglicans, and apparently some Lutherans do, perhaps among ...
7
votes
2answers
127 views

How is “binding and loosing” extrapolated to all clergy?

Matthew 16:19 And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. I recently ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Are there any non-pacifist traditions that object to military chaplaincy?

I'd like to know if there are any non-pacifist Christian traditions or denominations, either historical or contemporary, that object to individual participation in the military as a non-combat ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Why are church leaders called “Father”?

Could anyone explain to me why some groups of Christians call their leaders "Father"?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy?

I sometimes find myself lost in my own church's different levels of clergy and the Catholic church's seems even more complex? What different positions in the clergy exist within the Roman Catholic ...
4
votes
1answer
304 views

When did the use of formal, seminary-type education begin and why?

When did it become the norm for church leaders to get a formal Christian education and why did that process begin? When I say formal education I'm not talking about the mentor/mentee style that Jesus ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

Significance of different colored vestments worn by Catholic clergy

What color vestments are worn by the Catholic clergy (Roman rite) during Mass, and what is their significance?
4
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the argument against the imposition of clerical celibacy as practiced in the Roman Catholic Church?

The Roman Catholic Church requires its priests to practice celibacy. This has not always been the case, though. In fact, it was not instituted until the 11th century. Protestant churches have no ...
4
votes
3answers
316 views

From where does the teaching on women in ministry come? [duplicate]

First off, since I know this may be a somewhat controversial question in today's climate, let me just state that I'm not intending to take any part in that controversy. I'm just asking this question ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Is it true that Luther didn't consider anyone of the Catholic clergy to be a member of the true Church of God?

Someone told me that Luther had a teaching about the true invisible Church that was a far cry from what could be seen as the Church at his time. Is it true that Luther didn't consider anyone of the ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

In the Catholic Church, other than cardinals, are there any other prelates that may don red cassocks?

In the Catholic Church, the clerical dress (cassock) of cardinals is scarlet red in color. Are there any other catholic prelates who may don red cassocks?
3
votes
1answer
644 views

Martin Luther's take on Roman Catholic clergy individuals living (immediately) before him

Is there any evidence that Martin Luther considered any of the Roman Catholic clergymen who lived in the centuries preceding his own lifetime (evidence related to those living in the centuries ...
2
votes
1answer
414 views

Why doesn't the Roman Catholic church defrock Richard Rohr? [closed]

Richard Rohr is a popular author and retreat leader. His philosophy combines Christianity, Jungian psychology, and a variety of insights gained from eastern religions. He quotes often from the early ...
2
votes
2answers
795 views

Which Christian churches have an entirely unpaid/lay clergy?

Of those Churches what is their form of governance that allows them to run smoothly lacking fulltime ecclesiastical professionals? How does one ascend into a leadership role in the Church?
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Why are archdeacons (Anglican, Catholic, or Orthodox) called “The Venerable”? What is the origin, in Latin and English, of this title?

Wikipedia doesn't seem to provide a fleshed-out etymology of this title. Who first held it? When did its usage become applied to all archdeacons. And do archdeacons ever have issues with the title, ...
1
vote
1answer
524 views

Do any Christian denominations have any policies to prevent nepotism?

Nepotism: The practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, esp. by giving them jobs. In the secular world giving a friend a salaried position over another person ...
1
vote
1answer
354 views

How do the Pope, Bishops, Priests relate to one another in the Catholic Church's hierarchy? [duplicate]

This excellent question What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy? | @Reluctant_Linux_User and its answers have revived some questions on my part which ...