The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
3answers
114 views

Did the notion of “Youth Group” exist in the early church?

Some modern churches have the notion of a "Youth Group", it is characterized as the following: a dedicated "Youth Pastor" consists mostly of younger (middle school + high school + college students) ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

What is Christian cosmology, in modern times? [on hold]

I hear that there is a study called Cosmology in the context of Christianity, I wonder what this study cosmology and as such is seen in modern times in the Christian context in relation to the cosmos ...
0
votes
3answers
86 views

How did the Christian movement distinguish itself from Judaism?

Can anyone explain to me how Christianity distanced itself from Judaism and set itself apart?
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

Why aren't the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches in communion with each other?

Both the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Church worship the same God and the Blessed Mother Virgin Mary and the Saints and the Holy Trinity. Do language and cultural differences separate them? What ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Is it fair to say that the Anglican Church was originally intended to be a 'middle ground' between Catholics and Protestants?

I was having a discussion with a friend and he made the claim: The Anglican Church was originally intended to be a 'middle ground' between Catholics and Protestants. This seemed half-true to ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What is meant by “order” in reference to ministries within the Church, and how did its usage come about?

This FMS' answer to What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy? mentioned a twofold hierarchy in the Church, that of order and that of jurisdiction. ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views
7
votes
0answers
160 views

Is there a patristic precedent for understanding “foreknew” as “foreloved”?

In the Bible, to know often means an intimate knowledge and regard for someone. This doesn't just mean sexually (though that is where the phrase "known in the Biblical sense" came from, as in Genesis ...
10
votes
2answers
880 views

Were the medieval popes examined on a toilet-lid-like chair to establish their masculinity?

Is one of the consequences of the Pope Joan story, whether it was true or false, the use of a marble chair with a large, toilet-like hole in its seat? As the picture above shows, it seems that that ...
7
votes
1answer
107 views

When was the word “trinity” first applied to God in Christianity?

The word "trinity" does not occur in the Bible. When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "trinity" first used in reference to God? After that first (known) occurrence, what are ...
15
votes
1answer
153 views

When in the development of trinitarian doctrine was the word “persons” first applied to God?

In the Bible, the word "persons" is not used in reference to God, nor are the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit called "persons." When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "persons" ...
5
votes
1answer
199 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
15
votes
1answer
148 views

How did St John of Damascus view Islam?

John of Damascus was one of the first Christian authors to write about the rise of Islam shortly after the time of Muhammad. I am fascinated by this man but I can't seem to find enough info about this ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Where did the artistic rendering of Jesus originate?

There seems to be a pretty recognizable and consistent artistic image of Jesus Christ, despite the lack of evidence of what he looked like. Where did this initial image originate?
-5
votes
3answers
93 views

Aren't the Nicolaitans the guys who formed the Roman Catholic Church?

Aren't the Nicolaitans the guys who formed the Roman Catholic Church? It seems to me to be so. I mean the practice of ruling over the laity is very strong in that church, and it even is a practice ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

What reforms did Erasmus seek for the church?

I've long wondered about this. Wikipedia's article on Erasmus notes: While he was critical of the abuses within the Church and called for reform, he kept his distance from Luther and Melanchthon ...
12
votes
4answers
526 views

When is the first documented case of Christians praying to the dead saints?

When is the first documented case of Christians praying to the dead saints? (A point in comments was brought up that "asking the dead saints" does not mean "praying to the dead saints" as "prayer is ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

What is the difference between Lutheran and Calvinist beliefs in the apostasy of the Church?

What is the difference between Lutheran and Calvinist beliefs in the apostasy of the Church? Do Lutherans and Calvinists believe in the Great Apostasy belief like Mormons do? B.H. Roberts, an LDS ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

What is the origin among the Church of England of the Paschal Greeting?

He is Risen! So the Eastern Churches practice the paschal greeting as an Easter thing and I've picked up that tradition as a Roman Catholic because I think it's awesome. One of my close friends who ...
12
votes
2answers
115 views

Dating the sacerdotal hierarchy

What is the earliest generally accepted date for the sacerdotal hierarchy of the Christian Church? My own best guess is that it cannot be much later than the destruction of the Temple, though I ...
6
votes
5answers
349 views

Origin of the idea that “demons” and “fallen angels” are the same thing?

Background So I'm studying angels and demons right now, attempting to put together a picture of what the Bible teaches on these topics, and I'm struggling to find anything in the Bible that suggests ...
-4
votes
1answer
91 views

How do Trinitarians explain that the Logos is a person?

This question is inspired by What "Word" is John talking about in John 1:1? He argues that the Logos is an impersonal Word of God which He used to create the world just as our own words are ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Did Origen castrate himself under a literal interpretation of Matthew 19:12?

I was just reading some history on extreme forms of asceticism and monasticism. In passing the subject of Origen it said he had castrated himself. Is this generally considered true by church ...
4
votes
2answers
228 views

Were the Waldensians like a Protestant church in the middle ages?

I do not know anything about the Waldensians. Specifically, do we actually know what their doctrine was and why the Catholic church opposed them? 
4
votes
2answers
127 views

When, how, and why did the Moravians stop praying 24-7?

The Moravians I speak of were a small group that established and resided in a small village named Herrnut on Count Zinzendorf's estate. They experienced a revival in 1727, and following that they did ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later had him ...
2
votes
3answers
336 views

Are the gospels comparable(equal) to contemporary works of historians?

Are the gospels (and especially claims on the identity of Jesus in the Gospels) comparable(equal) to contemporary works of contemporary historians like Tacitus and Josephus, in terms of objectivity( ...
6
votes
2answers
481 views

Who were the intended audience in the Epistle to Romans?

Romans 1:7 (ESV) To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Who were the members of the ...
3
votes
3answers
149 views

How have US Christian churches handled discrimination and segregation in the past?

How did Christian Churches deal with segregation laws in the United States and are there any Bible passages that deals with discrimination and segregation? What were typical responses from Churches ...
5
votes
2answers
189 views

Hierarchy of Catholicism, government, and papal teaching

The bible teaches that we should submit to our governments in: Romans 13:1-2 (KJV) Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ...
-1
votes
2answers
133 views

Can an early date for the certain Pauline epistles and a late date for Luke-Acts be reconciled?

Is there a respectable scholarly position that would ratify/explain an orthodox date for the Pauline Epistles (50-60 CE) and a late date for Luke-Acts (100-125 CE)?
5
votes
2answers
123 views

Basis for belief that a person can be “possessed by” a demon?

I'm asking a rather technical question here. I'm wondering where the idea comes from that a person could be "possessed by" a demon; as in, the demon "possesses" / "owns" the person -- as opposed to ...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

According to evangelicals, before the Reformation, who were Christians if “Catholics are not Christians”?

Every now and then I hear non-Catholic Christians, usually evangelicals, say things along the lines of "Catholics are not Christians" or "the Catholic Church does not teach the true gospel". Unless I ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

How did Baptists in the southern US justify slavery as compatible with Christianity?

The wikipedia article on Slavery in the US states: Over the decades and with the growth of slavery throughout the South, Baptist and Methodist ministers gradually changed their messages to ...
7
votes
2answers
210 views

How was slavery in the U.S. justified by Christianity? [closed]

President Barack Obama recently stated that many atrocities were done in the name of Christ. He went on to say that Slavery in the United States was also justified by Christianity. Since he did not ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'age' in Scripture and in its Tradition?

New Testament scriptural passages with 'age': Matthew 12:31-33 (RSVCE) 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Was it just Daniel who prayed toward Jerusalem or did all exiles do so?

While studying the book of Daniel I came across: Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he ...
17
votes
1answer
398 views

What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
-5
votes
0answers
67 views

In Catholic Church history, have there been any extra-biblical reports of visions involving figures of other religions? [duplicate]

In the Christian Bible, the Transfiguration reports of Moses and Eli′jah appearing to Peter and James and John talking with Jesus. Therefore this can be taken as a biblical report of Christians ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

When is earliest mention of the Church tradition that Jesus was born in a cave?

The birth of Jesus as recounted by Luke says that: 7 And she gave birth to her first-born son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Who developed the doctrine of Biblical Inerrancy first - Catholics or Protestants?

This article on Christian Fundamentalism says that it is developed by Protestants at Princeton University. This Catholic source on Biblical inerrancy says that it has always been with the Catholics. ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What are the Church Fathers' arguments that Peter is the rock?

What are the Church Fathers' arguments that Peter is the rock upon which Christ founded his Church? What do they say is the significance of Peter as rock as regards the identity of Christ's Church?
8
votes
2answers
247 views

Did this phrase “love the sinner but hate the sin” in this form originate in Christianity and who is credited to have first used it?

This article "Are we to love the sinner but hate the sin?" | gotquestions.org says: Many Christians use the cliché “Love the sinner; hate the sin.” This C.SE question Is “hate the sin, love the ...
8
votes
2answers
214 views

What evidence is there that Peter was a bishop in Rome?

The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says The claims that the church of Rome was founded by Peter or that he served as its first bishop are in dispute and rest on evidence that is not earlier than the ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

In Catholic Church History, when, why and by whom did the four living creatures become associated with the four evangelists?

In the Catholic Church history, when, why, and by whom did the four living creatures become associated with the four evangelists? And what is the reasoning behind this association: Matthew = Man ...
7
votes
4answers
456 views

Are the theories of Evolution and the Big Bang now binding to Catholics and to be held as true?

On Monday, October 27, 2014, addressing the Pontifical Academy of Sciences , Pope Francis is reported to have said, 'the Big Bang, which nowadays is posited as the origin of the world, does not ...
4
votes
3answers
165 views

What is the basis from the Church's Sacred Deposit of the Faith for the concept of “gradualism”?

During the 2014 Extraordinary Synod on the Family, there has been a reference to the [theological] concept [/law/principle] of "gradualism", mention here and here in the media. It is also mentioned ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Why was Thomas More canonized?

Thomas More was canonized in 1935 by the Catholic Church. During his chancellorship between 1525-1529 in the campaign against the reformation people were killed and tortured in his name, for example, ...
6
votes
2answers
339 views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?