The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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129 views

Did Luther say he “might well have entrusted the whole affair of this [Eucharist] controversy to [Calvin] from the beginning”?

I've seen this quote in various internet discussions, and until recently, was only able to trace it back as far as the 1990s. However, the earliest English version of the story that I can find is from ...
7
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1answer
95 views

What was the earliest Papal condemnation of slavery?

Could someone tell me what the earliest Papal statement or encyclical was where the Church condemned the institution of slavery? A Magisterial document would also be accepted if there are earlier ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Lending with Interest in Christianity [duplicate]

I'm writing something about usury and want to mention Christianity point of view on it. There are several verses in Bible that prohibit usury. Also Thomas Aquinas and Martin Luther have despised ...
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0answers
127 views

Have any ante-Nicene writings been discovered in the past 20 years?

Have an writings or fragments of ante-Nicene Church Fathers previously unknown (that is the actual words were not known, not necessarily that the name of the work was also previously unknown) to ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Are there any historical examples of Binitarianism? [duplicate]

This is a term I coined myself (and do not advocate) but within Christian history most if not all of the ways someone could be a Trinitarian heretic found historical expression. I'm wondering if there ...
8
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3answers
416 views

What is the origin of the belief that Satan tortures the unsaved in Hell?

There's a thought that Satan (the devil) tortures the unsaved in Hell. For example, a brief search revealed a website wherein a member posted the following: I think of Satan more of a psycopath ...
6
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1answer
223 views

Do the Roman catacombs confirm the early Church believed in the doctrine of the communion of saints?

Do the Roman catacombs confirm the early church believed in the doctrine of the communion of saints, which includes prayer for the dead, intercession of the saints, invocation of the saints, and the ...
4
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1answer
97 views

What is the origin of the story of the Apostle John surviving being dipped in boiling oil?

What is the earliest record of the Apostle John being placed in boiling oil and miraculously living? I can't find any scriptural mention of the story. The only reference I have is Tertullian: ...
10
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1answer
337 views

What were the major disagreements between Erasmus and Luther during the Protestant Reformation?

Although Erasmus inspired many of Luther's ideas, they disagreed on many subjects, such as whether the Catholic Church should have a moral reform or a reform of beliefs. Did Erasmus disagree with ...
8
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2answers
315 views

What is the origin of the idea that the baby Jesus did not cry?

"...the cattle are lowing. The baby awakes. But little Lord Jesus, no crying he makes." ~ 2nd verse to Away In A Manger Did this idea originate from historical Christian doctrine? Where did ...
4
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2answers
240 views

What does 'ages of ages' mean, specifically?

I run into this phrase a lot in the Orthodox church, particularly as part of the longer phrase 'and unto ages of ages'. I understand that, generally, this means 'for a long time'. However, what does ...
3
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1answer
120 views

When was the acronym ACTS first used to refer to components of prayer?

When was the mnemonic acronym ACTS, standing for Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, and Supplication, first used to refer to the components of prayer?
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0answers
23 views

Was the doctrine of the rapture rediscovered by the Plymouth Brethern? [duplicate]

Multiple times I heard the assertion that the doctrine of the rapture was rediscovered by John Darby and/or the Plymouth Brethren, allegedly after it had been lost for approximately 1500 years. Yet, ...
8
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1answer
103 views

Who is the John Owen that translated Calvin's Commentary on Romans?

I'm reading John Calvin's commentary on Romans, in English, and it has this inscription on the title page: "Translated and Edited by the Rev. John Owen." Oh, wow, I thought, That's interesting; John ...
2
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1answer
77 views

What is the historical cause between the discrepancy of evangelical approaches to original sin and Jewish ones? [closed]

(Modern) Judaism is usually described as not subscribing to the original sin doctrine, where humanity is seen as inherently doomed per the actions of Adam and Eve. (It looks like it's a ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

Did Roman Catholic Church law ever condone (the contemporary practice of) incest?

I may not be asking the right question, but I'm trying to figure out the context behind a quote from an Arthur Pink sermon: herein we may see the blasphemous impiety of the popes of Rome, who in ...
5
votes
3answers
259 views

Why did the medieval church become involved with marriage?

It seems, through my research, that the Christian Western marriage was created during the Middle Ages (cf. this question). So, does that mean that before the Middle Ages, the Western Christian church ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

Are there any followers of Catharism today?

I'm interested by Catharism. Is there anywhere in Christendom where this faith has reappeared since being suppressed in the Middle Ages? I know that today some people in France, near Spain, are ...
10
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1answer
380 views

Has the Catholic Church ever opposed interracial marriage?

A fun refutation of gay marriage supporters who say on Facebook: Not too long ago cross-racial marriages were not allowed, supposedly by God. would be to say, well that's not my church so what ...
11
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1answer
304 views

Besides Paul, were there any other enemies of the early church who converted to Christianity?

As I was listening to a debate between Drs. William Lane Craig and Richard Carrier on the historicity of Jesus' resurrection, something Dr. Carrier said caught my attention. He claimed that "[Paul] is ...
15
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4answers
321 views

Who first distinguished between the inerrancy of the Bible and the inerrancy of the original autographs?

It's common these days among those who believe in the inerrancy* of the Bible to limit the statement to the original manuscripts. For example, the Chicago Statement reads: We affirm that ...
9
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1answer
193 views

How have commentators historically viewed the death of the fetus in Exodus 21?

The proper translation of Exodus 21:22 and the proper interpretation of Exodus have been battlegrounds in the contemporary abortion debate: When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

How did the Roman Punishment “cross” became a holy symbol to Christians? [duplicate]

The Romans used the cross as punishment to those who didn't follow Roman laws & principles. How then did the Roman punishment "cross" became a holy symbol to Christians?
8
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1answer
156 views

What impact did Karl Barth have on Roman Catholic theology?

I ran across a book on Amazon called Karl Barth, Catholic Renewal and Vatican II. It seems strange to me that Karl Barth, a neo-orthodox Protestant, would have an impact like what the book's blurb ...
3
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2answers
78 views

In the Latin Catholic Church, would clerics administer the last rites if the sick person's illness is contagious and deadly?

In the Latin Catholic Church, would clerics administer the last rites if the sick person's illness is contagious and deadly? Diseases can be deadly and can spread by water, air, and/or bodily fluids. ...
6
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1answer
99 views

Did John Calvin ever read Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica?

I've read in a few places online (here, for example), that John Calvin did not have access to Thomas Aquinas's great treatise, Summa Theologica. This is mind-blowing. Consider: The last edition of ...
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2answers
95 views

What information do we have on the real vision of Pope Leo XIII?

There are a lot of stories, like this one about the vision of Pope Leo XIII which prompted him to write the prayer to Archangel Michael. Stories of a conversation between Jesus and Satan, often being ...
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3answers
233 views

What explanations have scholars proposed for the rejection of the Didache from the Canon?

The Didache (full text) is an early Christian document giving advice on various "practical matters" such as how to baptize, when to fast, how to celebrate the Lord's Supper, etc. It's hard to date, ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

When and why did Protestantism begin moving away from liturgy?

I have been to some Protestant churches that have a liturgy on Sunday mornings (Lutherans, Presbyterians, etc) but most of the churches I've attended do not (Baptist, Assembly of God, etc). By ...
8
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1answer
159 views

Did Augustine believe in Purgatory?

Purgatory was one of the doctrines the Reformers reacted most strongly against, though many Reformers claimed Augustine of Hippo as being in agreement with their theology. Did Augustine teach a ...
3
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1answer
122 views

Did any of the Catholic or Protestant paramilitary groups of the Northern Ireland conflicts of the 60s and 70s ever have an actual theological creed?

I have been reading old newspapers for fun and noticed a lot of conflicts in Northern Ireland making the newspaper during the 60s and 70s (along with the usual Vietnam and Israel conflicts). When I ...
6
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2answers
152 views

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the canon, while rejecting other decisions of the Roman Church?

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the current canon of scripture but reject many of the other decisions made by the Roman Church at the time the Bible was being canonized? Take the Council ...
8
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1answer
75 views

What is the origin of the tradition that Thaddeus founded the Armenian Church?

According to tradition, Thaddeus (aka Jude) and Bartholomew were the first disciples to bring the Gospel to Armenia. As such, they are commemorated as the patron saints of that church. What is the ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Catholic Church's History Reflects The life of Christ?

Background: A while back I had a very devout friend of mine explain to me that the life (or as I understood, the History) of the Catholic Church sort of paralleled the life of Jesus. That, like Jesus, ...
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0answers
64 views

What arguments were made against William Carey's missions efforts?

I am aware that William Carey's efforts to form a missions society and travel overseas as a missionary were opposed by some of his Calvinist (or hyper-Calvinist) Baptist peers. I'm vaguely aware of ...
7
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2answers
139 views

When did the immutability of God become entrenched in Christian literature?

The immutability of God means God does not change, and it is considered heresy to disagree. However, this concept seems so close to the Greek's idea of perfection, and to conflict with the well-known ...
7
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1answer
157 views

Are Father, Son, and Holy Spirit explicitly identified as “persons” in any writings directly associated with the Nicene Creed?

Neither version of the Nicene Creed (325 or 381) contains the word "person," in the singular or in the plural. Are there any extant writings that came out of, or are closely associated with, either ...
11
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1answer
294 views

When did “he descended into hell” become part of the Apostles' Creed?

There seems to be much more debate over one clause of the Apostles' Creed than the entire rest of it put together, and that is the "descent into hell" (or "hades") clause, also known as the "harrowing ...
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1answer
78 views

Where is there official writings from Perpetua or Felicity?

Supposedly there was a diary written by a woman named "Perpetua" just before she was killed in the arenas for her faith. Another similar account is concerning Felicity. Did these women actually ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Did Lactantius ever say why it was good for Christians to be ruled by a Christian emperor?

Lactantius was a Christian who had been a part of the Roman government (which was hostile to Christians) prior to his conversion. Sometime between 303 and 311 he wrote a systematic theology, in which ...
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4answers
1k views

Does “Jesus Christ” come from “Hesus Krishna”?

I read this article http://www.sabbathcovenant.com/doctrine/hesus_krishna.htm At the end of that time, Constantine returned to the gathering to discover that the presbyters had not agreed on a ...
4
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1answer
113 views

Which Prominent Modern Religions Came from the “Great Awakenings” and What Have They Done For the World?

Since the 1700's there have been a number of so-called "Great Awakenings". What are in fact the most prominent religions to come from the Awakenings and what are they most known to have introduced? ...
11
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1answer
674 views

How has the position of the Catholic Church on drugs changed over time?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states: 2211 The political community has a duty to honor the family, to assist it, and to ensure especially [...] the protection of security and health, ...
7
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2answers
173 views

What is the evidence that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?

What evidence do we possess today indicating that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?
2
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2answers
121 views

Why aren't the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches in communion with each other?

Both the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Church worship the same God and the Blessed Mother Virgin Mary and the Saints and the Holy Trinity. Do language and cultural differences separate them? What ...
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4answers
277 views

How did the Christian movement distinguish itself from Judaism?

Can anyone explain to me how Christianity distanced itself from Judaism and set itself apart?
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2answers
173 views

Is it fair to say that the Anglican Church was originally intended to be a 'middle ground' between Catholics and Protestants?

I was having a discussion with a friend and he made the claim: The Anglican Church was originally intended to be a 'middle ground' between Catholics and Protestants. This seemed half-true to ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Where did the belief that Saul fell from a horse come from?

Many people (especially Catholics; I don't know about others, but some say that Protestants usually don't believe this) think that Saul/Paul fell from a horse at the moment of his conversion, perhaps ...
13
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1answer
329 views

When was the word “trinity” first applied to God in Christianity?

The word "trinity" does not occur in the Bible. When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "trinity" first used in reference to God? After that first (known) occurrence, what are ...
16
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1answer
520 views

How did St John of Damascus view Islam?

John of Damascus was one of the first Christian authors to write about the rise of Islam shortly after the time of Muhammad. I am fascinated by this man but I can't seem to find enough info about this ...