The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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6
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1answer
156 views

When was the number of the beast, 666, first identified as referring to Emperor Nero?

The belief that the number of the beast in Revelation, 666, refers to Nero is a common theory now. When was this identification first suggested?
17
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2answers
16k views

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power and authority?

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power/authority, during and after the Crusades? The Crusades, from Wikipedia The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, called ...
9
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3answers
9k views

Where did the religious symbol of the 'halo' come from?

I once read somewhere that the 'halo' was inherited by Christianity from ancient worshippers of the Sun.  However, although this seems believable I never bothered to verify its historic credibility - ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Historically what percentage of the Catholic Church's liturgical function was done in Latin?

I have been doing some research and reading about the history of what a church gathering looked like, prior to the Reformation. One thing I have not been able to find detailed information regarding ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Christianity and Usury from a Historical perspective

It is safe to say that the Old Testament prohibits usury? Jesus followed the Law and as a rabbi he would have also prohibited it. It seems that the Church banned usury until roughly the 18th Century. ...
17
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1answer
757 views

Did the Church Fathers advocate celibacy?

What is an overview of the Church Fathers' views on celibacy? Did they see celibacy as a higher or more spiritual calling than marriage? Did they see marriage as incompatible with a spiritual life? ...
-1
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2answers
104 views

Historical evidence for a separate Jewish branch of Christianity?

I've met some non-Hebrew people who have come from a Protestant background, become fed up with their faith, changed churches, etc and now call themselves Messianic Jews. This comes with some claims of ...
7
votes
1answer
140 views

Is there any evidence in the Roman catacombs that the Early Church had a devotion to the Virgin Mary?

Is there any archeological evidence in the catacombs of Rome that the Early Church had any (particular) devotion to the Virgin Mary? If so, what are the sources that support such a devotion?
3
votes
3answers
5k views

Which biblical verse was used against Galileo

Which biblical verse was used against Galileo by the Church to punish him for his blasphemy. and which biblical doctrine was erroneously interpreted by Galileo for such a punitive action by the ...
3
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1answer
128 views

Where did the idea of the inerrancy of the King James Bible come from?

Many Christians believe that the King James Bible is the only correct translation of the word of God. And they say that all other versions of the Bible are not inerrant. What is the historical origin ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Why would cold running water be preferred for baptism?

The Didache, or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (an early Christian text not part of the New Testament) says of baptism (chapter 7): On the subject of baptism, baptise thus: after having taught ...
11
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2answers
862 views

When did the concept of “wine is grape juice” originate?

A discussion in chat today has lead me to this question. Most of us should be familiar with the debate about whether Jesus drank alcoholic wine, or some other form of wine, or simple grape juice. My ...
-2
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1answer
344 views

Where did the Roman Catholic denomination in India originate, and why are there differences amongst Indian Christians?

I would like to know from where Roman Catholic denomination originated. Why does we have many groups like CSI, Jacobites, Orthodox, Evangelist, etc? Is it because of the believes people divide among ...
8
votes
1answer
213 views

When was the name “Easter” first used for the celebration of the resurrection of Jesus?

So what I'm trying to find out is who, and what religion, and where was this word "Easter" first used to describe the celebration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ?
3
votes
1answer
69 views

In Church History, when and how did The Glory Be (The Doxology) originate?

In Church History, when and how did The Glory Be (The Doxology) originate? Is the history of this prayer known as to when and how it originated? The Glory Be is part of those basic prayers like the ...
10
votes
1answer
629 views

How did the four living creatures become associated with the Gospel writers?

The visions of Ezekiel recorded in Ezekiel 1 and that of John in Revelation 4:7 include four living creatures (ζῷα) that stand in the presence of the throne of God. In both visions these heavenly ...
4
votes
2answers
606 views

Is there any evidence that Paul was a descendant of Jonathan?

Paul being a descendant of Jonathan would have some appeal from a devotional perspective since Jesus' more direct saving of Paul could be viewed as fulfilling the covenant of friendship between David ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Where did the notion that Adam and Eve ate an APPLE come from?

Contrary to popular belief no mention of the fruit being an apple can be found in the Book of Genesis. Jewish commentaries recorded in the Midrash Rabbah speculate that the tree might have been a ...
0
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6answers
2k views

Why doesn't the Catholic Church kill heretics anymore?

So the Catholic church used their influence to sanction the execution of so-called "heretics" and now they do not. Somewhere in the middle they stopped supporting executions based on heresy. Why did ...
8
votes
4answers
519 views

What is the history of the doctrine of inerrancy?

Is there any reason, biblical or otherwise, not to believe that the doctrine of inerrancy is relatively new (past two hundred years). I found the following statement on Wikipedia. "It has in fact ...
0
votes
4answers
218 views

Is there any historical evedence of more apostles being called that were not mentioned in the Bible?

In the Bible it mentions the apostles meeting together in prayer to determine who the lord would have them choose to fill the apostolic vacancy left by Judas. Acts 1:23 And they appointed ...
1
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4answers
277 views

How did the Christian movement distinguish itself from Judaism?

Can anyone explain to me how Christianity distanced itself from Judaism and set itself apart?
5
votes
2answers
443 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
10
votes
1answer
92 views

When did the Church in the West begin communicating in Latin, instead of Greek?

Since the Gospels, Paul's epistles, and the other books of the New Testament were written mostly in Greek, as well as much writing of early Church fathers, it stands to reason that much – if not most ...
9
votes
1answer
80 views

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...
10
votes
4answers
789 views

Why is the KJV frequently said to be the “true” translation?

This question actually centers on the KJV translation itself. It's not hard to find a church in America (particularly in the south) where they believe that the KJV is the one true translation and that ...
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2answers
57 views

How did Irish monks contribute to the evolution of private confession? [closed]

How did the Irish monks contribute to the evolution of private confession? Answers that include sources for additional reading on this topic would be helpful.
19
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2answers
4k views

From where does the doctrine that there is no time in heaven originate?

I'm quite familiar with the fact that God himself is outside of time, this is very easy to show through scripture. However it seems to be an increasingly popular conception that there is no time in ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is Mary Magdalene the patron saint of hairdressers?

Why is Mary Magdalene the patron saint of hairdressers and when was the first time she was assigned this role? From Wikipedia: Patronage Apothecaries; Kawit, Cavite; Atrani, Italy; ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

When were the doctrine and covenants published and distributed to members of the LDS church?

I know that the doctrines and covenants to the LDS church are scriptures that came by revelation. In what date range was that book of scripture written? At what date was that book of scripture ...
3
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0answers
44 views

What was Calvin's view of capital punishment?

What was John Calvin's position on use of the death penalty? For what offenses did he support its use? Did he support or oppose any particular methods of execution? In what ways did his views change ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

Where can I find a simple but complete taxonomy of churches?

I'm looking for a simple but complete taxonomy of churches. I'd like something that is more detailed than this one I found on Wikipedia (in particular showing the branches of Eastern and Oriental ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

How does the Roman Catholic Church interpret predestination?

I've been trying to determine how the Roman Catholic church interprets the idea of predestination. From what I have found so far it appears to be a view more rooted in single predestination, though I ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

What is the earliest extrabiblical teaching of baptism using a trinitarian formula?

Oneness Pentecostals and others who hold to "Jesus-name" (or "Jesus-only") baptism maintain that the trinitarian formula used by Nicene Christians and others is based on a misunderstanding of Matthew ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades?

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades? Was there a specific reason why they stopped? Or were they no longer necessary at some point in time?
9
votes
2answers
136 views

Was the “Nicene Creed” of AD 381 an update of the Nicene Creed of AD 325?

When people talk about "The Nicene Creed," it seems that they are often referring to the document associated with the Council of Constantinople (AD 381). I'm sure there are many reasons for this, one ...
3
votes
1answer
205 views

How can Dietrich Bonhoeffer's inclusion of non-Christians be explained theologically?

I remember seeing a documentary about the life of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. One scene that was very interesting revolved around his leading a worship service in a transport between prisons, for all the ...
7
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0answers
66 views

What is the difference between classical and revised dispensationalism?

I understand from Wikipedia and elsewhere that dispensationalism can be broken into three main categories: Classical (Scofield, Chafer) Traditional, revised, or normative (Ryrie, Walvoord) ...
4
votes
3answers
725 views

Where did the concept of Christians attending a church building come from?

Christians attend church on Sundays, they sing, listen to a pastor speak, etc. When did such a concept first appeared? Did the early Christians practice this? or is this 'attending church' a ...
18
votes
1answer
320 views

Early church writers opposed to the baptism of infants?

In his book On Baptism, Chapter 18, "Of the Persons to Whom, and the Time When, Baptism is to Be Administered," Tertullian says According to the circumstances and disposition, and even age, of ...
7
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0answers
85 views

Did John Wesley reject the Athanasian Creed?

I've seen a few examples online of people claiming that John Wesley objected to the "hell" clauses of the Athanasian Creed, such as on the United Methodist Church website: United Methodists are ...
13
votes
1answer
326 views

When was the word “trinity” first applied to God in Christianity?

The word "trinity" does not occur in the Bible. When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "trinity" first used in reference to God? After that first (known) occurrence, what are ...
10
votes
2answers
177 views

What is the state of Christianity among the Huaorani people today?

In January of 1956, several American missionaries (Jim Elliot and Nate Saint being the best known) attempted to reach a remote tribe in Ecuador in an endeavor that has become known as Operation Auca. ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

Did Luther say he “might well have entrusted the whole affair of this [Eucharist] controversy to [Calvin] from the beginning”?

I've seen this quote in various internet discussions, and until recently, was only able to trace it back as far as the 1990s. However, the earliest English version of the story that I can find is from ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Did any of the Catholic or Protestant paramilitary groups of the Northern Ireland conflicts of the 60s and 70s ever have an actual theological creed?

I have been reading old newspapers for fun and noticed a lot of conflicts in Northern Ireland making the newspaper during the 60s and 70s (along with the usual Vietnam and Israel conflicts). When I ...
16
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5answers
519 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
1
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2answers
471 views

Are there any reports or stories that the pope has seen God face to face in the last 200 years?

In the Old Testament, there are accounts of people (prophets) who saw God face to face. Specifically in Genesis 32:30, it says And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God ...
47
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11answers
23k views

Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
4
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the origin of the “in sæcula sæculorum” of the «Gloria Patri» being translated as “world without end”?

The Gloria Patri or "Minor Doxology" is, in Latin: Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto, sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen. Who was the first to ...