The history of the Church from the book of Acts and after

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Why didn't Adam eat from the Tree of Life?

The Lord God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. Out of the ground the Lord God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and ...
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39 views

Where did the translators of the New World translation study the Biblical languages?

In Crisis of conscience, written by Raymond Franz, the translators of the New World Translation are identified as Nathan Knorr, Frederick Franz, Albert Schroeder, George Gangas, and Milton Henschel. ...
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Did Jacob Arminius and/or the remonstrants believe they were in agreement with John Calvin?

In a comment on another question on this site, a user says that the Remonstrants thought they more faithfully represented Calvin and Augustine's teaching than did those who eventually convened the ...
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59 views

What did God do to the Jews in Thessalonica?

Paul is telling his Thessalonian buddies that God's wrath has come at last to the mean Jews (countrymen) nearby. 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 ESV For you, brothers, became imitators of the churches of ...
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139 views

How did the phenomenon of “Megachurches” come about?

Megachurches are part of the landscape in a lot of Christendom and have been defined as a Protestant church where average weekend attendance exceeds 2000. How did the phenomenon of megachurches arise? ...
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141 views

When, how and why did Mary start to be called “Queen of heaven”?

I have four closely related questions on this topic (if overall this is considered too broad, I'm happy to receive advice as to which questions—if any—would be better off in a separate post): What ...
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What is the history and explanation as to why the “diaconate” was MIA in the Western Church over a certain period of time?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church implies that over a certain time in the period in the Western Church, there weren't any deacons. CCC 1571 Since the Second Vatican Council the Latin Church ...
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31 views

What is meant by “order” in reference to ministries within the Church, and how did its usage come about?

This FMS' answer to What are the positions relative to each other in the Catholic church's clerical hierarchy? mentioned a twofold hierarchy in the Church, that of order and that of jurisdiction. ...
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57 views

When did the practice of bringing non-believers to church originate?

A practice used for Church growth is bringing non-believer friends to church so that they'll like what they see and join the church. Now, the questions are: Did this ever happen in the New ...
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41 views

What is the origin and development of the calender of the Western Church? [closed]

Happy New Year. So today, being the first Sunday in Advent, marks the beginning of a new year in the western church, that is the Roman Catholic Church, and those Protestant churches which are ...
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84 views

Can an early date for the certain Pauline epistles and a late date for Luke-Acts be reconciled?

Is there a respectable scholarly position that would ratify/explain an orthodox date for the Pauline Epistles (50-60 CE) and a late date for Luke-Acts (100-125 CE)?
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377 views

Are the theories of Evolution and the Big Bang now binding to Catholics and to be held as true?

On Monday, October 27, 2014, addressing the Pontifical Academy of Sciences , Pope Francis is reported to have said, 'the Big Bang, which nowadays is posited as the origin of the world, does not ...
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95 views

How did the Brownists/Calvinists justify capital punishment for witches?

My ancestors were Brownist pilgrims, leading up to the Salem witch trials, my Great-great-great-something-aunt was hung for having a lack of the fear of God in her. The people at the time were no ...
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69 views

Who is credited with being the first to use these terms “conservatives”, “traditionalists”, “progressives and liberals” within the Catholic Church? [duplicate]

Pope Francis in his speech at the conclusion of the Synod 2014, said One, a temptation to hostile inflexibility, that is, wanting to close oneself within the written word, (the letter) and not ...
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48 views

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...
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68 views

What Catholic Church “welcome” is apparently lacking toward some groups of Catholics?

Given Jesus received sinners and ate with them, and Origen, in Homily 34 on St. Luke, says The Church is open to everyone. She never closes her doors or denies her assistance to anyone. It was ...
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59 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
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49 views

When and how did the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament start in the Catholic Church?

In some Christian Churches, there is according to Wikipedia, a devotional ceremony known as Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. The question is when and how did this ceremony arise within the ...
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82 views

By what ordinary methods has God preserved infallibility in the Catholic Church?

The Catholic Church teaches that in order for the saving truths of the faith to be preserved, explained, or observed, Christ endowed his Church with the charism of infallibility.1 It is not uncommon ...
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124 views

Refuting false claim about The Catholic Church in the Medieval Ages [closed]

I have a professor who keeps mentioning a false claim regarding the Catholic Church during the Medieval Times that I know is historically untrue but I do not know how to give a concise ...
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3answers
128 views

What is the basis from the Church's Sacred Deposit of the Faith for the concept of “gradualism”?

During the 2014 Extraordinary Synod on the Family, there has been a reference to the [theological] concept [/law/principle] of "gradualism", mention here and here in the media. It is also mentioned ...
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212 views

What is the case in favour of adelphopoiesis as a relationship akin to marriage?

I've seen a few things lampooning John Boswell's interpretation of adelphopoiesis as a quasi civil union between men. However, I've not seen much on his side other than it being used by Christian gay ...
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51 views

Origins of Ash Wednesday

There has been a long standing association between ashes and repentance within Christianity stretching all the way back to Tertullian not to mention various grief filled moments of repentance found in ...
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63 views

Sola Scriptura and the Biblical Canon

The basic argument of Sola Scriptura is that all Christian teachings and traditions are to be founded in and subservient to the Bible, and in nothing else. Obviously this does not mean that there are ...
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Where did the Roman Catholic denomination in India originate, and why are there differences amongst Indian Christians? [duplicate]

I would like to know from where Roman Catholic denomination originated. Why does we have many groups like CSI, Jacobites, Orthodox, Evangelist, etc? Is it because of the believes people divide among ...
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156 views

What is the Catholic explanation for the Catholic Church's apparent vacillation on abortion?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that from the very first century, it has always been the perennial teaching of the Church that procured abortion is a very grave moral evil. CCC 2271 ...
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64 views

Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
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90 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
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45 views

What was the early American church like? [closed]

Which denominations were prevalent among the churches of North America in the late 17th century and 18th century? During that time, was there significant of cooperation or communication between ...
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1answer
140 views

Hierarchy of Catholicism, government, and papal teaching

The bible teaches that we should submit to our governments in: Romans 13:1-2 (KJV) Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ...
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163 views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?
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133 views

Was Phoebe a deacon?

Was Phoebe a deacon? The NIV/NLT translators seem to think deacon: Romans 16:1 NIV I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. Furthermore, when I read the ...
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93 views

What does it mean that God's wrath is infinite and what is its relation to existence of life on other planets?

I heard on the first episode of Cosmos that astronomer Giordano Bruno was punished because he believed there are other planets with life on them. The Roman inquisition sentenced him to execution ...
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153 views

What contemporary criticism was given to Belloc's claim that the Protestant Reformation was the work of a few oligarchs? [closed]

I've just returned from the 33rd Conference of the American Chesterton Society with exciting news, apparently Protestantism is a sham inflicted upon us by the corporate elite! Hehehe, well who ...
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1answer
52 views

What were the scriptural arguments used for modern western racism?

A blight on the modern western church is that the bible has been used by certain people to justify racism--specifically dark skinned people's inferiority and light skinned people's superiority. Some ...
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122 views

What is the Catholic understanding of 'age' in Scripture and in its Tradition?

New Testament scriptural passages with 'age': Matthew 12:31-33 (RSVCE) 31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be ...
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184 views

When did Martin Luther begin to see the church as entirely apostate?

Related to Martin Luther: "Therefore it is not a Christian Church either"? and What was Martin Luthers perspective on the apostasy of the early Christian Church? and Is it true that Luther ...
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204 views

Did Augustine teach sola fide?

It is popularly taught that the reformers declared five distinctive elements of theology that differentiated them from Rome: salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, for the ...
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96 views

How have US Christian churches handled discrimination and segregation in the past?

How did Christian Churches deal with segregation laws in the United States and are there any Bible passages that deals with discrimination and segregation? What were typical responses from Churches ...
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56 views

Are elders needed to have an “ordered” church?

Are elders needed in a local church in order for it's structure to be "ordered"? It seems that Paul was implicitly telling Titus that his work in the churches wasn't finished until elders are ...
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111 views

What connection does the Jesus movement and the pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any?

What connection does the Jesus movement and the Pentecostal/charismatic movement have, if any? What I mean is: have people in the Jesus movement influenced the Pentecostal/charismatic movement in ...
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1answer
67 views

What were the motivations of the Council of Trent?

Are there any documents maintained by the Roman Catholic Church that provide the original (ie, by the councils themselves) commentary on the declarations of the Council of Trent? If not, what more ...
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Was Zwingli the first to preach lectio continua?

On January 1, 1519, Zwingli preached from Matthew 1:1, beginning the Reformation in Switzerland.* Thereafter he continued to preach linearly through Matthew. This manner of preaching (or reading) ...
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864 views

Where did Catholics and Catholicism come from? [duplicate]

Catholicism seems to have begun so quickly after the dispersion of the Apostles that I'm wondering where even it even came from. I'm especially curious to know when Christians began calling ...
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185 views

Which Protestant Christian denominations accept the Deuterocanonical books?

Which Protestant Denominations accept the deuterocanonical books on equal inspirational footing as the rest of the Biblical canon? I can't think of any, which is of course why I'm asking☺. I was ...
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Are there any major Protestant denominations that meet every day and are together all the time like the early church was?

To my knowledge, most Protestant denominations (Baptist, Lutheran, Episcopalian, Non-denom, etc...) structure their church to meet once a week, with maybe a bible-study once a week as well. Though I ...
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194 views

What's the difference between a psalm, a hymn, and a spiritual song?

Is the difference between a psalm, a hymn, and a spiritual song/song from the Spirit defined anywhere in scripture or church tradition? Paul said this to the Ephesians: Ephesians 5:18-20 Do not ...
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60 views

Was there any christian church that kept the Passover before the 1900?

I was taught that after the Council of Nicea no christian church kept the Passover on the 14th of Nisan. Is there any truth to that? Is there a church in the middle ages that kept the Christian ...
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159 views

Why does only one person “teach” during a church meeting?

Consider these scriptures: "And don’t get drunk with wine, which leads to reckless actions, but be filled by the Spirit: speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing ...
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130 views

Why do we have to go to organized institutions to practice our beliefs?

I believe in God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit. People insist on going to church to express these feelings, beliefs, etc. Why are religious institutions necessary? My personal experiences with Church ...