The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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11
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2answers
503 views

What is the case in favour of adelphopoiesis as a relationship akin to marriage?

I've seen a few things lampooning John Boswell's interpretation of adelphopoiesis as a quasi civil union between men. However, I've not seen much on his side other than it being used by Christian gay ...
6
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1answer
173 views

Origins of Ash Wednesday

There has been a long standing association between ashes and repentance within Christianity stretching all the way back to Tertullian not to mention various grief filled moments of repentance found in ...
5
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1answer
113 views

Sola Scriptura and the Biblical Canon

The basic argument of Sola Scriptura is that all Christian teachings and traditions are to be founded in and subservient to the Bible, and in nothing else. Obviously this does not mean that there are ...
20
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2answers
858 views

Why, according to the Catholic Church, did the Reformation happen?

Has the Catholic church ever put forth a theological theory or statement as to why the Reformation happened? Please note.... I'm not asking about how the Reformation happened. History is what it ...
-2
votes
1answer
345 views

Where did the Roman Catholic denomination in India originate, and why are there differences amongst Indian Christians?

I would like to know from where Roman Catholic denomination originated. Why does we have many groups like CSI, Jacobites, Orthodox, Evangelist, etc? Is it because of the believes people divide among ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
5
votes
2answers
444 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

Where is the story that James (the 'brother') shared one-half of his inheritance with Jesus?

The story is, I believe, apocryphal; but the "brothers of Jesus, sons of Joseph" rejected sharing their inheritance with Jesus and James, a follower of Jesus and leader of the early church (per Acts), ...
2
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1answer
66 views

What was the early American church like? [closed]

Which denominations were prevalent among the churches of North America in the late 17th century and 18th century? During that time, was there significant of cooperation or communication between ...
7
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4answers
936 views

Is the Pentecostal concept of “praying in the Spirit” consistent with any pre-Pentecostal teachings?

In a recent small group Bible study sponsored by a local Pentecostal church, attendees were encouraged to "pray in the Spirit." The study leader cited these verses: So what shall I do? I will pray ...
9
votes
1answer
446 views

Did any other early church fathers besides Origen teach the pre-existence of souls?

Origen taught about the pre-existence of our souls, which, among many other of his teachings, was later condemned as heresy. Did any other early church fathers teach this doctrine?
5
votes
2answers
259 views

Hierarchy of Catholicism, government, and papal teaching

The bible teaches that we should submit to our governments in: Romans 13:1-2 (KJV) Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ...
8
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2answers
512 views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?
4
votes
2answers
616 views

Is there any evidence that Paul was a descendant of Jonathan?

Paul being a descendant of Jonathan would have some appeal from a devotional perspective since Jesus' more direct saving of Paul could be viewed as fulfilling the covenant of friendship between David ...
4
votes
1answer
306 views

When did the use of formal, seminary-type education begin and why?

When did it become the norm for church leaders to get a formal Christian education and why did that process begin? When I say formal education I'm not talking about the mentor/mentee style that Jesus ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

What does it mean that God's wrath is infinite and what is its relation to existence of life on other planets?

I heard on the first episode of Cosmos that astronomer Giordano Bruno was punished because he believed there are other planets with life on them. The Roman inquisition sentenced him to execution ...
6
votes
1answer
225 views

What contemporary criticism was given to Belloc's claim that the Protestant Reformation was the work of a few oligarchs? [closed]

I've just returned from the 33rd Conference of the American Chesterton Society with exciting news, apparently Protestantism is a sham inflicted upon us by the corporate elite! Hehehe, well who ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the background of the words “notitia,” “fiducia,” and “assensus” and how do they relate to the biblical notion of “faith”?

The book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (page 18) describes notitia, fiducia, and assensus as the three essential elements that make up the biblical notion of "faith." notitia ...
0
votes
6answers
2k views

Why doesn't the Catholic Church kill heretics anymore?

So the Catholic church used their influence to sanction the execution of so-called "heretics" and now they do not. Somewhere in the middle they stopped supporting executions based on heresy. Why did ...
11
votes
2answers
863 views

When did the concept of “wine is grape juice” originate?

A discussion in chat today has lead me to this question. Most of us should be familiar with the debate about whether Jesus drank alcoholic wine, or some other form of wine, or simple grape juice. My ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

What were the scriptural arguments used for modern western racism?

A blight on the modern western church is that the bible has been used by certain people to justify racism--specifically dark-skinned people's inferiority and light-skinned people's superiority. Some ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'age' in Scripture and in its Tradition?

New Testament scriptural passages with 'age': Matthew 12:31-33 (RSVCE) 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be ...
8
votes
1answer
615 views

When did Martin Luther begin to see the church as entirely apostate?

Related to Martin Luther: "Therefore it is not a Christian Church either"? and What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church? and Is it true that Luther ...
16
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5answers
522 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
6
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2answers
274 views

When, how, and why did the Moravians stop praying 24-7?

The Moravians I speak of were a small group that established and resided in a small village named Herrnut on Count Zinzendorf's estate. They experienced a revival in 1727, and following that they did ...
3
votes
3answers
315 views

How have US Christian churches handled discrimination and segregation in the past?

How did Christian Churches deal with segregation laws in the United States and are there any Bible passages that deals with discrimination and segregation? What were typical responses from Churches ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Are elders needed to have an “ordered” church?

Are elders needed in a local church in order for it's structure to be "ordered"? It seems that Paul was implicitly telling Titus that his work in the churches wasn't finished until elders are ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

What connection does the Jesus movement and the pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any?

What connection does the Jesus movement and the Pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any? What I mean is: have people in the Jesus movement influenced the Pentecostal/charismatic movement in ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

What were the motivations of the Council of Trent?

Are there any documents maintained by the Roman Catholic Church that provide the original (ie, by the councils themselves) commentary on the declarations of the Council of Trent? If not, what more ...
7
votes
1answer
149 views

Was Zwingli the first to preach lectio continua?

On January 1, 1519, Zwingli preached from Matthew 1:1, beginning the Reformation in Switzerland.* Thereafter he continued to preach linearly through Matthew. This manner of preaching (or reading) ...
1
vote
2answers
6k views

Where did Catholics and Catholicism come from? [duplicate]

Catholicism seems to have begun so quickly after the dispersion of the Apostles that I'm wondering where even it even came from. I'm especially curious to know when Christians began calling ...
5
votes
2answers
403 views

Which Protestant Christian denominations accept the Deuterocanonical books?

Which Protestant Denominations accept the deuterocanonical books on equal inspirational footing as the rest of the Biblical canon? I can't think of any, which is of course why I'm asking☺. I was ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the difference between a psalm, a hymn, and a spiritual song?

Is the difference between a psalm, a hymn, and a spiritual song/song from the Spirit defined anywhere in scripture or church tradition? Paul said this to the Ephesians: Ephesians 5:18-20 Do not ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Was there any christian church that kept the Passover before the 1900?

I was taught that after the Council of Nicea no christian church kept the Passover on the 14th of Nisan. Is there any truth to that? Is there a church in the middle ages that kept the Christian ...
13
votes
1answer
472 views

When did people start to deny Jesus as a historical person?

Somewhat related to this question: What extrabiblical sources support the existence of Jesus in history? Is there any record of when people started to give the idea that Jesus never existed? Is ...
7
votes
4answers
194 views

Why does only one person “teach” during a church meeting?

Consider these scriptures: "And don’t get drunk with wine, which leads to reckless actions, but be filled by the Spirit: speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing ...
2
votes
3answers
292 views

Why do we have to go to organized institutions to practice our beliefs?

I believe in God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit. People insist on going to church to express these feelings, beliefs, etc. Why are religious institutions necessary? My personal experiences with Church ...
8
votes
4answers
521 views

What is the history of the doctrine of inerrancy?

Is there any reason, biblical or otherwise, not to believe that the doctrine of inerrancy is relatively new (past two hundred years). I found the following statement on Wikipedia. "It has in fact ...
4
votes
3answers
316 views

From where does the teaching on women in ministry come? [duplicate]

First off, since I know this may be a somewhat controversial question in today's climate, let me just state that I'm not intending to take any part in that controversy. I'm just asking this question ...
10
votes
1answer
145 views

Who is the author referred to in the Pope's 4 April 2014 homily?

I'll keep my question short. Does anyone know to whom Pope Francis was referring in today's homily, when he discussed an author whose books were initially banned by the Church, but now this person is ...
4
votes
2answers
304 views

How many wives did Joseph Smith Jr. have in his lifetime?

I understand that polygamy was commonly taught and practiced in the early days of the LDS church by Joseph Smith and others. I'm wondering just how many wives he had and who they were. Also, were ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Where did the notion that Adam and Eve ate an APPLE come from?

Contrary to popular belief no mention of the fruit being an apple can be found in the Book of Genesis. Jewish commentaries recorded in the Midrash Rabbah speculate that the tree might have been a ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

Does any church still provide a pension for widows?

In 1 Timothy there is a passage that talks about widows receiving a pension from the church: 1 Timothy 5:9-16 A widow is to be put on the list only if she is not less than sixty years old, ...
-1
votes
2answers
62 views

Were the Christians meant to be of a society all of their own? [closed]

In the purest form of Christian perspective. Were the Christians meant to be of a society all of their own? In first John I find a reference to describe an anti-christ as one who goes away from the ...
4
votes
3answers
734 views

Where did the concept of Christians attending a church building come from?

Christians attend church on Sundays, they sing, listen to a pastor speak, etc. When did such a concept first appeared? Did the early Christians practice this? or is this 'attending church' a ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

When were the doctrine and covenants published and distributed to members of the LDS church?

I know that the doctrines and covenants to the LDS church are scriptures that came by revelation. In what date range was that book of scripture written? At what date was that book of scripture ...
7
votes
2answers
380 views

How has the LDS Word of Wisdom changed since its introduction?

In the LDS faith, they follow a law of health called the Word of Wisdom that teaches them to abstain from things like alcohol and tobacco and it encourages them to eat foods like grains, fruits, and ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

When did the LDS church begin teaching the Word of Wisdom?

At what date did the LDS church begin teaching the Word of Wisdom? What circumstances led to the introduction of the Word of Wisdom and what publications cover that period of time in LDS church ...
19
votes
1answer
573 views

What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Are there any writings from the church fathers teaching Original Sin before Augustine?

It has been said by some that Augustine was the first to teach Original Sin, "It was Augustine (354-430 A.D.) who first promoted the idea that; "the fallen nature of Adam was transmitted ...