The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
29 views

What are the arguments for the Anabaptist kinship theory regarding Baptist history

Anabaptist kinship being the theory that Baptists rose from continental Anabaptists in the 16th century.
7
votes
2answers
121 views

Did this phrase “love the sinner but hate the sin” in this form originate in Christianity and who is credited to have first used it?

This article "Are we to love the sinner but hate the sin?" | gotquestions.org says: Many Christians use the cliché “Love the sinner; hate the sin.” This C.SE question Is “hate the sin, love the ...
8
votes
2answers
105 views

What evidence is there that Peter was a bishop in Rome?

The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says The claims that the church of Rome was founded by Peter or that he served as its first bishop are in dispute and rest on evidence that is not earlier than the ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

In Catholic Church History, when, why and by whom did the four living creatures become associated with the four evangelists?

In the Catholic Church history, when, why, and by whom did the four living creatures become associated with the four evangelists? And what is the reasoning behind this association: Matthew = Man ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

What are the Church Father's arguments that Peter is the rock?

What are the Church Father's arguments that Peter is the rock upon which Christ founded his Church? What do they say is the significance of Peter as rock as regards the identity of Christ's Church?
7
votes
4answers
397 views

Are the theories of Evolution and the Big Bang now binding to Catholics and to be held as true?

On Monday, October 27, 2014, addressing the Pontifical Academy of Sciences , Pope Francis is reported to have said, 'the Big Bang, which nowadays is posited as the origin of the world, does not ...
4
votes
3answers
139 views

What is the basis from the Church's Sacred Deposit of the Faith for the concept of “gradualism”?

During the 2014 Extraordinary Synod on the Family, there has been a reference to the [theological] concept [/law/principle] of "gradualism", mention here and here in the media. It is also mentioned ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Why was Thomas More canonized?

Thomas More was canonized in 1935 by the Catholic Church. During his chancellorship between 1525-1529 in the campaign against the reformation people were killed and tortured in his name, for example, ...
5
votes
0answers
156 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
6
votes
2answers
219 views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?
7
votes
1answer
424 views

Was regular weekly fasting a widespread, formal tradition in the early Church?

In The Story of Christianity,* author Justo Gonzalez offers the following: There were indeed times set aside for sorrow for one's sins, in particular during the two weekly days of fasting, which ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Did the notion of “Youth Group” exist in the early church?

Some modern churches have the notion of a "Youth Group", it is characterized as the following: a dedicated "Youth Pastor" consists mostly of younger (middle school + high school + college students) ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Was Zwingli the first to preach lectio continua?

On January 1, 1519, Zwingli preached from Matthew 1:1, beginning the Reformation in Switzerland.* Thereafter he continued to preach linearly through Matthew. This manner of preaching (or reading) ...
6
votes
2answers
112 views

Did Jacob Arminius and/or the remonstrants believe they were in agreement with John Calvin?

In a comment on another question on this site, a user says that the Remonstrants thought they more faithfully represented Calvin and Augustine's teaching than did those who eventually convened the ...
-1
votes
0answers
43 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox Church the mother church? [duplicate]

When I say mother church I mean that the church that trace their roots back to the Apostles and Jesus Christ making it the True church and the mother of all churches. My question is: is the Eastern ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

How did the Brownists/Calvinists justify capital punishment for witches?

My ancestors were Brownist pilgrims, leading up to the Salem witch trials, my Great-great-great-something-aunt was hung for having a lack of the fear of God in her. The people at the time were no ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the history and explanation as to why the “diaconate” was MIA in the Western Church over a certain period of time?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church implies that over a certain time in the period in the Western Church, there weren't any deacons. CCC 1571 Since the Second Vatican Council the Latin Church ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Where can I find a simple but complete taxonomy of churches?

I'm looking for a simple but complete taxonomy of churches. I'd like something that is more detailed than this one I found on Wikipedia (in particular showing the branches of Eastern and Oriental ...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

Where did the concept of Christians attending a church building come from?

Christians attend church on Sundays, they sing, listen to a pastor speak, etc. When did such a concept first appeared? Did the early Christians practice this? or is this 'attending church' a ...
10
votes
2answers
235 views

What is the case in favour of adelphopoiesis as a relationship akin to marriage?

I've seen a few things lampooning John Boswell's interpretation of adelphopoiesis as a quasi civil union between men. However, I've not seen much on his side other than it being used by Christian gay ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Where did the translators of the New World translation study the Biblical languages?

In Crisis of conscience, written by Raymond Franz, the translators of the New World Translation are identified as Nathan Knorr, Frederick Franz, Albert Schroeder, George Gangas, and Milton Henschel. ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

What did God do to the Jews in Thessalonica?

Paul is telling his Thessalonian buddies that God's wrath has come at last to the mean Jews (countrymen) nearby. 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 ESV For you, brothers, became imitators of the churches of ...
7
votes
2answers
145 views

How did the phenomenon of “Megachurches” come about?

Megachurches are part of the landscape in a lot of Christendom and have been defined as a Protestant church where average weekend attendance exceeds 2000. How did the phenomenon of megachurches arise? ...
9
votes
2answers
156 views

When, how and why did Mary start to be called “Queen of heaven”?

I have four closely related questions on this topic (if overall this is considered too broad, I'm happy to receive advice as to which questions—if any—would be better off in a separate post): What ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What is meant by “order” in reference to ministries within the Church, and how did its usage come about?

This FMS' answer to What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy? mentioned a twofold hierarchy in the Church, that of order and that of jurisdiction. ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

When did the practice of bringing non-believers to church originate?

A practice used for Church growth is bringing non-believer friends to church so that they'll like what they see and join the church. Now, the questions are: Did this ever happen in the New ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

What is the origin and development of the calender of the Western Church? [closed]

Happy New Year. So today, being the first Sunday in Advent, marks the beginning of a new year in the western church, that is the Roman Catholic Church, and those Protestant churches which are ...
9
votes
2answers
181 views

What's the basic premise behind “restorationist” movements?

To the untrained ear, the labels used in Christian circles for some groups of churches as either "reformational" or "restorationist" don't seem that different. If the label "reformed" is a direct ...
6
votes
1answer
498 views

Were the medieval popes examined on a toilet-lid-like chair to establish their masculinity?

Is one of the consequences of the Pope Joan story, whether it was true or false, the use of a marble chair with a large, toilet-like hole in its seat? As the picture above shows, it seems that that ...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

Was tithing 10% required or encouraged by the early church?

I cannot find in the New Testament an obligation on Christians to tithe 10% of their income. Instead I read that it is up the individual to decide: 2 Corinthians 9:7 (NIV1984) Each man should ...
7
votes
1answer
51 views

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...
-1
votes
1answer
91 views

Can an early date for the certain Pauline epistles and a late date for Luke-Acts be reconciled?

Is there a respectable scholarly position that would ratify/explain an orthodox date for the Pauline Epistles (50-60 CE) and a late date for Luke-Acts (100-125 CE)?
13
votes
2answers
508 views

What is the Biblical and historical basis for Christian pacifism?

My understanding is that early Christians were generally pacifists. Today (at least in the U.S.) Christian pacifists are a bit hard to come by. Many quote Romans 13:1-3 to support Christian ...
8
votes
1answer
600 views

Is there scholarly concensus on the historicity of Foxe's Book of Martyrs?

Foxe's Book of Martyrs purports to recount the lives and deaths of many who are regarded as the heroes of the Christian faith, and is revered as a classic within the genre of Christian literature. The ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Who is credited with being the first to use these terms “conservatives”, “traditionalists”, “progressives and liberals” within the Catholic Church? [duplicate]

Pope Francis in his speech at the conclusion of the Synod 2014, said One, a temptation to hostile inflexibility, that is, wanting to close oneself within the written word, (the letter) and not ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

When and how did the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament start in the Catholic Church?

In some Christian Churches, there is according to Wikipedia, a devotional ceremony known as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. The question is when and how did this ceremony arise within the ...
11
votes
2answers
12k views

What happened to the the practice of women covering their heads?

Why don't more Christian women wear a covering? Most people today might associate the idea with the Old Testament, but references to the custom are actually found in the New Testament too: 1 ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

What did Jonathan Edwards have to say about the fact that he owned slaves?

I recently learned from a John Piper podcast that Jonathan Edwards owned slaves. Edwards lived in the early and mid 18th century, long before the American Civil War, and passed away decades before ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

By what ordinary methods has God preserved infallibility in the Catholic Church?

The Catholic Church teaches that in order for the saving truths of the faith to be preserved, explained, or observed, Christ endowed his Church with the charism of infallibility.1 It is not uncommon ...
5
votes
4answers
231 views

Did any other philosophical systems have as much influence on the early Church as Platonism and Stoicism?

Many historians agree that the philosophical systems of Platonism and Stoicism had an important role in the efforts of the early Church to communicate the message of the Gospel to unbelievers, and ...
0
votes
4answers
133 views

Refuting false claim about The Catholic Church in the Medieval Ages [closed]

I have a professor who keeps mentioning a false claim regarding the Catholic Church during the Medieval Times that I know is historically untrue but I do not know how to give a concise ...
5
votes
1answer
54 views

Origins of Ash Wednesday

There has been a long standing association between ashes and repentance within Christianity stretching all the way back to Tertullian not to mention various grief filled moments of repentance found in ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

Sola Scriptura and the Biblical Canon

The basic argument of Sola Scriptura is that all Christian teachings and traditions are to be founded in and subservient to the Bible, and in nothing else. Obviously this does not mean that there are ...
6
votes
1answer
159 views

What contemporary criticism was given to Belloc's claim that the Protestant Reformation was the work of a few oligarchs? [closed]

I've just returned from the 33rd Conference of the American Chesterton Society with exciting news, apparently Protestantism is a sham inflicted upon us by the corporate elite! Hehehe, well who ...
-1
votes
3answers
163 views

What is the Catholic explanation for the Catholic Church's apparent vacillation on abortion?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that from the very first century, it has always been the perennial teaching of the Church that procured abortion is a very grave moral evil. CCC 2271 ...
-2
votes
1answer
99 views

Where did the Roman Catholic denomination in India originate, and why are there differences amongst Indian Christians? [duplicate]

I would like to know from where Roman Catholic denomination originated. Why does we have many groups like CSI, Jacobites, Orthodox, Evangelist, etc? Is it because of the believes people divide among ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'age' in Scripture and in its Tradition?

New Testament scriptural passages with 'age': Matthew 12:31-33 (RSVCE) 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Hierarchy of Catholicism, government, and papal teaching

The bible teaches that we should submit to our governments in: Romans 13:1-2 (KJV) Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ...