The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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294 views

When was the word “trinity” first applied to God in Christianity?

The word "trinity" does not occur in the Bible. When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "trinity" first used in reference to God? After that first (known) occurrence, what are ...
10
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2answers
144 views

What is the state of Christianity among the Huaorani people today?

In January of 1956, several American missionaries (Jim Elliot and Nate Saint being the best known) attempted to reach a remote tribe in Ecuador in an endeavor that has become known as Operation Auca. ...
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0answers
47 views

Did Christianity start as a cult? [on hold]

Is there valid ground for saying that Christianity was cult in it's beginning days. To the Jews in this time, it makes sense that they at least would have thought so. I have heard atheists and other ...
5
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2answers
113 views

Did Luther say he “might well have entrusted the whole affair of this [Eucharist] controversy to [Calvin] from the beginning”?

I've seen this quote in various internet discussions, and until recently, was only able to trace it back as far as the 1990s. However, the earliest English version of the story that I can find is from ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Did any of the Catholic or Protestant paramilitary groups of the Northern Ireland conflicts of the 60s and 70s ever have an actual theological creed?

I have been reading old newspapers for fun and noticed a lot of conflicts in Northern Ireland making the newspaper during the 60s and 70s (along with the usual Vietnam and Israel conflicts). When I ...
15
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5answers
488 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
1
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2answers
451 views

Are there any reports or stories that the pope has seen God face to face in the last 200 years?

In the Old Testament, there are accounts of people (prophets) who saw God face to face. Specifically in Genesis 32:30, it says And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God ...
45
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11answers
21k views

Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
4
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1answer
47 views

What is the origin of the “in sæcula sæculorum” of the «Gloria Patri» being translated as “world without end”?

The Gloria Patri or "Minor Doxology" is, in Latin: Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto, sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen. Who was the first to ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Where did the custom of dancing with flags during worship originate?

I'm trying to get some background about the custom of dancing with flags during worship. I come from eastern Europe and I have seen many "trends" that came from the west (especially from ...
10
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1answer
701 views

Where did the belief that Saul fell from a horse come from?

Many people (especially Catholics; I don't know about others, but some say that Protestants usually don't believe this) think that Saul/Paul fell from a horse at the moment of his conversion, perhaps ...
15
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4answers
3k views

Is it true that early Christians were baptised naked?

I was told that people were baptised naked in the early Christian church. Is this true? If so, could you provide references please?
7
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2answers
146 views

What is the evidence that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?

What evidence do we possess today indicating that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?
9
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1answer
2k views

Why are the Vatican archives kept secret?

Other than a few documents, most of the Vatican archives are kept secret from the public. What is the official explanation for this? As an outside observer, it seems like the secrecy might be to hide ...
8
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5answers
2k views

Origin of the idea that “demons” and “fallen angels” are the same thing?

Background So I'm studying angels and demons right now, attempting to put together a picture of what the Bible teaches on these topics, and I'm struggling to find anything in the Bible that suggests ...
18
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1answer
277 views

When in the development of trinitarian doctrine was the word “persons” first applied to God?

In the Bible, the word "persons" is not used in reference to God, nor are the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit called "persons." When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "persons" ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Who first divided the Bible's books into chapters?

I've heard that the Bible's division into verses was made later than the division into chapters. So, whose translation firstly came up with this system of chapter divisions that we have today?
6
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2answers
213 views

Do the Roman catacombs confirm the early Church believed in the doctrine of the communion of saints?

Do the Roman catacombs confirm the early church believed in the doctrine of the communion of saints, which includes prayer for the dead, intercession of the saints, invocation of the saints, and the ...
6
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0answers
41 views

Why did the Presbyterian Church of Korea split in 1959?

The number of Presbyterian denominations in Korea is breathtaking: Wikipedia lists dozens of them. From what I can tell, most of these denominations originate in the Presbyterian Church of Korea, ...
5
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1answer
33 views

How many Christian missionaries are sent by the “global South”?

I understand from this answer that the number of Christians in Latin America, Africa, and Asia has grown dramatically in comparison to North America and Europe. My question is, has this shift in ...
7
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4answers
587 views

Are the theories of Evolution and the Big Bang now binding to Catholics and to be held as true?

On Monday, October 27, 2014, addressing the Pontifical Academy of Sciences , Pope Francis is reported to have said, 'the Big Bang, which nowadays is posited as the origin of the world, does not ...
7
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1answer
145 views

Are Father, Son, and Holy Spirit explicitly identified as “persons” in any writings directly associated with the Nicene Creed?

Neither version of the Nicene Creed (325 or 381) contains the word "person," in the singular or in the plural. Are there any extant writings that came out of, or are closely associated with, either ...
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0answers
47 views

In Church History, when and how did The Glory Be (The Doxology) originate?

In Church History, when and how did The Glory Be (The Doxology) originate? Is the history of this prayer known as to when and how it originated? The Glory Be is part of those basic prayers like the ...
8
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2answers
84 views

Was the “Nicene Creed” of AD 381 an update of the Nicene Creed of AD 325?

When people talk about "The Nicene Creed," it seems that they are often referring to the document associated with the Council of Constantinople (AD 381). I'm sure there are many reasons for this, one ...
3
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2answers
33 views

Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them?

In the section Origin of the creed in the article Apostles' Creed | New Advent, it states that throughout the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Apostles, on the day of Pentecost, while ...
9
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1answer
385 views

Did any other early church fathers besides Origen teach the pre-existence of souls?

Origen taught about the pre-existence of our souls, which, among many other of his teachings, was later condemned as heresy. Did any other early church fathers teach this doctrine?
5
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2answers
251 views

Was this teaching (of soul existing before a birth) condemned by the Church?

What's the official name (if any) of the teaching that the soul of a man exists even before he is conceived and that at the moment of conception his soul gets simply "connected" to his newly conceived ...
3
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1answer
274 views

How did the early church respond to the accusation that Christianity forbid ‘all uses of images’ even if only ‘representing the Divine Being’?

Origen, in Contra Celsus, Book VII, responds to an attack from Celsus: that Christians are just like Jews in rejecting all forms of images without exception. In this rebuttal by Origen, we clearly ...
11
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1answer
274 views

When did “he descended into hell” become part of the Apostles' Creed?

There seems to be much more debate over one clause of the Apostles' Creed than the entire rest of it put together, and that is the "descent into hell" (or "hades") clause, also known as the "harrowing ...
16
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0answers
261 views

Early church writers opposed to the baptism of infants?

In his book On Baptism, Chapter 18, "Of the Persons to Whom, and the Time When, Baptism is to Be Administered," Tertullian says According to the circumstances and disposition, and even age, of ...
3
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2answers
137 views

Why is Pontius Pilate blamed for killing Jesus in the Apostles' Creed?

In Apostles' Creed, the name of Pontius Pilate is forever associated with the infamy of being Jesus Christ's persecutor. I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. ...
15
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5answers
6k views

What color was Augustine's skin?

Ok, let me start by saying I don't think more or less of a person because of the color of their skin. I consider racism to be both misguided and a sin. But, when I visualize a person, I like to think ...
18
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3answers
751 views

Did the Apostles' Creed originate with the Apostles?

The Apostles' Creed is perhaps the oldest statement of faith in the Christian tradition. Is there any evidence that it was used by Jesus' first followers? If not, when did it originate?
3
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1answer
468 views

Is there any evidence that Paul was a descendant of Jonathan?

Paul being a descendant of Jonathan would have some appeal from a devotional perspective since Jesus' more direct saving of Paul could be viewed as fulfilling the covenant of friendship between David ...
8
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1answer
59 views

Where can I find the text of the documents produced at the Council of Quiercy (853)?

The Catholic Encyclopedia has an article about the "Councils of Quierzy", and indicates that at the 853 council, Hincmar wrote decrees about predestination, universal redemption, free will, and grace. ...
17
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7answers
6k views

What is the oldest hymn (with music) that is still sung in churches today?

Using any of the standard hymnals, what is the oldest hymn that people are still singing? For example: The Baptist Hymnal 1975 / 1991 / 2008, The Faith We Sing (Methodist, right?), The ...
8
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1answer
170 views

What is the history of silent prayer?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but I don't believe there is much in the way of Biblical or early-church precedence for praying silently. It seems like prayers were generally spoken aloud. In modern times, ...
3
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3answers
4k views

Which biblical verse was used against Galileo

Which biblical verse was used against Galileo by the Church to punish him for his blasphemy. and which biblical doctrine was erroneously interpreted by Galileo for such a punitive action by the ...
5
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2answers
267 views

What is the Catholic definition of meat for Lenten Fridays?

On English Language Learners, the definition of meat came up, and the question of what animals comprise meat. Tangentially, this led to a question about Catholics abstaining from meat on Lenten ...
7
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2answers
347 views

What was Martin Luther's perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian church?

Was Luther's belief that the church's foundation was faulty to begin with or that through time they fell into an apostate state and needed to be reformed back?
2
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2answers
229 views

Why was Yeshoua interpreted as Jesus in the new Testament?

Inspired by What is the significance of the name "Jesus"? and previous readings about the name, the interpretation of Yeshoua means Joshua in the Old Testament and Jesus in the New ...
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2answers
424 views

Aren't the Nicolaitans the guys who formed the Roman Catholic Church?

Aren't the Nicolaitans the guys who formed the Roman Catholic Church? It seems to me to be so. I mean the practice of ruling over the laity is very strong in that church, and it even is a practice ...
7
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2answers
340 views

When did the older English spelling of the endings of Isaiah and Elijah stop being used in the Catholic Church?

I was reading Archbishop Fulton Sheen's Life of Christ and he always refers to Isaiah and Isaias and Elijah as Elias. I know that's one of the traditional English spellings, but when did it change ...
4
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2answers
230 views

Who developed the doctrine of Biblical Inerrancy first - Catholics or Protestants?

This article on Christian Fundamentalism says that it is developed by Protestants at Princeton University. This Catholic source on Biblical inerrancy says that it has always been with the Catholics. ...
19
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2answers
3k views

From where does the doctrine that there is no time in heaven originate?

I'm quite familiar with the fact that God himself is outside of time, this is very easy to show through scripture. However it seems to be an increasingly popular conception that there is no time in ...
0
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1answer
82 views

How close is the English word “father” compared to the original word used by Jesus in the Lord's Prayer? [closed]

Jesus is said to have used the Aramaic word ABBA in the Lord's Prayer. The word was perhaps used by children to address their father and was similar to what toady's children address their father as ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What is the background of the words “notitia,” “fiducia,” and “assensus” and how do they relate to the biblical notion of “faith”?

The book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (page 18) describes notitia, fiducia, and assensus as the three essential elements that make up the biblical notion of "faith." notitia ...
16
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8answers
18k views

Was Catholicism the first denomination?

In doing research on Martin Luther, I stumbled upon this article. Which had the following quote: If you are Catholic, you know that your religion was founded in the year 33 by Jesus Christ, ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Are Iraqi Chaldean (Suraye) related to the Chaldean mentioned in old testament?

I am looking for a reliable resource about the history of the christian Chaldean in Iraq and where the name "Suraya" come from.
7
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1answer
627 views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later put him on trial ...