Dealing with the history of the Church

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48 views

Were the Christians meant to be of a society all of their own? [closed]

In the purest form of Christian perspective. Were the Christians meant to be of a society all of their own? In first John I find a reference to describe an anti-christ as one who goes away from the ...
3
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2answers
73 views

Where did the concept of Christians attending a church building come from?

Christians attend church on Sundays, they sing, listen to a pastor speak, etc. When did such a concept first appeared? Did the early Christians practice this? or is this 'attending church' a ...
5
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0answers
42 views

What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
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51 views

What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church?

Was his belief that their foundation was faulty to begin with or that through time they fell into an apostate state and needed to be reformed back?
5
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72 views

Why are many Protestant Churches not practicing Confession?

Recently, I come to know that Lutheran Church practice Confession, though there is some difference in theology on it compared to the Roman Catholic Church. As a man brought up in a place where ...
5
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1answer
60 views

Who were the intended audience in the Epistle to Romans?

Romans 1:7 (ESV) To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Who were the members of the ...
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3answers
88 views

Is there any historical evedence of more apostles being called that were not mentioned in the Bible?

In the Bible it mentions the apostles meeting together in prayer to determine who the lord would have them choose to fill the apostolic vacancy left by Judas. Acts 1:23 And they appointed ...
3
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3answers
112 views

What do Christians mean by 'essence' of God?

R.C. Sproul discusses and defends the Trinity in this book, What is the Trinity? He explains that God is one essence, composed of three persons, and that the existence of three persons in one essence ...
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2answers
140 views

Why didn't God remove the rainbow?

I am told that the New Testament is the New Covenant. If that is so, why didn't God remove the rainbow that He made for the Jews. If the Old Covenant has gone away, how does the Church explain the ...
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2answers
163 views

Did Origen castrate himself under a literal interpretation of Matthew 19:12?

I was just reading some history on extreme forms of asceticism and monasticism. In passing the subject of Origen it said he had castrated himself. Is this generally considered true by church ...
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41 views

Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of splitting away? [duplicate]

Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of the Protestant Reformation? What prompted the Reformers to "rewrite" everything?
5
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1answer
261 views

Were the medieval popes examined on a toilet-lid-like chair to establish their masculinity?

Is one of the consequences of the Pope Joan story, whether it was true or false, the use of a marble chair with a large, toilet-like hole in its seat? As the picture above shows, it seems that that ...
6
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1answer
73 views

What ever happened to the ostiarius?

The ostiarius was a person that guarded the church door to prevent unbaptized people from entering the church during the Eucharist. What ever happened to this role? Relating to this subject, why do ...
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2answers
236 views

Are the gospels comparable(equal) to contemporary works of historians?

Are the gospels (and especially claims on the identity of Jesus in the Gospels) comparable(equal) to contemporary works of contemporary historians like Tacitus and Josephus, in terms of objectivity( ...
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1answer
189 views

Does the Bible or Church tradition differentiate marriage from partnerships? [closed]

Today "marriage" generally appears to be elevated over civil unions and other partnership relationships, has this been consistent throughout Church history? Marriage appears to be about much more ...
0
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0answers
64 views

How can Dietrich Bonhoeffer's inclusion of non-Christians be explained theologically?

I remember seeing a documentary about the life of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. One scene that was very interesting revolved around his leading a worship service in a transport between prisons, for all the ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Do any Lutheran denominations (or parachurch reform groups) successfully represent “repristination theology”?

A Tweet by some fans of Franz Pieper recently said, God has blessed the "repristination theology" of our fathers with success also in this country. #lcms #lutheran Growing up in Lutheranism, ...
6
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1answer
141 views

How could a seventh century heretic have possessed papal infallibility?

More specifically: How does the Roman Catholic Church reconcile the doctrine of Papal Infallibility with the Sixth Ecumenical Council's pronouncement regarding Pope Honorius? The Sixth Ecumenical ...
2
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2answers
119 views

Are Christians supposed to be like-minded?

Brotherly love is a commandment: 1 John 4:20,21 …and this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also. Brotherly love is a Christian trademark: John 13:35 By this shall ...
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2answers
111 views

When the humans' freedom of choice was firstly stated in Christianity?

When and where was it firstly stated in the history of Christianity that a human being has a personal freedom of choice and that God respects it?
6
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1answer
243 views

Is there scholarly concensus on the historicity of Foxe's Book of Martyrs?

Foxe's Book of Martyrs purports to recount the lives and deaths of many who are regarded as the heroes of the Christian faith, and is revered as a classic within the genre of Christian literature. The ...
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3answers
574 views

What did Jonathan Edwards have to say about the fact that he owned slaves?

I recently learned from a John Piper podcast that Jonathan Edwards owned slaves. Edwards lived in the early and mid 18th century, long before the American Civil War, and passed away decades before ...
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1answer
914 views

Is Partialism a real heresy?

This YouTube video identifies Partialism as a heresy. It states that Partialism is the heresy wherein The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are each described as 1/3 of God. To me, it's a vaguely familiar ...
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2answers
193 views

Is reference to “God” as a rock unique to Judeo-Christian usage?

Throughout the Old Testament God is likened to a “Rock” and within the New Testament the Rock that Moses struck is identified as Christ. For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our ...
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3answers
156 views

Why is “faith” omitted as a doctrinal consideration in TULIP (five point) Calvinism?

Throughout the Bible “faith” coupled with God’s “grace” is essential for salvation. The I in TULIP stands for irresistible “grace”, what role does “faith” hold in Calvinism and why is it isolated ...
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1answer
217 views

Was regular weekly fasting a widespread, formal tradition in the early Church?

In The Story of Christianity,* author Justo Gonzalez offers the following: There were indeed times set aside for sorrow for one's sins, in particular during the two weekly days of fasting, which ...
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1answer
138 views

Did any other philosophical systems have as much influence on the early Church as Platonism and Stoicism?

Many historians agree that the philosophical systems of Platonism and Stoicism had an important role in the efforts of the early Church to communicate the message of the Gospel to unbelievers, and ...
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1answer
609 views

What is the Protestant belief known as “faith alone”?

"Faith Alone"? If you have heard the term "Protestant" before, chances are you have also heard the saying "faith alone." The way Protestants speak of "faith alone" might almost give one the ...
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1answer
191 views

How and when was homosexual practice separated from “homosexuality”?

Many of the recent denominational statements on the topic of human sexuality make a clear distinction between being aware of having same-sex attractions, and engaging in same-sex erotic activity. ...
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1answer
119 views

When did emotional concepts usurp spiritual influence? [closed]

The Bible is void of emotional concepts that we call “feelings”; rather the early Church identified spiritual influences as the cause of ones countenance. For example Galatians 5:22 "But the fruit of ...
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3answers
658 views

Apostle John lived in Ephesus - what sources claim that?

Which earliest sources does Christianity posses that claim that apostle John spent the last years of his life in Ephesus?
7
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2answers
114 views

What was the role of Apollos in the early church?

In 1 Corinthians 3:6, Paul wrote: I planted the seed, Apollos watered it, but God has been making it grow. Why did Paul specifically mention Apollos as that is the name of a god in Greek ...
8
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2answers
129 views

What's the basic premise behind “restorationist” movements?

To the untrained ear, the labels used in Christian circles for some groups of churches as either "reformational" or "restorationist" don't seem that different. If the label "reformed" is a direct ...
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3answers
324 views

Has any church organization refused lottery winnings as donation?

Sometimes I've played the lottery when it gets over $100 million, thinking I could retire on a small fortune and then give tens of millions away to charity, including of course, Christian ones. Has ...
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2answers
122 views

Why are there so many First Congregational Churches in the US?

A simple google earth search turns up hundreds of "First Congregational Churches" all over the U.S. What is the significance of this name?
17
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1answer
601 views

From where does the doctrine that there is no time in heaven originate?

I'm quite familiar with the fact that God himself is outside of time, this is very easy to show through scripture. However it seems to be an increasingly popular conception that there is no time in ...
10
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1answer
157 views

What doctrinal changes did the Westminster Confession bring to the Church of Scotland?

After the reforms of the 16th century, the Scots Confession served as the primary confession for the Church of Scotland for just over 80 years. In 1648 it was replaced by the The Humble Advice of the ...
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1answer
96 views

On what basis did Mary Queen of Scots first reject the Scots Confession?

The history of the Scots Confession seems to have some amusing interludes. Having been drafted in just 4 days by 5 guys all named John, it went on to serve as the primary confession of the Church of ...
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1answer
126 views

Sola Scriptura to the max

Our church - the whole Word of Faith group - teach to cross reference and word meaning research for Biblical interpretation as apposed to appeals to authority or logic/reasoning. All doctrines, ...
5
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2answers
165 views

Why did it take so long for papal infallibility to be defined?

I have a question about papal infallibility. According to this source, That the Church is infallible in her definitions on faith and morals is itself a Catholic dogma, which, although it was ...
11
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1answer
436 views

Does the Nicene Creed condemn Chiliasm?

I've repeatedly seen it asserted that Chiliasm was condemned as a heresy in the fourth century by the Church when it included the phrase "whose Kingdom shall have no end" in the Nicene Creed. However, ...
4
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1answer
136 views

Were the councils of the 4th and 5th centuries primarily to deal with Apocryphal writings?

Were the Apocryphal writings the primary motivation behind the cannons and councils of the 4th and 5th centuries or were there other motivations? Did the ancient church leaders cite their reasons for ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Does a list exist showing Papal succession from Peter through our current Pope?

If I'm not mistaken, the claim of the Catholic Church is that Papal Succession is unbroken all the way back to Peter. Is there a list of popes and the history from Peter to the present day? If so, ...
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4answers
317 views

What is “ Origenism”

I ran across this quote in the Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope St. Anastasius I A pontiff who is remembered chiefly for his condemnation of Origenism. A Roman by birth, he became pope in 399, ...
3
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1answer
298 views

Who were the the “Prophets of Zwickau”?

Who were the "Prophets of Zwickau" and what influence did they have on modern Christianity? I'm interested in their theology, history, and influence on Christianity in their day, and whether or not ...
3
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1answer
137 views

What, exactly, is the “early Church”

We use the phrase "The Early Church" all the time around here, which leads me to ask... What exactly is "the early Church". The New testament Church is easy to define - the fellowship of believers ...
5
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1answer
214 views

What is Typology in the context of Christianity, and how does it help understand doctrinal matters?

What is Typology in the context of Christianity, and how does it help understand, or enhance our understanding of doctrinal matters? Also, is this something that the Church has always believed ...
4
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1answer
68 views

What movement was Chesterson writing about in “Orthodoxy”

I just started reading G.K. Chesterson's Orthodoxy and came across this quote: In this remarkable situation it is plainly not now possible (with any hope of a universal appeal) to start, as our ...
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2answers
803 views

The unicorn as a Christological figure

This isn't so much a question about theology or denominational teachings as Church history. In an answer to a question on another StackExchange site, someone posted this: I am an Art Historian, ...
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5answers
232 views

If Christians believe that Christ was a God and immortal (or resurrected), why do some avenge his killing in his name?

Arguably the killing of Jesus Christ was the most avenged killing in history. There is no other person for whom there were so many other people killed in the name of retaliation. In Russian Empire ...