The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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2
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2answers
146 views

Are Christians supposed to be like-minded?

Brotherly love is a commandment: 1 John 4:20,21 …and this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also. Brotherly love is a Christian trademark: John 13:35 By this shall ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

When the humans' freedom of choice was firstly stated in Christianity?

When and where was it firstly stated in the history of Christianity that a human being has a personal freedom of choice and that God respects it?
7
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1answer
458 views

Is there scholarly concensus on the historicity of Foxe's Book of Martyrs?

Foxe's Book of Martyrs purports to recount the lives and deaths of many who are regarded as the heroes of the Christian faith, and is revered as a classic within the genre of Christian literature. The ...
10
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4answers
976 views

What did Jonathan Edwards have to say about the fact that he owned slaves?

I recently learned from a John Piper podcast that Jonathan Edwards owned slaves. Edwards lived in the early and mid 18th century, long before the American Civil War, and passed away decades before ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Is Partialism a real heresy?

This YouTube video identifies Partialism as a heresy. It states that Partialism is the heresy wherein The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are each described as 1/3 of God. To me, it's a vaguely familiar ...
3
votes
2answers
244 views

Is reference to “God” as a rock unique to Judeo-Christian usage?

Throughout the Old Testament God is likened to a “Rock” and within the New Testament the Rock that Moses struck is identified as Christ. For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our ...
4
votes
3answers
184 views

Why is “faith” omitted as a doctrinal consideration in TULIP (five point) Calvinism?

Throughout the Bible “faith” coupled with God’s “grace” is essential for salvation. The I in TULIP stands for irresistible “grace”, what role does “faith” hold in Calvinism and why is it isolated ...
5
votes
2answers
328 views

Was regular weekly fasting a widespread, formal tradition in the early Church?

In The Story of Christianity,* author Justo Gonzalez offers the following: There were indeed times set aside for sorrow for one's sins, in particular during the two weekly days of fasting, which ...
4
votes
4answers
188 views

Did any other philosophical systems have as much influence on the early Church as Platonism and Stoicism?

Many historians agree that the philosophical systems of Platonism and Stoicism had an important role in the efforts of the early Church to communicate the message of the Gospel to unbelievers, and ...
6
votes
1answer
216 views

How and when was homosexual practice separated from “homosexuality”?

Many of the recent denominational statements on the topic of human sexuality make a clear distinction between being aware of having same-sex attractions, and engaging in same-sex erotic activity. ...
-3
votes
1answer
129 views

When did emotional concepts usurp spiritual influence? [closed]

The Bible is void of emotional concepts that we call “feelings”; rather the early Church identified spiritual influences as the cause of ones countenance. For example Galatians 5:22 "But the fruit of ...
9
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3answers
1k views

Apostle John lived in Ephesus - what sources claim that?

Which earliest sources does Christianity posses that claim that apostle John spent the last years of his life in Ephesus?
11
votes
1answer
326 views

What happened to the wives of priests when celibacy was first instituted in the Catholic church?

Since priests were not originally expected to be celibate, many must have been married when celibacy was first introduced. So what happened to the wives during this time when the institution started? ...
7
votes
2answers
129 views

What was the role of Apollos in the early church?

In 1 Corinthians 3:6, Paul wrote: I planted the seed, Apollos watered it, but God has been making it grow. Why did Paul specifically mention Apollos as that is the name of a god in Greek ...
8
votes
2answers
147 views

What's the basic premise behind “restorationist” movements?

To the untrained ear, the labels used in Christian circles for some groups of churches as either "reformational" or "restorationist" don't seem that different. If the label "reformed" is a direct ...
3
votes
3answers
437 views

Has any church organization refused lottery winnings as donation?

Sometimes I've played the lottery when it gets over $100 million, thinking I could retire on a small fortune and then give tens of millions away to charity, including of course, Christian ones. Has ...
7
votes
2answers
146 views

Why are there so many First Congregational Churches in the US?

A simple google earth search turns up hundreds of "First Congregational Churches" all over the U.S. What is the significance of this name?
18
votes
1answer
1k views

From where does the doctrine that there is no time in heaven originate?

I'm quite familiar with the fact that God himself is outside of time, this is very easy to show through scripture. However it seems to be an increasingly popular conception that there is no time in ...
10
votes
1answer
207 views

What doctrinal changes did the Westminster Confession bring to the Church of Scotland?

After the reforms of the 16th century, the Scots Confession served as the primary confession for the Church of Scotland for just over 80 years. In 1648 it was replaced by the The Humble Advice of the ...
6
votes
1answer
112 views

On what basis did Mary Queen of Scots first reject the Scots Confession?

The history of the Scots Confession seems to have some amusing interludes. Having been drafted in just 4 days by 5 guys all named John, it went on to serve as the primary confession of the Church of ...
-5
votes
1answer
144 views

Sola Scriptura to the max

Our church - the whole Word of Faith group - teach to cross reference and word meaning research for Biblical interpretation as apposed to appeals to authority or logic/reasoning. All doctrines, ...
5
votes
2answers
188 views

Why did it take so long for papal infallibility to be defined?

I have a question about papal infallibility. According to this source, That the Church is infallible in her definitions on faith and morals is itself a Catholic dogma, which, although it was ...
11
votes
1answer
582 views

Does the Nicene Creed condemn Chiliasm?

I've repeatedly seen it asserted that Chiliasm was condemned as a heresy in the fourth century by the Church when it included the phrase "whose Kingdom shall have no end" in the Nicene Creed. However, ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Were the councils of the 4th and 5th centuries primarily to deal with Apocryphal writings?

Were the Apocryphal writings the primary motivation behind the cannons and councils of the 4th and 5th centuries or were there other motivations? Did the ancient church leaders cite their reasons for ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Does a list exist showing Papal succession from Peter through our current Pope?

If I'm not mistaken, the claim of the Catholic Church is that Papal Succession is unbroken all the way back to Peter. Is there a list of popes and the history from Peter to the present day? If so, ...
6
votes
4answers
493 views

What is “ Origenism”

I ran across this quote in the Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope St. Anastasius I A pontiff who is remembered chiefly for his condemnation of Origenism. A Roman by birth, he became pope in 399, ...
3
votes
1answer
363 views

Who were the the “Prophets of Zwickau”?

Who were the "Prophets of Zwickau" and what influence did they have on modern Christianity? I'm interested in their theology, history, and influence on Christianity in their day, and whether or not ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

What, exactly, is the “early Church”

We use the phrase "The Early Church" all the time around here, which leads me to ask... What exactly is "the early Church". The New testament Church is easy to define - the fellowship of believers ...
5
votes
1answer
282 views

What is Typology in the context of Christianity, and how does it help understand doctrinal matters?

What is Typology in the context of Christianity, and how does it help understand, or enhance our understanding of doctrinal matters? Also, is this something that the Church has always believed ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

What movement was Chesterson writing about in “Orthodoxy”

I just started reading G.K. Chesterson's Orthodoxy and came across this quote: In this remarkable situation it is plainly not now possible (with any hope of a universal appeal) to start, as our ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

The unicorn as a Christological figure

This isn't so much a question about theology or denominational teachings as Church history. In an answer to a question on another StackExchange site, someone posted this: I am an Art Historian, ...
1
vote
5answers
278 views

If Christians believe that Christ was a God and immortal (or resurrected), why do some avenge his killing in his name? [closed]

Arguably the killing of Jesus Christ was the most avenged killing in history. There is no other person for whom there were so many other people killed in the name of retaliation. In Russian Empire ...
11
votes
7answers
11k views

What is the evidence that suggests that the Apostle Paul was married?

I have heard people say over the years that it is likely that the Apostle Paul had been married at some point, perhaps prior to his conversion. However, there doesn't seem to be any biblical evidence ...
15
votes
2answers
559 views

How old is old earth creationism?

The answers to What is the biblical evidence for an old Earth? say that biblical arguments for old Earth creationism are based on the ambiguous words used for describing lengths of time in Genesis. ...
9
votes
1answer
188 views

Templar and Soldiers of Christ?

I have been hearing a lot about Templars in movies such as Ironclad and games like Assassin's Creed. I did a quick look up on Google about "Templars" and still haven't got any clue on what is it ...