The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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1answer
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How do Trinitarians explain that the Logos is a person?

This question is inspired by What "Word" is John talking about in John 1:1? He argues that the Logos is an impersonal Word of God which He used to create the world just as our own words are ...
4
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1answer
34 views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later had him ...
5
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2answers
107 views

Basis for belief that a person can be “possessed by” a demon?

I'm asking a rather technical question here. I'm wondering where the idea comes from that a person could be "possessed by" a demon; as in, the demon "possesses" / "owns" the person -- as opposed to ...
6
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5answers
180 views

Origin of the idea that “demons” and “fallen angels” are the same thing?

Background So I'm studying angels and demons right now, attempting to put together a picture of what the Bible teaches on these topics, and I'm struggling to find anything in the Bible that suggests ...
12
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5answers
1k views

According to evangelicals, before the Reformation, who were Christians if “Catholics are not Christians”?

Every now and then I hear non-Catholic Christians, usually evangelicals, say things along the lines of "Catholics are not Christians" or "the Catholic Church does not teach the true gospel". Unless I ...
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0answers
125 views

What is the difference between Lutheran and Calvinist beliefs in the apostasy of the Church?

What is the difference between Lutheran and Calvinist beliefs in the apostasy of the Church? Do Lutherans and Calvinists believe in the Great Apostasy belief like Mormons do? B.H. Roberts, an LDS ...
3
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1answer
63 views

How did Baptists in the southern US justify slavery as compatible with Christianity?

The wikipedia article on Slavery in the US states: Over the decades and with the growth of slavery throughout the South, Baptist and Methodist ministers gradually changed their messages to ...
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1answer
72 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
7
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2answers
194 views

How was slavery in the U.S. justified by Christianity? [closed]

President Barack Obama recently stated that many atrocities were done in the name of Christ. He went on to say that Slavery in the United States was also justified by Christianity. Since he did not ...
5
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0answers
106 views

Is there a patristic precedent for understanding “foreknew” as “foreloved”?

In the Bible, to know often means an intimate knowledge and regard for someone. This doesn't just mean sexually (though that is where the phrase "known in the Biblical sense" came from, as in Genesis ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Was it just Daniel who prayed toward Jerusalem or did all exiles do so?

While studying the book of Daniel I came across: Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went home. And in his upper room, with his windows open toward Jerusalem, he ...
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66 views

In Catholic Church history, have there been any extra-biblical reports of visions involving figures of other religions? [duplicate]

In the Christian Bible, the Transfiguration reports of Moses and Eli′jah appearing to Peter and James and John talking with Jesus. Therefore this can be taken as a biblical report of Christians ...
3
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2answers
72 views

When is earliest mention of the Church tradition that Jesus was born in a cave?

The birth of Jesus as recounted by Luke says that: 7 And she gave birth to her first-born son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them ...
3
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2answers
114 views

Who developed the doctrine of Biblical Inerrancy first - Catholics or Protestants?

This article on Christian Fundamentalism says that it is developed by Protestants at Princeton University. This Catholic source on Biblical inerrancy says that it has always been with the Catholics. ...
12
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4answers
460 views

When is the first documented case of Christians praying to the dead saints?

When is the first documented case of Christians praying to the dead saints? (A point in comments was brought up that "asking the dead saints" does not mean "praying to the dead saints" as "prayer is ...
8
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2answers
152 views

What evidence is there that Peter was a bishop in Rome?

The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says The claims that the church of Rome was founded by Peter or that he served as its first bishop are in dispute and rest on evidence that is not earlier than the ...
8
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2answers
180 views

Did this phrase “love the sinner but hate the sin” in this form originate in Christianity and who is credited to have first used it?

This article "Are we to love the sinner but hate the sin?" | gotquestions.org says: Many Christians use the cliché “Love the sinner; hate the sin.” This C.SE question Is “hate the sin, love the ...
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2answers
63 views

In Catholic Church History, when, why and by whom did the four living creatures become associated with the four evangelists?

In the Catholic Church history, when, why, and by whom did the four living creatures become associated with the four evangelists? And what is the reasoning behind this association: Matthew = Man ...
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1answer
76 views

What are the Church Fathers' arguments that Peter is the rock?

What are the Church Fathers' arguments that Peter is the rock upon which Christ founded his Church? What do they say is the significance of Peter as rock as regards the identity of Christ's Church?
2
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1answer
84 views

Did the notion of “Youth Group” exist in the early church?

Some modern churches have the notion of a "Youth Group", it is characterized as the following: a dedicated "Youth Pastor" consists mostly of younger (middle school + high school + college students) ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Where can I find a simple but complete taxonomy of churches?

I'm looking for a simple but complete taxonomy of churches. I'd like something that is more detailed than this one I found on Wikipedia (in particular showing the branches of Eastern and Oriental ...
5
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1answer
61 views

Where did the translators of the New World translation study the Biblical languages?

In Crisis of conscience, written by Raymond Franz, the translators of the New World Translation are identified as Nathan Knorr, Frederick Franz, Albert Schroeder, George Gangas, and Milton Henschel. ...
6
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2answers
152 views

Did Jacob Arminius and/or the remonstrants believe they were in agreement with John Calvin?

In a comment on another question on this site, a user says that the Remonstrants thought they more faithfully represented Calvin and Augustine's teaching than did those who eventually convened the ...
6
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1answer
80 views

What did God do to the Jews in Thessalonica?

Paul is telling his Thessalonian buddies that God's wrath has come at last to the mean Jews (countrymen) nearby. 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 ESV For you, brothers, became imitators of the churches of ...
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2answers
173 views

How did the phenomenon of “Megachurches” come about?

Megachurches are part of the landscape in a lot of Christendom and have been defined as a Protestant church where average weekend attendance exceeds 2000. How did the phenomenon of megachurches arise? ...
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2answers
178 views

When, how and why did Mary start to be called “Queen of heaven”?

I have four closely related questions on this topic (if overall this is considered too broad, I'm happy to receive advice as to which questions—if any—would be better off in a separate post): What ...
5
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1answer
66 views

What is the history and explanation as to why the “diaconate” was MIA in the Western Church over a certain period of time?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church implies that over a certain time in the period in the Western Church, there weren't any deacons. CCC 1571 Since the Second Vatican Council the Latin Church ...
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1answer
75 views

What is meant by “order” in reference to ministries within the Church, and how did its usage come about?

This FMS' answer to What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy? mentioned a twofold hierarchy in the Church, that of order and that of jurisdiction. ...
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1answer
72 views

When did the practice of bringing non-believers to church originate?

A practice used for Church growth is bringing non-believer friends to church so that they'll like what they see and join the church. Now, the questions are: Did this ever happen in the New ...
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2answers
53 views

What is the origin and development of the calender of the Western Church? [closed]

Happy New Year. So today, being the first Sunday in Advent, marks the beginning of a new year in the western church, that is the Roman Catholic Church, and those Protestant churches which are ...
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2answers
114 views

Can an early date for the certain Pauline epistles and a late date for Luke-Acts be reconciled?

Is there a respectable scholarly position that would ratify/explain an orthodox date for the Pauline Epistles (50-60 CE) and a late date for Luke-Acts (100-125 CE)?
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4answers
429 views

Are the theories of Evolution and the Big Bang now binding to Catholics and to be held as true?

On Monday, October 27, 2014, addressing the Pontifical Academy of Sciences , Pope Francis is reported to have said, 'the Big Bang, which nowadays is posited as the origin of the world, does not ...
4
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1answer
137 views

How did the Brownists/Calvinists justify capital punishment for witches?

My ancestors were Brownist pilgrims, leading up to the Salem witch trials, my Great-great-great-something-aunt was hung for having a lack of the fear of God in her. The people at the time were no ...
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0answers
69 views

Who is credited with being the first to use these terms “conservatives”, “traditionalists”, “progressives and liberals” within the Catholic Church? [duplicate]

Pope Francis in his speech at the conclusion of the Synod 2014, said One, a temptation to hostile inflexibility, that is, wanting to close oneself within the written word, (the letter) and not ...
7
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1answer
53 views

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...
5
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0answers
179 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
3
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1answer
75 views

When and how did the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament start in the Catholic Church?

In some Christian Churches, there is according to Wikipedia, a devotional ceremony known as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. The question is when and how did this ceremony arise within the ...
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2answers
85 views

By what ordinary methods has God preserved infallibility in the Catholic Church?

The Catholic Church teaches that in order for the saving truths of the faith to be preserved, explained, or observed, Christ endowed his Church with the charism of infallibility.1 It is not uncommon ...
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4answers
150 views

Refuting false claim about The Catholic Church in the Medieval Ages [closed]

I have a professor who keeps mentioning a false claim regarding the Catholic Church during the Medieval Times that I know is historically untrue but I do not know how to give a concise ...
4
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3answers
158 views

What is the basis from the Church's Sacred Deposit of the Faith for the concept of “gradualism”?

During the 2014 Extraordinary Synod on the Family, there has been a reference to the [theological] concept [/law/principle] of "gradualism", mention here and here in the media. It is also mentioned ...
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2answers
271 views

What is the case in favour of adelphopoiesis as a relationship akin to marriage?

I've seen a few things lampooning John Boswell's interpretation of adelphopoiesis as a quasi civil union between men. However, I've not seen much on his side other than it being used by Christian gay ...
5
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1answer
134 views

Origins of Ash Wednesday

There has been a long standing association between ashes and repentance within Christianity stretching all the way back to Tertullian not to mention various grief filled moments of repentance found in ...
5
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1answer
77 views

Sola Scriptura and the Biblical Canon

The basic argument of Sola Scriptura is that all Christian teachings and traditions are to be founded in and subservient to the Bible, and in nothing else. Obviously this does not mean that there are ...
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1answer
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Where did the Roman Catholic denomination in India originate, and why are there differences amongst Indian Christians? [duplicate]

I would like to know from where Roman Catholic denomination originated. Why does we have many groups like CSI, Jacobites, Orthodox, Evangelist, etc? Is it because of the believes people divide among ...
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3answers
186 views

What is the Catholic explanation for the Catholic Church's apparent vacillation on abortion?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that from the very first century, it has always been the perennial teaching of the Church that procured abortion is a very grave moral evil. CCC 2271 ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
5
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1answer
140 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
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1answer
51 views

What was the early American church like? [closed]

Which denominations were prevalent among the churches of North America in the late 17th century and 18th century? During that time, was there significant of cooperation or communication between ...
5
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2answers
172 views

Hierarchy of Catholicism, government, and papal teaching

The bible teaches that we should submit to our governments in: Romans 13:1-2 (KJV) Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ...
6
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2answers
285 views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?