The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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Where did the Roman Catholic denomination in India originate, and why are there differences amongst Indian Christians? [duplicate]

I would like to know from where Roman Catholic denomination originated. Why does we have many groups like CSI, Jacobites, Orthodox, Evangelist, etc? Is it because of the believes people divide among ...
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3answers
94 views

What is the Catholic explanation for the Catholic Church's apparent vacillation on abortion?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that from the very first century, it has always been the perennial teaching of the Church that procured abortion is a very grave moral evil. CCC 2271 ...
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1answer
58 views

Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
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58 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
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40 views

What was the early American church like? [closed]

Which denominations were prevalent among the churches of North America in the late 17th century and 18th century? During that time, was there significant of cooperation or communication between ...
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113 views

Hierarchy of Catholicism, government, and papal teaching

The bible teaches that we should submit to our governments in: Romans 13:1-2 (KJV) Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ...
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120 views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?
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96 views

Was Phoebe a deacon?

Was Phoebe a deacon? The NIV/NLT translators seem to think deacon: Romans 16:1 NIV I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. Furthermore, when I read the ...
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1answer
87 views

What does it mean that God's wrath is infinite and what is its relation to existence of life on other planets?

I heard on the first episode of Cosmos that astronomer Giordano Bruno was punished because he believed there are other planets with life on them. The Roman inquisition sentenced him to execution ...
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127 views

What contemporary criticism was given to Belloc's claim that the Protestant Reformation was the work of a few oligarchs? [closed]

I've just returned from the 33rd Conference of the American Chesterton Society with exciting news, apparently Protestantism is a sham inflicted upon us by the corporate elite! Hehehe, well who ...
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1answer
49 views

What were the scriptural arguments used for modern western racism?

A blight on the modern western church is that the bible has been used by certain people to justify racism--specifically dark skinned people's inferiority and light skinned people's superiority. Some ...
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1answer
106 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'age' in Scripture and in its Tradition?

New Testament scriptural passages with 'age': Matthew 12:31-33 (RSVCE) 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be ...
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101 views

When did Martin Luther begin to see the church as entirely apostate?

Related to Martin Luther: "Therefore it is not a Christian Church either"? and What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church? and Is it true that Luther ...
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3answers
158 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
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2answers
76 views

How have US Christian churches handled discrimination and segregation in the past?

How did Christian Churches deal with segregation laws in the United States and are there any Bible passages that deals with discrimination and segregation? What were typical responses from Churches ...
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1answer
48 views

Are elders needed to have an “ordered” church?

Are elders needed in a local church in order for it's structure to be "ordered"? It seems that Paul was implicitly telling Titus that his work in the churches wasn't finished until elders are ...
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1answer
79 views

What connection does the Jesus movement and the pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any?

What connection does the Jesus movement and the Pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any? What I mean is: have people in the Jesus movement influenced the Pentecostal/charismatic movement in ...
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1answer
55 views

What were the motivations of the Council of Trent?

Are there any documents maintained by the Roman Catholic Church that provide the original (ie, by the councils themselves) commentary on the declarations of the Council of Trent? If not, what more ...
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1answer
69 views

Was Zwingli the first to preach lectio continua?

On January 1, 1519, Zwingli preached from Matthew 1:1, beginning the Reformation in Switzerland.* Thereafter he continued to preach linearly through Matthew. This manner of preaching (or reading) ...
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335 views

Where did Catholics and Catholicism come from? [duplicate]

Catholicism seems to have begun so quickly after the dispersion of the Apostles that I'm wondering where even it even came from. I'm especially curious to know when Christians began calling ...
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148 views

Which Protestant Christian denominations accept the Deuterocanonical books?

Which Protestant Denominations accept the deuterocanonical books on equal inspirational footing as the rest of the Biblical canon? I can't think of any, which is of course why I'm asking☺. I was ...
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1answer
110 views

Are there any major Protestant denominations that meet every day and are together all the time like the early church was?

To my knowledge, most Protestant denominations (Baptist, Lutheran, Episcopalian, Non-denom, etc...) structure their church to meet once a week, with maybe a bible-study once a week as well. Though I ...
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2answers
120 views

What's the difference between a psalm, a hymn, and a spiritual song?

Is the difference between a psalm, a hymn, and a spiritual song/song from the Spirit defined anywhere in scripture or church tradition? Paul said this to the Ephesians: Ephesians 5:18-20 Do not ...
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1answer
56 views

Was there any christian church that kept the Passover before the 1900?

I was taught that after the Council of Nicea no christian church kept the Passover on the 14th of Nisan. Is there any truth to that? Is there a church in the middle ages that kept the Christian ...
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151 views

Why does only one person “teach” during a church meeting?

Consider these scriptures: "And don’t get drunk with wine, which leads to reckless actions, but be filled by the Spirit: speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing ...
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Why do we have to go to organized institutions to practice our beliefs?

I believe in God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit. People insist on going to church to express these feelings, beliefs, etc. Why are religious institutions necessary? My personal experiences with Church ...
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3answers
135 views

From where does the teaching on women in ministry come? [duplicate]

First off, since I know this may be a somewhat controversial question in today's climate, let me just state that I'm not intending to take any part in that controversy. I'm just asking this question ...
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51 views

Were the Christians meant to be of a society all of their own? [closed]

In the purest form of Christian perspective. Were the Christians meant to be of a society all of their own? In first John I find a reference to describe an anti-christ as one who goes away from the ...
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2answers
143 views

Where did the concept of Christians attending a church building come from?

Christians attend church on Sundays, they sing, listen to a pastor speak, etc. When did such a concept first appeared? Did the early Christians practice this? or is this 'attending church' a ...
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1answer
245 views

What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
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125 views

What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church?

Was his belief that their foundation was faulty to begin with or that through time they fell into an apostate state and needed to be reformed back?
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140 views

Why are many Protestant Churches not practicing Confession?

Recently, I come to know that Lutheran Church practice Confession, though there is some difference in theology on it compared to the Roman Catholic Church. As a man brought up in a place where ...
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135 views

Who were the intended audience in the Epistle to Romans?

Romans 1:7 (ESV) To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Who were the members of the ...
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105 views

Is there any historical evedence of more apostles being called that were not mentioned in the Bible?

In the Bible it mentions the apostles meeting together in prayer to determine who the lord would have them choose to fill the apostolic vacancy left by Judas. Acts 1:23 And they appointed ...
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169 views

Why didn't God remove the rainbow?

I am told that the New Testament is the New Covenant. If that is so, why didn't God remove the rainbow that He made for the Jews. If the Old Covenant has gone away, how does the Church explain the ...
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508 views

Did Origen castrate himself under a literal interpretation of Matthew 19:12?

I was just reading some history on extreme forms of asceticism and monasticism. In passing the subject of Origen it said he had castrated himself. Is this generally considered true by church ...
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Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of splitting away? [duplicate]

Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of the Protestant Reformation? What prompted the Reformers to "rewrite" everything?
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321 views

Were the medieval popes examined on a toilet-lid-like chair to establish their masculinity?

Is one of the consequences of the Pope Joan story, whether it was true or false, the use of a marble chair with a large, toilet-like hole in its seat? As the picture above shows, it seems that that ...
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1answer
103 views

What ever happened to the ostiarius?

The ostiarius was a person that guarded the church door to prevent unbaptized people from entering the church during the Eucharist. What ever happened to this role? Relating to this subject, why do ...
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276 views

Are the gospels comparable(equal) to contemporary works of historians?

Are the gospels (and especially claims on the identity of Jesus in the Gospels) comparable(equal) to contemporary works of contemporary historians like Tacitus and Josephus, in terms of objectivity( ...
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211 views

Does the Bible or Church tradition differentiate marriage from partnerships? [closed]

Today "marriage" generally appears to be elevated over civil unions and other partnership relationships, has this been consistent throughout Church history? Marriage appears to be about much more ...
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1answer
92 views

How can Dietrich Bonhoeffer's inclusion of non-Christians be explained theologically?

I remember seeing a documentary about the life of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. One scene that was very interesting revolved around his leading a worship service in a transport between prisons, for all the ...
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1answer
71 views

Do any Lutheran denominations (or parachurch reform groups) successfully represent “repristination theology”?

A Tweet by some fans of Franz Pieper recently said, God has blessed the "repristination theology" of our fathers with success also in this country. #lcms #lutheran Growing up in Lutheranism, ...
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180 views

How could a seventh century heretic have possessed papal infallibility?

More specifically: How does the Roman Catholic Church reconcile the doctrine of Papal Infallibility with the Sixth Ecumenical Council's pronouncement regarding Pope Honorius? The Sixth Ecumenical ...
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2answers
143 views

Are Christians supposed to be like-minded?

Brotherly love is a commandment: 1 John 4:20,21 …and this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also. Brotherly love is a Christian trademark: John 13:35 By this shall ...
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134 views

When the humans' freedom of choice was firstly stated in Christianity?

When and where was it firstly stated in the history of Christianity that a human being has a personal freedom of choice and that God respects it?
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415 views

Is there scholarly concensus on the historicity of Foxe's Book of Martyrs?

Foxe's Book of Martyrs purports to recount the lives and deaths of many who are regarded as the heroes of the Christian faith, and is revered as a classic within the genre of Christian literature. The ...
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909 views

What did Jonathan Edwards have to say about the fact that he owned slaves?

I recently learned from a John Piper podcast that Jonathan Edwards owned slaves. Edwards lived in the early and mid 18th century, long before the American Civil War, and passed away decades before ...
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Is Partialism a real heresy?

This YouTube video identifies Partialism as a heresy. It states that Partialism is the heresy wherein The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are each described as 1/3 of God. To me, it's a vaguely familiar ...
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236 views

Is reference to “God” as a rock unique to Judeo-Christian usage?

Throughout the Old Testament God is likened to a “Rock” and within the New Testament the Rock that Moses struck is identified as Christ. For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our ...