The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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Who first distinguished between the inerrancy of the Bible and the inerrancy of the original autographs?

It's common these days among those who believe in the inerrancy* of the Bible to limit the statement to the original manuscripts. For example, the Chicago Statement reads: We affirm that ...
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0answers
18 views

Is there a heresy that teaches every action is a sin?

Was there ever a heresy that taught that every action a human commits is a sin? Was there a name for this heresy? It would be a sort of extreme Jansenism. Jansenists did not fully trust in God's ...
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49 views

Have commentators historically seen Exodus 21 as referring to miscarriage or premature birth?

Interpretation of Exodus 21:22 has often been a battlefield in the abortion debate. When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so that her children come out [other translations say "she ...
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1answer
41 views

How did the Roman Punishment “cross” became a holy symbol to Christians? [duplicate]

The Romans used the cross as punishment to those who didn't follow Roman laws & principles. How then did the Roman punishment "cross" became a holy symbol to Christians?
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34 views

What impact did Karl Barth have on Roman Catholic theology?

I ran across a book on Amazon called Karl Barth, Catholic Renewal and Vatican II. It seems strange to me that Karl Barth, a neo-orthodox Protestant, would have an impact like what the book's blurb ...
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2answers
55 views

In the Latin Catholic Church, would clerics administer the last rites if the sick person's illness is contagious and deadly?

In the Latin Catholic Church, would clerics administer the last rites if the sick person's illness is contagious and deadly? Diseases can be deadly and can spread by water, air, and/or bodily fluids. ...
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1answer
57 views

Did John Calvin ever read Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica?

I've read in a few places online (here, for example), that John Calvin did not have access to Thomas Aquinas's great treatise, Summa Theologica. This is mind-blowing. Consider: The last edition of ...
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2answers
41 views

What information do we have on the real vision of Pope Leo XIII?

There are a lot of stories, like this one about the vision of Pope Leo XIII which prompted him to write the prayer to Archangel Michael. Stories of a conversation between Jesus and Satan, often being ...
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1answer
70 views

When and why did Protestantism begin moving away from liturgy?

I have been to some Protestant churches that have a liturgy on Sunday mornings (Lutherans, Presbyterians, etc) but most of the churches I've attended do not (Baptist, Assembly of God, etc). By ...
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1answer
66 views

Did Augustine believe in Purgatory?

Purgatory was one of the doctrines the Reformers reacted most strongly against, though many Reformers claimed Augustine of Hippo as being in agreement with their theology. Did Augustine teach a ...
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22 views

Did any of the Catholic or Protestant paramilitary groups of the Northern Ireland conflicts of the 60s and 70s ever have an actual theological creed?

I have been reading old newspapers for fun and noticed a lot of conflicts in Northern Ireland making the newspaper during the 60s and 70s (along with the usual Vietnam and Israel conflicts). When I ...
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64 views

Have any churches allowed for sex between betrothed people before their marriage ceremony?

Have there been any churches which endorsed a 'betrothed' state (in which sex is allowed by the church) before a marriage ceremony occurs?
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1answer
73 views

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the canon, while rejecting other decisions of the Roman Church?

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the current canon of scripture but reject many of the other decisions made by the Roman Church at the time the Bible was being canonized? Take the Council ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the origin of the tradition that Thaddeus founded the Armenian Church?

According to tradition, Thaddeus (aka Jude) and Bartholomew were the first disciples to bring the Gospel to Armenia. As such, they are commemorated as the patron saints of that church. What is the ...
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1answer
67 views

Catholic Church's History Reflects The life of Christ?

Background: A while back I had a very devout friend of mine explain to me that the life (or as I understood, the History) of the Catholic Church sort of paralleled the life of Jesus. That, like Jesus, ...
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42 views

What arguments were made against William Carey's missions efforts?

I am aware that William Carey's efforts to form a missions society and travel overseas as a missionary were opposed by some of his Calvinist (or hyper-Calvinist) Baptist peers. I'm vaguely aware of ...
5
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1answer
94 views

Are Father, Son, and Holy Spirit explicitly identified as “persons” in any writings directly associated with the Nicene Creed?

Neither version of the Nicene Creed (325 or 381) contains the word "person," in the singular or in the plural. Are there any extant writings that came out of, or are closely associated with, either ...
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1answer
127 views

When did the “descent into hell” become part of the Apostles' Creed?

There seems to be much more debate over one clause of the Apostles' Creed than the entire rest of it put together, and that is the "descent into hell" (or "hades"), also known as the "harrowing of ...
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1answer
43 views

Where is there official writings from Perpetua or Felicity?

Supposedly there was a diary written by a woman named "Perpetua" just before she was killed in the arenas for her faith. Another similar account is concerning Felicity. Did these women actually ...
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1answer
44 views

Did Lactantius ever say why it was good for Christians to be ruled by a Christian emperor?

Lactantius was a Christian who had been a part of the Roman government (which was hostile to Christians) prior to his conversion. Sometime between 303 and 311 he wrote a systematic theology, in which ...
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3answers
191 views

Does “Jesus Christ” come from “Hesus Krishna”?

I read this article http://www.sabbathcovenant.com/doctrine/hesus_krishna.htm At the end of that time, Constantine returned to the gathering to discover that the presbyters had not agreed on a ...
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1answer
102 views

Which Prominent Modern Religions Came from the “Great Awakenings” and What Have They Done For the World?

Since the 1700's there have been a number of so-called "Great Awakenings". What are in fact the most prominent religions to come from the Awakenings and what are they most known to have introduced? ...
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2answers
153 views

How has the position of the Catholic Church on drugs changed over time?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states: 2211 The political community has a duty to honor the family, to assist it, and to ensure especially [...] the protection of security and health, ...
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2answers
83 views

Why aren't the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches in communion with each other?

Both the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Church worship the same God and the Blessed Mother Virgin Mary and the Saints and the Holy Trinity. Do language and cultural differences separate them? What ...
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3answers
142 views

How did the Christian movement distinguish itself from Judaism?

Can anyone explain to me how Christianity distanced itself from Judaism and set itself apart?
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2answers
114 views

Is it fair to say that the Anglican Church was originally intended to be a 'middle ground' between Catholics and Protestants?

I was having a discussion with a friend and he made the claim: The Anglican Church was originally intended to be a 'middle ground' between Catholics and Protestants. This seemed half-true to ...
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1answer
169 views

When was the word “trinity” first applied to God in Christianity?

The word "trinity" does not occur in the Bible. When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "trinity" first used in reference to God? After that first (known) occurrence, what are ...
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1answer
236 views

How did St John of Damascus view Islam?

John of Damascus was one of the first Christian authors to write about the rise of Islam shortly after the time of Muhammad. I am fascinated by this man but I can't seem to find enough info about this ...
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1answer
152 views

What reforms did Erasmus seek for the church?

I've long wondered about this. Wikipedia's article on Erasmus notes: While he was critical of the abuses within the Church and called for reform, he kept his distance from Luther and Melanchthon ...
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2answers
214 views

Aren't the Nicolaitans the guys who formed the Roman Catholic Church?

Aren't the Nicolaitans the guys who formed the Roman Catholic Church? It seems to me to be so. I mean the practice of ruling over the laity is very strong in that church, and it even is a practice ...
15
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1answer
175 views

When in the development of trinitarian doctrine was the word “persons” first applied to God?

In the Bible, the word "persons" is not used in reference to God, nor are the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit called "persons." When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "persons" ...
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1answer
67 views

What is the origin among the Church of England of the Paschal Greeting?

He is Risen! So the Eastern Churches practice the paschal greeting as an Easter thing and I've picked up that tradition as a Roman Catholic because I think it's awesome. One of my close friends who ...
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3answers
142 views

Dating the sacerdotal hierarchy

What is the earliest generally accepted date for the sacerdotal hierarchy of the Christian Church? My own best guess is that it cannot be much later than the destruction of the Temple, though I ...
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1answer
110 views

How do Trinitarians explain that the Logos is a person?

This question is inspired by What "Word" is John talking about in John 1:1? He argues that the Logos is an impersonal Word of God which He used to create the world just as our own words are ...
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1answer
233 views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later had him ...
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2answers
146 views

Basis for belief that a person can be “possessed by” a demon?

I'm asking a rather technical question here. I'm wondering where the idea comes from that a person could be "possessed by" a demon; as in, the demon "possesses" / "owns" the person -- as opposed to ...
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6answers
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Origin of the idea that “demons” and “fallen angels” are the same thing?

Background So I'm studying angels and demons right now, attempting to put together a picture of what the Bible teaches on these topics, and I'm struggling to find anything in the Bible that suggests ...
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5answers
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According to evangelicals, before the Reformation, who were Christians if “Catholics are not Christians”?

Every now and then I hear non-Catholic Christians, usually evangelicals, say things along the lines of "Catholics are not Christians" or "the Catholic Church does not teach the true gospel". Unless I ...
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1answer
210 views

What is the difference between Lutheran and Calvinist beliefs in the apostasy of the Church?

What is the difference between Lutheran and Calvinist beliefs in the apostasy of the Church? Do Lutherans and Calvinists believe in the Great Apostasy belief like Mormons do? B.H. Roberts, an LDS ...
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1answer
144 views

How did Baptists in the southern US justify slavery as compatible with Christianity?

The wikipedia article on Slavery in the US states: Over the decades and with the growth of slavery throughout the South, Baptist and Methodist ministers gradually changed their messages to ...
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1answer
113 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
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2answers
236 views

How was slavery in the U.S. justified by Christianity? [closed]

President Barack Obama recently stated that many atrocities were done in the name of Christ. He went on to say that Slavery in the United States was also justified by Christianity. Since he did not ...
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1answer
192 views

Is there a patristic precedent for understanding “foreknew” as “foreloved”?

In the Bible, to know often means an intimate knowledge and regard for someone. This doesn't just mean sexually (though that is where the phrase "known in the Biblical sense" came from, as in Genesis ...
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1answer
112 views

Was it just Daniel who prayed toward Jerusalem or did all exiles do so?

While studying the book of Daniel I came across: Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he ...
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68 views

In Catholic Church history, have there been any extra-biblical reports of visions involving figures of other religions? [duplicate]

In the Christian Bible, the Transfiguration reports of Moses and Eliā€²jah appearing to Peter and James and John talking with Jesus. Therefore this can be taken as a biblical report of Christians ...
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2answers
80 views

When is earliest mention of the Church tradition that Jesus was born in a cave?

The birth of Jesus as recounted by Luke says that: 7 And she gave birth to her first-born son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them ...
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2answers
169 views

Who developed the doctrine of Biblical Inerrancy first - Catholics or Protestants?

This article on Christian Fundamentalism says that it is developed by Protestants at Princeton University. This Catholic source on Biblical inerrancy says that it has always been with the Catholics. ...
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4answers
609 views

When is the first documented case of Christians praying to the dead saints?

When is the first documented case of Christians praying to the dead saints? (A point in comments was brought up that "asking the dead saints" does not mean "praying to the dead saints" as "prayer is ...
12
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2answers
399 views

What evidence is there that Peter was a bishop in Rome?

The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says The claims that the church of Rome was founded by Peter or that he served as its first bishop are in dispute and rest on evidence that is not earlier than the ...
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2answers
202 views

What was Anselm's biblical basis for his theory of atonement by satisfaction?

Upon which Bible verses did Anselm base his satisfactory theory of atonement?