The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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6
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1answer
430 views
+100

Were the medieval popes examined on a toilet-lid-like chair to establish their masculinity?

Is one of the consequences of the Pope Joan story, whether it was true or false, the use of a marble chair with a large, toilet-like hole in its seat? As the picture above shows, it seems that that ...
6
votes
2answers
298 views

Are the theories of Evolution and the Big Bang now binding to Catholics and to be held as true?

On Monday, October 27, 2014, addressing the Pontifical Academy of Sciences , Pope Francis is reported to have said, 'the Big Bang, which nowadays is posited as the origin of the world, does not ...
14
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6answers
3k views

Was tithing 10% required or encouraged by the early church?

I cannot find in the New Testament an obligation on Christians to tithe 10% of their income. Instead I read that it is up the individual to decide: 2 Corinthians 9:7 (NIV1984) Each man should ...
6
votes
1answer
47 views

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...
-1
votes
1answer
77 views

Can an early date for the certain Pauline epistles and a late date for Luke-Acts be reconciled?

Is there a respectable scholarly position that would ratify/explain an orthodox date for the Pauline Epistles (50-60 CE) and a late date for Luke-Acts (100-125 CE)?
13
votes
2answers
471 views

What is the Biblical and historical basis for Christian pacifism?

My understanding is that early Christians were generally pacifists. Today (at least in the U.S.) Christian pacifists are a bit hard to come by. Many quote Romans 13:1-3 to support Christian ...
8
votes
1answer
528 views

Is there scholarly concensus on the historicity of Foxe's Book of Martyrs?

Foxe's Book of Martyrs purports to recount the lives and deaths of many who are regarded as the heroes of the Christian faith, and is revered as a classic within the genre of Christian literature. The ...
3
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0answers
83 views

How did the Brownists/Calvinists justify capital punishment for witches?

My ancestors were Brownist pilgrims, leading up to the Salem witch trials, my Great-great-great-something-aunt was hung for having a lack of the fear of God in her. The people at the time were no ...
0
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0answers
66 views

Who is credited with being the first to use these terms “conservatives”, “traditionalists”, “progressives and liberals” within the Catholic Church? [duplicate]

Pope Francis in his speech at the conclusion of the Synod 2014, said One, a temptation to hostile inflexibility, that is, wanting to close oneself within the written word, (the letter) and not ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

When and how did the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament start in the Catholic Church?

In some Christian Churches, there is according to Wikipedia, a devotional ceremony known as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. The question is when and how did this ceremony arise within the ...
-5
votes
1answer
64 views

What Catholic Church “welcome” is apparently lacking toward some groups of Catholics?

Given Jesus received sinners and ate with them, and Origen, in Homily 34 on St. Luke, says The Church is open to everyone. She never closes her doors or denies her assistance to anyone. It was ...
2
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0answers
46 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
10
votes
1answer
194 views

What is the case in favour of adelphopoiesis as a form of civil union?

I've seen a few things lampooning John Boswell's interpretation of adelphopoiesis as a quasi civil union between men. However, I've not seen much on his side other than it being used by Christian gay ...
4
votes
3answers
121 views

What is the basis from the Church's Sacred Deposit of the Faith for the concept of “gradualism”?

During the 2014 Extraordinary Synod on the Family, there has been a reference to the [theological] concept [/law/principle] of "gradualism", mention here and here in the media. It is also mentioned ...
11
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2answers
11k views

What happened to the the practice of women covering their heads?

Why don't more Christian women wear a covering? Most people today might associate the idea with the Old Testament, but references to the custom are actually found in the New Testament too: 1 ...
10
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4answers
1k views

What did Jonathan Edwards have to say about the fact that he owned slaves?

I recently learned from a John Piper podcast that Jonathan Edwards owned slaves. Edwards lived in the early and mid 18th century, long before the American Civil War, and passed away decades before ...
1
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2answers
81 views

By what ordinary methods has God preserved infallibility in the Catholic Church?

The Catholic Church teaches that in order for the saving truths of the faith to be preserved, explained, or observed, Christ endowed his Church with the charism of infallibility.1 It is not uncommon ...
4
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4answers
201 views

Did any other philosophical systems have as much influence on the early Church as Platonism and Stoicism?

Many historians agree that the philosophical systems of Platonism and Stoicism had an important role in the efforts of the early Church to communicate the message of the Gospel to unbelievers, and ...
0
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4answers
117 views

Refuting false claim about The Catholic Church in the Medieval Ages [closed]

I have a professor who keeps mentioning a false claim regarding the Catholic Church during the Medieval Times that I know is historically untrue but I do not know how to give a concise ...
5
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1answer
50 views

Origins of Ash Wednesday

There has been a long standing association between ashes and repentance within Christianity stretching all the way back to Tertullian not to mention various grief filled moments of repentance found in ...
4
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1answer
62 views

Sola Scriptura and the Biblical Canon

The basic argument of Sola Scriptura is that all Christian teachings and traditions are to be founded in and subservient to the Bible, and in nothing else. Obviously this does not mean that there are ...
6
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1answer
145 views

What contemporary criticism was given to Belloc's claim that the Protestant Reformation was the work of a few oligarchs? [closed]

I've just returned from the 33rd Conference of the American Chesterton Society with exciting news, apparently Protestantism is a sham inflicted upon us by the corporate elite! Hehehe, well who ...
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3answers
151 views

What is the Catholic explanation for the Catholic Church's apparent vacillation on abortion?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that from the very first century, it has always been the perennial teaching of the Church that procured abortion is a very grave moral evil. CCC 2271 ...
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1answer
78 views

Where did the Roman Catholic denomination in India originate, and why are there differences amongst Indian Christians? [duplicate]

I would like to know from where Roman Catholic denomination originated. Why does we have many groups like CSI, Jacobites, Orthodox, Evangelist, etc? Is it because of the believes people divide among ...
5
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1answer
82 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'age' in Scripture and in its Tradition?

New Testament scriptural passages with 'age': Matthew 12:31-33 (RSVCE) 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Hierarchy of Catholicism, government, and papal teaching

The bible teaches that we should submit to our governments in: Romans 13:1-2 (KJV) Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ...
1
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1answer
43 views

What was the early American church like? [closed]

Which denominations were prevalent among the churches of North America in the late 17th century and 18th century? During that time, was there significant of cooperation or communication between ...
6
votes
2answers
152 views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?
5
votes
2answers
355 views

Was regular weekly fasting a widespread, formal tradition in the early Church?

In The Story of Christianity,* author Justo Gonzalez offers the following: There were indeed times set aside for sorrow for one's sins, in particular during the two weekly days of fasting, which ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Was Phoebe a deacon?

Was Phoebe a deacon? The NIV/NLT translators seem to think deacon: Romans 16:1 NIV I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. Furthermore, when I read the ...
2
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1answer
92 views

What does it mean that God's wrath is infinite and what is its relation to existence of life on other planets?

I heard on the first episode of Cosmos that astronomer Giordano Bruno was punished because he believed there are other planets with life on them. The Roman inquisition sentenced him to execution ...
15
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2answers
571 views

How old is old earth creationism?

The answers to What is the biblical evidence for an old Earth? say that biblical arguments for old Earth creationism are based on the ambiguous words used for describing lengths of time in Genesis. ...
7
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1answer
155 views

When did Martin Luther begin to see the church as entirely apostate?

Related to Martin Luther: "Therefore it is not a Christian Church either"? and What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church? and Is it true that Luther ...
18
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1answer
1k views

From where does the doctrine that there is no time in heaven originate?

I'm quite familiar with the fact that God himself is outside of time, this is very easy to show through scripture. However it seems to be an increasingly popular conception that there is no time in ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Was Zwingli the first to preach lectio continua?

On January 1, 1519, Zwingli preached from Matthew 1:1, beginning the Reformation in Switzerland.* Thereafter he continued to preach linearly through Matthew. This manner of preaching (or reading) ...
2
votes
3answers
161 views

From where does the teaching on women in ministry come? [duplicate]

First off, since I know this may be a somewhat controversial question in today's climate, let me just state that I'm not intending to take any part in that controversy. I'm just asking this question ...
12
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1answer
336 views

What happened to the wives of priests when celibacy was first instituted in the Catholic church?

Since priests were not originally expected to be celibate, many must have been married when celibacy was first introduced. So what happened to the wives during this time when the institution started? ...
-5
votes
1answer
147 views

Sola Scriptura to the max

Our church - the whole Word of Faith group - teach to cross reference and word meaning research for Biblical interpretation as apposed to appeals to authority or logic/reasoning. All doctrines, ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

What were the scriptural arguments used for modern western racism?

A blight on the modern western church is that the bible has been used by certain people to justify racism--specifically dark skinned people's inferiority and light skinned people's superiority. Some ...
14
votes
1answer
275 views

What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
11
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3answers
189 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
2
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2answers
93 views

How have US Christian churches handled discrimination and segregation in the past?

How did Christian Churches deal with segregation laws in the United States and are there any Bible passages that deals with discrimination and segregation? What were typical responses from Churches ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

What connection does the Jesus movement and the pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any?

What connection does the Jesus movement and the Pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any? What I mean is: have people in the Jesus movement influenced the Pentecostal/charismatic movement in ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Are elders needed to have an “ordered” church?

Are elders needed in a local church in order for it's structure to be "ordered"? It seems that Paul was implicitly telling Titus that his work in the churches wasn't finished until elders are ...
1
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2answers
159 views

What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church?

Was his belief that their foundation was faulty to begin with or that through time they fell into an apostate state and needed to be reformed back?
3
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1answer
63 views

What were the motivations of the Council of Trent?

Are there any documents maintained by the Roman Catholic Church that provide the original (ie, by the councils themselves) commentary on the declarations of the Council of Trent? If not, what more ...
12
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7answers
12k views

What is the evidence that suggests that the Apostle Paul was married?

I have heard people say over the years that it is likely that the Apostle Paul had been married at some point, perhaps prior to his conversion. However, there doesn't seem to be any biblical evidence ...
3
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1answer
128 views

Are there any major Protestant denominations that meet every day and are together all the time like the early church was?

To my knowledge, most Protestant denominations (Baptist, Lutheran, Episcopalian, Non-denom, etc...) structure their church to meet once a week, with maybe a bible-study once a week as well. Though I ...